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The Conference of the Parties
1.Adopts the proposed process for the periodic assessment of the status and trends of biological diversity, in dry and sub‑humid lands, as described in table 1 below, taking into account national laws, policies and programmes and recognizing the urgency for action in those countries severely affected by land degradation, focusing on strengthening the capacities of developing countries and countries with economies in transition to conduct assessments at the national level and build on the knowledge and structures of ongoing global assessments, as well as national assessments;
2.Adopts the proposal prepared by the Executive Secretary for the further refinement of the programme of work and suggesting collaborating partners as indicated in the annex to the present decision;
3.Requests the Executive Secretary to ensure that the parts of the programme of work relating to other thematic programmes of work of the Convention are taken into account when developing and reviewing these programmes of work;
4.Requests the Executive Secretary, in consultation with Parties, to develop targets for the implementation of the programme of work, taking into account especially national action programmes to combat desertification, the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation, the Global Taxonomy Initiative, the Strategic Plan of the Convention, as well as the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, for consideration by the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice. Such a process could follow the approach taken in the development of the Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (decision VI/9, annex) and be in line with decision VII/8, on monitoring and indicators;
5.Requests the Executive Secretary, in collaboration with the secretariats of the other Rio conventions and other biodiversity-related conventions, to further develop mechanisms for facilitating the synergistic implementation of these conventions, especially at the national level, as described in sections III and IV of the note by the Executive Secretary on dry and sub-humid lands prepared for the eighth meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice (UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/8/10). Such mechanisms could include:These mechanisms should take into account existing experience, as documented by, inter alia, the Committee for the Review of the Implementation of the Convention to Combat Desertification (CRIC), and the “Operational Guidelines for Expedited Funding of National Self Assessment of Capacity-building Needs” of the Global Environment Facility, and the role and responsibilities of the Global Environment Facility and the Global Mechanism of the Convention to Combat Desertification in promoting synergy;
(a)Joint work programmes at the national level as appropriate;
(b)The activities of the joint liaison group of the three Rio conventions and potential additional members, and
(c)Joint activities with a focus on several elements:(i)Integration of activities related to national biodiversity strategies and action plans with national action programmes for the Convention to Combat Desertification, national adaptation programmes of action under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, Ramsar wetland policies and other relevant programmes, including national strategies for sustainable development and poverty reduction;(ii)Capacity-building, information systems, institutional arrangements and joint planning activities between the coordinating bodies and focal points of the conventions;(iii)Development of criteria for synergy projects and development and application of “good practice” synergy projects at the national level;(iv)Sound preparation, formulation of objectives, organization and follow-up of national and regional synergy workshops;(v)Training courses and awareness-raising among relevant stakeholders;(vi)Consultation, decision-making and implementation processes with the full participation of relevant stakeholders, including indigenous peoples and local communities, non-governmental organizations and the private sector.
6.Further requests the Executive Secretary, in collaboration with the other Rio and other biodiversity-related conventions, to facilitate at the national level the review of the national biodiversity strategies and action plans under the Convention on Biological Diversity, in order to harmonize them with the national action programmes under the Convention to Combat Desertification and the national adaptation plans of action under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, with a focus on poverty alleviation and intersectoral integration;
7.Recognizes that the effective implementation of this programme of work is subject to the availability of financial, technological and human resources, and urges Parties, other Governments countries, international organizations, and relevant stakeholders that are in a position to do so to develop partnerships and other means to provide the necessary support;
8.Takes note of the reports of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment and the land degradation assessment in drylands project (LADA) of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations on how they address the assessment needs of the programme of work on biological diversity of dry and sub-humid lands, and especially on ways to strengthen national efforts to conduct assessments;
9.Welcomes the joint work programme between the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification and the Convention on Biological Diversity (UNEP/CBD/COP/7/INF/28) and encourages Parties and relevant stakeholders to contribute to the implementation of its components.Table 1. Proposed process for the periodic assessment of status and trends of biological diversity in dry and sub‑humid lands (Phases II-IV will depend on the recommendations made after completion of phase I).
Phase I: 2002‑2004 (COP7)1. Invite LADA and the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment to investigate how the needs of the dry and sub‑humid lands could be integrated into the ongoing assessments, emphasizing proposals and ways to strengthen national efforts to conduct assessments.2. Develop proposals for mechanisms(s) linking national assessment to regional/global assessment/report processes.3. Participatory development of draft guidelines for national assessments, including indicators initiated.
Phase II: 2004‑2006 (COP8)4. Agree to final guidelines for national assessments and adoption for implementation.5. Implementation mechanism agreed upon and functional.
Phase III: 2006‑20126. Data collection, processing and communication according to agreed guidelines and mechanisms.7. In 2010, Parties report on WSSD biodiversity‑related targets, as appropriate.8. Global assessment report on status and trends of biological diversity, including information from national assessments.
Phase IV: 10-year periodic assessment reports9. Periodic ten‑year report based on continuous assessments at national level and up‑scaling.
Synthesis table of expected outcomes and timeframes, potential actors, and indicators of progress in the implementation of the programme of work on biological diversity of dry and sub-humid lands
Indicative list of potential collaborators2 and abbreviations2As listed in the report of the Ad Hoc Technical Expert Group on the Biodiversity of Dry and Sub-Humid Lands (UNEP/CBD/SBSTTA/8/INF/2) and updated based on a questionnaire sent out in August 2002.CBD=Convention on Biological Diversity;CCD=Convention to Combat Desertification;CGIAR=Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research;CIAT=International Centre for Tropical Agriculture;CIFOR=Centre for International Forestry Research;CILSS=Permanent Inter State Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel;CITES=Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora;CMS = Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals;CPF=Collaborative Partnership on Forests;FAO=Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations;GEF=Global Environment Facility;GISP=Global Invasive Species Project;GIWA=Global International Waters Assessment,GM=Global Mechanisms of the UNCCD,ICARDA=International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas;ICRAF=International Centre for Research in Agroforestry;ICRISAT=International Crops Research Institute for the Semi arid Tropics;IFAD=International Fund for Agricultural Development;IGBP=International Geosphere and Biosphere Programme;IITA=International Institute for Tropical Agriculture;ILRI=International Livestock Research Institute;ILTER=International Long term Ecological Research Network,IPGRI=International Plant Genetic Resources Institute;IPPC=Integrated Pollution and Prevention Control;IGO=Intergovernmental organization;IUCN=World Conservation Union;IUFRO=International Union of Forestry Research Organizations;LUCC=Land Use and Cover Change Programme (of IGBP);MA=Millennium Ecosystem Assessment;OIE=World Organization for Animal Health;OSS=Observatoire du Sahara et du Sahel;SADC=Southern African Development Community;TPN=Thematic Programme Networks of the CCD;TWNSO=Third World Network of Scientific Organisations;UNDP=United Nations Development Programme;UNEP=United Nations Environment Programme;UNEP WCMC=World Conservation Monitoring Centre;UNESCO=United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization;UNESCO-MAB=Man and Biosphere Project;UNFCCC=United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change;UNFF=United Nations Forum on Forests;UNITAR=United Nations Institute for Training and Research;WB=World Bank;WCPA=World Commission on Protected Areas;WHC=World Heritage Centre (UNESCO);WIPO=World Intellectual Property Organization;WMO=World Meteorological Organization;WRI=World Resource Institute;WTO=World Trade Organization;WWF=World Wide Fund for Nature