Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Afghanistan 20 Feb 2013Accession21 May 2013
Albania 8 Feb 2005Accession9 May 2005
Algeria25 May 20005 Aug 2004Ratification3 Nov 2004
Angola 27 Feb 2009Accession28 May 2009
Antigua and Barbuda24 May 200010 Sep 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
Armenia 30 Apr 2004Accession29 Jul 2004
Austria24 May 200027 Aug 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Azerbaijan 1 Apr 2005Accession30 Jun 2005
Bahamas24 May 200015 Jan 2004Ratification14 Apr 2004
Bahrain 7 Feb 2012Accession7 May 2012
Bangladesh24 May 20005 Feb 2004Ratification5 May 2004
Barbados 6 Sep 2002Accession11 Sep 2003
Belarus 26 Aug 2002Accession11 Sep 2003
Belgium24 May 200015 Apr 2004Ratification14 Jul 2004
Belize 12 Feb 2004Accession12 May 2004
Benin24 May 20002 Mar 2005Ratification31 May 2005
Bhutan 26 Aug 2002Accession11 Sep 2003
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)24 May 200022 Apr 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 Oct 2009Accession30 Dec 2009
Botswana1 Jun 200111 Jun 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Brazil 24 Nov 2003Accession22 Feb 2004
Bulgaria24 May 200013 Oct 2000Ratification11 Sep 2003
Burkina Faso24 May 20004 Aug 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
Burundi 2 Oct 2008Accession31 Dec 2008
Cambodia 17 Sep 2003Accession16 Dec 2003
Cameroon9 Feb 200120 Feb 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
Cabo Verde 1 Nov 2005Accession30 Jan 2006
Central African Republic24 May 200018 Nov 2008Ratification16 Feb 2009
Chad24 May 20001 Nov 2006Ratification30 Jan 2007
China8 Aug 20008 Jun 2005Approval6 Sep 2005
Colombia24 May 200020 May 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
Comoros 25 Mar 2009Accession23 Jun 2009
Congo (Brazzaville)21 Nov 200013 Jul 2006Ratification11 Oct 2006
Costa Rica24 May 20006 Feb 2007Ratification7 May 2007
Côte D'Ivoire 12 Mar 2015Accession10 Jun 2015
Croatia8 Sep 200029 Aug 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Cuba24 May 200017 Sep 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Cyprus 5 Dec 2003Accession4 Mar 2004
Czechia24 May 20008 Oct 2001Ratification11 Sep 2003
Democratic Republic of the Congo 23 Mar 2005Accession21 Jun 2005
Denmark24 May 200027 Aug 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Djibouti 8 Apr 2002Accession11 Sep 2003
Dominica 13 Jul 2004Accession11 Oct 2004
Dominican Republic 20 Jun 2006Accession18 Sep 2006
Ecuador24 May 200030 Jan 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
Egypt20 Dec 200023 Dec 2003Ratification22 Mar 2004
El Salvador24 May 200026 Sep 2003Ratification25 Dec 2003
Eritrea 10 Mar 2005Accession8 Jun 2005
Estonia6 Sep 200024 Mar 2004Ratification22 Jun 2004
Ethiopia24 May 20009 Oct 2003Ratification7 Jan 2004
European Union24 May 200027 Aug 2002Approval11 Sep 2003
Fiji2 May 20015 Jun 2001Ratification11 Sep 2003
Finland24 May 20009 Jul 2004Ratification7 Oct 2004
France24 May 20007 Apr 2003Approval11 Sep 2003
Gabon 2 May 2007Accession31 Jul 2007
Georgia 4 Nov 2008Accession2 Feb 2009
Germany24 May 200020 Nov 2003Ratification18 Feb 2004
Ghana 30 May 2003Accession11 Sep 2003
Greece24 May 200021 May 2004Ratification19 Aug 2004
Grenada24 May 20005 Feb 2004Ratification5 May 2004
Guatemala 28 Oct 2004Accession26 Jan 2005
Guinea24 May 200011 Dec 2007Ratification10 Mar 2008
Guinea-Bissau 19 May 2010Accession17 Aug 2010
Guyana 18 Mar 2008Accession16 Jun 2008
Honduras24 May 200018 Nov 2008Ratification16 Feb 2009
Hungary24 May 200013 Jan 2004Ratification12 Apr 2004
India23 Jan 200117 Jan 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
Indonesia24 May 20003 Dec 2004Ratification3 Mar 2005
Iran (Islamic Republic of)23 Apr 200120 Nov 2003Ratification18 Feb 2004
Iraq 3 Mar 2014Accession1 Jun 2014
Ireland24 May 200014 Nov 2003Ratification12 Feb 2004
Italy24 May 200024 Mar 2004Ratification22 Jun 2004
Jamaica4 Jun 200125 Sep 2012Ratification24 Dec 2012
Japan 21 Nov 2003Accession19 Feb 2004
Jordan11 Oct 200011 Nov 2003Ratification9 Feb 2004
Kazakhstan 8 Sep 2008Accession7 Dec 2008
Kenya15 May 200024 Jan 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Kiribati7 Sep 200020 Apr 2004Ratification19 Jul 2004
Kyrgyzstan 5 Oct 2005Accession3 Jan 2006
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 3 Aug 2004Accession1 Nov 2004
Latvia 13 Feb 2004Accession13 May 2004
Lebanon 6 Feb 2013Accession7 May 2013
Lesotho 20 Sep 2001Accession11 Sep 2003
Liberia 15 Feb 2002Accession11 Sep 2003
Libya 14 Jun 2005Accession12 Sep 2005
Lithuania24 May 20007 Nov 2003Ratification5 Feb 2004
Luxembourg11 Jul 200028 Aug 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia26 Jul 200014 Jun 2005Ratification12 Sep 2005
Madagascar14 Sep 200024 Nov 2003Ratification22 Feb 2004
Malawi24 May 200027 Feb 2009Ratification28 May 2009
Malaysia24 May 20003 Sep 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
Maldives 3 Sep 2002Accession11 Sep 2003
Mali4 Apr 200128 Aug 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Malta 5 Jan 2007Accession5 Apr 2007
Marshall Islands 27 Jan 2003Accession11 Sep 2003
Mauritania 22 Jul 2005Accession20 Oct 2005
Mauritius 11 Apr 2002Accession11 Sep 2003
Mexico24 May 200027 Aug 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Republic of Moldova14 Feb 20014 Mar 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
Mongolia 22 Jul 2003Accession11 Sep 2003
Montenegro 23 Oct 2006Ratification21 Jan 2007
Morocco25 May 200025 Apr 2011Ratification24 Jul 2011
Mozambique24 May 200021 Oct 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Myanmar11 May 200113 Feb 2008Ratification13 May 2008
Namibia24 May 200010 Feb 2005Ratification11 May 2005
Nauru 12 Nov 2001Accession11 Sep 2003
Netherlands24 May 20008 Jan 2002Acceptance11 Sep 2003
New Zealand24 May 200024 Feb 2005Ratification25 May 2005
Nicaragua26 May 200028 Aug 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Niger24 May 200030 Sep 2004Ratification29 Dec 2004
Nigeria24 May 200015 Jul 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
Niue 8 Jul 2002Accession11 Sep 2003
Democratic People's Republic of Korea20 Apr 200129 Jul 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
Norway24 May 200010 May 2001Ratification11 Sep 2003
Oman 11 Apr 2003Accession11 Sep 2003
Pakistan4 Jun 20012 Mar 2009Ratification31 May 2009
Palau29 May 200113 Jun 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
State of Palestine 2 Jan 2015Accession2 Apr 2015
Panama11 May 20011 May 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Papua New Guinea 14 Oct 2005Accession12 Jan 2006
Paraguay3 May 200110 Mar 2004Ratification8 Jun 2004
Peru24 May 200014 Apr 2004Ratification13 Jul 2004
Philippines24 May 20005 Oct 2006Ratification3 Jan 2007
Poland24 May 200010 Dec 2003Ratification9 Mar 2004
Portugal24 May 200030 Sep 2004Acceptance29 Dec 2004
Qatar 14 Mar 2007Accession12 Jun 2007
Romania11 Oct 200030 Jun 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
Rwanda24 May 200022 Jul 2004Ratification20 Oct 2004
Saint Kitts and Nevis 23 May 2001Accession11 Sep 2003
Saint Lucia 16 Jun 2005Accession14 Sep 2005
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 Aug 2003Accession11 Sep 2003
Samoa24 May 200030 May 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Saudi Arabia 9 Aug 2007Accession7 Nov 2007
Senegal31 Oct 20008 Oct 2003Ratification6 Jan 2004
Serbia 8 Feb 2006Accession9 May 2006
Seychelles23 Jan 200113 May 2004Ratification11 Aug 2004
Slovakia24 May 200024 Nov 2003Ratification22 Feb 2004
Slovenia24 May 200020 Nov 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Solomon Islands 28 Jul 2004Accession26 Oct 2004
Somalia 26 Jul 2010Accession24 Oct 2010
South Africa 14 Aug 2003Accession11 Sep 2003
Republic of Korea6 Sep 20003 Oct 2007Ratification1 Jan 2008
Spain24 May 200016 Jan 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Sri Lanka24 May 200028 Apr 2004Ratification27 Jul 2004
Sudan 13 Jun 2005Accession11 Sep 2005
Suriname 27 Mar 2008Accession25 Jun 2008
Eswatini, Kingdom of 13 Jan 2006Accession13 Apr 2006
Sweden24 May 20008 Aug 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Switzerland24 May 200026 Mar 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Syrian Arab Republic 1 Apr 2004Accession30 Jun 2004
Tajikistan 12 Feb 2004Accession12 May 2004
United Republic of Tanzania 24 Apr 2003Accession11 Sep 2003
Thailand 10 Nov 2005Accession8 Feb 2006
The Gambia24 May 20009 Jun 2004Ratification7 Sep 2004
Togo24 May 20002 Jul 2004Ratification30 Sep 2004
Tonga 18 Sep 2003Accession17 Dec 2003
Trinidad and Tobago 5 Oct 2000Accession11 Sep 2003
Tunisia19 Apr 200122 Jan 2003Ratification11 Sep 2003
Turkey24 May 200024 Oct 2003Ratification22 Jan 2004
Turkmenistan 21 Aug 2008Accession19 Nov 2008
Uganda24 May 200030 Nov 2001Ratification11 Sep 2003
Ukraine 6 Dec 2002Accession11 Sep 2003
United Arab Emirates 12 Sep 2014Accession11 Dec 2014
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland24 May 200019 Nov 2003Ratification17 Feb 2004
Uruguay1 Jun 20012 Nov 2011Ratification31 Jan 2012
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)24 May 200013 May 2002Ratification11 Sep 2003
Viet Nam 21 Jan 2004Accession20 Apr 2004
Yemen 1 Dec 2005Accession1 Mar 2006
Zambia 27 Apr 2004Accession26 Jul 2004
Zimbabwe4 Jun 200125 Feb 2005Ratification26 May 2005
Kuwait 1 Jun 2017Accession30 Aug 2017

Non-Parties

PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Argentina24 May 2000 Signatory11 Sep 2003
Canada19 Apr 2001 Signatory11 Sep 2003
Chile24 May 2000 Signatory11 Sep 2003
Cook Islands 21 May 2001 Signatory11 Sep 2003
Haiti24 May 2000 Signatory11 Sep 2003
Iceland1 Jun 2001 Signatory11 Sep 2003
Monaco24 May 2000 Signatory11 Sep 2003
Nepal2 Mar 2001 Signatory11 Sep 2003