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Official name:
Kingdom of Belgium
Region:

    General Information
    Region    Western Europe
    Population (000, 2020)   11 590
    Pop. density (per km2, 2020)   382.7
    Capital city    Brussels
    Capital city pop. (000, 2020)   2 065.3b,c
    UN membership date    27-Dec-45
    Surface area (km2)   30 528a
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   98.3
    National currency    Euro (EUR)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   0.9c
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2020
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)480 952462 150543 026d
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)2.921.5d
    GDP per capita (current US$)43 967.740 941.947 293.0d
    Economy: Agriculturee (% of Gross Value Added)0.90.80.6d
    Economy: Industrye,f (% of Gross Value Added)23.42221.4d
    Economy: Services and other activitye,g,h (% of GVA)75.777.378d
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)1.41.20.9i
    Employment in industry (% of employed)23.421.420.6i
    Employment in services (% employed)75.377.478.4i
    Unemploymenti (% of labour force)8.38.55.7
    Labour force participation ratei (female/male pop. %)47.5 / 60.848.0 / 59.148.5 / 58.4
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100j109j117c
    Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)100106101k
    International trade: exports (million current US$)407 596397 739445 214c
    International trade: imports (million current US$)391 256371 025426 489c
    International trade: balance (million current US$)16 34026 71418 725c
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)7 3386 363- 6 512c
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2020
    Population growth ratel (average annual %)0.70.60.5
    Urban population (% of total population)97.797.998c
    Urban population growth ratel (average annual %)0.80.7...
    Fertility rate, totall (live births per woman)1.81.81.7
    Life expectancy at birthl (females/males, years)82.3 / 76.883.0 / 78.083.7 / 79.0
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)16.9 / 23.217.0 / 24.017.0 / 25.6
    International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)1 503.8 / 13.71 783.5 / 15.81 981.9 / 17.2c
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)36.9m45.883.5c
    Infant mortality ratel (per 1 000 live births)3.83.52.8
    Health: Current expenditurei (% of GDP)1010.310.3a
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)2.933.1a
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)6.46.56.5k
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)101.8 / 102.0103.1 / 103.2104.0 / 103.9a
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)167.3 / 146.9174.7 / 153.6167.8 / 149.7a
    Education: Tertiary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)75.9 / 60.084.7 / 64.890.5 / 69.3a
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)1.721.7a
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)3839.340.7n
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2020
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)7585.1o,p88.7d
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)2.12.52.8q,d
    Threatened species (number)273066
    Forested area (% of land area)22.522.6i22.6i,a
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)103.9 / 9.592.8 / 8.390.4 / 8.0a
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)646445626a
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)228194201a
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)7 1868 355r9 119d
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)80.383.784.2c
    Net Official Development Assist. disburseds (% of GNI)0.640.420.45a
Data provided by UNdata