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Official name:
Republic of Serbia
المنطقة:

    General Information
    Region    Southern Europe
    Population (000, 2021)   8 698a,b
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   99.4a,b
    Capital city    Belgrade
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   1 393.7d,c
    UN membership date    01-Nov-00
    Surface area (km2)   88 444c
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   96a,b
    National currency    Serbian Dinar (RSD)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   95.7e
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)41 81939 65651 475c
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)0.71.84.2c
    GDP per capita (current US$)5 735.45 589.07 359.3c
    Economy: Agriculturef (% of Gross Value Added)7.98.17.2c
    Economy: Industryg,h (% of Gross Value Added)30.330.930.9c
    Economy: Services and other activityi (% of GVA)61.86161.9c
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)22.319.415.1j,e
    Employment in industry (% of employed)25.624.527.4j,e
    Employment in services (% employed)52.156.157.6j,e
    Unemploymentj (% of labour force)19.217.712.7e
    Labour force participation ratej (female/male pop. %)42.9 / 59.244.2 / 60.447.3 / 62.6e
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100133146e
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)10094107c
    International trade: exportsk (million current US$)9 79513 37919 498e
    International trade: importsk (million current US$)16 73518 21026 228e
    International trade: balancek (million current US$)- 6 940- 4 831- 6 730e
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)- 2 692- 1 370- 2 236e
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth rateb,l (average annual %)-0.4-0.3-0.3e
    Urban populationb (% of total population)5555.756.3c
    Urban population growth rateb,l (average annual %)~0.0-0.1...
    Fertility rate, totalb,l (live births per woman)1.61.51.5e
    Life expectancy at birthb,l (females/males, years)76.2 / 70.877.4 / 72.178.4 / 73.2e
    Population age distributionb (0-14/60+ years old, %)17.3 / 21.116.2 / 24.315.2 / 25.5a
    International migrant stockb (000/% of total pop.)826.3 / 9.2807.4 / 9.1823.0 / 9.4e
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCRb (000)312.6m259.7247.4e
    Infant mortality rateb,l (per 1 000 live births)7.16.14.9e
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)9.58.88.5n
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)2.52.53.1o
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)4.33.83.6n
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratioj (f/m per 100 pop.)95.6 / 96.1101.2 / 101.599.6 / 99.7c
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratioj (f/m per 100 pop.)92.4 / 90.597.4 / 96.095.0 / 94.0c
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratioj (f/m per 100 pop.)86.9 / 83.193.1 / 89.790.6 / 88.2c
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)1.41.21.2n
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)21.63439.2p
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)40.965.377.4c
    Research & Development expenditureq (% of GDP)0.70.80.9n
    Threatened species (number)465687
    Forested area (% of land area)33.131.1j31.1j,n
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)45.6 / 6.344.5 / 6.344.8 / 6.4n
    Energy production, primaryr (Petajoules)440449418n
    Energy supply per capitar (Gigajoules)908691n
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borderss,t (000)6831 1321 847c
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)20.724.226.8e
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)81.5 / 66.681.5 / 66.681.5 / 66.6e
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)14.8 / 25.615.9 / 22.117.2 / 19.9e
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)1.620.831.16c
Data provided by UNdata