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Party Signature Ratification Status Party
12 Jun 1992 19 Sep 2002 Ratification 18 Dec 2002
01 Jan 1970 05 Jan 1994 Accession 05 Apr 1994
13 Jun 1992 14 Aug 1995 Ratification 12 Nov 1995
01 Jan 1970 04 Feb 2015 Accession 05 May 2015
12 Jun 1992 01 Apr 1998 Ratification 30 Jun 1998
05 Jun 1992 09 Mar 1993 Ratification 07 Jun 1993
12 Jun 1992 22 Nov 1994 Ratification 20 Feb 1995
13 Jun 1992 14 May 1993 Acceptance 12 Aug 1993
05 Jun 1992 18 Jun 1993 Ratification 16 Sep 1993
13 Jun 1992 18 Aug 1994 Ratification 16 Nov 1994
12 Jun 1992 03 Aug 2000 Approval 01 Nov 2000
12 Jun 1992 02 Sep 1993 Ratification 01 Dec 1993
09 Jun 1992 30 Aug 1996 Ratification 28 Nov 1996
05 Jun 1992 03 May 1994 Ratification 01 Aug 1994
12 Jun 1992 10 Dec 1993 Ratification 10 Mar 1994
11 Jun 1992 08 Sep 1993 Ratification 07 Dec 1993
05 Jun 1992 22 Nov 1996 Ratification 20 Feb 1997
13 Jun 1992 30 Dec 1993 Ratification 30 Mar 1994
13 Jun 1992 30 Jun 1994 Ratification 28 Sep 1994
11 Jun 1992 25 Aug 1995 Ratification 23 Nov 1995
13 Jun 1992 03 Oct 1994 Ratification 01 Jan 1995
01 Jan 1970 26 Aug 2002 Accession 24 Nov 2002
08 Jun 1992 12 Oct 1995 Ratification 10 Jan 1996
05 Jun 1992 28 Feb 1994 Ratification 29 May 1994
01 Jan 1970 28 Apr 2008 Accession 27 Jul 2008
12 Jun 1992 17 Apr 1996 Ratification 16 Jul 1996
12 Jun 1992 02 Sep 1993 Ratification 01 Dec 1993
11 Jun 1992 15 Apr 1997 Ratification 14 Jul 1997
12 Jun 1992 29 Mar 1995 Ratification 27 Jun 1995
01 Jan 1970 09 Feb 1995 Accession 10 May 1995
14 Jun 1992 19 Oct 1994 Ratification 17 Jan 1995
11 Jun 1992 04 Dec 1992 Ratification 04 Mar 1993
13 Jun 1992 15 Mar 1995 Ratification 13 Jun 1995
12 Jun 1992 07 Jun 1994 Ratification 05 Sep 1994
13 Jun 1992 09 Sep 1994 Ratification 08 Dec 1994
11 Jun 1992 05 Jan 1993 Ratification 05 Apr 1993 Declarations
End notes
12 Jun 1992 28 Nov 1994 Ratification 26 Feb 1995
11 Jun 1992 29 Sep 1994 Ratification 28 Dec 1994
11 Jun 1992 01 Aug 1996 Ratification 30 Oct 1996
12 Jun 1992 20 Apr 1993 Ratification 19 Jul 1993
13 Jun 1992 26 Aug 1994 Ratification 24 Nov 1994
11 Jun 1992 07 Oct 1996 Ratification 05 Jan 1997
12 Jun 1992 08 Mar 1994 Ratification 06 Jun 1994
12 Jun 1992 10 Jul 1996 Ratification 08 Oct 1996
04 Jun 1993 03 Dec 1993 Approval 03 Mar 1994
10 Jun 1992 29 Nov 1994 Ratification 27 Feb 1995
11 Jun 1992 26 Oct 1994 Approval 24 Jan 1995
11 Jun 1992 03 Dec 1994 Ratification 03 Mar 1995
12 Jun 1992 21 Dec 1993 Ratification 21 Mar 1994
13 Jun 1992 01 Sep 1994 Ratification 30 Nov 1994
01 Jan 1970 06 Apr 1994 Accession 05 Jul 1994
13 Jun 1992 25 Nov 1996 Ratification 23 Feb 1997
09 Jun 1992 23 Feb 1993 Ratification 24 May 1993
09 Jun 1992 02 Jun 1994 Ratification 31 Aug 1994
13 Jun 1992 08 Sep 1994 Ratification 07 Dec 1994
01 Jan 1970 06 Dec 1994 Accession 06 Mar 1995
01 Jan 1970 21 Mar 1996 Accession 19 Jun 1996
12 Jun 1992 27 Jul 1994 Ratification 25 Oct 1994
12 Jun 1992 09 Nov 1994 Ratification 07 Feb 1995
10 Jun 1992 05 Apr 1994 Ratification 04 Jul 1994
13 Jun 1992 21 Dec 1993 Approval 21 Mar 1994
09 Oct 1992 25 Feb 1993 Ratification 26 May 1993
05 Jun 1992 27 Jul 1994 Acceptance 25 Oct 1994
13 Jun 1992 01 Jul 1994 Ratification 29 Sep 1994
12 Jun 1992 14 Mar 1997 Ratification 12 Jun 1997
01 Jan 1970 02 Jun 1994 Accession 31 Aug 1994
12 Jun 1992 21 Dec 1993 Ratification 21 Mar 1994
12 Jun 1992 29 Aug 1994 Ratification 27 Nov 1994
12 Jun 1992 04 Aug 1994 Ratification 02 Nov 1994
03 Dec 1992 11 Aug 1994 Ratification 09 Nov 1994
13 Jun 1992 10 Jul 1995 Ratification 08 Oct 1995
12 Jun 1992 07 May 1993 Ratification 05 Aug 1993
12 Jun 1992 27 Oct 1995 Ratification 25 Jan 1996
13 Jun 1992 29 Aug 1994 Ratification 27 Nov 1994
13 Jun 1992 25 Sep 1996 Ratification 24 Dec 1996
13 Jun 1992 31 Jul 1995 Ratification 29 Oct 1995
13 Jun 1992 24 Feb 1994 Ratification 25 May 1994
10 Jun 1992 12 Sep 1994 Ratification 11 Dec 1994
05 Jun 1992 18 Feb 1994 Ratification 19 May 1994
05 Jun 1992 23 Aug 1994 Ratification 21 Nov 1994
14 Jun 1992 06 Aug 1996 Ratification 04 Nov 1996
01 Jan 1970 28 Jul 2009 Accession 26 Oct 2009
13 Jun 1992 22 Mar 1996 Ratification 20 Jun 1996
11 Jun 1992 07 Aug 1995 Ratification 05 Nov 1995
05 Jun 1992 15 Apr 1994 Ratification 14 Jul 1994
11 Jun 1992 06 Jan 1995 Ratification 06 Apr 1995
13 Jun 1992 28 May 1993 Acceptance 26 Aug 1993
11 Jun 1992 12 Nov 1993 Ratification 10 Feb 1994
09 Jun 1992 06 Sep 1994 Ratification 05 Dec 1994
11 Jun 1992 26 Jul 1994 Ratification 24 Oct 1994
01 Jan 1970 16 Aug 1994 Accession 14 Nov 1994
09 Jun 1992 02 Aug 2002 Ratification 31 Oct 2002
01 Jan 1970 06 Aug 1996 Accession 04 Nov 1996
01 Jan 1970 20 Sep 1996 Accession 19 Dec 1996
11 Jun 1992 14 Dec 1995 Ratification 13 Mar 1996
12 Jun 1992 15 Dec 1994 Ratification 15 Mar 1995
11 Jun 1992 10 Jan 1995 Ratification 10 Apr 1995
12 Jun 1992 08 Nov 2000 Ratification 06 Feb 2001
29 Jun 1992 12 Jul 2001 Ratification 10 Oct 2001
05 Jun 1992 19 Nov 1997 Ratification 17 Feb 1998
11 Jun 1992 01 Feb 1996 Ratification 01 May 1996
09 Jun 1992 09 May 1994 Ratification 07 Aug 1994
08 Jun 1992 04 Mar 1996 Ratification 02 Jun 1996
10 Jun 1992 02 Feb 1994 Ratification 03 May 1994
12 Jun 1992 24 Jun 1994 Ratification 22 Sep 1994
12 Jun 1992 09 Nov 1992 Ratification 07 Feb 1993
30 Sep 1992 29 Mar 1995 Ratification 27 Jun 1995
12 Jun 1992 29 Dec 2000 Ratification 29 Mar 2001
12 Jun 1992 08 Oct 1992 Ratification 06 Jan 1993
12 Jun 1992 16 Aug 1996 Ratification 14 Nov 1996
10 Jun 1992 04 Sep 1992 Ratification 03 Dec 1992
13 Jun 1992 11 Mar 1993 Ratification 09 Jun 1993
12 Jun 1992 20 Jun 1994 Ratification 18 Sep 1994
11 Jun 1992 20 Nov 1992 Ratification 18 Feb 1993
12 Jun 1992 30 Sep 1993 Ratification 29 Dec 1993
01 Jan 1970 23 Oct 2006 Ratification 21 Jan 2007 Declarations
End notes
13 Jun 1992 21 Aug 1995 Ratification 19 Nov 1995
12 Jun 1992 25 Aug 1995 Ratification 23 Nov 1995
11 Jun 1992 25 Nov 1994 Ratification 23 Feb 1995
12 Jun 1992 16 May 1997 Ratification 14 Aug 1997
05 Jun 1992 11 Nov 1993 Ratification 09 Feb 1994
12 Jun 1992 23 Nov 1993 Ratification 21 Feb 1994
05 Jun 1992 12 Jul 1994 Acceptance 10 Oct 1994 Declarations
End notes
12 Jun 1992 16 Sep 1993 Ratification 15 Dec 1993
13 Jun 1992 20 Nov 1995 Ratification 18 Feb 1996
11 Jun 1992 25 Jul 1995 Ratification 23 Oct 1995
13 Jun 1992 29 Aug 1994 Ratification 27 Nov 1994
01 Jan 1970 28 Feb 1996 Accession 28 May 1996
09 Jun 1992 09 Jul 1993 Ratification 07 Oct 1993
10 Jun 1992 08 Feb 1995 Ratification 09 May 1995
05 Jun 1992 26 Jul 1994 Ratification 24 Oct 1994
01 Jan 1970 06 Jan 1999 Accession 06 Apr 1999
13 Jun 1992 17 Jan 1995 Ratification 17 Apr 1995
13 Jun 1992 16 Mar 1993 Ratification 14 Jun 1993
12 Jun 1992 24 Feb 1994 Ratification 25 May 1994
12 Jun 1992 07 Jun 1993 Ratification 05 Sep 1993
12 Jun 1992 08 Oct 1993 Ratification 06 Jan 1994
05 Jun 1992 18 Jan 1996 Ratification 17 Apr 1996
13 Jun 1992 21 Dec 1993 Ratification 21 Mar 1994 Declarations
End notes
11 Jun 1992 21 Aug 1996 Ratification 19 Nov 1996
13 Jun 1992 03 Oct 1994 Ratification 01 Jan 1995
05 Jun 1992 20 Oct 1995 Ratification 18 Jan 1996
05 Jun 1992 17 Aug 1994 Ratification 15 Nov 1994
13 Jun 1992 05 Apr 1995 Ratification 04 Jul 1995
10 Jun 1992 29 May 1996 Ratification 27 Aug 1996
12 Jun 1992 07 Jan 1993 Ratification 07 Apr 1993
01 Jan 1970 28 Jul 1993 Accession 26 Oct 1993
01 Jan 1970 03 Jun 1996 Accession 01 Sep 1996
12 Jun 1992 09 Feb 1994 Ratification 10 May 1994
10 Jun 1992 28 Oct 1994 Ratification 26 Jan 1995
12 Jun 1992 29 Sep 1999 Ratification 28 Dec 1999
01 Jan 1970 03 Oct 2001 Accession 01 Jan 2002
13 Jun 1992 17 Oct 1994 Ratification 15 Jan 1995
08 Jun 1992 01 Mar 2002 Ratification 30 May 2002 Declarations
End notes
10 Jun 1992 22 Sep 1992 Ratification 21 Dec 1992
01 Jan 1970 12 Dec 1994 Accession 12 Mar 1995
10 Mar 1993 21 Dec 1995 Ratification 20 Mar 1996
19 May 1993 25 Aug 1994 Approval 23 Nov 1994
13 Jun 1992 09 Jul 1996 Ratification 07 Oct 1996
13 Jun 1992 03 Oct 1995 Ratification 01 Jan 1996
01 Jan 1970 11 Sep 2009 Accession 10 Dec 2009
04 Jun 1993 02 Nov 1995 Ratification 31 Jan 1996
01 Jan 1970 17 Feb 2014 Accession 18 May 2014
13 Jun 1992 21 Dec 1993 Ratification 21 Mar 1994 Declarations
End notes
10 Jun 1992 23 Mar 1994 Ratification 21 Jun 1994
01 Jan 1970 02 Jan 2015 Accession 02 Apr 2015
09 Jun 1992 30 Oct 1995 Ratification 28 Jan 1996
13 Jun 1992 12 Jan 1996 Ratification 11 Apr 1996
08 Jun 1992 16 Dec 1993 Ratification 16 Mar 1994
12 Jun 1992 21 Nov 1994 Ratification 19 Feb 1995
03 May 1993 04 Jan 1996 Ratification 03 Apr 1996
01 Jan 1970 29 Oct 1997 Accession 27 Jan 1998
12 Jun 1992 31 Oct 2003 Ratification 29 Jan 2004
12 Jun 1992 10 Jun 1994 Ratification 08 Sep 1994
01 Jan 1970 02 Dec 1997 Accession 02 Mar 1998
01 Jan 1970 10 Oct 2006 Accession 08 Jan 2007
12 Jun 1992 04 Oct 1995 Acceptance 02 Jan 1996
01 Jan 1970 19 May 1998 Accession 17 Aug 1998
11 Jun 1992 01 Aug 1996 Ratification 30 Oct 1996
13 Jun 1992 15 Jul 1993 Ratification 13 Oct 1993
11 Jun 1992 14 Feb 1997 Ratification 15 May 1997
01 Jan 1970 18 Sep 1996 Accession 17 Dec 1996
08 Jun 1992 20 Dec 2002 Ratification 20 Mar 2003
12 Jun 1992 08 Sep 1993 Ratification 07 Dec 1993
11 Jun 1992 07 Feb 1995 Ratification 08 May 1995
11 Jun 1992 10 Feb 2000 Ratification 10 May 2000
12 Jun 1992 03 Jun 1994 Ratification 01 Sep 1994 Declarations
End notes
12 Jun 1992 08 Mar 1996 Ratification 06 Jun 1996
01 Jan 1970 04 Jun 1993 Ratification 02 Sep 1993
09 Jun 1992 05 Nov 1993 Ratification 03 Feb 1994
01 Jan 1970 19 Jul 1995 Accession 17 Oct 1995
09 Jun 1992 25 Mar 1993 Ratification 23 Jun 1993
12 Jun 1992 13 Sep 1994 Ratification 12 Dec 1994
28 May 1993 16 Nov 1994 Ratification 14 Feb 1995
12 Jun 1992 21 Feb 1996 Ratification 21 May 1996
11 Jun 1992 28 May 1993 Ratification 26 Aug 1993
12 Jun 1992 11 Nov 1994 Ratification 09 Feb 1995

Declarations

On 28 June 1999, the Government of Portugal informed the Secretary-General the the Convention would also apply to Macau.

Subsequently, the Secretary-General received the following communications on the dates indicated hereinafter:

Portugal (9 December 1999):

“In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the Portuguese Republic and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Macau signed on 13 April 1987, the Portuguese Republic will continue to have international responsibility for Macau until 19 December 1999 and from that date onwards the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999.

From 20 December 1999 onwards the Portuguese Republic will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to Macau."

China (15 December 1999):

In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the Question of Macau (hereinafter referred to as the Joint Declaration), the Government of the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999. Macau will, from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defense affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.

In this connection, [the Government of the People's Republic of China informs the Secretary-General of the following]:

The Convention on Biological Diversity, done at Nairobi on 5 June 1992 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention"), to which the Government of the People's Republic of China deposited the instrument of ratification on 5 January 1993, will apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region with effect from 20 December 1999.

The Government of the People's Republic of China will assume responsibility for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

China (Declaration of 9 May 2011):

In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the People's Republic of China decides that the Convention applies to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.

See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.

On 4 June 1999: for the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba

On 28 June 1999, the Government of Portugal informed the Secretary-General the the Convention would also apply to Macau.

Subsequently, the Secretary-General received the following communications on the dates indicated hereinafter:

Portugal (9 December 1999):

“In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the Portuguese Republic and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Macau signed on 13 April 1987, the Portuguese Republic will continue to have international responsibility for Macau until 19 December 1999 and from that date onwards the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999.

From 20 December 1999 onwards the Portuguese Republic will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to Macau."

China (15 December 1999):

In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the Question of Macau (hereinafter referred to as the Joint Declaration), the Government of the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999. Macau will, from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defense affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.

In this connection, [the Government of the People's Republic of China informs the Secretary-General of the following]:

The Convention on Biological Diversity, done at Nairobi on 5 June 1992 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention"), to which the Government of the People's Republic of China deposited the instrument of ratification on 5 January 1993, will apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region with effect from 20 December 1999.

The Government of the People's Republic of China will assume responsibility for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

China (Declaration of 9 May 2011):

In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the People's Republic of China decides that the Convention applies to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.

See note 1 under “former Yugoslavia” and note 1 under “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

In respect of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Bailiwick of Jersey, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, St. Helena and St. Helena Dependencies.

On 8 May 2012, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

“… The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom’s ratification of the [Convention on Biological Diversity] to be extended to the following territory for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible:

Isle of Man

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the aforesaid Convention to the Isle of Man to enter into force on the ninetieth day after the deposit of this notification [i.e. on 6 August 2012].”

On 27 March 2015, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

"... the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom's Ratification of the Convention be extended to the territory of South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible.

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the Convention to South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands to enter into force from the day of deposit of this notification ..."

On 14 July 2015, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

“Upon instructions from my Government, I have the honor to address you, in your capacity as depositary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, in order to refer to the note sent to you by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on 27 March 2015 regarding the attempt of that country to apply the Convention to the South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands.

The Malvinas, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas, are integral part of the national territory of the Argentine Republic and, being illegitimately occupied by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, are subject to a sovereignty dispute recognized by the United Nations and other international fora and organizations.

The illegitimate occupation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland led the United Nations General Assembly to adopt resolutions 2065(XX), 3169 (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12, 39/6, 40/21, 41/40, 42/19 and 43/25, in which it recognized the existence of a sovereignty dispute regarding the question of the Malvinas islands and calls on the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to resume negotiations with a view to finding, as soon as possible, a peaceful, just and lasting solution to the dispute. The United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization has made repeated statements to the same effect, the most recently by means of the resolution adopted on 25 June 2015.

Therefore, the Argentine Republic objects and rejects the attempt of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to apply the Convention on Biological Diversity to the South Georgias and South Sandwich lslands.

The Argentine Republic recalls that the Convention, adopted in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992, is applicable to the Malvinas, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands because they are integral part of the territory of the Argentine Republic, as a result of the ratification made by the Argentine Government on 22 November 1994.

The Argentine Republic reaffirms its sovereignty rights over the Malvinas, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas.

The Argentine Republic should be grateful if you, acting as a depositary of the Convention, would register this statement, notify the Parties and Contracting Parties and distribute it as document of the Organization among its Member States.”

On 29 June 2016, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

"… the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom's Ratification of the Convention be extended to the following territory:

Falkland Islands

for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible.

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the Convention to the territory of the Falkland Islands to enter into force on the date of deposit of this notification…"

On 22 July 2016, the Secretary-General received a communication from the Argentine Republic relating to the territorial application by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in respect of Falkland Islands (Malvinas).

See C.N.566.2016.TREATIES-XXVII.8 dated 29 July 2016 for the text of the above-mentioned communication.

On 9 July 2014, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Spain the following communication with regard to the Territorial Application by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to Gibraltar:

1. Gibraltar is a Non-Self-Governing Territory for whose international relations the Government of the United Kingdom is responsible and which is subject to a process of decolonization in accordance with the relevant decisions and resolutions of the General Assembly.

2. The authorities of Gibraltar are local in character, and exercise competences exclusively over internal affairs that originate in and are based on the powers allocated to and conferred on them by the United Kingdom, in accordance with its domestic legislation and in its capacity as the sovereign State upon which depends the said Non-Self-Governing Territory.

3. Consequently, any involvement by the Gibraltarian authorities in the implementation of this Convention shall be understood to take place exclusively within the framework of the internal affairs of Gibraltar and shall not be considered to affect in any way the content of the two preceding paragraphs.

4. The procedure envisaged in the Arrangements relating to Gibraltar authorities in the context of certain international treaties, which were agreed to by Spain and the United Kingdom on 19 December 2007 (together with "Agreed Arrangements relating to Gibraltar authorities in the context of European Union and European Community Instruments and Related Treaties" of 19 April 2000) applies to the present Convention.

5. The application to Gibraltar of the present Convention cannot be interpreted as recognition of any rights or situations involving matters not included in Article 10 of the Treaty of Utrecht of 13 July 1713, signed bythe crowns of Spain and Great Britain.

In respect of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Bailiwick of Jersey, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, St. Helena and St. Helena Dependencies.

On 8 May 2012, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

“… The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom’s ratification of the [Convention on Biological Diversity] to be extended to the following territory for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible:

Isle of Man

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the aforesaid Convention to the Isle of Man to enter into force on the ninetieth day after the deposit of this notification [i.e. on 6 August 2012].”

On 27 March 2015, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

"... the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom's Ratification of the Convention be extended to the territory of South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible.

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the Convention to South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands to enter into force from the day of deposit of this notification ..."

On 14 July 2015, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

“Upon instructions from my Government, I have the honor to address you, in your capacity as depositary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, in order to refer to the note sent to you by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on 27 March 2015 regarding the attempt of that country to apply the Convention to the South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands.

The Malvinas, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas, are integral part of the national territory of the Argentine Republic and, being illegitimately occupied by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, are subject to a sovereignty dispute recognized by the United Nations and other international fora and organizations.

The illegitimate occupation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland led the United Nations General Assembly to adopt resolutions 2065(XX), 3169 (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12, 39/6, 40/21, 41/40, 42/19 and 43/25, in which it recognized the existence of a sovereignty dispute regarding the question of the Malvinas islands and calls on the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to resume negotiations with a view to finding, as soon as possible, a peaceful, just and lasting solution to the dispute. The United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization has made repeated statements to the same effect, the most recently by means of the resolution adopted on 25 June 2015.

Therefore, the Argentine Republic objects and rejects the attempt of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to apply the Convention on Biological Diversity to the South Georgias and South Sandwich lslands.

The Argentine Republic recalls that the Convention, adopted in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992, is applicable to the Malvinas, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands because they are integral part of the territory of the Argentine Republic, as a result of the ratification made by the Argentine Government on 22 November 1994.

The Argentine Republic reaffirms its sovereignty rights over the Malvinas, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas.

The Argentine Republic should be grateful if you, acting as a depositary of the Convention, would register this statement, notify the Parties and Contracting Parties and distribute it as document of the Organization among its Member States.”

On 29 June 2016, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

"… the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom's Ratification of the Convention be extended to the following territory:

Falkland Islands

for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible.

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the Convention to the territory of the Falkland Islands to enter into force on the date of deposit of this notification…"

On 22 July 2016, the Secretary-General received a communication from the Argentine Republic relating to the territorial application by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in respect of Falkland Islands (Malvinas).

See C.N.566.2016.TREATIES-XXVII.8 dated 29 July 2016 for the text of the above-mentioned communication.

End Notes

On 28 June 1999, the Government of Portugal informed the Secretary-General the the Convention would also apply to Macau.

Subsequently, the Secretary-General received the following communications on the dates indicated hereinafter:

Portugal (9 December 1999):

“In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the Portuguese Republic and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Macau signed on 13 April 1987, the Portuguese Republic will continue to have international responsibility for Macau until 19 December 1999 and from that date onwards the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999.

From 20 December 1999 onwards the Portuguese Republic will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to Macau."

China (15 December 1999):

In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the Question of Macau (hereinafter referred to as the Joint Declaration), the Government of the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999. Macau will, from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defense affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.

In this connection, [the Government of the People's Republic of China informs the Secretary-General of the following]:

The Convention on Biological Diversity, done at Nairobi on 5 June 1992 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention"), to which the Government of the People's Republic of China deposited the instrument of ratification on 5 January 1993, will apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region with effect from 20 December 1999.

The Government of the People's Republic of China will assume responsibility for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

China (Declaration of 9 May 2011):

In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the People's Republic of China decides that the Convention applies to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.

See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.

On 4 June 1999: for the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba

On 28 June 1999, the Government of Portugal informed the Secretary-General the the Convention would also apply to Macau.

Subsequently, the Secretary-General received the following communications on the dates indicated hereinafter:

Portugal (9 December 1999):

“In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the Portuguese Republic and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Macau signed on 13 April 1987, the Portuguese Republic will continue to have international responsibility for Macau until 19 December 1999 and from that date onwards the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999.

From 20 December 1999 onwards the Portuguese Republic will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to Macau."

China (15 December 1999):

In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the Question of Macau (hereinafter referred to as the Joint Declaration), the Government of the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999. Macau will, from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defense affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.

In this connection, [the Government of the People's Republic of China informs the Secretary-General of the following]:

The Convention on Biological Diversity, done at Nairobi on 5 June 1992 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention"), to which the Government of the People's Republic of China deposited the instrument of ratification on 5 January 1993, will apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region with effect from 20 December 1999.

The Government of the People's Republic of China will assume responsibility for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

China (Declaration of 9 May 2011):

In accordance with the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, the Government of the People's Republic of China decides that the Convention applies to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.

See note 1 under “former Yugoslavia” and note 1 under “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

In respect of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Bailiwick of Jersey, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, St. Helena and St. Helena Dependencies.

On 8 May 2012, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

“… The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom’s ratification of the [Convention on Biological Diversity] to be extended to the following territory for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible:

Isle of Man

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the aforesaid Convention to the Isle of Man to enter into force on the ninetieth day after the deposit of this notification [i.e. on 6 August 2012].”

On 27 March 2015, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

"... the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom's Ratification of the Convention be extended to the territory of South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible.

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the Convention to South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands to enter into force from the day of deposit of this notification ..."

On 14 July 2015, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

“Upon instructions from my Government, I have the honor to address you, in your capacity as depositary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, in order to refer to the note sent to you by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on 27 March 2015 regarding the attempt of that country to apply the Convention to the South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands.

The Malvinas, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas, are integral part of the national territory of the Argentine Republic and, being illegitimately occupied by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, are subject to a sovereignty dispute recognized by the United Nations and other international fora and organizations.

The illegitimate occupation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland led the United Nations General Assembly to adopt resolutions 2065(XX), 3169 (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12, 39/6, 40/21, 41/40, 42/19 and 43/25, in which it recognized the existence of a sovereignty dispute regarding the question of the Malvinas islands and calls on the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to resume negotiations with a view to finding, as soon as possible, a peaceful, just and lasting solution to the dispute. The United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization has made repeated statements to the same effect, the most recently by means of the resolution adopted on 25 June 2015.

Therefore, the Argentine Republic objects and rejects the attempt of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to apply the Convention on Biological Diversity to the South Georgias and South Sandwich lslands.

The Argentine Republic recalls that the Convention, adopted in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992, is applicable to the Malvinas, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands because they are integral part of the territory of the Argentine Republic, as a result of the ratification made by the Argentine Government on 22 November 1994.

The Argentine Republic reaffirms its sovereignty rights over the Malvinas, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas.

The Argentine Republic should be grateful if you, acting as a depositary of the Convention, would register this statement, notify the Parties and Contracting Parties and distribute it as document of the Organization among its Member States.”

On 29 June 2016, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

"… the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom's Ratification of the Convention be extended to the following territory:

Falkland Islands

for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible.

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the Convention to the territory of the Falkland Islands to enter into force on the date of deposit of this notification…"

On 22 July 2016, the Secretary-General received a communication from the Argentine Republic relating to the territorial application by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in respect of Falkland Islands (Malvinas).

See C.N.566.2016.TREATIES-XXVII.8 dated 29 July 2016 for the text of the above-mentioned communication.

On 9 July 2014, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Spain the following communication with regard to the Territorial Application by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to Gibraltar:

1. Gibraltar is a Non-Self-Governing Territory for whose international relations the Government of the United Kingdom is responsible and which is subject to a process of decolonization in accordance with the relevant decisions and resolutions of the General Assembly.

2. The authorities of Gibraltar are local in character, and exercise competences exclusively over internal affairs that originate in and are based on the powers allocated to and conferred on them by the United Kingdom, in accordance with its domestic legislation and in its capacity as the sovereign State upon which depends the said Non-Self-Governing Territory.

3. Consequently, any involvement by the Gibraltarian authorities in the implementation of this Convention shall be understood to take place exclusively within the framework of the internal affairs of Gibraltar and shall not be considered to affect in any way the content of the two preceding paragraphs.

4. The procedure envisaged in the Arrangements relating to Gibraltar authorities in the context of certain international treaties, which were agreed to by Spain and the United Kingdom on 19 December 2007 (together with "Agreed Arrangements relating to Gibraltar authorities in the context of European Union and European Community Instruments and Related Treaties" of 19 April 2000) applies to the present Convention.

5. The application to Gibraltar of the present Convention cannot be interpreted as recognition of any rights or situations involving matters not included in Article 10 of the Treaty of Utrecht of 13 July 1713, signed bythe crowns of Spain and Great Britain.

In respect of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Bailiwick of Jersey, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Gibraltar, St. Helena and St. Helena Dependencies.

On 8 May 2012, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

“… The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom’s ratification of the [Convention on Biological Diversity] to be extended to the following territory for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible:

Isle of Man

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the aforesaid Convention to the Isle of Man to enter into force on the ninetieth day after the deposit of this notification [i.e. on 6 August 2012].”

On 27 March 2015, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

"... the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom's Ratification of the Convention be extended to the territory of South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible.

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the Convention to South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands to enter into force from the day of deposit of this notification ..."

On 14 July 2015, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

“Upon instructions from my Government, I have the honor to address you, in your capacity as depositary of the Convention on Biological Diversity, in order to refer to the note sent to you by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on 27 March 2015 regarding the attempt of that country to apply the Convention to the South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands.

The Malvinas, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas, are integral part of the national territory of the Argentine Republic and, being illegitimately occupied by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, are subject to a sovereignty dispute recognized by the United Nations and other international fora and organizations.

The illegitimate occupation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland led the United Nations General Assembly to adopt resolutions 2065(XX), 3169 (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12, 39/6, 40/21, 41/40, 42/19 and 43/25, in which it recognized the existence of a sovereignty dispute regarding the question of the Malvinas islands and calls on the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to resume negotiations with a view to finding, as soon as possible, a peaceful, just and lasting solution to the dispute. The United Nations Special Committee on Decolonization has made repeated statements to the same effect, the most recently by means of the resolution adopted on 25 June 2015.

Therefore, the Argentine Republic objects and rejects the attempt of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to apply the Convention on Biological Diversity to the South Georgias and South Sandwich lslands.

The Argentine Republic recalls that the Convention, adopted in Rio de Janeiro on 5 June 1992, is applicable to the Malvinas, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands because they are integral part of the territory of the Argentine Republic, as a result of the ratification made by the Argentine Government on 22 November 1994.

The Argentine Republic reaffirms its sovereignty rights over the Malvinas, South Georgias and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas.

The Argentine Republic should be grateful if you, acting as a depositary of the Convention, would register this statement, notify the Parties and Contracting Parties and distribute it as document of the Organization among its Member States.”

On 29 June 2016, the Secretary-General received the following communication:

"… the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland wishes the United Kingdom's Ratification of the Convention be extended to the following territory:

Falkland Islands

for whose international relations the United Kingdom is responsible.

The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland considers the extension of the Convention to the territory of the Falkland Islands to enter into force on the date of deposit of this notification…"

On 22 July 2016, the Secretary-General received a communication from the Argentine Republic relating to the territorial application by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in respect of Falkland Islands (Malvinas).

See C.N.566.2016.TREATIES-XXVII.8 dated 29 July 2016 for the text of the above-mentioned communication.