Netherlands

Kingdom of the Netherlands


  • Disclaimer: Environmental indicators provided by UN data

    Environment
    Threatened species 2012 30  
    Forested area (% of land area) 2010 11.0  
    CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 2009 169511/10.2  
    Energy consumption per capita (kilograms oil equivalent) 2009 3723.0  
    Rainfall in the capital city, total mean (millimetres) 780  
    Temperature in the capital city, mean °C (minimum and maximum) 6.1/13.4  
    This view will be updated in the course of the coming weeks, please consider the "ratification" date as the year of entry into force
      Party Signature Ratification status *
    Convention logo Aarhus Convention 25 June, 1998 29 December, 2004 (A)
    Convention logo AEWA 1999
    Convention logo ASCOBANS 29 July, 1992 29 December, 1992 (AA)
    Convention logo Basel Convention 22 March, 1989 16 April, 1993 (A)
    Convention logo Cartagena Protocol 24 May, 2000 08 January, 2002 (A)
    Convention logo CBD 05 June, 1992 12 July, 1994 (A)
    Convention logo CITES 1984
    Convention logo CMS 1983
    Convention logo Espoo Convention 25 February, 1991 28 February, 1995 (A)
    Convention logo Industrial Accidents Convention 25 June, 1998 29 December, 2004 (A)
    Convention logo Kyoto Protocol 29 April, 1998 31 May, 2002 (A)
    Convention logo LRTAP 13 November, 1979 15 July, 1982 (A)
    Convention logo Minamata Convention on Mercury 10 October, 2013
    Convention logo Montreal Protocol 16 September, 1987 16 December, 1988 (A)
    Convention logo Nagoya Protocol 23 June, 2011
    Convention logo Plant Treaty 2002
    Convention logo Protocol on Water and Health 18 March, 1992 14 March, 1995 (A)
    Convention logo Rotterdam Convention 11 September, 1998 20 April, 2000 (A)
    Convention logo SEA Protocol 21 May, 2003 08 December, 2009 (A)
    Convention logo Stockholm Convention 23 May, 2001 28 January, 2002 (A)
    Convention logo The Kyiv (SEA) Protocol 21 May, 2003 08 December, 2009 (A)
    Convention logo UN Watercourses Convention 09 March, 2000 09 January, 2001 (A)
    Convention logo UNCCD 15 October, 1994 27 June, 1995 (A)
    Convention logo UNFCCC 04 June, 1992 20 December, 1993 (A)
    Convention logo Vienna Convention 22 March, 1985 28 September, 1988 (A)
    Convention logo Water Convention 18 March, 1992 14 March, 1995 (A)
    Convention logo World Heritage Convention 1992
    Ratification status encoding
    • Ratified
    • a - Accession
    • A - Acceptance
    • AA - Approval