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This NDC is a 10-year nationwide multi-sectoral document, consistent with Somalia s National development agenda, aiming at reaffirming Somalia s commitment to playing its role in addressing the climate change threat in line with the Principles and provisions of the UN Framework Convention and the Paris Agreement. Under this updated NDC, Somalia has set a target of achieving 30% emissions reductions by 2030. To achieve the goal, the document comprises of both mitigation and adaptation components. As for mitigation contribution, the involved sectors are (i) Agriculture; (ii) Energy; (iii) Forestry; (iv) Transport; and (v) Waste. While adaptation actions will cover the following (i) Agriculture and Food security; (ii) Water resources management; (iii) Public health; (iv) Disaster preparedness and management; (v) Coastal, marine environment and fisheries; (vi) Energy; (vii) Forestry and Environment; (viii) Human settlements; (ix) Infrastructure.
To increase the production, also in order to ensure food security, the main interventions are (i) improve animal productivity and animal breeds to increase resilience to climate change; (ii) invest in veterinary services to address climate related diseases; (iii) establish agricultural institutions to research drought resistant varieties; (iv) provide seeds and seedlings that are drought resistant to farming community; (v) implement Sustainable Land Management including climate smart agriculture practices; (vi) develop irrigation systems including dams, channel and water reticulation system; (vii) manage the grazing areas, and rangelands in a sustainable manner and enhancing the development of livestock infrastructures and services including feed storage; (viii) establish disease free zones to enhance quality for export of livestock products.
The environmental protection will be mainly pursued through (i) development of renewable energy electricity and promotion of clean and energy efficient cooking; (ii) increasing in production of non-forest biomass fuel, e.g. from agricultural waste, sawdust, and human waste; (iii) development of sanitary landfills; (iv) afforestation and reforestation of degraded forests, including mangroves restoration, and promotion of programs aimed at reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation including through REDD+ readiness activities and implementing charcoal policy; (v) promotion of climate change resilient traditional and modern knowledge of sustainable pasture and range management systems; (vi) assessment of the water system and establishment and maintenance of strategic water reserves mega-dams, shallow wells to capture runoffs; (vii) development of coastal zone policy, strategy and management plan; (viii) promotion of mangrove and shoreline restoration program; (ix) strengthening of key fisheries management services for sound development and management; (x) establishment of effective early warning systems and disaster risk management; (xi) promotion of green and climate resilient building industry; (xii) development of climate proof infrastructure, including infrastructure.
A more inclusive economic and social growth can be increased by the following actions (i) strengthening the adaptive capacity of the most vulnerable groups including women, children, elderly persons and IDPS communities through social safety nets; (ii) supporting livelihood for the vulnerable groups; (iii) enhancing the participation of women and youth in activities related to adaptation and environmental conservation to enhance their adaptive capacity; (iv) building adaptation capacity in climate-resilient agronomic practices for smallholder farmers; (v) promoting value addition of the crop and livestock products; (vi) promoting weather based insurance scheme for farmers and pastoralists and improving access to agro-weather information services; (vii) improving and establishing marketing systems, infrastructure, and promoting cooperatives; (viii) building marketing facilities and infrastructure for crops and livestock urban centers; (ix) increasing resilience of communities, infrastructures and ecosystems to droughts and floods; (x) improving the capacity for fisher folks in terms of equipment; (xi) enhancing the resilience of the fisheries value chains by promoting climate-smart fisheries development; (xii) promoting livelihood diversification for coastal communities; (xiii) emphasizing the role of women and youth in biofuel production and management; (xiv) developing public health awareness campaign, targeting rural areas on climate change effects and public health related issues.
As for Governance, the Federal government of Somalia will strive to mainstream the NDC actions into the national development planning and budgeting processes. There is however a need for (i) focus strategic efforts and engagements with private sector in order to leverage the potential of these entities to support a more resilient and green Somalia; (ii) enhancing the capacity building of various institutions and strengthening policy and legislative frameworks; (iii) support to establish national measurement, reporting and verification (MRV) system and strengthen its institutional set-up with adequate infrastructure and human resources to track climate actions.
Updated Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC).
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