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Party Signature Ratification Status Party
09 Nov 2006 Accession 07 Feb 2007
12 May 2010 Accession 10 Aug 2010
13 Dec 2002 Accession 29 Jun 2004
10 Oct 2002 14 Mar 2006 Ratification 12 Jun 2006
28 Feb 2017 Accession 29 May 2017
10 Jun 2002 13 May 2016 Ratification 15 Aug 2016
20 Mar 2007 Accession 18 Jun 2007
10 Jun 2002 12 Dec 2005 Ratification 12 Mar 2006
06 Jun 2002 04 Nov 2005 Ratification 02 Feb 2006 End notes
17 Oct 2002 14 Nov 2003 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
06 Jun 2002 02 Oct 2007 Ratification 31 Dec 2007 End notes
24 Feb 2006 Accession 25 May 2006
10 Jun 2002 02 Sep 2003 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
05 Sep 2016 Accession 04 Dec 2016 End notes
10 Jun 2002 22 May 2006 Ratification 20 Aug 2006
29 Dec 2004 Accession 29 Mar 2005
09 Nov 2001 05 Dec 2006 Ratification 05 Mar 2007
10 Jun 2002 28 Apr 2006 Ratification 27 Jun 2006
11 Jun 2002 11 Jun 2002 Acceptance 29 Jun 2004
03 Sep 2002 19 Dec 2005 Ratification 19 Mar 2006
10 Jun 2002 10 Jun 2002 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
09 Nov 2001 04 Aug 2003 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
11 Jun 2002 14 Mar 2006 Acceptance 12 Jun 2006
04 Nov 2002 14 Jan 2016 Ratification 13 Apr 2016
14 Sep 2004 Accession 13 Dec 2004
02 Dec 2004 Accession 02 Mar 2005
10 Jun 2002 14 Nov 2006 Ratification 12 Feb 2007
08 May 2009 Accession 06 Aug 2009
11 Oct 2002 16 Sep 2004 Ratification 15 Dec 2004
12 Jun 2002 15 Sep 2003 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
31 Mar 2004 Accession 29 Jun 2004
09 Nov 2001 25 Jun 2003 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
16 Jul 2003 Accession 29 Jun 2004
05 Jun 2003 Accession 29 Jun 2004
06 Jun 2002 31 Mar 2004 Ratification 29 Jun 2004 End notes
08 May 2006 Accession 06 Aug 2006
11 Jun 2002 01 Feb 2022 Ratification 02 May 2022
07 May 2004 Accession 05 Aug 2004
29 Aug 2002 31 Mar 2004 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
10 Jun 2002 09 Jul 2003 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
10 Jun 2002 10 Jun 2002 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
31 Mar 2004 Accession 29 Jun 2004
10 Jun 2002 23 Oct 2012 Ratification 21 Jan 2013
12 Jun 2002 18 Jun 2003 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
09 Jul 2008 Accession 07 Oct 2008
06 Jun 2002 31 Mar 2004 Ratification 29 Jun 2004 End notes
06 Jun 2002 11 Jul 2005 Ratification 09 Oct 2005
10 Jun 2002 13 Nov 2006 Ratification 11 Feb 2007
09 Apr 2019 Accession 08 Jul 2019
06 Jun 2002 31 Mar 2004 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
28 Oct 2002 28 Oct 2002 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
06 Jun 2002 31 Mar 2004 Ratification 29 Jun 2004 End notes
13 Jun 2002 01 Feb 2006 Ratification 02 May 2006
11 Jun 2002 11 Jun 2002 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
01 Feb 2006 Accession 02 May 2006
31 Dec 2015 Accession 30 Mar 2016
14 Jan 2004 Accession 29 Jun 2004
04 Mar 2004 Accession 29 Jun 2004
07 Aug 2007 Accession 05 Nov 2007
10 Jun 2002 10 Jun 2002 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
10 Mar 2006 Accession 08 Jun 2006
04 Nov 2002 28 Apr 2006 Ratification 27 Jun 2006
29 Aug 2014 Accession 27 Nov 2014
06 Jun 2002 31 Mar 2004 Ratification 29 Jun 2004 End notes
06 Jun 2002 18 May 2004 Ratification 16 Aug 2004 End notes
14 Mar 2006 Accession 12 Jun 2006
30 Jul 2013 Accession 28 Oct 2013 End notes
09 Nov 2001 30 May 2002 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
27 May 2003 Accession 09 Jun 2004
13 Dec 2005 Accession 13 Mar 2006
02 Sep 2003 Accession 29 Jun 2004
01 Jun 2009 Accession 30 Aug 2009
14 Mar 2006 Accession 12 Jun 2006
27 May 2004 Accession 25 Aug 2004
04 Nov 2002 06 May 2004 Ratification 04 Aug 2004
21 Nov 2005 Accession 19 Feb 2006
25 Nov 2005 Accession 23 Feb 2006
12 Apr 2005 Accession 11 Jul 2005
21 Jun 2005 Accession 19 Sep 2005
06 Jun 2002 31 Mar 2004 Ratification 29 Jun 2004 End notes
30 Oct 2002 13 Mar 2006 Ratification 11 Jun 2006
10 Jun 2002 04 Jul 2002 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
05 May 2003 Accession 29 Jun 2004
02 Mar 2006 Accession 31 May 2006
09 Nov 2001 05 May 2005 Ratification 03 Aug 2005
10 Jun 2002 02 Dec 2016 Ratification 20 Feb 2017
13 Jun 2002 15 Jul 2014 Ratification 13 Oct 2014
11 Feb 2003 Accession 29 Jun 2004
27 Mar 2004 Accession 29 Jun 2004
03 Sep 2018 Accession 02 Dec 2018
21 Jul 2010 Accession 19 Oct 2010
27 Mar 2002 14 Jul 2006 Ratification 12 Oct 2006
02 Oct 2020 Accession 31 Dec 2020
04 Dec 2002 Accession 29 Jun 2004 End notes
09 Nov 2001 07 Oct 2004 Ratification 05 Jan 2005
19 Oct 2009 Accession 17 Jan 2010
06 Jun 2002 18 Nov 2005 Acceptance 16 Feb 2006
22 Nov 2002 Accession 29 Jun 2004
11 Jun 2002 27 Oct 2004 Ratification 25 Jan 2005
10 Jun 2002 06 Sep 2022 Ratification 05 Dec 2022
12 Jun 2002 03 Aug 2004 Ratification 01 Nov 2004
14 Jul 2004 Accession 12 Oct 2004
02 Sep 2003 Accession 29 Jun 2004
05 Aug 2008 Accession 03 Nov 2008
13 Mar 2006 Accession 11 Jun 2006
05 Feb 2015 Accession 06 May 2015
24 Dec 2002 03 Jan 2003 Acceptance 29 Jun 2004
08 Oct 2002 05 Jun 2003 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
28 Sep 2006 Accession 27 Dec 2006
07 Feb 2005 Accession 08 May 2005 End notes
06 Jun 2002 07 Nov 2005 Approval 05 Feb 2006
01 Jul 2008 Accession 29 Sep 2008
20 Jan 2009 Accession 20 Apr 2009
03 Aug 2015 Accession 01 Nov 2015
31 May 2005 Accession 29 Aug 2005
14 Oct 2010 Accession 12 Jan 2011
16 Jul 2003 Accession 29 Jun 2004
09 Mar 2006 Accession 07 Jun 2006
07 Apr 2006 Accession 06 Jul 2006
17 Oct 2005 Accession 15 Jan 2006
09 Nov 2001 25 Oct 2006 Ratification 23 Jan 2007
01 Oct 2002 03 Apr 2013 Ratification 02 Jul 2013
30 May 2006 Accession 29 Aug 2006
20 Nov 2002 Accession 29 Jun 2004
08 Jun 2010 Accession 06 Sep 2010
11 Jan 2006 Accession 11 Apr 2006
02 Sep 2023 Accession 01 Dec 2023
28 Jan 2020 Accession 27 Apr 2020
06 Jun 2002 31 Mar 2004 Ratification 29 Jun 2004 Declarations
17 Sep 2013 Accession 16 Dec 2013
10 Jun 2002 10 Jun 2002 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
06 Jun 2002 31 Mar 2004 Ratification 29 Jun 2004 End notes
28 Oct 2002 22 Nov 2004 Ratification 20 Feb 2005
13 Jun 2002 26 Aug 2003 Ratification 29 Jun 2004
04 Nov 2002 23 Oct 2007 Ratification 21 Jan 2008
16 Dec 2014 Accession 16 Mar 2015
27 Oct 2004 Accession 25 Jan 2005
10 Jun 2002 08 Jun 2004 Ratification 06 Sep 2004
07 Mar 2016 Accession 06 Jun 2016
04 Nov 2002 07 Jun 2007 Ratification 05 Sep 2007
25 Mar 2003 Accession 29 Jun 2004
16 Feb 2004 Accession 29 Jun 2004
06 Jun 2002 31 Mar 2004 Ratification 29 Jun 2004 Declarations
30 Apr 2004 Accession 29 Jun 2004
01 Nov 2002 13 Dec 2016 Ratification 13 Mar 2017 End notes
10 Jun 2002 01 Mar 2006 Ratification 30 May 2006
11 Feb 2002 17 May 2005 Ratification 15 Aug 2005
01 Mar 2006 Accession 30 May 2006
04 Nov 2002 13 Mar 2006 Ratification 11 Jun 2006
30 Oct 2002 05 Jul 2005 Ratification 03 Oct 2005
31 Mar 2004 Approval 29 Jun 2004 End notes

Non-Parties

Party Signature Ratification Status Additional information
16 Oct 2002 Signed but not ratified
30 Oct 2002 Signed but not ratified
09 Nov 2001 Signed but not ratified
10 Jun 2002 Signed but not ratified
04 Nov 2002 Signed but not ratified

Declarations

Spain declares its intention to deposit the declaration of interpretation concerning Article 12.3.d of the Treaty, already made by the Presidency of the European [Union] during the thirty-first Ministerial Conference of FAO of November 2001, at the time of adoption of the Treaty, as soon as the pertinent internal proceedings are finalized.

The Government of the United Kingdom confirms the declaration made at adoption concerning the interpretation of Article 12.3.d of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture as recognising that plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met.

End Notes

"The Republic of Austria confirms the declaration made at adoption concerning the interpretation of Article 12.3.d of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources as recognising that plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met."

"Belgium interprets Article 12.3.d of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources as recognising that plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met."

“With respect to Article 22.3, if the dispute is not resolved in accordance with Article 22.1 or Article 22.2, the Plurinational State of Bolivia accepts its submission to the International Court of Justice as a compulsory mechanism for the settlement of disputes”

Denmark confirms the declaration made at adopting the Treaty concerning the interpretation of Article 12.3.d of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources as recognising that plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met.

The European [Union] and its Member States interpret Article 12.3.d of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources as recognising that plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met.

The Hellenic Republic confirms the declaration made at adoption concerning the interpretation of Article 12.3.d of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture as recognizing that the plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights, provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met.

Ireland confirms the declaration made at adoption concerning the interpretation of Article 12.3.d of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture as recognising that the plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights, provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met.

Italy confirms the declaration made at adoption concerning the interpretation of Article 12.3.d of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture as recognising that plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met.

The Government of Japan declares that Article 12.3(d) of the International Treaty on Plant and Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture be interpreted as recognising that plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met.

The Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg confirms the declaration made at adoption concerning the interpretation of Article 12.3.d of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture as recognising that the plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights, provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met.

The Government of the Union of Myanmar declares that in the event of a dispute between Contracting Parties concerning the interpretation or application of International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Myanmar shall seek Arbitration in accordance with Article 22.3(a). In this respect, Myanmar accepts Arbitration in accordance with the procedure laid down in Part one of Annex II to the Treaty.

The Republic of Poland confirms the declaration made at adoption by the European [Union] concerning the interpretation of Article 12.3.d of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture recognising that plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights, provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met.

Sweden confirms the declaration made at adopting concerning the interpretation of Article 12.3d of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture as recognising that the plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights, provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met. (2) In accordance with the provisions of Article II.7 of the FAO Constitution, Sweden declares that the European Union's declaration of competence submitted to FAO on 4 October 1994 under Article II.5 of the FAO Constitution still applies in the light of its 2 of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. (3) In accordance with the provision of Article 22.3 Sweden declares that for a dispute not resolved in accordance with Article 22.1 or Article 22.2 it accepts as compulsory the dispute settlement provisions in Article 22.3(a).

The United States of America understands that Article 12.3d shall not be construed in a manner that diminishes the availability or exercise of intellectual property rights under national laws.

The European [Union] interprets Article 12.3.d of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources as recognising that plant genetic resources for food and agriculture or their genetic parts or components which have undergone innovation may be the subject of intellectual property rights provided that the criteria relating to such rights are met. (2) In accordance with the provisions of Article II.7 of the FAO Constitution, the European [Union] declares that its declaration of competence submitted to FAO on 4 October 1994 under Article II.5 of the FAO Constitution still applies in the light of its acceptance of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. (3) In accordance with the provision of Article 22.3 the European [Union] declares that for a dispute not resolved in accordance with Article 22.1 or Article 22.2 it accepts as compulsory the dispute settlement provisions in Article 22.3(a).