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This Law is aimed at: determining the rules for exercising the activity of beekeeping, as an activity of vital interest, national interest, useful for the preservation of the natural environment, ecosystem and agriculture; assignment of duties to the responsible authorities; guaranteeing natural pollination and biodiversity of bee species, with special reference to protection of the bee race (apis mellifera carnica). This text is divided into ten thematic Chapters and a total of 36 articles. Titles of Chapters are as follows: I. General provisions; II. Movement and transportation of bees; III. Bee reproduction and pastures; IV. Protection of bees; V. Quality beekeeping; VI. Pollination, urban beekeeping and food; VII. Responsible institutions and support of the beekeeping sector; VIII. Processing and storage of honey; IX. Administrative offenses, measures and execution; and X. Transitional and final provisions.
This Law applies to beekeepers, farmers, natural or legal persons who exercise their activity according to provisions of this Law. Beekeeping products are: a) honey; b) beeswax; c) bee milk; d) pollen; e) propolis; f) bee venom; g) queen and colony of bees. Every beekeeper engaged in beekeeping, who owns one or more hives, is obliged to register at: a) the farm register created according to the legislation in force for agriculture; b) the livestock register, which is kept in the institution responsible for veterinary medicine until 30 April of each calendar year, as regards the number and location of beehives. The registry of queens is created and maintained by the production centers according to the determinations of legislation in force for livestock breeding. It is forbidden to place the bee park near highways, airports, storage structures and metal processing, waste disposal and processing and contaminated sites. The method of setting up the bee park, distances, proximity to production and processing structures and the distance from the polluted areas shall be determined by order of the Minister. Various industrial production activities are prohibited in the vicinity of up to 3 kilometers from the parks which affect the damage to bees. The bees are selected from the European bee species Apis mellifera and local subspecies of bees (apis mellifera carnica in the Balkan countries, apis mellifera ligustica, apis mellifera sicula; apis cecropia mellifera; apis mellifera mellifera; apis mellifera macedonica; apis mellifera caucasica). Other types of bees are determined by order of the minister after the proposal of the competent authority for veterinary medicine. For the selection of the type, the beekeeper must evaluate the adaptation of the type to the local climatic conditions and disease and pest resistance.
This Law is partially aligned with: Regulation (EU) No. 1308/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a common organization of the markets in agricultural products and repealing Council Regulations (EEC) No. 922/72, (EEC) No. 234/79, (EC) No. 1037/2001 and (EC) No. 1234/2007; and Council Directive 2001/110/EC relating to honey.
Law no. 20/2023 on beekeeping.
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