Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Afghanistan30 Oct 198528 Jan 1986Accession28 Apr 1986
Albania27 Jun 200325 Sep 2003Accession24 Dec 2003
Algeria23 Nov 198321 Feb 1984Accession21 May 1984
Angola2 Oct 201331 Dec 2013Accession31 Mar 2014
Antigua and Barbuda8 Jul 19976 Oct 1997Accession4 Jan 1998
Argentina8 Jan 19818 Apr 1981Ratification7 Jul 1981
Armenia23 Oct 200821 Jan 2009Accession21 Apr 2009
Australia29 Jul 197627 Oct 1976Ratification25 Jan 1977
Austria27 Jan 198227 Apr 1982Accession26 Jul 1982
Azerbaijan23 Nov 199821 Feb 1999Accession22 May 1999
Bahamas20 Jun 197918 Sep 1979Accession17 Dec 1979
Bahrain19 Aug 201217 Nov 2012Accession15 Feb 2013
Bangladesh20 Nov 198118 Feb 1982Ratification19 May 1982
Barbados9 Dec 19929 Mar 1993Accession7 Jun 1993
Belarus10 Aug 19958 Nov 1995Accession6 Feb 1996
Belgium3 Oct 19831 Jan 1984Ratification31 Mar 1984
Belize19 Aug 198621 Sep 1981Succession20 Dec 1981
Benin28 Feb 198428 May 1984Accession26 Aug 1984
Bhutan15 Aug 200213 Nov 2002Accession11 Feb 2003
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)6 Jul 19794 Oct 1979Ratification2 Jan 1980
Bosnia and Herzegovina21 Jan 200921 Apr 2009Accession20 Jul 2009
Botswana14 Nov 197712 Feb 1978Accession13 May 1978
Brazil6 Aug 19754 Nov 1975Ratification2 Feb 1976
Brunei Darussalam4 May 19902 Aug 1990Accession31 Oct 1990
Bulgaria16 Jan 199116 Apr 1991Accession15 Jul 1991
Burkina Faso13 Oct 198911 Jan 1990Accession11 Apr 1990
Burundi8 Aug 19886 Nov 1988Accession4 Feb 1989
Cabo Verde10 Aug 20058 Nov 2005Accession6 Feb 2006
Cambodia4 Jul 19972 Oct 1997Ratification31 Dec 1997
Cameroon5 Jun 19813 Sep 1981Accession2 Dec 1981
Canada10 Apr 19759 Jul 1975Ratification7 Oct 1975
Central African Republic27 Aug 198025 Nov 1980Accession23 Feb 1981
Chad2 Feb 19893 May 1989Accession1 Aug 1989
Chile14 Feb 19751 Jul 1975Ratification29 Sep 1975
China8 Jan 19818 Apr 1981Accession7 Jul 1981
Colombia31 Aug 198129 Nov 1981Ratification27 Feb 1982
Comoros23 Nov 199421 Feb 1995Accession22 May 1995
Congo (Brazzaville)31 Jan 19831 May 1983Accession30 Jul 1983
Costa Rica30 Jun 197528 Sep 1975Ratification27 Dec 1975
Côte D'Ivoire21 Nov 199419 Feb 1995Accession20 May 1995
Croatia14 Mar 200012 Jun 2000Accession10 Sep 2000
Cuba20 Apr 199019 Jul 1990Accession17 Oct 1990
Cyprus18 Oct 19741 Jul 1975Ratification29 Sep 1975
Czechia14 Apr 19931 Jan 1993Succession1 Apr 1993
Democratic Republic of the Congo20 Jul 197618 Oct 1976Accession16 Jan 1977
Denmark26 Jul 197724 Oct 1977Ratification22 Jan 1978
Djibouti7 Feb 19927 May 1992Accession5 Aug 1992
Dominica4 Aug 19952 Nov 1995Accession31 Jan 1996
Dominican Republic17 Dec 198617 Mar 1987Accession15 Jun 1987
Ecuador11 Feb 19751 Jul 1975Ratification29 Sep 1975
Egypt4 Jan 19784 Apr 1978Accession3 Jul 1978
El Salvador30 Apr 198729 Jul 1987Accession27 Oct 1987
Equatorial Guinea10 Mar 19928 Jun 1992Accession6 Sep 1992
Eritrea24 Oct 199422 Jan 1995Accession22 Apr 1995
Estonia22 Jul 199220 Oct 1992Accession18 Jan 1993
Ethiopia5 Apr 19894 Jul 1989Accession2 Oct 1989
European Union9 Apr 20158 Jul 2015Accession6 Oct 2015
Fiji30 Sep 199729 Dec 1997Accession29 Mar 1998
Finland10 May 19768 Aug 1976Accession6 Nov 1976
France11 May 19789 Aug 1978Approval7 Nov 1978
Gabon13 Feb 198914 May 1989Accession12 Aug 1989
Georgia13 Sep 199612 Dec 1996Accession12 Mar 1997
Germany22 Mar 197620 Jun 1976Ratification18 Sep 1976
Ghana14 Nov 197512 Feb 1976Ratification12 May 1976
Greece8 Oct 19926 Jan 1993Accession6 Apr 1993
Grenada30 Aug 199928 Nov 1999Accession26 Feb 2000
Guatemala7 Nov 19795 Feb 1980Ratification5 May 1980
Guinea21 Sep 198120 Dec 1981Accession20 Mar 1982
Guinea-Bissau16 May 199014 Aug 1990Accession12 Nov 1990
Guyana27 May 197725 Aug 1977Accession23 Nov 1977
Honduras15 Mar 198513 Jun 1985Accession11 Sep 1985
Hungary29 May 198527 Aug 1985Accession25 Nov 1985
Iceland3 Jan 20002 Apr 2000Accession1 Jul 2000
India20 Jul 197618 Oct 1976Ratification16 Jan 1977
Indonesia28 Dec 197828 Mar 1979Accession26 Jun 1979
Iran (Islamic Republic of)3 Aug 19761 Nov 1976Ratification30 Jan 1977
Iraq5 Feb 20146 May 2014Accession4 Aug 2014
Ireland8 Jan 20028 Apr 2002Ratification7 Jul 2002
Israel18 Dec 197917 Mar 1980Ratification15 Jun 1980
Italy2 Oct 197931 Dec 1979Ratification30 Mar 1980
Jamaica23 Apr 199722 Jul 1997Accession20 Oct 1997
Japan6 Aug 19804 Nov 1980Acceptance2 Feb 1981
Jordan14 Dec 197814 Mar 1979Accession12 Jun 1979
Kazakhstan20 Jan 200019 Apr 2000Accession18 Jul 2000
Kenya13 Dec 197813 Mar 1979Ratification11 Jun 1979
Kuwait12 Aug 200210 Nov 2002Ratification8 Feb 2003
Kyrgyzstan4 Jun 20072 Sep 2007Accession1 Dec 2007
Lao People’s Democratic Republic1 Mar 200430 May 2004Accession28 Aug 2004
Latvia11 Feb 199712 May 1997Accession10 Aug 1997
Lebanon25 Feb 201326 May 2013Accession24 Aug 2013
Lesotho1 Oct 200330 Dec 2003Ratification29 Mar 2004
Liberia11 Mar 19819 Jun 1981Accession7 Sep 1981
Libya28 Jan 200328 Apr 2003Accession27 Jul 2003
Liechtenstein30 Nov 197928 Feb 1980Accession28 May 1980
Lithuania10 Dec 20019 Mar 2002Accession7 Jun 2002
Luxembourg13 Dec 198312 Mar 1984Ratification10 Jun 1984
Madagascar20 Aug 197518 Nov 1975Ratification16 Feb 1976
Malawi5 Feb 19826 May 1982Accession4 Aug 1982
Malaysia20 Oct 197718 Jan 1978Accession18 Apr 1978
Maldives12 Dec 201212 Mar 2013Accession10 Jun 2013
Mali18 Jul 199416 Oct 1994Accession14 Jan 1995
Malta17 Apr 198916 Jul 1989Accession14 Oct 1989
Mauritania13 Mar 199811 Jun 1998Accession9 Sep 1998
Mauritius28 Apr 197527 Jul 1975Ratification25 Oct 1975
Mexico2 Jul 199130 Sep 1991Accession29 Dec 1991
Monaco19 Apr 197818 Jul 1978Accession16 Oct 1978
Mongolia5 Jan 19964 Apr 1996Accession3 Jul 1996
Montenegro26 Mar 20073 Jun 2006Succession1 Sep 2006
Morocco16 Oct 197514 Jan 1976Ratification13 Apr 1976
Mozambique25 Mar 198123 Jun 1981Accession21 Sep 1981
Myanmar13 Jun 199711 Sep 1997Accession10 Dec 1997
Namibia18 Dec 199018 Mar 1991Accession16 Jun 1991
Nepal18 Jun 197516 Sep 1975Accession15 Dec 1975
Netherlands19 Apr 198418 Jul 1984Ratification16 Oct 1984
New Zealand10 May 19898 Aug 1989Accession6 Nov 1989
Nicaragua6 Aug 19774 Nov 1977Accession2 Feb 1978
Niger8 Sep 19757 Dec 1975Ratification6 Mar 1976
Nigeria9 May 19741 Jul 1975Ratification29 Sep 1975
Norway27 Jul 197625 Oct 1976Ratification23 Jan 1977
Oman19 Mar 200817 Jun 2008Accession15 Sep 2008
Pakistan20 Apr 197619 Jul 1976Accession17 Oct 1976
Palau16 Apr 200415 Jul 2004Accession13 Oct 2004
Panama17 Aug 197815 Nov 1978Ratification13 Feb 1979
Papua New Guinea12 Dec 197511 Mar 1976Accession9 Jun 1976
Paraguay15 Nov 197613 Feb 1977Ratification14 May 1977
Peru27 Jun 197525 Sep 1975Ratification24 Dec 1975
Philippines18 Aug 198116 Nov 1981Ratification14 Feb 1982
Poland12 Dec 198912 Mar 1990Ratification10 Jun 1990
Portugal11 Dec 198011 Mar 1981Ratification9 Jun 1981
Qatar8 May 20016 Aug 2001Accession4 Nov 2001
Republic of Korea9 Jul 19937 Oct 1993Accession5 Jan 1994
Republic of Moldova29 Mar 200127 Jun 2001Accession25 Sep 2001
Romania18 Aug 199416 Nov 1994Accession14 Feb 1995
Russian Federation13 Jan 19921 Jan 1992Continuation31 Mar 1992
Rwanda20 Oct 198018 Jan 1981Accession18 Apr 1981
Saint Kitts and Nevis14 Feb 199415 May 1994Accession13 Aug 1994
Saint Lucia15 Dec 198215 Mar 1983Accession13 Jun 1983
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines30 Nov 198828 Feb 1989Accession29 May 1989
Samoa9 Nov 20047 Feb 2005Accession8 May 2005
San Marino22 Jul 200520 Oct 2005Acceptance18 Jan 2006
Sao Tome and Principe9 Aug 20017 Nov 2001Accession5 Feb 2002
Saudi Arabia12 Mar 199610 Jun 1996Accession8 Sep 1996
Senegal5 Aug 19773 Nov 1977Accession1 Feb 1978
Serbia6 Jun 20063 Jun 2006Continuation1 Sep 2006
Seychelles8 Feb 19779 May 1977Accession7 Aug 1977
Sierra Leone28 Oct 199426 Jan 1995Accession26 Apr 1995
Singapore30 Nov 198628 Feb 1987Accession29 May 1987
Slovakia2 Mar 19931 Jan 1993Succession1 Apr 1993
Slovenia24 Jan 200023 Apr 2000Accession22 Jul 2000
Solomon Islands26 Mar 200724 Jun 2007Accession22 Sep 2007
Somalia2 Dec 19852 Mar 1986Accession31 May 1986
South Africa15 Jul 197513 Oct 1975Ratification11 Jan 1976
Spain30 May 198628 Aug 1986Accession26 Nov 1986
Sri Lanka4 May 19792 Aug 1979Accession31 Oct 1979
Sudan26 Oct 198224 Jan 1983Ratification24 Apr 1983
Suriname17 Nov 198015 Feb 1981Accession16 May 1981
Swaziland26 Feb 199727 May 1997Accession25 Aug 1997
Sweden20 Aug 19741 Jul 1975Ratification29 Sep 1975
Switzerland9 Jul 19741 Jul 1975Ratification29 Sep 1975
Syrian Arab Republic30 Apr 200329 Jul 2003Accession27 Oct 2003
Tajikistan30 Mar 201630 Mar 2016Accession28 Jun 2016
Thailand21 Jan 198321 Apr 1983Ratification20 Jul 1983
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia4 Jul 20002 Oct 2000Accession31 Dec 2000
The Gambia26 Aug 197724 Nov 1977Accession22 Feb 1978
Togo23 Oct 197821 Jan 1979Ratification21 Apr 1979
Tonga20 Oct 201620 Oct 2016Accession18 Jan 2017
Trinidad and Tobago19 Jan 198418 Apr 1984Accession17 Jul 1984
Tunisia10 Jul 19741 Jul 1975Ratification29 Sep 1975
Turkey23 Sep 199622 Dec 1996Accession22 Mar 1997
Uganda18 Jul 199116 Oct 1991Accession14 Jan 1992
Ukraine30 Dec 199929 Mar 2000Accession27 Jun 2000
United Arab Emirates8 Feb 19909 May 1990Accession7 Aug 1990
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland2 Aug 197631 Oct 1976Ratification29 Jan 1977
United Republic of Tanzania29 Nov 197927 Feb 1980Ratification27 May 1980
United States of America14 Jan 19741 Jul 1975Ratification29 Sep 1975
Uruguay2 Apr 19751 Jul 1975Ratification29 Sep 1975
Uzbekistan10 Jul 19978 Oct 1997Accession6 Jan 1998
Vanuatu17 Jul 198915 Oct 1989Accession13 Jan 1990
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)24 Oct 197722 Jan 1978Ratification22 Apr 1978
Viet Nam20 Jan 199420 Apr 1994Accession19 Jul 1994
Yemen5 May 19973 Aug 1997Accession1 Nov 1997
Zambia24 Nov 198022 Feb 1981Accession23 May 1981
Zimbabwe19 May 198117 Aug 1981Accession15 Nov 1981