Spain

Kingdom of Spain


  • Disclaimer: Environmental indicators provided by UN data

    Environment
    Threatened species 2012 532  
    Forested area (% of land area) 2010 36.0  
    CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 287994/6.3  
    Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 2537.0  
    Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 436  
    Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 9.7/19.5  
    This view will be updated in the course of the coming weeks, please consider the "ratification" date as the year of entry into force
      Party Signature Ratification status *
    Convention logo Aarhus Convention 25 June, 1998 29 December, 2004
    Convention logo AEWA 1999
    Convention logo Barcelona Convention 2004
    Convention logo Basel Convention 22 March, 1989 07 February, 1994
    Convention logo Cartagena Protocol 24 May, 2000 16 January, 2002
    Convention logo CBD 13 June, 1992 21 December, 1993
    Convention logo CITES 1986
    Convention logo CMS 1985
    Convention logo Espoo Convention 26 February, 1991 10 September, 1992
    Convention logo Industrial Accidents Convention 25 June, 1998 29 December, 2004
    Convention logo Kyoto Protocol 29 April, 1998 31 May, 2002
    Convention logo Land-Based Sources Protocol 2008
    Convention logo LRTAP 14 November, 1979 15 June, 1982
    Convention logo Minamata Convention on Mercury 10 October, 2013
    Convention logo Montreal Protocol 21 July, 1988 16 December, 1988
    Convention logo Nagoya Protocol 21 July, 2011 03 June, 2014
    Convention logo Plant Treaty 2002
    Convention logo Prevention and Emergency Protocol 1978
    Convention logo Rotterdam Convention 11 September, 1998 02 March, 2004
    Convention logo SEA Protocol 21 May, 2003 24 September, 2009
    Convention logo Specially Protected Areas Protocol 1988
    Convention logo Stockholm Convention 23 May, 2001 28 May, 2004
    Convention logo The Kyiv (SEA) Protocol 21 May, 2003 24 September, 2009
    Convention logo UN Watercourses Convention 24 September, 2009 (a)
    Convention logo UNCCD 14 October, 1994 30 January, 1996
    Convention logo UNFCCC 13 June, 1992 21 December, 1993
    Convention logo Vienna Convention 25 July, 1988 (a)
    Convention logo Water Convention 18 March, 1992 16 February, 2000
    Convention logo World Heritage Convention 1982
    Ratification status encoding
    • Ratified
    • a - Accession
    • A - Acceptance
    • AA - Approval