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Basel Convention

Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal

Number of parties: 175

Theme: Chemicals and Waste Management

Abstract: The Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal was adopted on 22 March 1989 by the Conference of Plenipotentiaries in Basel, Switzerland, ...more »

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Entry into force: 05-May-1992

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    • Preamble

      • The Parties to this Convention,
      • Aware of the risk of damage to human health and the environment caused by hazardous wastes and other wastes and the transboundary movement thereof, Transboundary Movement and International Trade
        Human Health
      • Mindful of the growing threat to human health and the environment posed by the increased generation and complexity, and transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes, Transboundary Movement and International Trade
        Human Health
      • Mindful also that the most effective way of protecting human health and the environment from the dangers posed by such wastes is the reduction of their generation to a minimum in terms of quantity and/or hazard potential, Standards and Guidelines
        National Policies and Measures
      • Convinced that States should take necessary measures to ensure that the management of hazardous wastes and other wastes including their transboundary movement and disposal is consistent with the protection of human health and the environment whatever the place of disposal, National Policies and Measures
      • Noting that States should ensure that the generator should carry out duties with regard to the transport and disposal of hazardous wastes and other wastes in a manner that is consistent with the protection of the environment, whatever the place of disposal, Transboundary Movement and International Trade
        Private Sector and Commerce
      • Fully recognizing that any State has the sovereign right to ban the entry or disposal of foreign hazardous wastes and other wastes in its territory, Transboundary Movement and International Trade
        State Sovereignty
      • Recognizing also the increasing desire for the prohibition of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their disposal in other States, especially developing countries, Developing Countries
      • Convinced that hazardous wastes and other wastes should, as far as is compatible with environmentally sound and efficient management, be disposed of in the State where they were generated, Disposal
      • Aware also that transboundary movements of such wastes from the State of their generation to any other State should be permitted only when conducted under conditions which do not endanger human health and the environment, and under conditions in conformity with the provisions of this Convention, Transboundary Movement and International Trade
        Human Health
      • Considering that enhanced control of transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes will act as an incentive for their environmentally sound management and for the reduction of the volume of such transboundary movement, Transboundary Movement and International Trade
        Environmentally Sound Management
      • Convinced that States should take measures for the proper exchange of information on and control of the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes from and to those States, Information Exchange and Knowledge Management
      • Noting that a number of international and regional agreements have addressed the issue of protection and preservation of the environment with regard to the transit of dangerous goods, Relationship between Instruments
        International Cooperation and Coordination
        Transboundary Movement and International Trade
      • Taking into account the Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm, 1972), the Cairo Guidelines and Principles for the Environmentally Sound Management of Hazardous Wastes adopted by the Governing Council of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) by decision 14/30 of 17 June 1987, the Recommendations of the United Nations Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (formulated in 1957 and updated biennially), relevant recommendations, declarations, instruments and regulations adopted within the United Nations system and the work and studies done within other international and regional organizations, Relationship between Instruments
        International Cooperation and Coordination
      • Mindful of the spirit, principles, aims and functions of the World Charter for Nature adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations at its thirty-seventh session (1982) as the rule of ethics in respect of the protection of the human environment and the conservation of natural resources, Relationship between Instruments
        Conservation
      • Affirming that States are responsible for the fulfilment of their international obligations concerning the protection of human health and protection and preservation of the environment, and are liable in accordance with international law,
      • Recognizing that in the case of a material breach of the provisions of this Convention or any protocol thereto the relevant international law of treaties shall apply, Treaty Law
      • Aware of the need to continue the development and implementation of environmentally sound low-waste technologies, recycling options, good house-keeping and management systems with a view to reducing to a minimum the generation of hazardous wastes and other wastes, Environmentally Sound Management
      • Aware also of the growing international concern about the need for stringent control of transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes, and of the need as far as possible to reduce such movement to a minimum,
      • Concerned about the problem of illegal transboundary traffic in hazardous wastes and other wastes, Illegal Transboundary Movement
      • Taking into account also the limited capabilities of the developing countries to manage hazardous wastes and other wastes, Developing Countries
      • Recognizing the need to promote the transfer of technology for the sound management of hazardous wastes and other wastes produced locally, particularly to the developing countries in accordance with the spirit of the Cairo Guidelines and decision 14/16 of the Governing Council of UNEP on Promotion of the transfer of environmental protection technology, Technology Transfer
      • Recognizing also that hazardous wastes and other wastes should be transported in accordance with relevant international conventions and recommendations, Relationship between Instruments
      • Convinced also that the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes should be permitted only when the transport and the ultimate disposal of such wastes is environmentally sound, and Transboundary Movement and International Trade
        Environmentally Sound Management
      • Determined to protect, by strict control, human health and the environment against the adverse effects which may result from the generation and management of hazardous wastes and other wastes, Human Health
    • Article 1 Scope of the Convention
      Wastes including Harzadous Wastes

      • 1. The following wastes that are subject to transboundary movement shall be “hazardous wastes” for the purposes of this Convention:
      • (a) Wastes that belong to any category contained in Annex I, unless they do not possess any of the characteristics contained in Annex III; and
      • (b) Wastes that are not covered under paragraph (a) but are defined as, or are considered to be, hazardous wastes by the domestic legislation of the Party of export, import or transit.
      • 2. Wastes that belong to any category contained in Annex II that are subject to transboundary movement shall be “other wastes” for the purposes of this Convention.
      • 3. Wastes which, as a result of being radioactive, are subject to other international control systems, including international instruments, applying specifically to radioactive materials, are excluded from the scope of this Convention. Relationship between Instruments
      • 4. Wastes which derive from the normal operations of a ship, the discharge of which is covered by another international instrument, are excluded from the scope of this Convention. Relationship between Instruments
    • Article 2 Definitions

      • For the purposes of this Convention:
      • 1. “Wastes” are substances or objects which are disposed of or are intended to be disposed of or are required to be disposed of by the provisions of national law;
      • 2. “Management” means the collection, transport and disposal of hazardous wastes or other wastes, including after-care of disposal sites; Chemicals & Waste management
      • 3. “Transboundary movement” means any movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes from an area under the national jurisdiction of one State to or through an area under the national jurisdiction of another State or to or through an area not under the national jurisdiction of any State, provided at least two States are involved in the movement; Transboundary Movement and International Trade
      • 4. “Disposal” means any operation specified in Annex IV to this Convention; Disposal
      • 5. “Approved site or facility” means a site or facility for the disposal of hazardous wastes or other wastes which is authorized or permitted to operate for this purpose by a relevant authority of the State where the site or facility is located;
      • 6. “Competent authority” means one governmental authority designated by a Party to be responsible, within such geographical areas as the Party may think fit, for receiving the notification of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes, and any information related to it, and for responding to such a notification, as provided in Article 6;
      • 7. “Focal point” means the entity of a Party referred to in Article 5 responsible for receiving and submitting information as provided for in Articles 13 and 16; National Focal Points
      • 8. “Environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes or other wastes” means taking all practicable steps to ensure that hazardous wastes or other wastes are managed in a manner which will protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects which may result from such wastes; Environmentally Sound Management
      • 9. “Area under the national jurisdiction of a State” means any land, marine area or airspace within which a State exercises administrative and regulatory responsibility in accordance with international law in regard to the protection of human health or the environment; State Sovereignty
      • 10. “State of export” means a Party from which a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes is planned to be initiated or is initiated; Export
      • 11. “State of import” means a Party to which a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes is planned or takes place for the purpose of disposal therein or for the purpose of loading prior to disposal in an area not under the national jurisdiction of any State; Import
      • 12. “State of transit” means any State, other than the State of export or import, through which a movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes is planned or takes place; Transboundary Movement and International Trade
      • 13. “States concerned” means Parties which are States of export or import, or transit States, whether or not Parties;
      • 14. “Person” means any natural or legal person;
      • 15. “Exporter” means any person under the jurisdiction of the State of export who arranges for hazardous wastes or other wastes to be exported; Export
      • 16. “Importer” means any person under the jurisdiction of the State of import who arranges for hazardous wastes or other wastes to be imported; Import
      • 17. “Carrier” means any person who carries out the transport of hazardous wastes or other wastes; Transport
      • 18. “Generator” means any person whose activity produces hazardous wastes or other wastes or, if that person is not known, the person who is in possession and/or control of those wastes; Private Sector and Commerce
      • 19. “Disposer” means any person to whom hazardous wastes or other wastes are shipped and who carries out the disposal of such wastes; Disposal
      • 20. “Political and/or economic integration organization” means an organization constituted by sovereign States to which its member States have transferred competence in respect of matters governed by this Convention and which has been duly authorized, in accordance with its internal procedures, to sign, ratify, accept, approve, formally confirm or accede to it; Regional Economic Integration Organization
      • 21. “Illegal traffic” means any transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes as specified in Article 9. Illegal Transboundary Movement
    • Article 3 National Definitions of Hazardous Wastes

    • Article 4 General Obligations
      Environmentally Sound Management

      • 1. (a) Parties exercising their right to prohibit the import of hazardous wastes or other wastes for disposal shall inform the other Parties of their decision pursuant to Article 13. Information Exchange and Knowledge Management
        Import
      • (b) Parties shall prohibit or shall not permit the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes to the Parties which have prohibited the import of such wastes, when notified pursuant to subparagraph (a) above.
      • (c) Parties shall prohibit or shall not permit the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes if the State of import does not consent in writing to the specific import, in the case where that State of import has not prohibited the import of such wastes. Prior Informed Consent (PIC) and Advanced Informed Agreement (AIA)
        Export
      • 2. Each Party shall take the appropriate measures to: National Policies and Measures
      • (a) Ensure that the generation of hazardous wastes and other wastes within it is reduced to a minimum, taking into account social, technological and economic aspects;
      • (b) Ensure the availability of adequate disposal facilities, for the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes and other wastes, that shall be located, to the extent possible, within it, whatever the place of their disposal; Disposal
        Environmentally Sound Management
      • (c) Ensure that persons involved in the management of hazardous wastes or other wastes within it take such steps as are necessary to prevent pollution due to hazardous wastes and other wastes arising from such management and, if such pollution occurs, to minimize the consequences thereof for human health and the environment; Private Sector and Commerce
      • (d) Ensure that the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes is reduced to the minimum consistent with the environmentally sound and efficient management of such wastes, and is conducted in a manner which will protect human health and the environment against the adverse effects which may result from such movement;
      • (e) Not allow the export of hazardous wastes or other wastes to a State or group of States belonging to an economic and/or political integration organization that are Parties, particularly developing countries, which have prohibited by their legislation all imports, or if it has reason to believe that the wastes in question will not be managed in an environmentally sound manner, according to criteria to be decided on by the Parties at their first meeting; Export
      • (f) Require that information about a proposed transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes be provided to the States concerned, according to Annex V A, to state clearly the effects of the proposed movement on human health and the environment; Information Exchange and Knowledge Management
      • (g) Prevent the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes if it has reason to believe that the wastes in question will not be managed in an environmentally sound manner; Import
      • (h) Co-operate in activities with other Parties and interested organizations, directly and through the Secretariat, including the dissemination of information on the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes, in order to improve the environmentally sound management of such wastes and to achieve the prevention of illegal traffic. International Cooperation and Coordination
      • 3. The Parties consider that illegal traffic in hazardous wastes or other wastes is criminal. National Regulation and Legislation
        National Policies and Measures
      • 4. Each Party shall take appropriate legal, administrative and other measures to implement and enforce the provisions of this Convention, including measures to prevent and punish conduct in contravention of the Convention. National Regulation and Legislation
      • 5. A Party shall not permit hazardous wastes or other wastes to be exported to a non-Party or to be imported from a non-Party. Non-Party
        Import
        Export
      • 6. The Parties agree not to allow the export of hazardous wastes or other wastes for disposal within the area south of 60° South latitude, whether or not such wastes are subject to transboundary movement. Export
        Disposal
      • 7. Furthermore, each Party shall:
      • (a) Prohibit all persons under its national jurisdiction from transporting or disposing of hazardous wastes or other wastes unless such persons are authorized or allowed to perform such types of operations; National Regulation and Legislation
        Disposal
        Transport
      • (b) Require that hazardous wastes and other wastes that are to be the subject of a transboundary movement be packaged, labelled, and transported in conformity with generally accepted and recognized international rules and standards in the field of packaging, labelling, and transport, and that due account is taken of relevant internationally recognized practices; Handling and Labelling
        Standards and Guidelines
      • (c) Require that hazardous wastes and other wastes be accompanied by a movement document from the point at which a transboundary movement commences to the point of disposal. Permits and Certificates
      • 8. Each Party shall require that hazardous wastes or other wastes, to be exported, are managed in an environmentally sound manner in the State of import or elsewhere. Technical guidelines for the environmentally sound management of wastes subject to this Convention shall be decided by the Parties at their first meeting. Standards and Guidelines
        Environmentally Sound Management
      • 9. Parties shall take the appropriate measures to ensure that the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and other wastes only be allowed if: Exemptions
      • (a) The State of export does not have the technical capacity and the necessary facilities, capacity or suitable disposal sites in order to dispose of the wastes in question in an environmentally sound and efficient manner; or Exemptions
        Transboundary Movement and International Trade
        Technology
      • (b) The wastes in question are required as a raw material for recycling or recovery industries in the State of import; or
      • (c) The transboundary movement in question is in accordance with other criteria to be decided by the Parties, provided those criteria do not differ from the objectives of this Convention. Exemptions
      • 10. The obligation under this Convention of States in which hazardous wastes and other wastes are generated to require that those wastes are managed in an environmentally sound manner may not under any circumstances be transferred to the States of import or transit. Environmentally Sound Management
      • 11. Nothing in this Convention shall prevent a Party from imposing additional requirements that are consistent with the provisions of this Convention, and are in accordance with the rules of international law, in order better to protect human health and the environment. further protective measures
      • 12. Nothing in this Convention shall affect in any way the sovereignty of States over their territorial sea established in accordance with international law, and the sovereign rights and the jurisdiction which States have in their exclusive economic zones and their continental shelves in accordance with international law, and the exercise by ships and aircraft of all States of navigational rights and freedoms as provided for in international law and as reflected in relevant international instruments. Treaty Law
        Relationship between Instruments
        State Sovereignty
      • 13. Parties shall undertake to review periodically the possibilities for the reduction of the amount and/or the pollution potential of hazardous wastes and other wastes which are exported to other States, in particular to developing countries. Review
        Developing Countries
    • Article 5 Designation of Competent Authorities and Focal Point

      • To facilitate the implementation of this Convention, the Parties shall: National Focal Points
        Competent Authority
      • 1. Designate or establish one or more competent authorities and one focal point. One competent authority shall be designated to receive the notification in case of a State of transit.
      • 2. Inform the Secretariat, within three months of the date of the entry into force of this Convention for them, which agencies they have designated as their focal point and their competent authorities.
      • 3. Inform the Secretariat, within one month of the date of decision, of any changes regarding the designation made by them under paragraph 2 above.
      • 3. Inform the Secretariat, within one month of the date of decision, of any changes regarding the designation made by them under paragraph 2 above.
    • Article 6 Transboundary Movement between Parties
      Notification of Planned Activities (Rio Principle 19)
      Transboundary Movement and International Trade
      Prior Informed Consent (PIC) and Advanced Informed Agreement (AIA)

      • 1. The State of export shall notify, or shall require the generator or exporter to notify, in writing, through the channel of the competent authority of the State of export, the competent authority of the States concerned of any proposed transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes. Such notification shall contain the declarations and information specified in Annex V A, written in a language acceptable to the State of import. Only one notification needs to be sent to each State concerned.
      • 2. The State of import shall respond to the notifier in writing, consenting to the movement with or without conditions, denying permission for the movement, or requesting additional information. A copy of the final response of the State of import shall be sent to the competent authorities of the States concerned which are Parties. Competent Authority
      • 3. The State of export shall not allow the generator or exporter to commence the transboundary movement until it has received written confirmation that: Export
      • (a) The notifier has received the written consent of the State of import; and
      • (b) The notifier has received from the State of import confirmation of the existence of a contract between the exporter and the disposer specifying environmentally sound management of the wastes in question. Environmentally Sound Management
      • 4. Each State of transit which is a Party shall promptly acknowledge to the notifier receipt of the notification. It may subsequently respond to the notifier in writing, within 60 days, consenting to the movement with or without conditions, denying permission for the movement, or requesting additional information. The State of export shall not allow the transboundary movement to commence until it has received the written consent of the State of transit. However, if at any time a Party decides not to require prior written consent, either generally or under specific conditions, for transit transboundary movements of hazardous wastes or other wastes, or modifies its requirements in this respect, it shall forthwith inform the other Parties of its decision pursuant to Article 13. In this latter case, if no response is received by the State of export within 60 days of the receipt of a given notification by the State of transit, the State of export may allow the export to proceed through the State of transit.
      • 5. In the case of a transboundary movement of wastes where the wastes are legally defined as or considered to be hazardous wastes only: Wastes including Harzadous Wastes
      • (a) By the State of export, the requirements of paragraph 9 of this Article that apply to the importer or disposer and the State of import shall apply mutatis mutandis to the exporter and State of export, respectively;
      • (b) By the State of import, or by the States of import and transit which are Parties, the requirements of paragraphs 1, 3, 4 and 6 of this Article that apply to the exporter and State of export shall apply mutatis mutandis to the importer or disposer and State of import, respectively; or
      • (c) By any State of transit which is a Party, the provisions of paragraph 4 shall apply to such State.
      • 6. The State of export may, subject to the written consent of the States concerned, allow the generator or the exporter to use a general notification where hazardous wastes or other wastes having the same physical and chemical characteristics are shipped regularly to the same disposer via the same customs office of exit of the State of export via the same customs office of entry of the State of import, and, in the case of transit, via the same customs office of entry and exit of the State or States of transit. Private Sector and Commerce
      • 7. The States concerned may make their written consent to the use of the general notification referred to in paragraph 6 subject to the supply of certain information, such as the exact quantities or periodical lists of hazardous wastes or other wastes to be shipped. Information Exchange and Knowledge Management
      • 8. The general notification and written consent referred to in paragraphs 6 and 7 may cover multiple shipments of hazardous wastes or other wastes during a maximum period of 12 months.
      • 9. The Parties shall require that each person who takes charge of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes sign the movement document either upon delivery or receipt of the wastes in question. They shall also require that the disposer inform both the exporter and the competent authority of the State of export of receipt by the disposer of the wastes in question and, in due course, of the completion of disposal as specified in the notification. If no such information is received within the State of export, the competent authority of the State of export or the exporter shall so notify the State of import. Information Exchange and Knowledge Management
        Permits and Certificates
      • 10. The notification and response required by this Article shall be transmitted to the competent authority of the Parties concerned or to such governmental authority as may be appropriate in the case of non-Parties. Competent Authority
      • 11. Any transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes shall be covered by insurance, bond or other guarantee as may be required by the State of import or any State of transit which is a Party. Standards and Guidelines
    • Article 7 Transboundary Movement from a Party through States which are not Parties
      Non-Party

      • Paragraph 1 of Article 6 of the Convention shall apply mutatis mutandis to transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes from a Party through a State or States which are not Parties.
    • Article 8 Duty to Re-import

      • When a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes to which the consent of the States concerned has been given, subject to the provisions of this Convention, cannot be completed in accordance with the terms of the contract, the State of export shall ensure that the wastes in question are taken back into the State of export, by the exporter, if alternative arrangements cannot be made for their disposal in an environmentally sound manner, within 90 days from the time that the importing State informed the State of export and the Secretariat, or such other period of time as the States concerned agree. To this end, the State of export and any Party of transit shall not oppose, hinder or prevent the return of those wastes to the State of export. Prior Informed Consent (PIC) and Advanced Informed Agreement (AIA)
    • Article 9 Illegal Traffic
      Illegal Transboundary Movement

      • 1. For the purpose of this Convention, any transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes: Transboundary Movement and International Trade
      • (a) without notification pursuant to the provisions of this Convention to all States concerned; or
      • (b) without the consent pursuant to the provisions of this Convention of a State concerned; or
      • (c) with consent obtained from States concerned through falsification, misrepresentation or fraud; or
      • (d) that does not conform in a material way with the documents; or
      • (e) that results in deliberate disposal (e.g. dumping) of hazardous wastes or other wastes in contravention of this Convention and of general principles of international law, shall be deemed to be illegal traffic. Disposal
      • 2. In case of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes deemed to be illegal traffic as the result of conduct on the part of the exporter or generator, the State of export shall ensure that the wastes in question are: Disposal
      • (a) taken back by the exporter or the generator or, if necessary, by itself into the State of export, or, if impracticable,
      • (b) are otherwise disposed of in accordance with the provisions of this Convention, within 30 days from the time the State of export has been informed about the illegal traffic or such other period of time as States concerned may agree. To this end the Parties concerned shall not oppose, hinder or prevent the return of those wastes to the State of export.
      • 3. In the case of a transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes deemed to be illegal traffic as the result of conduct on the part of the importer or disposer, the State of import shall ensure that the wastes in question are disposed of in an environmentally sound manner by the importer or disposer or, if necessary, by itself within 30 days from the time the illegal traffic has come to the attention of the State of import or such other period of time as the States concerned may agree. To this end, the Parties concerned shall co-operate, as necessary, in the disposal of the wastes in an environmentally sound manner.
      • 4. In cases where the responsibility for the illegal traffic cannot be assigned either to the exporter or generator or to the importer or disposer, the Parties concerned or other Parties, as appropriate, shall ensure, through co-operation, that the wastes in question are disposed of as soon as possible in an environmentally sound manner either in the State of export or the State of import or elsewhere as appropriate. International Cooperation and Coordination
      • 5. Each Party shall introduce appropriate national/domestic legislation to prevent and punish illegal traffic. The Parties shall co-operate with a view to achieving the objects of this Article. National Regulation and Legislation
    • Article 10 International Co-operation
      International Cooperation and Coordination

      • 1. The Parties shall co-operate with each other in order to improve and achieve environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes and other wastes.
      • 2. To this end, the Parties shall:
      • (a) Upon request, make available information, whether on a bilateral or multilateral basis, with a view to promoting the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes and other wastes, including harmonization of technical standards and practices for the adequate management of hazardous wastes and other wastes; Information Exchange and Knowledge Management
        Best Available Technology and Best Practice
      • (b) Co-operate in monitoring the effects of the management of hazardous wastes on human health and the environment; Monitoring, Assessment and Evaluation
        Human Health
      • (c) Co-operate, subject to their national laws, regulations and policies, in the development and implementation of new environmentally sound low-waste technologies and the improvement of existing technologies with a view to eliminating, as far as practicable, the generation of hazardous wastes and other wastes and achieving more effective and efficient methods of ensuring their management in an environmentally sound manner, including the study of the economic, social and environmental effects of the adoption of such new or improved technologies; Socio-economic consideration
        National Regulation and Legislation
        Technology
        National Policies and Measures
      • (d) Co-operate actively, subject to their national laws, regulations and policies, in the transfer of technology and management systems related to the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes and other wastes. They shall also co-operate in developing the technical capacity among Parties, especially those which may need and request technical assistance in this field; Technology Transfer
        Technical Assistance
      • (e) Co-operate in developing appropriate technical guidelines and/or codes of practice. Capacity Building
      • 3. The Parties shall employ appropriate means to co-operate in order to assist developing countries in the implementation of subparagraphs a, b, c and d of paragraph 2 of Article 4. Technical Assistance
      • 4. Taking into account the needs of developing countries, co-operation between Parties and the competent international organizations is encouraged to promote, inter alia, public awareness, the development of sound management of hazardous wastes and other wastes and the adoption of new low-waste technologies. Public Awareness
        Chemicals & Waste management
    • Article 11 Bilateral, Multilateral and Regional Agreements
      International Cooperation and Coordination

      • 1. Notwithstanding the provisions of Article 4 paragraph 5, Parties may enter into bilateral, multilateral, or regional agreements or arrangements regarding transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes with Parties or non-Parties provided that such agreements or arrangements do not derogate from the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes and other wastes as required by this Convention. These agreements or arrangements shall stipulate provisions which are not less environmentally sound than those provided for by this Convention in particular taking into account the interests of developing countries.
      • 2. Parties shall notify the Secretariat of any bilateral, multilateral or regional agreements or arrangements referred to in paragraph 1 and those which they have entered into prior to the entry into force of this Convention for them, for the purpose of controlling transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and other wastes which take place entirely among the Parties to such agreements. The provisions of this Convention shall not affect transboundary movements which take place pursuant to such agreements provided that such agreements are compatible with the environmentally sound management of hazardous wastes and other wastes as required by this Convention.
    • Article 12 Consultations on Liability
      Liability (Rio Principle 13)
      International Cooperation and Coordination

      • The Parties shall co-operate with a view to adopting, as soon as practicable, a protocol setting out appropriate rules and procedures in the field of liability and compensation for damage resulting from the transboundary movement and disposal of hazardous wastes and other wastes.
    • Article 13 Transmission of Information
      National Reporting

      • 1. The Parties shall, whenever it comes to their knowledge, ensure that, in the case of an accident occurring during the transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes or their disposal, which are likely to present risks to human health and the environment in other States, those States are immediately informed. Notification Obligation (Rio Principle 18)
      • 2. The Parties shall inform each other, through the Secretariat, of: Information Exchange and Knowledge Management
      • (a) Changes regarding the designation of competent authorities and/or focal points, pursuant to Article 5;
      • (b) Changes in their national definition of hazardous wastes, pursuant to Article 3; and, as soon as possible,
      • (c) Decisions made by them not to consent totally or partially to the import of hazardous wastes or other wastes for disposal within the area under their national jurisdiction;
      • (d) Decisions taken by them to limit or ban the export of hazardous wastes or other wastes;
      • (e) Any other information required pursuant to paragraph 4 of this Article.
      • 3. The Parties, consistent with national laws and regulations, shall transmit, through the Secretariat, to the Conference of the Parties established under Article 15, before the end of each calendar year, a report on the previous calendar year, containing the following information:
      • (a) Competent authorities and focal points that have been designated by them pursuant to Article 5;
      • (b) Information regarding transboundary movements of hazardous wastes or other wastes in which they have been involved, including:
      • (i) The amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes exported, their category, characteristics, destination, any transit country and disposal method as stated on the response to notification;
      • (ii) The amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes imported, their category, characteristics, origin, and disposal methods;
      • (iii) Disposals which did not proceed as intended;
      • (iv) Efforts to achieve a reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes or other wastes subject to transboundary movement;
      • (c) Information on the measures adopted by them in implementation of this Convention; Implementation
      • (d) Information on available qualified statistics which have been compiled by them on the effects on human health and the environment of the generation, transportation and disposal of hazardous wastes or other wastes; Human Health
      • (e) Information concerning bilateral, multilateral and regional agreements and arrangements entered into pursuant to Article 11 of this Convention; International Cooperation and Coordination
      • (f) Information on accidents occurring during the transboundary movement and disposal of hazardous wastes and other wastes and on the measures undertaken to deal with them;
      • (g) Information on disposal options operated within the area of their national jurisdiction; Disposal
      • (h) Information on measures undertaken for development of technologies for the reduction and/or elimination of production of hazardous wastes and other wastes; and
      • (i) Such other matters as the Conference of the Parties shall deem relevant.
      • 4. The Parties, consistent with national laws and regulations, shall ensure that copies of each notification concerning any given transboundary movement of hazardous wastes or other wastes, and the response to it, are sent to the Secretariat when a Party considers that its environment may be affected by that transboundary movement has requested that this should be done.
    • Article 14 Financial Aspects

      • 1. The Parties agree that, according to the specific needs of different regions and subregions, regional or sub-regional centres for training and technology transfers regarding the management of hazardous wastes and other wastes and the minimization of their generation should be established. The Parties shall decide on the establishment of appropriate funding mechanisms of a voluntary nature. Regional Cooperation, Organisations and Centres
      • 2. The Parties shall consider the establishment of a revolving fund to assist on an interim basis in case of emergency situations to minimize damage from accidents arising from transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and other wastes or during the disposal of those wastes. Financial Mechanism
        Emergencies and Incidents
    • Article 15 Conference of the Parties
      Conference of the Parties (COP)

      • 1. A Conference of the Parties is hereby established. The first meeting of the Conference of the Parties shall be convened by the Executive Director of UNEP not later than one year after the entry into force of this Convention. Thereafter, ordinary meetings of the Conference of the Parties shall be held at regular intervals to be determined by the Conference at its first meeting.
      • 2. Extraordinary meetings of the Conference of the Parties shall be held at such other times as may be deemed necessary by the Conference, or at the written request of any Party, provided that, within six months of the request being communicated to them by the Secretariat, it is supported by at least one third of the Parties. Extraordinary Conference of the Parties
      • 3. The Conference of the Parties shall by consensus agree upon and adopt rules of procedure for itself and for any subsidiary body it may establish, as well as financial rules to determine in particular the financial participation of the Parties under this Convention. Rules of Procedure
      • 4. The Parties at their first meeting shall consider any additional measures needed to assist them in fulfilling their responsibilities with respect to the protection and the preservation of the marine environment in the context of this Convention. Biological Diversity
        National Wetland Policies
        Marine and Coastal Wetlands
      • 5. The Conference of the Parties shall keep under continuous review and evaluation the effective implementation of this Convention, and, in addition, shall: Implementation
        Review
      • (a) Promote the harmonization of appropriate policies, strategies and measures for minimizing harm to human health and the environment by hazardous wastes and other wastes; Standards and Guidelines
        National Policies and Measures
      • (b) Consider and adopt, as required, amendments to this Convention and its annexes, taking into consideration, inter alia, available scientific, technical, economic and environmental information; Adjustment Procedure
        Science
        Technology
      • (c) Consider and undertake any additional action that may be required for the achievement of the purposes of this Convention in the light of experience gained in its operation and in the operation of the agreements and arrangements envisaged in Article 11; International Cooperation and Coordination
      • (d) Consider and adopt protocols as required; and Protocol
      • (e) Establish such subsidiary bodies as are deemed necessary for the implementation of this Convention. Subsidiary body
      • 6. The United Nations, its specialized agencies, as well as any State not Party to this Convention, may be represented as observers at meetings of the Conference of the Parties. Any other body or agency, whether national or international, governmental or non-governmental, qualified in fields relating to hazardous wastes or other wastes which has informed the Secretariat of its wish to be represented as an observer at a meeting of the Conference of the Parties, may be admitted unless at least one third of the Parties present object. The admission and participation of observers shall be subject to the rules of procedure adopted by the Conference of the Parties. Observers (Requests for Observer Status)
      • 7. The Conference of the Parties shall undertake three years after the entry into force of this Convention, and at least every six years thereafter, an evaluation of its effectiveness and, if deemed necessary, to consider the adoption of a complete or partial ban of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and other wastes in light of the latest scientific, environmental, technical and economic information. Review
        Effectiveness evaluation
    • Article 16 Secretariat
      Secretariat

      • 1. The functions of the Secretariat shall be:
      • (a) To arrange for and service meetings provided for in Articles 15 and 17;
      • (b) To prepare and transmit reports based upon information received in accordance with Articles 3, 4, 6, 11 and 13 as well as upon information derived from meetings of subsidiary bodies established under Article 15 as well as upon, as appropriate, information provided by relevant intergovernmental and non-governmental entities;
      • (c) To prepare reports on its activities carried out in implementation of its functions under this Convention and present them to the Conference of the Parties;
      • (d) To ensure the necessary coordination with relevant international bodies, and in particular to enter into such administrative and contractual arrangements as may be required for the effective discharge of its function; International Cooperation and Coordination
        Cooperation and Coordination (amongst MEAs) and Synergies
      • (e) To communicate with focal points and competent authorities established by the Parties in accordance with Article 5 of this Convention;
      • (f) To compile information concerning authorized national sites and facilities of Parties available for the disposal of their hazardous wastes and other wastes and to circulate this information among Parties;
      • (g) To receive and convey information from and to Parties on:
      • sources of technical assistance and training;
      • available technical and scientific know-how;
      • sources of advice and expertise; and
      • availability of resources
      • with a view to assisting them, upon request, in such areas as:
      • the handling of the notification system of this Convention;
      • the management of hazardous wastes and other wastes;
      • environmentally sound technologies relating to hazardous wastes and other wastes; such as low- and non-waste technology;
      • the assessment of disposal capabilities and sites;
      • the monitoring of hazardous wastes and other wastes; and
      • emergency responses;
      • (h) To provide Parties, upon request, with information on consultants or consulting firms having the necessary technical competence in the field, which can assist them to examine a notification for a transboundary movement, the concurrence of a shipment of hazardous wastes or other wastes with the relevant notification, and/or the fact that the proposed disposal facilities for hazardous wastes or other wastes are environmentally sound, when they have reason to believe that the wastes in question will not be managed in an environmentally sound manner. Any such examination would not be at the expense of the Secretariat;
      • (i) To assist Parties upon request in their identification of cases of illegal traffic and to circulate immediately to the Parties concerned any information it has received regarding illegal traffic; Illegal Transboundary Movement
      • (j) To co-operate with Parties and with relevant and competent international organizations and agencies in the provision of experts and equipment for the purpose of rapid assistance to States in the event of an emergency situation; and Emergencies and Incidents
      • (k) To perform such other functions relevant to the purposes of this Convention as may be determined by the Conference of the Parties. Conference of the Parties (COP)
      • 2. The secretariat functions will be carried out on an interim basis by UNEP until the completion of the first meeting of the Conference of the Parties held pursuant to Article 15. Secretariat
      • 3. At its first meeting, the Conference of the Parties shall designate the Secretariat from among those existing competent intergovernmental organizations which have signified their willingness to carry out the secretariat functions under this Convention. At this meeting, the Conference of the Parties shall also evaluate the implementation by the interim Secretariat of the functions assigned to it, in particular under paragraph 1 above, and decide upon the structures appropriate for those functions. Secretariat
    • Article 17 Amendment of the Convention
      Adjustment Procedure

      • 1. Any Party may propose amendments to this Convention and any Party to a protocol may propose amendments to that protocol. Such amendments shall take due account, inter alia, of relevant scientific and technical considerations.
      • 2. Amendments to this Convention shall be adopted at a meeting of the Conference of the Parties. Amendments to any protocol shall be adopted at a meeting of the Parties to the protocol in question. The text of any proposed amendment to this Convention or to any protocol, except as may otherwise be provided in such protocol, shall be communicated to the Parties by the Secretariat at least six months before the meeting at which it is proposed for adoption. The Secretariat shall also communicate proposed amendments to the Signatories to this Convention for information.
      • 3. The Parties shall make every effort to reach agreement on any proposed amendment to this Convention by consensus. If all efforts at consensus have been exhausted, and no agreement reached, the amendment shall as a last resort be adopted by a three-fourths majority vote of the Parties present and voting at the meeting, and shall be submitted by the Depositary to all Parties for ratification, approval, formal confirmation or acceptance.
      • 4. The procedure mentioned in paragraph 3 above shall apply to amendments to any protocol, except that a two-thirds majority of the Parties to that protocol present and voting at the meeting shall suffice for their adoption.
      • 5. Instruments of ratification, approval, formal confirmation or acceptance of amendments shall be deposited with the Depositary. Amendments adopted in accordance with paragraphs 3 or 4 above shall enter into force between Parties having accepted them on the ninetieth day after the receipt by the Depositary of their instrument of ratification, approval, formal confirmation or acceptance by at least three-fourths of the Parties who accepted them or by at least two thirds of the Parties to the protocol concerned who accepted them, except as may otherwise be provided in such protocol. The amendments shall enter into force for any other Party on the ninetieth day after that Party deposits its instrument of ratification, approval, formal confirmation or acceptance of the amendments.
      • 6. For the purpose of this Article, “Parties present and voting” means Parties present and casting an affirmative or negative vote.
    • Article 18 Adoption and Amendment of Annexes
      Listing or Amendments to Annexes

      • 1. The annexes to this Convention or to any protocol shall form an integral part of this Convention or of such protocol, as the case may be and, unless expressly provided otherwise, a reference to this Convention or its protocols constitutes at the same time a reference to any annexes thereto. Such annexes shall be restricted to scientific, technical and administrative matters.
      • 2. Except as may be otherwise provided in any protocol with respect to its annexes, the following procedure shall apply to the proposal, adoption and entry into force of additional annexes to this Convention or of annexes to a protocol:
      • (a) Annexes to this Convention and its protocols shall be proposed and adopted according to the procedure laid down in Article 17, paragraphs 2, 3 and 4;
      • (b) Any Party that is unable to accept an additional annex to this Convention or an annex to any protocol to which it is party shall so notify the Depositary, in writing, within six months from the date of the communication of the adoption by the Depositary. The Depositary shall without delay notify all Parties of any such notification received. A Party may at any time substitute an acceptance for a previous declaration of objection and the annexes shall thereupon enter into force for that Party; Depositary
      • (c) On the expiry of six months from the date of the circulation of the communication by the Depositary, the annex shall become effective for all Parties to this Convention or to any protocol concerned, which have not submitted a notification in accordance with the provision of subparagraph (b) above.
      • 3. The proposal, adoption and entry into force of amendments to annexes to this Convention or to any protocol shall be subject to the same procedure as for the proposal, adoption and entry into force of annexes to the Convention or annexes to a protocol. Annexes and amendments thereto shall take due account, inter alia, of relevant scientific and technical considerations.
      • 4. If an additional annex or an amendment to an annex involves an amendment to this Convention or to any protocol, the additional annex or amended annex shall not enter into force until such time the amendment to this Convention or to the protocol enters into force.
    • Article 19 Verification

      • Any Party which has reason to believe that another Party is acting or has acted in breach of its obligations under this Convention may inform the Secretariat thereof, and in such an event, shall simultaneously and immediately inform, directly or through the Secretariat, the Party against whom the allegations are made. All relevant information should be submitted by the Secretariat to the Parties. Compliance and Enforcement
    • Article 20 Settlement of Disputes
      Settlement of Disputes

      • 1. In case of a dispute between Parties as to the interpretation or application of, or compliance with, this Convention or any protocol thereto, they shall seek a settlement of the dispute through negotiation or any other peaceful means of their own choice.
      • 2. If the Parties concerned cannot settle their dispute through the means mentioned in the preceding paragraph, the dispute, if the Parties to the dispute agree, shall be submitted to the International Court of Justice or to arbitration under the conditions set out in Annex VI on Arbitration. However, failure to reach common agreement on submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice or to arbitration shall not absolve the Parties from the responsibility of continuing to seek to resolve it by the means referred to in paragraph 1.
      • 3. When ratifying, accepting, approving, formally confirming or acceding to this Convention, or at any time thereafter, a State or political and/or economic integration organization may declare that it recognizes as compulsory ipso facto and without special agreement, in relation to any Party accepting the same obligation:
      • (a) submission of the dispute to the International Court of Justice; and/or
      • (b) arbitration in accordance with the procedures set out in Annex VI.
      • Such declaration shall be notified in writing to the Secretariat which shall communicate it to the Parties.
    • Article 21 Signature
      Signature

      • This Convention shall be open for signature by States, by Namibia, represented by the United Nations Council for Namibia, and by political and/or economic integration organizations, in Basel on 22 March 1989, at the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs of Switzerland in Berne from 23 March 1989 to 30 June 1989 and at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 1 July 1989 to 22 March 1990.
    • Article 22 Ratification, Acceptance, Formal Confirmation or Approval
      Acceptance
      Approval
      Ratification
      Regional Economic Integration Organization

      • 1. This Convention shall be subject to ratification, acceptance or approval by States and by Namibia, represented by the United Nations Council for Namibia, and to formal confirmation or approval by political and/or economic integration organizations. Instruments of ratification, acceptance, formal confirmation, or approval shall be deposited with the Depositary.
      • 2. Any organization referred to in paragraph 1 above which becomes a Party to this Convention without any of its member States being a Party shall be bound by all the obligations under the Convention. In the case of such organizations, one or more of whose member States is a Party to the Convention, the organization and its member States shall decide on their respective responsibilities for the performance of their obligations under the Convention. In such cases, the organization and the member States shall not be entitled to exercise rights under the Convention concurrently.
      • 3. In their instruments of formal confirmation or approval, the organizations referred to in paragraph 1 above shall declare the extent of their competence with respect to the matters governed by the Convention. These organizations shall also inform the Depositary, who will inform the Parties of any substantial modification in the extent of their competence.
    • Article 23 Accession
      Accession

      • 1. This Convention shall be open for accession by States, by Namibia, represented by the United Nations Council for Namibia, and by political and/or economic integration organizations from the day after the date on which the Convention is closed for signature. The instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Depositary.
      • 2. In their instruments of accession, the organizations referred to in paragraph 1 above shall declare the extent of their competence with respect to the matters governed by the Convention. These organizations shall also inform the Depositary of any substantial modification in the extent of their competence.
      • 3. The provisions of Article 22, paragraph 2, shall apply to political and/or economic integration organizations which accede to this Convention.
    • Article 24 Right to Vote
      Regional Economic Integration Organization

      • 1. Except as provided for in paragraph 2 below, each Contracting Party to this Convention shall have one vote.
      • 2. Political and/or economic integration organizations, in matters within their competence, in accordance with Article 22, paragraph 3, and Article 23, paragraph 2, shall exercise their right to vote with a number of votes equal to the number of their member States which are Parties to the Convention or the relevant protocol. Such organizations shall not exercise their right to vote if their member States exercise theirs, and vice versa.
    • Article 25 Entry into Force
      Accession
      Acceptance
      Approval
      Party
      Regional Economic Integration Organization

      • 1. This Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, formal confirmation, approval or accession.
      • 2. For each State or political and/or economic integration organization which ratifies, accepts, approves or formally confirms this Convention or accedes thereto after the date of the deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, formal confirmation or accession, it shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after the date of deposit by such State or political and/or economic integration organization of its instrument of ratification, acceptance, approval, formal confirmation or accession.
      • 3. For the purpose of paragraphs 1 and 2 above, any instrument deposited by a political and/or economic integration organization shall not be counted as additional to those deposited by member States of such organization.
    • Article 26 Reservations and Declarations
      Reservations

      • 1. No reservation or exception may be made to this Convention.
      • 2. Paragraph 1 of this Article does not preclude a State or political and/or economic integration organization, when signing, ratifying, accepting, approving, formally confirming or acceding to this Convention, from making declarations or statements, however phrased or named, with a view, inter alia, to the harmonization of its laws and regulations with the provisions of this Convention, provided that such declarations or statements do not purport to exclude or to modify the legal effects of the provisions of the Convention in their application to that State. Entry into force
        Ratification
        Signature
    • Article 27 Withdrawal
      Withdrawal

      • 1. At any time after three years from the date on which this Convention has entered into force for a Party, that Party may withdraw from the Convention by giving written notification to the Depositary.
      • 2. Withdrawal shall be effective one year from receipt of notification by the Depositary, or on such later date as may be specified in the notification.
    • Article 28 Depositary
      Depositary

    • Article 29 Authentic Texts

      • The original Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts of this Convention are equally authentic.
      • IN WITNESS WHEREOF the undersigned, being duly authorized to that effect, have signed this Convention. Done at Basel on the 22 day of March 1989

    • Annex I CATEGORIES OF WASTES TO BE CONTROLLED

      • Waste Streams

        Y1

        Clinical wastes from medical care in hospitals, medical centers and clinics

        Y2

        Wastes from the production and preparation of pharmaceutical products

        Y3

        Waste pharmaceuticals, drugs and medicines

        Y4

        Wastes from the production, formulation and use of biocides and phytopharmaceuticals

        Y5

        Wastes from the manufacture, formulation and use of wood preserving chemicals

        Y6

        Wastes from the production, formulation and use of organic solvents

        Y7

        Wastes from heat treatment and tempering operations containing cyanides

        Y8

        Waste mineral oils unfit for their originally intended use

        Y9

        Waste oils/water, hydrocarbons/water mixtures, emulsions

        Y10

        Waste substances and articles containing or contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and/or polychlorinated terphenyls (PCTs) and/or polybrominated biphenyls (PBBs)

        Y11

        Waste tarry residues arising from refining, distillation and any pyrolytic treatment

        Y12

        Wastes from production, formulation and use of inks, dyes, pigments, paints, lacquers, varnish

        Y13

        Wastes from production, formulation and use of resins, latex, plasticizers, glues/adhesives

        Y14

        Waste chemical substances arising from research and development or teaching activities which are not identified and/or are new and whose effects on man and/or the environment are not known

        Y15

        Wastes of an explosive nature not subject to other legislation

        Y16

        Wastes from production, formulation and use of photographic chemicals and processing materials

        Y17

        Wastes resulting from surface treatment of metals and plastics

        Y18

        Residues arising from industrial waste disposal operations

         

        Wastes having as constituents:

        Y19

        Metal carbonyls

        Y20

        Beryllium; beryllium compounds

        Y21

        Hexavalent chromium compounds

        Y22

        Copper compounds

        Y23

        Zinc compounds

        Y24

        Arsenic; arsenic compounds

        Y25

        Selenium; selenium compounds

        Y26

        Cadmium; cadmium compounds

        Y27

        Antimony; antimony compounds

        Y28

        Tellurium; tellurium compounds

        Y29

        Mercury; mercury compounds

        Y30

        Thallium; thallium compounds

        Y31

        Lead; lead compounds

        Y32

        Inorganic fluorine compounds excluding calcium fluoride

        Y33

        Inorganic cyanides

        Y34

        Acidic solutions or acids in solid form

        Y35

        Basic solutions or bases in solid form

        Y36

        Asbestos (dust and fibres)

        Y37

        Organic phosphorus compounds

        Y38

        Organic cyanides

        Y39

        Phenols; phenol compounds including chlorophenols

        Y40

        Ethers

        Y41

        Halogenated organic solvents

        Y42

        Organic solvents excluding halogenated solvents

        Y43

        Any congenor of polychlorinated dibenzo-furan

        Y44

        Any congenor of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin

        Y45

        Organohalogen compounds other than substances referred to in this Annex (e.g. Y39, Y41, Y42, Y43, Y44)

         

                        (a)           To facilitate the application of this Convention, and subject to paragraphs (b), (c) and (d), wastes listed in Annex VIII are characterized as hazardous pursuant to Article 1, paragraph 1 (a), of this Convention, and wastes listed in Annex IX are not covered by Article 1, paragraph 1 (a), of this Convention.

                        (b)           Designation of a waste on Annex VIII does not preclude, in a particular case, the use of Annex III to demonstrate that a waste is not hazardous pursuant to Article 1, paragraph 1 (a), of this Convention.

                        (c)           Designation of a waste on Annex IX does not preclude, in a particular case, characterization of such a waste as hazardous pursuant to Article 1, paragraph 1 (a), of this Convention if it contains Annex I material to an extent causing it to exhibit an Annex III characteristic.

                        (d)           Annexes VIII and IX do not affect the application of Article 1, paragraph 1 (a), of this Convention for the purpose of characterization of wastes.[1]



        [1] The amendment whereby paragraphs (a), (b), (c) and (d) were added to the end of Annex I entered into force on 6 November 1998, six months following the issuance of depositary notification C.N.77.1998 of 6 May 1998 (reflecting Decision IV/9, adopted by the Conference of the Parties at its fourth meeting).  

    • ANNEX II CATEGORIES OF WASTES REQUIRING SPECIAL CONSIDERATION

      • Y46

        Wastes collected from households

        Y47

        Residues arising from the incineration of household wastes

    • ANNEX III LIST OF HAZARDOUS CHARACTERISTICS

      •  

        UN Class[1]

        Code

        Characteristics

        1

        H1

        Explosive

         

         

        An explosive substance or waste is a solid or liquid substance or waste (or mixture of substances or wastes) which is in itself capable by chemical reaction of producing gas at such a temperature and pressure and at such a speed as to cause damage to the surroundings.

        3

        H3

        Flammable liquids

         

         

        The word “flammable” has the same meaning as “inflammable”.  Flammable liquids are liquids, or mixtures of liquids, or liquids containing solids in solution or suspension (for example, paints, varnishes, lacquers, etc., but not including substances or wastes otherwise classified on account of their dangerous characteristics) which give off a flammable vapour at temperatures of not more than 60.5ºC, closed-cup test, or not more than 65.6ºC, open-cup test.  (Since the results of open-cup tests and of closed-cup tests are not strictly comparable and even individual results by the same test are often variable, regulations varying from the above figures to make allowance for such differences would be within the spirit of this definition.)

        4.1

        H4.1

        Flammable solids

         

         

        Solids, or waste solids, other than those classed as explosives, which under conditions encountered in transport are readily combustible, or may cause or contribute to fire through friction.

        4.2

        H4.2

        Substances or wastes liable to spontaneous combustion

         

         

        Substances or wastes which are liable to spontaneous heating under normal conditions encountered in transport, or to heating up on contact with air, and being then liable to catch fire.

        4.3

        H4.3

        Substances or wastes which, in contact with water emit flammable gases

         

         

        Substances or wastes which, by interaction with water, are liable to become spontaneously flammable or to give off flammable gases in dangerous quantities.

        5.1

        H5.1

        Oxidizing

         

         

        Substances or wastes which, while in themselves not necessarily combustible, may, generally by yielding oxygen cause, or contribute to, the combustion of other materials.

        5.2

        H5.2

        Organic Peroxides

         

         

        Organic substances or wastes which contain the bivalent-o-o-structure are thermally unstable substances which may undergo exothermic self-accelerating decomposition.

        6.1

        H6.1

        Poisonous (Acute)

         

         

        Substances or wastes liable either to cause death or serious injury or to harm human health if swallowed or inhaled or by skin contact.

        6.2

        H6.2

        Infectious substances

         

         

        Substances or wastes containing viable micro organisms or their toxins which are known or suspected to cause disease in animals or humans.

        8

        H8

        Corrosives

         

         

        Substances or wastes which, by chemical action, will cause severe damage when in contact with living tissue, or, in the case of leakage, will materially damage, or even destroy, other goods or the means of transport; they may also cause other hazards.

        9

        H10

        Liberation of toxic gases in contact with air or water

         

         

        Substances or wastes which, by interaction with air or water, are liable to give off toxic gases in dangerous quantities.

        9

        H11

        Toxic (Delayed or chronic)

         

         

        Substances or wastes which, if they are inhaled or ingested or if they penetrate the skin, may involve delayed or chronic effects, including carcinogenicity.

        9

        H12

        Ecotoxic

         

         

        Substances or wastes which if released present or may present immediate or delayed adverse impacts to the environment by means of bioaccumulation and/or toxic effects upon biotic systems.

        9

        H13

        Capable, by any means, after disposal, of yielding another material, e.g., leachate, which possesses any of the characteristics listed above.

         

        Tests

                        The potential hazards posed by certain types of wastes are not yet fully documented; tests to define quantitatively these hazards do not exist.  Further research is necessary in order to develop means to characterise potential hazards posed to man and/or the environment by these wastes.  Standardized tests have been derived with respect to pure substances and materials.  Many countries have developed national tests which can be applied to materials listed in Annex I, in order to decide if these materials exhibit any of the characteristics listed in this Annex.



        [1] Corresponds to the hazard classification system included in the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods (ST/SG/AC.10/1Rev.5, United Nations, New York, 1988).

    • ANNEX IV DISPOSAL OPERATIONS

      • A. Operations which do not lead to the possibility of resource recovery, recycling, reclamation, direct re-use or alternative uses

        Section A encompasses all such disposal operations which occur in practice.

        D1

        Deposit into or onto land, (e.g., landfill, etc.)

        D2

        Land treatment, (e.g., biodegradation of liquid or sludgy discards in soils, etc.)

        D3

        Deep injection, (e.g., injection of pumpable discards into wells, salt domes of naturally occurring repositories, etc.)

        D4

        Surface impoundment, (e.g., placement of liquid or sludge discards into pits, ponds or lagoons, etc.)

        D5

        Specially engineered landfill, (e.g., placement into lined discrete cells which are capped and isolated from one another and the environment, etc.)

        D6

        Release into a water body except seas/oceans

        D7

        Release into seas/oceans including sea-bed insertion

        D8

        Biological treatment not specified elsewhere in this Annex which results in final compounds or mixtures which are discarded by means of any of the operations in Section A

        D9

        Physico chemical treatment not specified elsewhere in this Annex which results in final compounds or mixtures which are discarded by means of any of the operations in Section A, (e.g., evaporation, drying, calcination, neutralization, precipitation, etc.)

        D10

        Incineration on land

        D11

        Incineration at sea

        D12

        Permanent storage (e.g., emplacement of containers in a mine, etc.)

        D13

        Blending or mixing prior to submission to any of the operations in Section A

        D14

        Repackaging prior to submission to any of the operations in Section A

        D15

        Storage pending any of the operations in Section A

         

        B. Operations which may lead to resource recovery, recycling reclamation, direct re-use or alternative uses

        Section B encompasses all such operations with respect to materials legally defined as or considered to be hazardous wastes and which otherwise would have been destined for operations included in Section A

        R1

        Use as a fuel (other than in direct incineration) or other means to generate energy

        R2

        Solvent reclamation/regeneration

        R3

        Recycling/reclamation of organic substances which are not used as solvents

        R4

        Recycling/reclamation of metals and metal compounds

        R5

        Recycling/reclamation of other inorganic materials

        R6

        Regeneration of acids or bases

        R7

        Recovery of components used for pollution abatement

        R8

        Recovery of components from catalysts

        R9

        Used oil re-refining or other reuses of previously used oil

        R10       

        Land treatment resulting in benefit to agriculture or ecological improvement

        R11

        Uses of residual materials obtained from any of the operations numbered R1-R10

        R12

        Exchange of wastes for submission to any of the operations numbered R1-R11

        R13

        Accumulation of material intended for any operation in Section B

    • ANNEX V A INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED ON NOTIFICATION

      • 1.             Reason for waste export

        2.             Exporter of the waste 1/

        3.             Generator(s) of the waste and site of generation 1/

        4.             Disposer of the waste and actual site of disposal 1/

        5.             Intended carrier(s) of the waste or their agents, if known 1/

        6.             Country of export of the waste

                        Competent authority 2/

        7.             Expected countries of transit

                        Competent authority 2/

        8.             Country of import of the waste

                        Competent authority 2/

        9.             General or single notification

        10.           Projected date(s) of shipment(s) and period of time over which waste is to be exported and proposed itinerary (including point of entry and exit)3/

        11.           Means of transport envisaged (road, rail, sea, air, inland waters)

        12.           Information relating to insurance 4/

        13.           Designation and physical description of the waste including Y number and UN number and its composition 5/ and information on any special handling requirements including emergency provisions in case of accidents

        14.           Type of packaging envisaged (e.g. bulk, drummed, tanker)

        15.           Estimated quantity in weight/volume 6/

        16.           Process by which the waste is generated 7/

        17.           For wastes listed in Annex I, classifications from Annex III: hazardous characteristic, H number, and UN class

        18.           Method of disposal as per Annex IV

        19.           Declaration by the generator and exporter that the information is correct

        20.           Information transmitted (including technical description of the plant) to the exporter or generator from the disposer of the waste upon which the latter has based his assessment that there was no reason to believe that the wastes will not be managed in an environmentally sound manner in accordance with the laws and regulations of the country of import

        21.           Information concerning the contract between the exporter and disposer.

        Notes

        1/             Full name and address, telephone, telex or telefax number and the name, address, telephone, telex or telefax number of the person to be contacted.

        2/             Full name and address, telephone, telex or telefax number.

        3/             In the case of a general notification covering several shipments, either the expected dates of each shipment or, if this is not known, the expected frequency of the shipments will be required.

        4/             Information to be provided on relevant insurance requirements and how they are met by exporter, carrier and disposer.

        5/             The nature and the concentration of the most hazardous components, in terms of toxicity and other dangers presented by the waste both in handling and in relation to the proposed disposal method.

        6/             In the case of a general notification covering several shipments, both the estimated total quantity and the estimated quantities for each individual shipment will be required.

        7/             Insofar as this is necessary to assess the hazard and determine the appropriateness of the proposed disposal operation.

    • ANNEX V B INFORMATION TO BE PROVIDED ON THE MOVEMENT DOCUMENT

      • 1.             Exporter of the waste 1/

        2.             Generator(s) of the waste and site of generation 1/

        3.             Disposer of the waste and actual site of disposal 1/

        4.             Carrier(s) of the waste 1/ or his agent(s)

        5.             Subject of general or single notification

        6.             The date the transboundary movement started and date(s) and signature on receipt by each person who takes charge of the waste

        7.             Means of transport (road, rail, inland waterway, sea, air) including countries of export, transit and import, also point of entry and exit where these have been designated

        8.             General description of the waste (physical state, proper UN shipping name and class, UN number, Y number and H number as applicable)

        9.             Information on special handling requirements including emergency provision in case of accidents

        10.           Type and number of packages

        11.           Quantity in weight/volume

        12.           Declaration by the generator or exporter that the information is correct

        13.           Declaration by the generator or exporter indicating no objection from the competent authorities of all States concerned which are Parties

        14.           Certification by disposer of receipt at designated disposal facility and indication of method of disposal and of the approximate date of disposal.

        Notes

        The information required on the movement document shall where possible be integrated in one document with that required under transport rules.  Where this is not possible the information should complement rather than duplicate that required under the transport rules.  The movement document shall carry instructions as to who is to provide information and fill-out any form.

        1/             Full name and address, telephone, telex or telefax number and the name, address, telephone, telex or telefax number of the person to be contacted in case of emergency.

    • ANNEX VI ARBITRATION

      • Article 1

                        Unless the agreement referred to in Article 20 of the Convention provides otherwise, the arbitration procedure shall be conducted in accordance with Articles 2 to 10 below.

        Article 2

        The claimant Party shall notify the Secretariat that the Parties have agreed to submit the dispute to arbitration pursuant to paragraph 2 or paragraph 3 of Article 20 and include, in particular, the Articles of the Convention the interpretation or application of which are at issue.  The Secretariat shall forward the information thus received to all Parties to the Convention.

        Article 3

        The arbitral tribunal shall consist of three members.  Each of the Parties to the dispute shall appoint an arbitrator, and the two arbitrators so appointed shall designate by common agreement the third arbitrator, who shall be the chairman of the tribunal.  The latter shall not be a national of one of the Parties to the dispute, nor have his usual place of residence in the territory of one of these Parties, nor be employed by any of them, nor have dealt with the case in any other capacity.

        Article 4

        1.             If the chairman of the arbitral tribunal has not been designated within two months of the appointment of the second arbitrator, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall, at the request of either Party, designate him within a further two months period.

        2.             If one of the Parties to the dispute does not appoint an arbitrator within two months of the receipt of the request, the other Party may inform the Secretary-General of the United Nations who shall designate the chairman of the arbitral tribunal within a further two months’ period.  Upon designation, the chairman of the arbitral tribunal shall request the Party which has not appointed an arbitrator to do so within two months.  After such period, he shall inform the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall make this appointment within a further two months’ period.

        Article 5

        1.             The arbitral tribunal shall render its decision in accordance with international law and in accordance with the provisions of this Convention.

        2.             Any arbitral tribunal constituted under the provisions of this Annex shall draw up its own rules of procedure.

        Article 6

        1.             The decisions of the arbitral tribunal both on procedure and on substance, shall be taken by majority vote of its members.

        2.             The tribunal may take all appropriate measures in order to establish the facts.  It may, at the request of one of the Parties, recommend essential interim measures of protection.

        3.             The Parties to the dispute shall provide all facilities necessary for the effective conduct of the proceedings.

        4.             The absence or default of a Party in the dispute shall not constitute an impediment to the proceedings.

        Article 7

                        The tribunal may hear and determine counter-claims arising directly out of the subject-matter of the dispute.

        Article 8

                        Unless the arbitral tribunal determines otherwise because of the particular circumstances of the case, the expenses of the tribunal, including the remuneration of its members, shall be borne by the Parties to the dispute in equal shares.  The tribunal shall keep a record of all its expenses, and shall furnish a final statement thereof to the Parties.

        Article 9

                        Any Party that has an interest of a legal nature in the subject-matter of the dispute which may be affected by the decision in the case, may intervene in the proceedings with the consent of the tribunal.

        Article 10

        1.             The tribunal shall render its award within five months of the date on which it is established unless it finds it necessary to extend the time-limit for a period which should not exceed five months.

        2.             The award of the arbitral tribunal shall be accompanied by a statement of reasons.  It shall be final and binding upon the Parties to the dispute.

        3.             Any dispute which may arise between the Parties concerning the interpretation or execution of the award may be submitted by either Party to the arbitral tribunal which made the award or, if the latter cannot be seized thereof, to another tribunal constituted for this purpose in the same manner as the first.

    • ANNEX VIII LIST A

      •                 Wastes contained in this Annex are characterized as hazardous under Article 1, paragraph 1 (a), of this Convention, and their designation on this Annex does not preclude the use of Annex III to demonstrate that a waste is not hazardous.

        A1 Metal and metal-bearing wastes

        A1010

        Metal wastes and waste consisting of alloys of any of the following:

        •               Antimony

        •               Arsenic

        •               Beryllium

        •               Cadmium

        •               Lead

        •               Mercury

        •               Selenium

        •               Tellurium

        •               Thallium

                        but excluding such wastes specifically listed on list B.

        A1020

        Waste having as constituents or contaminants, excluding metal waste in massive form, any of the following:

        •               Antimony; antimony compounds

        •               Beryllium; beryllium compounds

        •               Cadmium; cadmium compounds

        •               Lead; lead compounds

        •               Selenium; selenium compounds

        •               Tellurium; tellurium compounds

        A1030

        Wastes having as constituents or contaminants any of the following:

        •               Arsenic; arsenic compounds

        •               Mercury; mercury compounds

        •               Thallium; thallium compounds

        A1040

        Wastes having as constituents any of the following:

        •               Metal carbonyls

        •               Hexavalent chromium compounds

        A1050

        Galvanic sludges

        A1060

        Waste liquors from the pickling of metals

        A1070

        Leaching residues from zinc processing, dust and sludges such as jarosite, hematite, etc.

        A1080

        Waste zinc residues not included on list B, containing lead and cadmium in concentrations sufficient to exhibit Annex III characteristics

        A1090

        Ashes from the incineration of insulated copper wire

        A1100

        Dusts and residues from gas cleaning systems of copper smelters

        A1110

        Spent electrolytic solutions from copper electrorefining and electrowinning operations

        A1120

        Waste sludges, excluding anode slimes, from electrolyte purification systems in copper electrorefining and electrowinning operations

        A1130

        Spent etching solutions containing dissolved copper

        A1140

        Waste cupric chloride and copper cyanide catalysts

        A1150

        Precious metal ash from incineration of printed circuit boards not included on list B[1]

        A1160

        Waste lead-acid batteries, whole or crushed

        A1170

        Unsorted waste batteries excluding mixtures of only list B batteries.  Waste batteries not specified on list B containing Annex I constituents to an extent to render them hazardous

        A1180

        Waste electrical and electronic assemblies or scrap[2] containing components such as accumulators and other batteries included on list A, mercury-switches, glass from cathode-ray tubes and other activated glass and PCB-capacitors, or contaminated with Annex I constituents (e.g., cadmium, mercury, lead, polychlorinated biphenyl) to an extent that they possess any of the characteristics contained in Annex III (note the related entry on list B B1110)[3]

        A1190

        Waste metal cables coated or insulated with plastics containing or contaminated with coal tar, PCB[4], lead, cadmium, other organohalogen compounds or other Annex I constituents to an extent that they exhibit Annex III characteristics.

         

        A2 Wastes containing principally inorganic constituents, which may contain metals and organic materials

         

        A2010

        Glass waste from cathode-ray tubes and other activated glasses

        A2020

        Waste inorganic fluorine compounds in the form of liquids or sludges but excluding such wastes specified on list B

        A2030

        Waste catalysts but excluding such wastes specified on list B

        A2040

        Waste gypsum arising from chemical industry processes, when containing Annex I constituents to the extent that it exhibits an Annex III hazardous characteristic (note the related entry on list B B2080)

        A2050

        Waste asbestos (dusts and fibres)

        A2060

        Coal-fired power plant fly-ash containing Annex I substances in concentrations sufficient to exhibit Annex III characteristics (note the related entry on list B B2050)

         

        A3 Wastes containing principally organic constituents, which may contain metals and inorganic materials

        A3010

        Waste from the production or processing of petroleum coke and bitumen

        A3020

        Waste mineral oils unfit for their originally intended use

        A3030

        Wastes that contain, consist of or are contaminated with leaded anti-knock compound sludges

        A3040

        Waste thermal (heat transfer) fluids

        A3050

        Wastes from production, formulation and use of resins, latex, plasticizers, glues/adhesives excluding such wastes specified on list B (note the related entry on list B B4020)

        A3060

        Waste nitrocellulose

        A3070

        Waste phenols, phenol compounds including chlorophenol in the form of liquids or sludges

        A3080

        Waste ethers not including those specified on list B

        A3090

        Waste leather dust, ash, sludges and flours when containing hexavalent chromium compounds or biocides (note the related entry on list B B3100)

        A3100

        Waste paring and other waste of leather or of composition leather not suitable for the manufacture of leather articles containing hexavalent chromium compounds or biocides (note the related entry on list B B3090)

        A3110

        Fellmongery wastes containing hexavalent chromium compounds or biocides or infectious substances (note the related entry on list B B3110)

        A3120

        Fluff - light fraction from shredding

        A3130

        Waste organic phosphorous compounds

        A3140

        Waste non-halogenated organic solvents but excluding such wastes specified on list B

        A3150

        Waste halogenated organic solvents

        A3160

        Waste halogenated or unhalogenated non-aqueous distillation residues arising from organic solvent recovery operations

        A3170

        Wastes arising from the production of aliphatic halogenated hydrocarbons (such as chloromethane, dichloro-ethane, vinyl chloride, vinylidene chloride, allyl chloride and epichlorhydrin)

        A3180

        Wastes, substances and articles containing, consisting of or contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB), polychlorinated terphenyl (PCT), polychlorinated naphthalene (PCN) or polybrominated biphenyl (PBB), or any other polybrominated analogues of these compounds, at a concentration level of 50 mg/kg or more[5]

        A3190

        Waste tarry residues (excluding asphalt cements) arising from refining, distillation and any pyrolitic treatment of organic materials

        A3200

        Bituminous material (asphalt waste) from road construction and maintenance, containing tar (note the related entry on list B, B2130)

                       

        A4 Wastes which may contain either inorganic or organic constituents

        A4010

        Wastes from the production, preparation and use of pharmaceutical products but excluding such wastes specified on list B

        A4020

        Clinical and related wastes; that is wastes arising from medical, nursing, dental, veterinary, or similar practices, and wastes generated in hospitals or other facilities during the investigation or treatment of patients, or research projects

        A4030

        Wastes from the production, formulation and use of biocides and phytopharmaceuticals, including waste pesticides and herbicides which are off-specification, outdated,[6]or unfit for their originally intended use

        A4040

        Wastes from the manufacture, formulation and use of wood-preserving chemicals[7]

        A4050

        Wastes that contain, consist of or are contaminated with any of the following:

        •               Inorganic cyanides, excepting precious-metal-bearing residues in solid form containing traces of inorganic cyanides

        •               Organic cyanides

        A4060

        Waste oils/water, hydrocarbons/water mixtures, emulsions

        A4070

        Wastes from the production, formulation and use of inks, dyes, pigments, paints, lacquers, varnish excluding any such waste specified on list B (note the related entry on list B B4010)

        A4080

        Wastes of an explosive nature (but excluding such wastes specified on list B)

        A4090

        Waste acidic or basic solutions, other than those specified in the corresponding entry on list B (note the related entry on list B B2120)

        A4100

        Wastes from industrial pollution control devices for cleaning of industrial off-gases but excluding such wastes specified on list B

        A4110

        Wastes that contain, consist of or are contaminated with any of the following:

        •               Any congenor of polychlorinated dibenzo-furan

        •               Any congenor of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxin

        A4120

        Wastes that contain, consist of or are contaminated with peroxides

        A4130

        Waste packages and containers containing Annex I substances in concentrations sufficient to exhibit Annex III hazard characteristics

        A4140

        Waste consisting of or containing off specification or outdated[8]chemicals corresponding to Annex I categories and exhibiting Annex III hazard characteristics

        A4150

        Waste chemical substances arising from research and development or teaching activities which are not identified and/or are new and whose effects on human health and/or the environment are not known

        A4160

        Spent activated carbon not included on list B (note the related entry on list B B2060)



        [1] Note that mirror entry on list B (B1160) does not specify exceptions.

        [2] This entry does not include scrap assemblies from electric power generation.

        [3] PCBs are at a concentration level of 50 mg/kg or more.

        [4] PCBs are at a concentration level of 50 mg/kg or more.

        [5] The 50 mg/kg level is considered to be an internationally practical level for all wastes. However, many individual countries have established lower regulatory levels (e.g., 20 mg/kg) for specific wastes.

        [6] “Outdated” means unused within the period recommended by the manufacturer.

        [7] This entry does not include wood treated with wood preserving chemicals.

        [8] “Outdated” means unused within the period recommended by the manufacturer.

    • ANNEX IX LIST B

      • Wastes contained in the Annex will not be wastes covered by Article 1, paragraph 1 (a), of this Convention unless they contain Annex I material to an extent causing them to exhibit an Annex III characteristic.

        B1 Metal and metal-bearing wastes

        B1010

        Metal and metal-alloy wastes in metallic, non-dispersible form:

        •               Precious metals (gold, silver, the platinum group, but not mercury)

        •               Iron and steel scrap

        •               Copper scrap

        •               Nickel scrap

        •               Aluminium scrap

        •               Zinc scrap

        •               Tin scrap

        •               Tungsten scrap

        •               Molybdenum scrap

        •               Tantalum scrap

        •               Magnesium scrap

        •               Cobalt scrap

        •               Bismuth scrap

        •               Titanium scrap

        •               Zirconium scrap

        •               Manganese scrap

        •               Germanium scrap

        •               Vanadium scrap

        •               Scrap of hafnium, indium, niobium, rhenium and gallium

        •               Thorium scrap

        •               Rare earths scrap

        •               Chromium scrap

        B1020

        Clean, uncontaminated metal scrap, including alloys, in bulk finished form (sheet, plate, beams, rods, etc), of:

        •               Antimony scrap

        •               Beryllium scrap

        •               Cadmium scrap

        •               Lead scrap (but excluding lead-acid batteries)

        •               Selenium scrap

        •               Tellurium scrap

        B1030

        Refractory metals containing residues

        B1031

        Molybdenum, tungsten, titanium, tantalum, niobium and rhenium metal and metal alloy wastes in metallic dispersible form (metal powder), excluding such wastes as specified in list A under entry A1050, Galvanic sludges

        B1040

        Scrap assemblies from electrical power generation not contaminated with lubricating oil, PCB or PCT to an extent to render them hazardous

        B1050

        Mixed non-ferrous metal, heavy fraction scrap, not containing Annex I materials in concentrations sufficient to exhibit Annex III characteristics[1]

        B1060

        Waste selenium and tellurium in metallic elemental form including powder

        B1070

        Waste of copper and copper alloys in dispersible form, unless they contain Annex I constituents to an extent that they exhibit Annex III characteristics

        B1080

        Zinc ash and residues including zinc alloys residues in dispersible form unless containing Annex I constituents in concentration such as to exhibit Annex III characteristics[2]

        B1090

        Waste batteries conforming to a specification, excluding those made with lead, cadmium or mercury

        B1100

        Metal-bearing wastes arising from melting, smelting and refining of metals:

        •               Hard zinc spelter

        •               Zinc-containing drosses:

        -       Galvanizing slab zinc top dross (>90% Zn)

        -       Galvanizing slab zinc bottom dross (>92% Zn)

        -       Zinc die casting dross (>85% Zn)

        -       Hot dip galvanizers slab zinc dross (batch)(>92% Zn)

        -       Zinc skimmings

        •               Aluminium skimmings (or skims) excluding salt slag

        •               Slags from copper processing for further processing or refining not containing arsenic, lead or cadmium to an extent that they exhibit Annex III hazard characteristics

        •               Wastes of refractory linings, including crucibles, originating from copper smelting

        •               Slags from precious metals processing for further refining

        •               Tantalum-bearing tin slags with less than 0.5% tin

        B1110

        Electrical and electronic assemblies:

        •               Electronic assemblies consisting only of metals or alloys

        •               Waste electrical and electronic assemblies or scrap[3](including printed circuit boards) not containing components such as accumulators and other batteries included on list A, mercury-switches, glass from cathode-ray tubes and other activated glass and PCB-capacitors, or not contaminated with Annex I constituents (e.g., cadmium, mercury, lead, polychlorinated biphenyl) or from which these have been removed, to an extent that they do not possess any of the characteristics contained in Annex III (note the related entry on list A A1180)

        •               Electrical and electronic assemblies (including printed circuit boards, electronic components and wires) destined for direct reuse,[4] and not for recycling or final disposal[5]

         

         

        B1115

        Waste metal cables coated or insulated with plastics, not included in list A A1190, excluding those destined for Annex IVA operations or any other disposal operations involving, at any stage, uncontrolled thermal processes, such as open-burning.

        B1120

        Spent catalysts excluding liquids used as catalysts, containing any of:

        Transition metals, excluding waste catalysts (spent catalysts, liquid used catalysts or other catalysts) on list A:

        Scandium

        Vanadium

        Manganese

        Cobalt

        Copper

        Yttrium

        Niobium

        Hafnium

        Tungsten

        Titanium

        Chromium

        Iron

        Nickel

        Zinc

        Zirconium

        Molybdenum

        Tantalum

        Rhenium

        Lanthanides (rare earth metals):

        Lanthanum

        Praseodymium

        Samarium

        Gadolinium

        Dysprosium

        Erbium

        Ytterbium

         

        Cerium

        Neodymium

        Europium

        Terbium

        Holmium

        Thulium

        Lutetium

         

        B1130

        Cleaned spent precious-metal-bearing catalysts

        B1140

        Precious-metal-bearing residues in solid form which contain traces of inorganic cyanides

        B1150

        Precious metals and alloy wastes (gold, silver, the platinum group, but not mercury) in a dispersible, non-liquid form with appropriate packaging and labelling

        B1160

        Precious-metal ash from the incineration of printed circuit boards (note the related entry on list A A1150)

        B1170

        Precious-metal ash from the incineration of photographic film

        B1180

        Waste photographic film containing silver halides and metallic silver

        B1190

        Waste photographic paper containing silver halides and metallic silver

        B1200

        Granulated slag arising from the manufacture of iron and steel

        B1210

        Slag arising from the manufacture of iron and steel including slags as a source of TiO2 and vanadium

        B1220

        Slag from zinc production, chemically stabilized, having a high iron content (above 20%) and processed according to industrial specifications (e.g., DIN 4301) mainly for construction

        B1230

        Mill scaling arising from the manufacture of iron and steel

        B1240

        Copper oxide mill-scale

        B1250

        Waste end-of-life motor vehicles, containing neither liquids nor other hazardous components

           

        B2 Wastes containing principally inorganic constituents, which may contain metals and organic materials

        B2010

        Wastes from mining operations in non-dispersible form:

        •               Natural graphite waste

        •               Slate waste, whether or not roughly trimmed or merely cut, by sawing or otherwise

        •               Mica waste

        •               Leucite, nepheline and nepheline syenite waste

        •               Feldspar waste

        •               Fluorspar waste

        •               Silica wastes in solid form excluding those used in foundry operations

        B2020

        Glass waste in non-dispersible form:

        •               Cullet and other waste and scrap of glass except for glass from cathode-ray tubes and other activated glasses

        B2030

        Ceramic wastes in non-dispersible form:

        •               Cermet wastes and scrap (metal ceramic composites)

        •               Ceramic based fibres not elsewhere specified or included

        B2040

        Other wastes containing principally inorganic constituents:

        •               Partially refined calcium sulphate produced from flue-gas desulphurization (FGD)

        •               Waste gypsum wallboard or plasterboard arising from the demolition of buildings

        •               Slag from copper production, chemically stabilized, having a high iron content (above 20%) and processed according to industrial specifications (e.g., DIN 4301 and DIN 8201) mainly for construction and abrasive applications

        •               Sulphur in solid form

        •               Limestone from the production of calcium cyanamide (having a pH less than 9)

        •               Sodium, potassium, calcium chlorides

        •               Carborundum (silicon carbide)

        •               Broken concrete

        •               Lithium-tantalum and lithium-niobium containing glass scraps

        B2050

        Coal-fired power plant fly-ash, not included on list A (note the related entry on list A A2060)

        B2060

        Spent activated carbon not containing any Annex I constituents to an extent they exhibit Annex III characteristics, for example, carbon resulting from the treatment of potable water and processes of the food industry and vitamin production (note the related entry on list A A4160)

        B2070

        Calcium fluoride sludge

        B2080

        Waste gypsum arising from chemical industry processes not included on list A (note the related entry on list A A2040)

        B2090

        Waste anode butts from steel or aluminium production made of petroleum coke or bitumen and cleaned to normal industry specifications (excluding anode butts from chlor alkali electrolyses and from metallurgical industry)

        B2100

        Waste hydrates of aluminium and waste alumina and residues from alumina production excluding such materials used for gas cleaning, flocculation or filtration processes

        B2110

        Bauxite residue (“red mud”) (pH moderated to less than 11.5)

        B2120

        Waste acidic or basic solutions with a pH greater than 2 and less than 11.5, which are not corrosive or otherwise hazardous (note the related entry on list A A4090)

        B2130

        Bituminous material (asphalt waste) from road construction and maintenance, not containing tar[6] (note the related entry on list A, A3200)

                       

        B3 Wastes containing principally organic constituents, which may contain metals and inorganic materials

        B3010

        Solid plastic waste:

        The following plastic or mixed plastic materials, provided they are not mixed with other wastes and are prepared to a specification:

        •               Scrap plastic of non-halogenated polymers and co-polymers, including but not limited to the following[7]

        -       ethylene

        -       styrene

        -       polypropylene

        -       polyethylene terephthalate

        -       acrylonitrile

        -       butadiene

        -       polyacetals

        -       polyamides

        -       polybutylene terephthalate

        -       polycarbonates

        -       polyethers

        -       polyphenylene sulphides

        -       acrylic polymers

        -       alkanes C10-C13 (plasticiser)

        -       polyurethane (not containing CFCs)

        -       polysiloxanes

        -       polymethyl methacrylate

        -       polyvinyl alcohol

        -       polyvinyl butyral

        -       polyvinyl acetate

        •               Cured waste resins or condensation products including the following:

        -       urea formaldehyde resins

        -       phenol formaldehyde resins

        -       melamine formaldehyde resins

        -       epoxy resins

        -       alkyd resins

        -       polyamides

        •               The following fluorinated polymer wastes[8]

        -       perfluoroethylene/propylene (FEP)

        -       perfluoro alkoxyl alkane

        - tetrafluoroethylene/per fluoro vinyl ether (PFA)

        - tetrafluoroethylene/per fluoro methylvinyl ether (MFA)

        -       polyvinylfluoride (PVF)

        -       polyvinylidenefluoride (PVDF)

        B3020

        Paper, paperboard and paper product wastes

                        The following materials, provided they are not mixed with hazardous wastes:

                        Waste and scrap of paper or paperboard of:

        •       unbleached paper or paperboard or of corrugated paper or paperboard

        •       other paper or paperboard, made mainly of bleached chemical pulp, not coloured in the mass

        •       paper or paperboard made mainly of mechanical pulp (for example, newspapers, journals and similar printed matter)

        •       other, including but not limited to 1) laminated paperboard 2) unsorted scrap

        B3030

        Textile wastes

                        The following materials, provided they are not mixed with other wastes and are prepared to a specification:

        •               Silk waste (including cocoons unsuitable for reeling, yarn waste and garnetted stock)

        -       not carded or combed

        -       other

        •               Waste of wool or of fine or coarse animal hair, including yarn waste but excluding garnetted stock

        -       noils of wool or of fine animal hair

        -       other waste of wool or of fine animal hair

        -       waste of coarse animal hair

        •               Cotton waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock)

        -       yarn waste (including thread waste)

        -       garnetted stock

        -       other

        •               Flax tow and waste

        •               Tow and waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock) of true hemp (Cannabis sativa L.)

        •               Tow and waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock) of jute and other textile bast fibres (excluding flax, true hemp and ramie)

        •               Tow and waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock) of sisal and other textile fibres of the genus Agave

        •               Tow, noils and waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock) of coconut

        •               Tow, noils and waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock) of abaca (Manila hemp or Musa textilis Nee)

        •               Tow, noils and waste (including yarn waste and garnetted stock) of ramie and other vegetable textile fibres, not elsewhere specified or included

        •               Waste (including noils, yarn waste and garnetted stock) of man-made fibres

        -       of synthetic fibres

        -       of artificial fibres

        •               Worn clothing and other worn textile articles

        •               Used rags, scrap twine, cordage, rope and cables and worn out articles of twine, cordage, rope or cables of textile materials

        -       sorted

        -       other

        B3035

        Waste textile floor coverings, carpets

        B3040

        Rubber wastes

                        The following materials, provided they are not mixed with other wastes:

        •               Waste and scrap of hard rubber (e.g., ebonite)

        •               Other rubber wastes (excluding such wastes specified elsewhere)

        B3050

        Untreated cork and wood waste:

        •               Wood waste and scrap, whether or not agglomerated in logs, briquettes, pellets or similar forms

        •               Cork waste: crushed, granulated or ground cork

        B3060

        Wastes arising from agro-food industries provided it is not infectious:

        •               Wine lees

        •               Dried and sterilized vegetable waste, residues and byproducts, whether or not in the form of pellets, of a kind used in animal feeding, not elsewhere specified or included

        •               Degras: residues resulting from the treatment of fatty substances or animal or vegetable waxes

        •               Waste of bones and horn-cores, unworked, defatted, simply prepared (but not cut to shape), treated with acid or degelatinised

        •               Fish waste

        •               Cocoa shells, husks, skins and other cocoa waste

        •               Other wastes from the agro-food industry excluding by-products which meet national and international requirements and standards for human or animal consumption

        B3065

        Waste edible fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (e.g. frying oils), provided they do not exhibit an Annex III characteristic

        B3070

        The following wastes:

        •               Waste of human hair

        •               Waste straw

        •               Deactivated fungus mycelium from penicillin production to be used as animal feed

        B3080

        Waste parings and scrap of rubber

        B3090

        Paring and other wastes of leather or of composition leather not suitable for the manufacture of leather articles, excluding leather sludges, not containing hexavalent chromium compounds and biocides (note the related entry on list A A3100)

        B3100

        Leather dust, ash, sludges or flours not containing hexavalent chromium compounds or biocides (note the related entry on list A A3090)

        B3110

        Fellmongery wastes not containing hexavalent chromium compounds or biocides or infectious substances (note the related entry on list A A3110)

        B3120

        Wastes consisting of food dyes

        B3130

        Waste polymer ethers and waste non-hazardous monomer ethers incapable of forming peroxides

        B3140

        Waste pneumatic tyres, excluding those destined for Annex IVA operations

         

        B4 Wastes which may contain either inorganic or organic constituents

        B4010

        Wastes consisting mainly of water-based/latex paints, inks and hardened varnishes not containing organic solvents, heavy metals or biocides to an extent to render them hazardous (note the related entry on list A A4070)

        B4020

        Wastes from production, formulation and use of resins, latex, plasticizers, glues/adhesives, not listed on list A, free of solvents and other contaminants to an extent that they do not exhibit Annex III characteristics, e.g., water-based, or glues based on casein, starch, dextrin, cellulose ethers, polyvinyl alcohols (note the related entry on list A A3050)

        B4030

        Used single-use cameras, with batteries not included on list A

         

         



        [1] Note that even where low level contamination with Annex I materials initially exists, subsequent processes, including recycling processes, may result in separated fractions containing significantly enhanced concentrations of those Annex I materials.

        [2] The status of zinc ash is currently under review and there is a recommendation with the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) that zinc ashes should not be dangerous goods.

        [3] This entry does not include scrap from electrical power generation.

        [4] Reuse can include repair, refurbishment or upgrading, but not major reassembly

        [5] In some countries these materials destined for direct re-use are not considered wastes.

        [6] The concentration level of Benzol (a) pyrene should not be 50mg/kg or more.

        [7] It is understood that such scraps are completely polymerized.

        [8] Post-consumer wastes are excluded from this entry:

        -          Wastes shall not be mixed

        -          Problems arising from open-burning practices to be considered