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Cartagena Protocol

The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety

Number of parties: 168

Theme: Biological Diversity

Abstract: The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international agreement which aims to ensure the safe handling, transport and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) ...more »

URL: Visit convention website

Entry into force: 11-Sep-2003

  • Click on the article title to expand and see its contents
    • Preamble

    • Article 1. Objective
      Principle of Precautionary Approach (Rio Principle 15)

    • Article 2. General Provisions

    • Article 3. Use of Terms

    • Article 4. Scope

    • Article 5. Pharmaceuticals

    • Article 6. Transit and Contained Use

    • Article 7. Application of the Advance Informed Agreement Procedure

    • Article 8. Notification

    • Article 9. Acknowledgement of Receipt of Notification

    • Article 10. Decision Procedure

    • Article 11. Procedure for Living Modified Organisms Intended for Direct Use as Food or Feed, Or For Processing

    • Article 12. Review of Decisions

    • Article 13. Simplified Procedure

    • Article 14. Bilateral, Regional and Multilateral Agreements and Arrangements

    • Article 15. Risk Assessment

    • Article 16. Risk Management

    • Article 17. Unintentional Transboundary Movements and Emergency Measures

    • Article 18. Handling, Transport, Packaging and Identification

    • Article 19. Competent National Authorities and National Focal Points

    • Article 20. Information Sharing and the Biosafety Clearing-House

    • Article 21. Confidential Information

    • Article 22. Capacity-Building

    • Article 23. Public Awareness and Participation

    • Article 24. Non-Parties
      Non-Party

    • Article 25. Illegal Transboundary Movements
      Illegal Transboundary Movement

    • Article 26. Socio-Economic Considerations

    • Article 27. Liability and Redress

    • Article 28. Financial Mechanism and Resources

    • Article 29. Conference of the Parties Serving as the Meeting of the Parties to this Protocol

    • Article 30. Subsidiary Bodies

    • Article 31. Secretariat
      Secretariat

    • Article 32. Relationship With the Convention

    • Article 33. Monitoring and Reporting

    • Article 34. Compliance

    • Article 35. Assessment and Review

    • Article 36. Signature

    • Article 37. Entry Into Force

    • Article 38. Reservations

    • Article 39. Withdrawal
      Withdrawal

    • Article 40. Authentic Texts