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Official name:
Republic of Albania
Region:

    General Information
    Region    Southern Europe
    Population (000, 2021)   2 873a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   104.9a
    Capital city    Tirana
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   484.6b
    UN membership date    14-Dec-55
    Surface area (km2)   28 748b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   103.6a
    National currency    Lek (ALL)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   100.8c
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)11 92711 38715 278b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)3.72.22.2b
    GDP per capita (current US$)4 045.73 939.45 303.2b
    Economy: Agricultured (% of Gross Value Added)20.722.521.3b
    Economy: Industrye,f (% of Gross Value Added)28.724.823b
    Economy: Services and other activityg (% of GVA)50.752.755.7b
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)42.141.436.1h,c
    Employment in industry (% of employed)20.618.620.2h,c
    Employment in services (% employed)37.34043.7h,c
    Unemploymenth (% of labour force)14.117.112.8c
    Labour force participation rateh (female/male pop. %)45.8 / 62.946.1 / 63.846.6 / 64.4c
    CPI: Consumer Price Indexi (2010=100)100111121c
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)86100103b
    International trade: exportsj (million current US$)1 5501 9302 515c
    International trade: importsj (million current US$)4 6034 3205 602c
    International trade: balancej (million current US$)- 3 053- 2 391- 3 087c
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)- 1 356-980- 1 318c
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratek (average annual %)-0.9-0.4-0.1c
    Urban population (% of total population)52.257.461.2b
    Urban population growth ratek (average annual %)1.31.8...
    Fertility rate, totalk (live births per woman)1.61.71.6c
    Life expectancy at birthk (females/males, years)78.5 / 73.280.0 / 75.280.1 / 76.7c
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)22.5 / 15.018.7 / 17.917.1 / 21.9a
    International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)52.8 / 1.852.0 / 1.848.8 / 1.7c
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)0.1l8.13.6c
    Infant mortality ratek (per 1 000 live births)16.89.28c
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)4.74.95.3m
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)1.21.3n1.6b
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)3.3o3.43.6p
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)93.8 / 93.2107.3 / 104.0106.4 / 103.4b
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)88.4 / 87.995.1 / 99.595.7 / 94.6b
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)79.0 / 81.189.6 / 99.691.9 / 93.4b
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)4.32.22.3m
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)16.420.729.5q
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)4563.3h68.6b
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)0.2r,s......
    Threatened species (number)100112147
    Forested areah (% of land area)28.528.828.8m
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)3.9 / 1.33.8 / 1.34.3 / 1.5m
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)698781m
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)313132m
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borderst (000)2 1913 7846 128b
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)41.849.450.5c
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)43.0 / 45.843.5 / 50.144.1 / 53.6c
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)3.092.910.18b
Data provided by UNdata