Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Afghanistan12 Jun 199219 Sep 2002Ratification18 Dec 2002
Albania 5 Jan 1994Accession5 Apr 1994
Algeria13 Jun 199214 Aug 1995Ratification12 Nov 1995
Andorra 4 Feb 2015Accession5 May 2015
Angola12 Jun 19921 Apr 1998Ratification30 Jun 1998
Antigua and Barbuda5 Jun 19929 Mar 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Argentina12 Jun 199222 Nov 1994Ratification20 Feb 1995
Armenia13 Jun 199214 May 1993Acceptance29 Dec 1993
Australia5 Jun 199218 Jun 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Austria13 Jun 199218 Aug 1994Ratification16 Nov 1994
Azerbaijan12 Jun 19923 Aug 2000Approval1 Nov 2000
Bahamas12 Jun 19922 Sep 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Bahrain9 Jun 199230 Aug 1996Ratification28 Nov 1996
Bangladesh5 Jun 19923 May 1994Ratification1 Aug 1994
Barbados12 Jun 199210 Dec 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Belarus11 Jun 19928 Sep 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Belgium5 Jun 199222 Nov 1996Ratification20 Feb 1997
Belize13 Jun 199230 Dec 1993Ratification30 Mar 1994
Benin13 Jun 199230 Jun 1994Ratification28 Sep 1994
Bhutan11 Jun 199225 Aug 1995Ratification23 Nov 1995
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)13 Jun 19923 Oct 1994Ratification1 Jan 1995
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26 Aug 2002Accession24 Nov 2002
Botswana8 Jun 199212 Oct 1995Ratification10 Jan 1996
Brazil5 Jun 199228 Feb 1994Ratification29 May 1994
Brunei Darussalam 28 Apr 2008Accession27 Jul 2008
Bulgaria12 Jun 199217 Apr 1996Ratification16 Jul 1996
Burkina Faso12 Jun 19922 Sep 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Burundi11 Jun 199215 Apr 1997Ratification14 Jul 1997
Cambodia 9 Feb 1995Accession10 May 1995
Cameroon14 Jun 199219 Oct 1994Ratification17 Jan 1995
Canada11 Jun 19924 Dec 1992Ratification29 Dec 1993
Cabo Verde12 Jun 199229 Mar 1995Ratification27 Jun 1995
Central African Republic13 Jun 199215 Mar 1995Ratification13 Jun 1995
Chad12 Jun 19927 Jun 1994Ratification5 Sep 1994
Chile13 Jun 19929 Sep 1994Ratification8 Dec 1994
China11 Jun 19925 Jan 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Colombia12 Jun 199228 Nov 1994Ratification26 Feb 1995
Comoros11 Jun 199229 Sep 1994Ratification28 Dec 1994
Congo (Brazzaville)11 Jun 19921 Aug 1996Ratification30 Oct 1996
Cook Islands 12 Jun 199220 Apr 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Costa Rica13 Jun 199226 Aug 1994Ratification24 Nov 1994
Côte D'Ivoire10 Jun 199229 Nov 1994Ratification27 Feb 1995
Croatia11 Jun 19927 Oct 1996Ratification5 Jan 1997
Cuba12 Jun 19928 Mar 1994Ratification6 Jun 1994
Cyprus12 Jun 199210 Jul 1996Ratification8 Oct 1996
Czechia4 Jun 19933 Dec 1993Approval29 Dec 1993
Democratic Republic of the Congo11 Jun 19923 Dec 1994Ratification3 Mar 1995
Denmark12 Jun 199221 Dec 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Djibouti13 Jun 19921 Sep 1994Ratification30 Nov 1994
Dominica 6 Apr 1994Accession5 Jul 1994
Dominican Republic13 Jun 199225 Nov 1996Ratification23 Feb 1997
Ecuador9 Jun 199223 Feb 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Egypt9 Jun 19922 Jun 1994Ratification31 Aug 1994
El Salvador13 Jun 19928 Sep 1994Ratification7 Dec 1994
Equatorial Guinea 6 Dec 1994Accession6 Mar 1995
Eritrea 21 Mar 1996Accession19 Jun 1996
Estonia12 Jun 199227 Jul 1994Ratification25 Oct 1994
Ethiopia10 Jun 19925 Apr 1994Ratification4 Jul 1994
European Union13 Jun 199221 Dec 1993Approval29 Dec 1993
Fiji9 Oct 199225 Feb 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Finland5 Jun 199227 Jul 1994Acceptance25 Oct 1994
France13 Jun 19921 Jul 1994Ratification29 Sep 1994
Gabon12 Jun 199214 Mar 1997Ratification12 Jun 1997
Georgia 2 Jun 1994Accession31 Aug 1994
Germany12 Jun 199221 Dec 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Ghana12 Jun 199229 Aug 1994Ratification27 Nov 1994
Greece12 Jun 19924 Aug 1994Ratification2 Nov 1994
Grenada3 Dec 199211 Aug 1994Ratification9 Nov 1994
Guatemala13 Jun 199210 Jul 1995Ratification8 Oct 1995
Guinea12 Jun 19927 May 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Guinea-Bissau12 Jun 199227 Oct 1995Ratification25 Jan 1996
Guyana13 Jun 199229 Aug 1994Ratification27 Nov 1994
Haiti13 Jun 199225 Sep 1996Ratification24 Dec 1996
Honduras13 Jun 199231 Jul 1995Ratification29 Oct 1995
Hungary13 Jun 199224 Feb 1994Ratification25 May 1994
Iceland10 Jun 199212 Sep 1994Ratification11 Dec 1994
India5 Jun 199218 Feb 1994Ratification19 May 1994
Indonesia5 Jun 199223 Aug 1994Ratification21 Nov 1994
Iran (Islamic Republic of)14 Jun 19926 Aug 1996Ratification4 Nov 1996
Iraq 28 Jul 2009Accession26 Oct 2009
Ireland13 Jun 199222 Mar 1996Ratification20 Jun 1996
Israel11 Jun 19927 Aug 1995Ratification5 Nov 1995
Italy5 Jun 199215 Apr 1994Ratification14 Jul 1994
Jamaica11 Jun 19926 Jan 1995Ratification6 Apr 1995
Japan13 Jun 199228 May 1993Acceptance29 Dec 1993
Jordan11 Jun 199212 Nov 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Kazakhstan9 Jun 19926 Sep 1994Ratification5 Dec 1994
Kenya11 Jun 199226 Jul 1994Ratification24 Oct 1994
Kiribati 16 Aug 1994Accession14 Nov 1994
Kuwait9 Jun 19922 Aug 2002Ratification31 Oct 2002
Kyrgyzstan 6 Aug 1996Accession4 Nov 1996
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 20 Sep 1996Accession19 Dec 1996
Latvia11 Jun 199214 Dec 1995Ratification13 Mar 1996
Lebanon12 Jun 199215 Dec 1994Ratification15 Mar 1995
Lesotho11 Jun 199210 Jan 1995Ratification10 Apr 1995
Liberia12 Jun 19928 Nov 2000Ratification6 Feb 2001
Libya29 Jun 199212 Jul 2001Ratification10 Oct 2001
Liechtenstein5 Jun 199219 Nov 1997Ratification17 Feb 1998
Lithuania11 Jun 19921 Feb 1996Ratification1 May 1996
Luxembourg9 Jun 19929 May 1994Ratification7 Aug 1994
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 2 Dec 1997Accession2 Mar 1998
Madagascar8 Jun 19924 Mar 1996Ratification2 Jun 1996
Malawi10 Jun 19922 Feb 1994Ratification3 May 1994
Malaysia12 Jun 199224 Jun 1994Ratification22 Sep 1994
Maldives12 Jun 19929 Nov 1992Ratification29 Dec 1993
Mali30 Sep 199229 Mar 1995Ratification27 Jun 1995
Malta12 Jun 199229 Dec 2000Ratification29 Mar 2001
Marshall Islands12 Jun 19928 Oct 1992Ratification29 Dec 1993
Mauritania12 Jun 199216 Aug 1996Ratification14 Nov 1996
Mauritius10 Jun 19924 Sep 1992Ratification29 Dec 1993
Mexico13 Jun 199211 Mar 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Micronesia (Federated States of)12 Jun 199220 Jun 1994Ratification18 Sep 1994
Republic of Moldova5 Jun 199220 Oct 1995Ratification18 Jan 1996
Monaco11 Jun 199220 Nov 1992Ratification29 Dec 1993
Mongolia12 Jun 199230 Sep 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Montenegro 23 Oct 2006Ratification21 Jan 2007
Morocco13 Jun 199221 Aug 1995Ratification19 Nov 1995
Mozambique12 Jun 199225 Aug 1995Ratification23 Nov 1995
Myanmar11 Jun 199225 Nov 1994Ratification23 Feb 1995
Namibia12 Jun 199216 May 1997Ratification14 Aug 1997
Nauru5 Jun 199211 Nov 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Nepal12 Jun 199223 Nov 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Netherlands5 Jun 199212 Jul 1994Acceptance10 Oct 1994
New Zealand12 Jun 199216 Sep 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Nicaragua13 Jun 199220 Nov 1995Ratification18 Feb 1996
Niger11 Jun 199225 Jul 1995Ratification23 Oct 1995
Nigeria13 Jun 199229 Aug 1994Ratification27 Nov 1994
Niue 28 Feb 1996Accession28 May 1996
Democratic People's Republic of Korea11 Jun 199226 Oct 1994Approval24 Jan 1995
Norway9 Jun 19929 Jul 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Oman10 Jun 19928 Feb 1995Ratification9 May 1995
Pakistan5 Jun 199226 Jul 1994Ratification24 Oct 1994
Palau 6 Jan 1999Accession6 Apr 1999
State of Palestine 2 Jan 2015Accession2 Apr 2015
Panama13 Jun 199217 Jan 1995Ratification17 Apr 1995
Papua New Guinea13 Jun 199216 Mar 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Paraguay12 Jun 199224 Feb 1994Ratification25 May 1994
Peru12 Jun 19927 Jun 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Philippines12 Jun 19928 Oct 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Poland5 Jun 199218 Jan 1996Ratification17 Apr 1996
Portugal13 Jun 199221 Dec 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Qatar11 Jun 199221 Aug 1996Ratification19 Nov 1996
Romania5 Jun 199217 Aug 1994Ratification15 Nov 1994
Russian Federation13 Jun 19925 Apr 1995Ratification4 Jul 1995
Rwanda10 Jun 199229 May 1996Ratification27 Aug 1996
Saint Kitts and Nevis12 Jun 19927 Jan 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Saint Lucia 28 Jul 1993Accession29 Dec 1993
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 3 Jun 1996Accession1 Sep 1996
Samoa12 Jun 19929 Feb 1994Ratification10 May 1994
San Marino10 Jun 199228 Oct 1994Ratification26 Jan 1995
Sao Tome and Principe12 Jun 199229 Sep 1999Ratification28 Dec 1999
Saudi Arabia 3 Oct 2001Accession1 Jan 2002
Senegal13 Jun 199217 Oct 1994Ratification15 Jan 1995
Serbia8 Jun 19921 Mar 2002Ratification30 May 2002
Seychelles10 Jun 199222 Sep 1992Ratification29 Dec 1993
Sierra Leone 12 Dec 1994Accession12 Mar 1995
Singapore10 Mar 199321 Dec 1995Ratification20 Mar 1996
Slovakia19 May 199325 Aug 1994Approval23 Nov 1994
Slovenia13 Jun 19929 Jul 1996Ratification7 Oct 1996
Solomon Islands13 Jun 19923 Oct 1995Ratification1 Jan 1996
Somalia 11 Sep 2009Accession10 Dec 2009
South Africa4 Jun 19932 Nov 1995Ratification31 Jan 1996
Republic of Korea13 Jun 19923 Oct 1994Ratification1 Jan 1995
South Sudan 17 Feb 2014Accession18 May 2014
Spain13 Jun 199221 Dec 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Sri Lanka10 Jun 199223 Mar 1994Ratification21 Jun 1994
Sudan9 Jun 199230 Oct 1995Ratification28 Jan 1996
Suriname13 Jun 199212 Jan 1996Ratification11 Apr 1996
Swaziland12 Jun 19929 Nov 1994Ratification7 Feb 1995
Sweden8 Jun 199216 Dec 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Switzerland12 Jun 199221 Nov 1994Ratification19 Feb 1995
Syrian Arab Republic3 May 19934 Jan 1996Ratification3 Apr 1996
Tajikistan 29 Oct 1997Accession27 Jan 1998
United Republic of Tanzania12 Jun 19928 Mar 1996Ratification6 Jun 1996
Thailand12 Jun 199231 Oct 2003Ratification29 Jan 2004
The Gambia12 Jun 199210 Jun 1994Ratification8 Sep 1994
Timor-Leste 10 Oct 2006Accession8 Jan 2007
Togo12 Jun 19924 Oct 1995Acceptance2 Jan 1996
Tonga 19 May 1998Accession17 Aug 1998
Trinidad and Tobago11 Jun 19921 Aug 1996Ratification30 Oct 1996
Tunisia13 Jun 199215 Jul 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Turkey11 Jun 199214 Feb 1997Ratification15 May 1997
Turkmenistan 18 Sep 1996Accession17 Dec 1996
Tuvalu8 Jun 199220 Dec 2002Ratification20 Mar 2003
Uganda12 Jun 19928 Sep 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Ukraine11 Jun 19927 Feb 1995Ratification8 May 1995
United Arab Emirates11 Jun 199210 Feb 2000Ratification10 May 2000
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland12 Jun 19923 Jun 1994Ratification1 Sep 1994
Uruguay9 Jun 19925 Nov 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Uzbekistan 19 Jul 1995Accession17 Oct 1995
Vanuatu9 Jun 199225 Mar 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)12 Jun 199213 Sep 1994Ratification12 Dec 1994
Viet Nam28 May 199316 Nov 1994Ratification14 Feb 1995
Yemen12 Jun 199221 Feb 1996Ratification21 May 1996
Zambia11 Jun 199228 May 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Zimbabwe12 Jun 199211 Nov 1994Ratification9 Feb 1995

Non-Parties

PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
United States of America4 Jun 1993 Signatory29 Dec 1993