Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Afghanistan22 Mar 198925 Mar 2013Ratification23 Jun 2013
Albania 29 Jun 1999Accession27 Sep 1999
Algeria 15 Sep 1998Accession14 Dec 1998
Andorra 23 Jul 1999Accession21 Oct 1999
Angola 6 Feb 2017Accession7 May 2017
Antigua and Barbuda 5 Apr 1993Accession4 Jul 1993
Argentina28 Jun 198927 Jun 1991Ratification5 May 1992
Armenia 1 Oct 1999Accession30 Dec 1999
Australia 5 Feb 1992Accession5 May 1992
Austria19 Mar 199012 Jan 1993Ratification12 Apr 1993
Azerbaijan 1 Jun 2001Accession30 Aug 2001
Bahamas 12 Aug 1992Accession10 Nov 1992
Bahrain22 Mar 198915 Oct 1992Ratification13 Jan 1993
Bangladesh 1 Apr 1993Accession30 Jun 1993
Barbados 24 Aug 1995Accession22 Nov 1995
Belarus 10 Dec 1999Accession9 Mar 2000
Belgium22 Mar 19891 Nov 1993Ratification30 Jan 1994
Belize 23 May 1997Accession21 Aug 1997
Benin 4 Dec 1997Accession4 Mar 1998
Bhutan 26 Aug 2002Accession24 Nov 2002
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)22 Mar 198915 Nov 1996Ratification13 Feb 1997
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16 Mar 2001Accession14 Jun 2001
Botswana 20 May 1998Accession18 Aug 1998
Brazil 1 Oct 1992Accession30 Dec 1992
Brunei Darussalam 16 Dec 2002Accession16 Mar 2003
Bulgaria 16 Feb 1996Accession16 May 1996
Burkina Faso 4 Nov 1999Accession2 Feb 2000
Burundi 6 Jan 1997Accession6 Apr 1997
Cambodia 2 Mar 2001Accession31 May 2001
Cameroon 9 Feb 2001Accession10 May 2001
Canada22 Mar 198928 Aug 1992Ratification26 Nov 1992
Cabo Verde 2 Jul 1999Accession30 Sep 1999
Central African Republic 24 Feb 2006Accession25 May 2006
Chad 10 Mar 2004Accession8 Jun 2004
Chile31 Jan 199011 Aug 1992Ratification9 Nov 1992
China22 Mar 199017 Dec 1991Ratification5 May 1992
Colombia22 Mar 198931 Dec 1996Ratification31 Mar 1997
Comoros 31 Oct 1994Accession29 Jan 1995
Congo (Brazzaville) 20 Apr 2007Accession19 Jul 2007
Cook Islands  29 Jun 2004Accession27 Sep 2004
Costa Rica 7 Mar 1995Accession5 Jun 1995
Côte D'Ivoire 1 Dec 1994Accession1 Mar 1995
Croatia 9 May 1994Accession7 Aug 1994
Cuba 3 Oct 1994Accession1 Jan 1995
Cyprus22 Mar 198917 Sep 1992Ratification16 Dec 1992
Czechia 30 Sep 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Democratic Republic of the Congo 6 Oct 1994Accession4 Jan 1995
Denmark22 Mar 19896 Feb 1994Approval7 May 1994
Djibouti 31 May 2002Accession29 Aug 2002
Dominica 5 May 1998Accession3 Aug 1998
Dominican Republic 10 Jul 2000Accession8 Oct 2000
Ecuador22 Mar 198923 Feb 1993Ratification24 May 1993
Egypt 8 Jan 1993Accession8 Apr 1993
El Salvador22 Mar 199013 Dec 1991Ratification5 May 1992
Equatorial Guinea 7 Feb 2003Accession8 May 2003
Eritrea 10 Mar 2005Accession8 Jun 2005
Estonia 21 Jul 1992Accession19 Oct 1992
Ethiopia 12 Apr 2000Accession11 Jul 2000
European Union22 Mar 19897 Feb 1994Approval8 May 1994
Finland22 Mar 198919 Nov 1991Acceptance5 May 1992
France22 Mar 19897 Jan 1991Approval5 May 1992
Gabon 6 Jun 2008Accession4 Sep 2008
Georgia 20 May 1999Accession18 Aug 1999
Germany23 Oct 198921 Apr 1995Ratification20 Jul 1995
Ghana 30 May 2003Accession28 Aug 2003
Greece22 Mar 19894 Aug 1994Ratification2 Nov 1994
Guatemala22 Mar 198915 May 1995Ratification13 Aug 1995
Guinea 26 Apr 1995Accession25 Jul 1995
Guinea-Bissau 9 Feb 2005Accession10 May 2005
Guyana 4 Apr 2001Accession3 Jul 2001
Honduras 27 Dec 1995Accession26 Mar 1996
Hungary22 Mar 198921 May 1990Approval5 May 1992
Iceland 28 Jun 1995Accession26 Sep 1995
India15 Mar 199024 Jun 1992Ratification22 Sep 1992
Indonesia 20 Sep 1993Accession19 Dec 1993
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 5 Jan 1993Accession5 Apr 1993
Iraq 2 May 2011Accession31 Jul 2011
Ireland19 Jan 19907 Feb 1994Ratification8 May 1994
Israel22 Mar 198914 Dec 1994Ratification14 Mar 1995
Italy22 Mar 19897 Feb 1994Ratification8 May 1994
Jamaica 23 Jan 2003Accession23 Apr 2003
Japan 17 Sep 1993Accession16 Dec 1993
Jordan22 Mar 198922 Jun 1989Approval5 May 1992
Kazakhstan 3 Jun 2003Accession1 Sep 2003
Kenya 1 Jun 2000Accession30 Aug 2000
Kiribati 7 Sep 2000Accession6 Dec 2000
Kuwait22 Mar 198911 Oct 1993Ratification9 Jan 1994
Kyrgyzstan 13 Aug 1996Accession11 Nov 1996
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 21 Sep 2010Accession20 Dec 2010
Latvia 14 Apr 1992Accession5 May 1992
Lebanon22 Mar 198921 Dec 1994Ratification21 Mar 1995
Lesotho 31 May 2000Accession29 Aug 2000
Liberia 22 Sep 2004Accession21 Dec 2004
Libya 12 Jul 2001Accession10 Oct 2001
Liechtenstein22 Mar 198927 Jan 1992Ratification5 May 1992
Lithuania 22 Apr 1999Accession21 Jul 1999
Luxembourg22 Mar 19897 Feb 1994Ratification8 May 1994
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 16 Jul 1997Accession14 Oct 1997
Madagascar 2 Jun 1999Accession31 Aug 1999
Malawi 21 Apr 1994Accession20 Jul 1994
Malaysia 8 Oct 1993Accession6 Jan 1994
Maldives 28 Apr 1992Accession5 May 1992
Mali 5 Dec 2000Accession5 Mar 2001
Malta 19 Jun 2000Accession17 Sep 2000
Marshall Islands 27 Jan 2003Accession27 Apr 2003
Mauritania 16 Aug 1996Accession14 Nov 1996
Mauritius 24 Nov 1992Accession22 Feb 1993
Mexico22 Mar 198922 Feb 1991Ratification5 May 1992
Micronesia (Federated States of) 6 Sep 1995Accession5 Dec 1995
Republic of Moldova 2 Jul 1998Accession30 Sep 1998
Monaco 31 Aug 1992Accession29 Nov 1992
Mongolia 15 Apr 1997Accession14 Jul 1997
Montenegro 23 Oct 2006Ratification21 Jan 2007
Morocco 28 Dec 1995Accession27 Mar 1996
Mozambique 13 Mar 1997Accession11 Jun 1997
Myanmar 6 Jan 2015Accession6 Apr 2015
Namibia 15 May 1995Accession13 Aug 1995
Nauru 12 Nov 2001Accession10 Feb 2002
Nepal 15 Oct 1996Accession13 Jan 1997
Netherlands22 Mar 198916 Apr 1993Acceptance15 Jul 1993
New Zealand18 Dec 198920 Dec 1994Ratification20 Mar 1995
Nicaragua 3 Jun 1997Accession1 Sep 1997
Niger 17 Jun 1998Accession15 Sep 1998
Nigeria15 Mar 199013 Mar 1991Ratification5 May 1992
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 10 Jul 2008Accession8 Oct 2008
Norway22 Mar 19892 Jul 1990Ratification5 May 1992
Oman 8 Feb 1995Accession9 May 1995
Pakistan 26 Jul 1994Accession24 Oct 1994
Palau 8 Sep 2011Accession7 Dec 2011
Panama22 Mar 198922 Feb 1991Ratification5 May 1992
Papua New Guinea 1 Sep 1995Accession30 Nov 1995
Paraguay 28 Sep 1995Accession27 Dec 1995
Peru 23 Nov 1993Accession21 Feb 1994
Philippines22 Mar 198921 Oct 1993Ratification19 Jan 1994
Poland22 Mar 199020 Mar 1992Ratification5 May 1992
Portugal26 Jun 198926 Jan 1994Ratification26 Apr 1994
Qatar 9 Aug 1995Accession7 Nov 1995
Romania 27 Feb 1991Accession5 May 1992
Russian Federation22 Mar 199031 Jan 1995Ratification1 May 1995
Rwanda 7 Jan 2004Accession6 Apr 2004
Saint Kitts and Nevis 7 Sep 1994Accession6 Dec 1994
Saint Lucia 9 Dec 1993Accession9 Mar 1994
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2 Dec 1996Accession2 Mar 1997
Samoa 22 Mar 2002Accession20 Jun 2002
Sao Tome and Principe 12 Nov 2013Accession10 Feb 2014
Saudi Arabia22 Mar 19897 Mar 1990Ratification5 May 1992
Senegal 10 Nov 1992Accession8 Feb 1993
Serbia 18 Apr 2000Accession17 Jul 2000
Seychelles 11 May 1993Accession9 Aug 1993
Sierra Leone 1 Nov 2016Accession30 Jan 2017
Singapore 2 Jan 1996Accession1 Apr 1996
Slovakia 28 May 1993Ratification26 Aug 1993
Slovenia 7 Oct 1993Accession5 Jan 1994
Somalia 26 Jul 2010Accession24 Oct 2010
South Africa 5 May 1994Accession3 Aug 1994
Republic of Korea 28 Feb 1994Accession29 May 1994
Spain22 Mar 19897 Feb 1994Ratification8 May 1994
Sri Lanka 28 Aug 1992Accession26 Nov 1992
State of Palestine 2 Jan 2015Accession2 Apr 2015
Sudan 9 Jan 2006Accession9 Apr 2006
Suriname 20 Sep 2011Accession19 Dec 2011
Eswatini, Kingdom of 8 Aug 2005Accession6 Nov 2005
Sweden22 Mar 19892 Aug 1991Ratification5 May 1992
Switzerland22 Mar 198931 Jan 1990Ratification5 May 1992
Syrian Arab Republic11 Oct 198922 Jan 1992Ratification5 May 1992
Tajikistan 30 Jun 2016Accession28 Sep 2016
United Republic of Tanzania 7 Apr 1993Accession6 Jul 1993
Thailand22 Mar 199024 Nov 1997Ratification22 Feb 1998
The Gambia 15 Dec 1997Accession15 Mar 1998
Togo 2 Jul 2004Accession30 Sep 2004
Tonga 26 Mar 2010Accession24 Jun 2010
Trinidad and Tobago 18 Feb 1994Accession19 May 1994
Tunisia 11 Oct 1995Accession9 Jan 1996
Turkey22 Mar 198922 Jun 1994Ratification20 Sep 1994
Turkmenistan 25 Sep 1996Accession24 Dec 1996
Uganda 11 Mar 1999Accession9 Jun 1999
Ukraine 8 Oct 1999Accession6 Jan 2000
United Arab Emirates22 Mar 198917 Nov 1992Ratification15 Feb 1993
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland6 Oct 19897 Feb 1994Ratification8 May 1994
Uruguay22 Mar 198920 Dec 1991Ratification5 May 1992
Uzbekistan 7 Feb 1996Accession7 May 1996
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)22 Mar 19893 Mar 1998Ratification1 Jun 1998
Viet Nam 13 Mar 1995Accession11 Jun 1995
Yemen 21 Feb 1996Accession21 May 1996
Zambia 15 Nov 1994Accession13 Feb 1995
Zimbabwe 1 Mar 2012Accession30 May 2012

Non-Parties

PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Haiti22 Mar 1989 Signatory5 May 1992
United States of America22 Mar 1990 Signatory5 May 1992