Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Albania1 Sep 20011 Sep 2001Contracting Party30 Nov 2001
Algeria1 Dec 20051 Oct 2006Contracting Party30 Dec 2006
Belarus30 Nov 28971 Apr 2016Contracting Party30 Jun 2016
Belgium1 Oct 19901 Jun 2006Contracting Party30 Aug 2006
Benin1 Apr 19861 Jan 2000Contracting Party31 Mar 2000
Bulgaria1 Sep 19991 Feb 2000Contracting Party1 May 2000
Burkina Faso1 Oct 20131 Oct 2013Contracting Party30 Dec 2013
Burundi30 Nov 28971 Oct 2014Contracting Party30 Dec 2014
Chad1 Sep 19971 Nov 2011Contracting Party30 Jan 2012
Congo (Brazzaville)1 Jan 20001 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Côte D'Ivoire30 Nov 29011 Jun 2013Contracting Party30 Aug 2013
Croatia1 Oct 20001 Sep 2000Contracting Party30 Nov 2000
Cyprus1 Nov 20011 Sep 2008Contracting Party30 Nov 2008
Czechia1 Sep 200623 Jun 2006Contracting Party21 Sep 2006
Denmark1 Nov 19831 Jan 2000Contracting Party31 Mar 2000
Djibouti1 Nov 20041 Mar 2004Contracting Party30 May 2004
Egypt1 Nov 19831 Jan 1999Contracting Party1 Nov 1999
Equatorial Guinea1 Aug 20101 Jan 2003Contracting Party1 Apr 2003
Estonia1 Oct 20081 Nov 2008Contracting Party30 Jan 2009
Ethiopia1 Jan 20101 Feb 2010Contracting Party2 May 2010
European Union1 Nov 19831 Oct 2005Contracting Party30 Dec 2005
Finland1 Jan 19891 Jan 2000Contracting Party31 Mar 2000
France1 Jul 19901 Dec 2003Contracting Party29 Feb 2004
Gabon30 Nov 29011 Dec 2012Contracting Party1 Mar 2013
Georgia1 Jun 20001 Aug 2001Contracting Party30 Oct 2001
Germany1 Oct 19841 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Ghana1 Apr 19881 Oct 2005Contracting Party30 Dec 2005
Guinea1 Aug 19931 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Guinea-Bissau1 Sep 19951 Nov 2006Contracting Party30 Jan 2007
Hungary1 Nov 19831 Mar 2003Contracting Party30 May 2003
Iceland30 Nov 29011 Jun 2013Contracting Party30 Aug 2013
Ireland1 Nov 19831 Aug 2003Contracting Party30 Oct 2003
Israel1 Nov 19831 Nov 2002Contracting Party30 Jan 2003
Italy1 Nov 19831 Sep 2006Contracting Party30 Nov 2006
Jordan1 Mar 20011 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Kenya1 May 19991 Jun 2001Contracting Party30 Aug 2001
Latvia1 Jul 19991 Jan 2006Contracting Party1 Apr 2006
Lebanon30 Nov 29241 Dec 2002Contracting Party1 Mar 2003
Libya1 Sep 20021 Jun 2005Contracting Party30 Aug 2005
Lithuania1 Feb 20021 Nov 2004Contracting Party30 Jan 2005
Luxembourg1 Nov 19831 Dec 2003Contracting Party29 Feb 2004
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia1 Nov 19991 Feb 2000Contracting Party1 May 2000
Madagascar1 Jan 20071 Jan 2007Contracting Party1 Apr 2007
Mali1 Oct 19871 Jan 2000Contracting Party31 Mar 2000
Mauritania30 Nov 28991 May 2015Contracting Party30 Jul 2015
Mauritius1 Jun 20041 Jan 2001Contracting Party1 Apr 2001
Republic of Moldova1 Apr 20011 Apr 2001Contracting Party30 Jun 2001
Monaco1 Jun 19931 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Montenegro1 Mar 20091 Nov 2011Contracting Party30 Jan 2012
Morocco1 Nov 19931 Dec 2012Contracting Party1 Mar 2013
Netherlands1 Nov 19831 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Niger1 Nov 19831 Jan 1999Contracting Party1 Nov 1999
Nigeria1 Jan 19871 Jul 2004Contracting Party29 Sep 2004
Norway1 Aug 19851 Sep 2008Contracting Party30 Nov 2008
Portugal1 Nov 19831 Mar 2004Contracting Party30 May 2004
Romania1 Jul 19981 Oct 2000Contracting Party30 Dec 2000
Rwanda30 Nov 29001 Sep 2014Contracting Party30 Nov 2014
Senegal1 Jun 19881 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Slovakia1 Mar 19951 Jul 2001Contracting Party29 Sep 2001
Slovenia1 Feb 19991 Oct 2003Contracting Party30 Dec 2003
South Africa1 Dec 19911 Apr 2002Contracting Party30 Jun 2002
Spain1 May 19851 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Sudan30 Nov 28961 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Svalbard and Jan Mayen (Norway)30 Nov 30141 Sep 2008Contracting Party30 Nov 2008
Swaziland1 Jan 20131 Jan 2013Contracting Party1 Apr 2013
Sweden1 Nov 19831 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Switzerland1 Jul 19951 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Syrian Arab Republic1 Jun 20031 Aug 2003Contracting Party30 Oct 2003
United Republic of Tanzania1 Jul 19991 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
The Gambia1 Aug 20011 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Togo1 Feb 19961 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Tunisia1 Jun 19871 Jul 2005Contracting Party29 Sep 2005
Uganda1 Aug 20001 Dec 2000Contracting Party1 Mar 2001
Ukraine1 Nov 19991 Jan 2003Contracting Party1 Apr 2003
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland1 Oct 19851 Nov 1999Contracting Party30 Jan 2000
Uzbekistan1 Sep 19981 Apr 2004Contracting Party30 Jun 2004
Zimbabwe1 Jun 20121 Jun 2012Contracting Party30 Aug 2012
Botswana 1 Nov 2017Contracting Party30 Jan 2018

Non-Parties

PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Andorra30 Nov 3162 31 Oct 1999
Greece1 Oct 19991 Oct 1999Signed but not ratified1 Nov 1999