Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Afghanistan22 Apr 201615 Feb 2017Ratification16 May 2017
Albania22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Algeria22 Apr 201620 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Andorra22 Apr 201624 Mar 2017Ratification22 Jun 2017
Antigua and Barbuda22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Argentina22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Armenia20 Sep 201623 Mar 2017Ratification21 Jun 2017
Australia22 Apr 20169 Nov 2016Ratification7 Feb 2017
Austria22 Apr 20165 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Azerbaijan22 Apr 20169 Jan 2017Ratification9 Apr 2017
Bahamas22 Apr 201622 Aug 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Bahrain22 Apr 201623 Dec 2016Ratification23 Mar 2017
Bangladesh22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Barbados22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Belarus22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Acceptance4 Nov 2016
Belgium22 Apr 20166 Apr 2017Ratification5 Jul 2017
Belize22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Benin22 Apr 201631 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Bhutan22 Apr 201619 Sep 2017Ratification18 Dec 2017
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)22 Apr 20165 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Bosnia and Herzegovina22 Apr 201616 Mar 2017Ratification14 Jun 2017
Botswana22 Apr 201611 Nov 2016Ratification9 Feb 2017
Brazil22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Brunei Darussalam22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Bulgaria22 Apr 201629 Nov 2016Ratification27 Feb 2017
Burkina Faso22 Apr 201611 Nov 2016Ratification9 Feb 2017
Burundi22 Apr 201617 Jan 2018Ratification17 Apr 2018
Cabo Verde22 Apr 201621 Sep 2017Ratification20 Dec 2017
Cambodia22 Apr 20166 Feb 2017Ratification7 May 2017
Cameroon22 Apr 201629 Jul 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Canada22 Apr 20165 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Central African Republic22 Apr 201611 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Chad22 Apr 201612 Jan 2017Ratification12 Apr 2017
Chile20 Sep 201610 Feb 2017Ratification11 May 2017
China22 Apr 20163 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Comoros22 Apr 201623 Nov 2016Ratification21 Feb 2017
Congo (Brazzaville)22 Apr 201621 Apr 2017Ratification20 Jul 2017
Cook Islands 24 Jun 20161 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Costa Rica22 Apr 201613 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Côte D'Ivoire22 Apr 201625 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Croatia22 Apr 201624 May 2017Ratification22 Aug 2017
Cuba22 Apr 201628 Dec 2016Ratification28 Mar 2017
Cyprus22 Apr 20164 Jan 2017Ratification4 Apr 2017
Czechia22 Apr 20165 Oct 2017Ratification3 Jan 2018
Democratic People's Republic of Korea22 Apr 20161 Aug 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Democratic Republic of the Congo22 Apr 201613 Dec 2017Ratification13 Mar 2018
Denmark22 Apr 20161 Nov 2016Approval4 Nov 2016
Djibouti22 Apr 201611 Nov 2016Ratification9 Feb 2017
Dominica22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Dominican Republic22 Apr 201621 Sep 2017Ratification20 Dec 2017
Ecuador26 Jul 201620 Sep 2017Ratification19 Dec 2017
Egypt22 Apr 201629 Jun 2017Ratification27 Sep 2017
El Salvador22 Apr 201627 Mar 2017Ratification25 Jun 2017
Estonia22 Apr 20164 Nov 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Ethiopia22 Apr 20169 Mar 2017Ratification7 Jun 2017
European Union22 Apr 20165 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Fiji22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Finland22 Apr 201614 Nov 2016Ratification12 Feb 2017
France22 Apr 20165 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Gabon22 Apr 20162 Nov 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Georgia22 Apr 20168 May 2017Approval6 Aug 2017
Germany22 Apr 20165 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Ghana22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Greece22 Apr 201614 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Grenada22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Guatemala22 Apr 201625 Jan 2017Ratification25 Apr 2017
Guinea22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Guyana22 Apr 201620 May 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Haiti22 Apr 201631 Jul 2017Ratification29 Oct 2017
Honduras22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Hungary22 Apr 20165 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Iceland22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Acceptance4 Nov 2016
India22 Apr 20162 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Indonesia22 Apr 201631 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Ireland22 Apr 20164 Nov 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Israel22 Apr 201622 Nov 2016Ratification20 Feb 2017
Italy22 Apr 201611 Nov 2016Ratification9 Feb 2017
Jamaica22 Apr 201610 Apr 2017Ratification9 Jul 2017
Japan22 Apr 20168 Nov 2016Acceptance6 Feb 2017
Jordan22 Apr 20164 Nov 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Kazakhstan2 Aug 20166 Dec 2016Ratification6 Mar 2017
Kenya22 Apr 201628 Dec 2016Ratification28 Mar 2017
Kiribati22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Kuwait22 Apr 201623 Apr 2018Ratification22 Jul 2018
Lao People’s Democratic Republic22 Apr 20167 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Latvia22 Apr 201616 Mar 2017Ratification14 Jun 2017
Lesotho22 Apr 201620 Jan 2017Ratification20 Apr 2017
Liechtenstein22 Apr 201620 Sep 2017Ratification19 Dec 2017
Lithuania22 Apr 20162 Feb 2017Ratification3 May 2017
Luxembourg22 Apr 20164 Nov 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Madagascar22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Malawi20 Sep 201629 Jun 2017Ratification27 Sep 2017
Malaysia22 Apr 201616 Nov 2016Ratification14 Feb 2017
Maldives22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Mali22 Apr 201623 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Malta22 Apr 20165 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Marshall Islands22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Mauritania22 Apr 201627 Feb 2017Ratification28 May 2017
Mauritius22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Mexico22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Micronesia (Federated States of)22 Apr 201615 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Monaco22 Apr 201624 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Mongolia22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Montenegro22 Apr 201620 Dec 2017Ratification20 Mar 2018
Morocco22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Mozambique22 Apr 20164 Jun 2018Ratification2 Sep 2018
Myanmar22 Apr 201619 Sep 2017Ratification18 Dec 2017
Namibia22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Nauru22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Nepal22 Apr 20165 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Netherlands22 Apr 201628 Jul 2017Acceptance26 Oct 2017
New Zealand22 Apr 20164 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Nicaragua 23 Oct 2017Accession21 Jan 2018
Niger22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Nigeria22 Sep 201616 May 2017Ratification14 Aug 2017
Niue28 Oct 201628 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Norway22 Apr 201620 Jun 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Pakistan22 Apr 201610 Nov 2016Ratification8 Feb 2017
Palau22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
State of Palestine22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Panama22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Papua New Guinea22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Paraguay22 Apr 201614 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Peru22 Apr 201625 Jul 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Philippines22 Apr 201623 Mar 2017Ratification21 Jun 2017
Poland22 Apr 20167 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Portugal22 Apr 20165 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Qatar22 Apr 201623 Jun 2017Ratification21 Sep 2017
Republic of Korea22 Apr 20163 Nov 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Republic of Moldova21 Sep 201620 Jun 2017Ratification18 Sep 2017
Romania22 Apr 20161 Jun 2017Ratification30 Aug 2017
Rwanda22 Apr 20166 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Saint Kitts and Nevis22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Saint Lucia22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines22 Apr 201629 Jun 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Samoa22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Sao Tome and Principe22 Apr 20162 Nov 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Saudi Arabia3 Nov 20163 Nov 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Senegal22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Serbia22 Apr 201625 Jul 2017Ratification23 Oct 2017
Seychelles25 Apr 201629 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Sierra Leone22 Sep 20161 Nov 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Singapore22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Slovakia22 Apr 20165 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Slovenia22 Apr 201616 Dec 2016Ratification16 Mar 2017
Solomon Islands22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Somalia22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
South Africa22 Apr 20161 Nov 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Spain22 Apr 201612 Jan 2017Ratification12 Apr 2017
Sri Lanka22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Sudan22 Apr 20162 Aug 2017Ratification31 Oct 2017
Eswatini, Kingdom of22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Sweden22 Apr 201613 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Switzerland22 Apr 20166 Oct 2017Ratification4 Jan 2018
Syrian Arab Republic 13 Nov 2017Accession11 Feb 2018
Tajikistan22 Apr 201622 Mar 2017Ratification20 Jun 2017
Thailand22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia22 Apr 20169 Jan 2018Ratification9 Apr 2018
The Gambia26 Apr 20167 Nov 2016Ratification5 Feb 2017
Timor-Leste22 Apr 201616 Aug 2017Ratification14 Nov 2017
Togo19 Sep 201628 Jun 2017Ratification26 Sep 2017
Tonga22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Trinidad and Tobago22 Apr 201622 Feb 2018Ratification23 May 2018
Tunisia22 Apr 201610 Feb 2017Ratification11 May 2017
Turkmenistan23 Sep 201620 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Tuvalu22 Apr 201622 Apr 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Uganda22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Ukraine22 Apr 201619 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
United Arab Emirates22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Acceptance4 Nov 2016
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland22 Apr 201618 Nov 2016Ratification16 Feb 2017
United Republic of Tanzania22 Apr 201618 May 2018Ratification16 Aug 2018
United States of America22 Apr 20163 Sep 2016Acceptance4 Nov 2016
Uruguay22 Apr 201619 Oct 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Vanuatu22 Apr 201621 Sep 2016Ratification4 Nov 2016
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)22 Apr 201621 Jul 2017Ratification19 Oct 2017
Viet Nam22 Apr 20163 Nov 2016Approval4 Nov 2016
Zambia20 Sep 20169 Dec 2016Ratification9 Mar 2017
Zimbabwe22 Apr 20167 Aug 2017Ratification5 Nov 2017

Non-Parties

PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Angola22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Colombia22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Equatorial Guinea22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Eritrea22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Guinea-Bissau22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Iran (Islamic Republic of)22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Iraq8 Dec 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Kyrgyzstan21 Sep 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Lebanon22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Liberia22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Libya22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Oman22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Russian Federation22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
San Marino22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
South Sudan22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Suriname22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Turkey22 Apr 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Uzbekistan19 Apr 2017 Signatory4 Nov 2016
Yemen23 Sep 2016 Signatory4 Nov 2016