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    General Information
    Region    South-eastern Asia
    Population (000, 2021)   54 806a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   83.9a
    Capital city    Nay Pyi Taw
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   546.5b
    UN membership date    19-Apr-48
    Surface area (km2)   676 577b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   93a
    National currency    Kyat (MMK)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   1 329.1c
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)44 84763 83576 785b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)7.86.42.9b
    GDP per capita (current US$)886.31 211.71 420.7b
    Economy: Agricultured (% of Gross Value Added)35.326.723.1b
    Economy: Industryd (% of Gross Value Added)28.333.936.7b
    Economy: Services and other activityd (% of GVA)36.539.440.2b
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)53.5e51.748.1e,c
    Employment in industry (% of employed)17.7e16.816.3e,c
    Employment in services (% employed)28.8e31.535.6e,c
    Unemploymente (% of labour force)0.80.81.7c
    Labour force participation ratee (female/male pop. %)53.6 / 82.351.9 / 80.747.3 / 77.2c
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100129168b
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)95101108b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)8 87311 43216 929c
    International trade: imports (million current US$)4 86616 91317 964c
    International trade: balance (million current US$)4 008- 5 481- 1 035c
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)1 574- 3 10968b
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratef (average annual %)0.70.80.6c
    Urban population (% of total population)28.929.930.9b
    Urban population growth ratef (average annual %)1.31.5...
    Fertility rate, totalf (live births per woman)2.52.22.2c
    Life expectancy at birthf (females/males, years)65.8 / 59.168.0 / 61.369.8 / 63.7c
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)30.0 / 7.327.8 / 8.525.1 / 10.3a
    International migrant stockg (000/% of total pop.)76.4 / 0.273.3 / 0.176.4 / 0.1c
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)859.4h1 466.5800.4c
    Infant mortality ratef (per 1 000 live births)5243.738.4c
    Health: Current expenditurei,j,k (% of GDP)1.95.54.8l
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)0.50.6m0.7b
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)...0.8n1.9b
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)97.6 / 98.6100.3 / 103.3o109.7 / 114.8l
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)49.2 / 47.152.3 / 51.3o71.3 / 65.6l
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)36.7 / 33.236.1 / 32.4o59.2 / 49.7l
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)1.62.22.3p
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)...6.215.3q,r
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)0.221.7e23.6s
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)......~0.0t,u,v,w,s
    Threatened species (number)249301408
    Forested area (% of land area)48.145.9e44.6e,l
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)7.9 / 0.218.7 / 0.431.5 / 0.6l
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)9691 1761 215l
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)131618l
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)7924 6814 364b
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)21.924.225.1c
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)68.5 / 33.671.5 / 42.773.8 / 52.1c
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)60.8 / 61.157.1 / 62.653.4 / 64.0c
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)0.721.782.79b
Data provided by UNdata