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The National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan is a national policy with a cross-sectoral approach. The timeframe of this Strategy is 5 years between 2015 and 2020. The overall purpose of this Strategy is to ensure biodiversity conservation and ecosystem preservation in accordance with the UN Convention of Biodiversity, while contributing to the well-being, health and prosperity of all Vincentians. The strategic goals of this Strategy are to: (I) raise public awareness on the importance and contribution of biodiversity, (II) establish mechanisms to improve the monitoring of biodiversity in order to address threats to biodiversity, especially habitat loss and invasive alien species, (III) improve the status of biodiversity in line with ecosystem preservation, and (IV) conserve and restore biodiversity by taking into account the negative impacts of climate change.
Public awareness will be raised about the values of biodiversity to increase public participation in biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of limited resources. A national biodiversity clearing house mechanism will be established as a single repository of all biodiversity data in Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Biodiversity conservation will be ensured through studies aiming at establishing the status of all-natural habitats and reducing the rate of habitat loss. In addition to that, measures will be taken to protect fauna and flora by preventing the introduction of invasive alien species. Areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, including terrestrial and inland water, forests, wildlife reserves, as well as coastal and marine areas will be conserved through effective area-based conservation measures and management. Assessments of the terrestrial and coastal and marine ecosystems will be conducted for effective preservation. Systematic monitoring and documentation of habitats will be ensured to implement strategies for the eradication of invasive alien species effectively.
A national policy on climate change will be adopted to specify strategies for adaptation and mitigation. Ecosystem resilience to climate change and desertification will be increased. Moreover, the contribution of biodiversity to carbon stocks will be enhanced through conservation and restoration. To this end, degraded ecosystems will be restored to ensure their contribution to climate change mitigation and adaptation as well as to combat desertification. Ecosystem change and corresponding carbon sequestration changes will be monitored to compile data to facilitate reporting on contributions to mitigation.
The Sustainable Development Unit of the Ministry of Finance, Economic Planning, Sustainable Development, and Information Technology shall be responsible for monitoring the annual progress of the NBSAP Implementation Plan in collaboration with the other relevant entities. These entities will provide periodic reports on progress being made in achieving the indicators identified and will submit periodic reports to the Sustainable Development Unit. The evaluation of the impact of activities on biodiversity will be done every five years before the revision and update of the NBSAP.
Saint Vincent & the Grenadines Revised National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plan 2015 - 2020.
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
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