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This National Drought Plan (NDP) is a nationwide sectoral document aiming at enhancing livelihoods capacities and strengthen resilience of communities at risk of drought, and emergency preparedness. To achieve this objective, the NDP is articulated around a number of major tasks as follows (i) clarify and improve monitoring and early warning systems; (ii) identify clear actions and responsibilities in responding to drought. It contains also cross-cutting issues primarily related to gender mainstreaming on planning and implementation of activities for managing disaster risk and climate change adaptation. The NDP actions of drought management and risk reduction focus on 3 pillars (1) implementation of drought monitoring and early warning systems; (2) assessment of drought vulnerability and risk; and (3) implementation of measures to limit impacts of drought and better respond to drought.
To help eliminate hunger and malnutition, the dosun ment suggests the devolopment of economic sectors such as livestock and implementation of agriculture measures to increase the production.
To make agriculture, forestry and fisheries more productive and sustainable, main inteventions for each sector are (i) planning for suitable cropping system; (ii) selection of short maturing and drought tolerant varieties and crops; (iii) contingency crop planning for abnormal weather situation; (iv) apply irrigation; (v) water resources development to make water available for human consumption, agriculture and livestock; (vi) conservation of indigenous genetic resources of main crops species (in particular, dry land plant species) and livestock breeds together with their protection through establishment of genetic resources banks for the potential breeds; (vii) securing livestock mobility through improvement of access to pasture, feeds and grazing grounds for livestock along the seasonal, commercial livestock routes and improved access to national and regional roads' network; (viii) improvement of quarantine system; (ix) sustainable soil and water management, and support to agriculture technology transfer and extension services; (x) strengthening plant protection services for main pests and diseases; (xi) development of forests, pastures, range lands, and re-establishment of the vegetative cover; (xii) organised and planned cutting of firewood, together with replacement operations of the aged reserved forests; (xiii) promotion of fish farming and fish pond technology; and (xiv) promotion of aquaculture development.
Rural poverty shall be faced through the promotion and enhancement of poverty alleviation programmes that encourage alternative livelihoods, and enhance the use of traditional and intermediate technologies and rural industries.
In order to promote more inclusive and effective agricultural and food systems, the following actions are envisaged (i) improvement of infrastructure for livestock marketing and value addition along the value chain, including: developing feeder roads to improve access to livestock and other goods markets; construction of quarantine stations; construction of slaughterhouses and livestock based product processing units and markets; development of branding programme for identification and traceability of livestock; enhance community participation in marketing and export; (ii) strengthening of institutional frameworks to secure access to land and water for pastoralists (including for women and youth; (iii) formulation of appropriate polices for rural finance, grain stores and seed banks; (iv) training of youth farmers in agro-business, farm management skills, rural marketing, postharvest loss minimization methods, etc.; (v) provision of fishing equipment to local communities as well as cold chain facilities; and (vi) upgrade and organization of the fish marketing system along the value chain.
The resilience of livelihoods to disasers shall be increased through (i) prevention and recycling of excess runoff; (ii) utilization of tillage to absorb and hold maximum moisture; (iii) timely weed management to control water loss by evapotranspiration; (iv) management of various inputs to suit the climate; (v) conservation of the soil moisture by agronomic practices like mulching; (vi) optimization of plant population and timing of foliage to reduce evapotranspiration; (vii) promotion of tree plantations; (viii) reduction of trees cutting and promotion of use of alternative sources of energy such as biogas and solar energy; (ix) rehabilitation and improvement of pastures, rangelands and grazing areas; and (x) implementation of an effective water resources and drought management, both in the long-term and short-term, including a statutory drought plan for all water faciities and a wide range of measures to help reduce the risk of drought and to make sure supplies remain resilient.
As for the Governance, the Government should assess and update the existing policies, legislation, regulations, and institutions to ensure that they accommodate the new geographical area of the country. It would be also necessary to review and assess the land governance and legislation in Sudan, to ensure they are sufficient and benefit the country and local communities, and strengthen these frameworks where necessary. The processes for land acquisition and all associated investments activities must be transparent to ensure accountability. Furthermore, the implementation of the drought plan at all levels of government and with development partners and civil society is under responsibility of the National Drought Plan Task Force established in August 2018 with the representatives from relative stakeholders and concerned Ministries.
Sudan National Drought Plan.
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