Skip to main content
Party Signature Ratification Status Party
01 Jan 1970 25 Mar 2013 Accession 23 Jun 2013
01 Jan 1970 01 Apr 2005 Accession 30 Jun 2005
01 Jan 1970 16 Feb 2005 Accession 17 May 2005
01 Jan 1970 08 May 2007 Accession 06 Aug 2007
16 Mar 1998 03 Nov 1998 Ratification 01 Feb 1999
16 Mar 1998 28 Sep 2001 Ratification 27 Dec 2001
01 Jan 1970 25 Apr 2003 Accession 24 Jul 2003
29 Apr 1998 12 Dec 2007 Ratification 11 Mar 2008
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002
01 Jan 1970 28 Sep 2000 Accession 27 Dec 2000
01 Jan 1970 09 Apr 1999 Accession 08 Jul 1999
01 Jan 1970 31 Jan 2006 Accession 01 May 2006
01 Jan 1970 22 Oct 2001 Accession 20 Jan 2002
01 Jan 1970 07 Aug 2000 Accession 05 Nov 2000
01 Jan 1970 26 Aug 2005 Accession 24 Nov 2005
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002
01 Jan 1970 26 Sep 2003 Accession 25 Dec 2003
01 Jan 1970 25 Feb 2002 Accession 26 May 2002
01 Jan 1970 26 Aug 2002 Accession 24 Nov 2002
09 Jul 1998 30 Nov 1999 Ratification 28 Feb 2000
01 Jan 1970 16 Apr 2007 Accession 15 Jul 2007
01 Jan 1970 08 Aug 2003 Accession 06 Nov 2003
29 Apr 1998 23 Aug 2002 Ratification 21 Nov 2002
01 Jan 1970 20 Aug 2009 Accession 18 Nov 2009
18 Sep 1998 15 Aug 2002 Ratification 13 Nov 2002
01 Jan 1970 31 Mar 2005 Accession 29 Jun 2005
01 Jan 1970 18 Oct 2001 Accession 16 Jan 2002
01 Jan 1970 10 Feb 2006 Accession 11 May 2006
01 Jan 1970 22 Aug 2002 Accession 20 Nov 2002
01 Jan 1970 28 Aug 2002 Accession 26 Nov 2002
29 Apr 1998 17 Dec 2002 Ratification 17 Mar 2003 Declarations
End notes
01 Jan 1970 18 Mar 2008 Accession 16 Jun 2008
01 Jan 1970 18 Aug 2009 Accession 16 Nov 2009
17 Jun 1998 26 Aug 2002 Ratification 24 Nov 2002
29 May 1998 30 Aug 2002 Approval 28 Nov 2002 Declarations
End notes
01 Jan 1970 30 Nov 2001 Accession 28 Feb 2002
01 Jan 1970 10 Apr 2008 Accession 09 Jul 2008
01 Jan 1970 12 Feb 2007 Accession 13 May 2007
16 Sep 1998 27 Aug 2001 Ratification 25 Nov 2001
27 Apr 1998 09 Aug 2002 Ratification 07 Nov 2002
11 Mar 1999 30 May 2007 Ratification 28 Aug 2007
15 Mar 1999 30 Apr 2002 Ratification 29 Jul 2002
01 Jan 1970 16 Jul 1999 Accession 14 Oct 1999
23 Nov 1998 15 Nov 2001 Approval 13 Feb 2002
01 Jan 1970 23 Apr 2007 Accession 22 Jul 2007
01 Jan 1970 27 Apr 2005 Accession 26 Jul 2005
01 Jan 1970 23 Mar 2005 Accession 21 Jun 2005
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002 Declarations
End notes
01 Jan 1970 12 Mar 2002 Accession 10 Jun 2002
01 Jan 1970 25 Jan 2005 Accession 25 Apr 2005
01 Jan 1970 12 Feb 2002 Accession 13 May 2002
15 Jan 1999 13 Jan 2000 Ratification 12 Apr 2000
15 Mar 1999 12 Jan 2005 Ratification 12 Apr 2005
08 Jun 1998 30 Nov 1998 Ratification 28 Feb 1999
01 Jan 1970 16 Aug 2000 Accession 14 Nov 2000
01 Jan 1970 28 Jul 2005 Accession 26 Oct 2005
03 Dec 1998 14 Oct 2002 Ratification 12 Jan 2003
13 Jan 2006 Accession 13 Apr 2006
01 Jan 1970 14 Apr 2005 Accession 13 Jul 2005
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Approval 29 Aug 2002
17 Sep 1998 17 Sep 1998 Ratification 16 Dec 1998
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Approval 29 Aug 2002
01 Jan 1970 12 Dec 2006 Accession 12 Mar 2007
01 Jan 1970 16 Jun 1999 Accession 14 Sep 1999
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002
01 Jan 1970 30 May 2003 Accession 28 Aug 2003
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002
01 Jan 1970 06 Aug 2002 Accession 04 Nov 2002
10 Jul 1998 05 Oct 1999 Ratification 03 Jan 2000
01 Jan 1970 07 Sep 2000 Accession 06 Dec 2000
01 Jan 1970 18 Nov 2005 Accession 16 Feb 2006
01 Jan 1970 05 Aug 2003 Accession 03 Nov 2003
01 Jan 1970 06 Jul 2005 Accession 04 Oct 2005
25 Feb 1999 19 Jul 2000 Ratification 17 Oct 2000
01 Jan 1970 21 Aug 2002 Accession 19 Nov 2002
01 Jan 1970 23 May 2002 Accession 21 Aug 2002
01 Jan 1970 26 Aug 2002 Accession 24 Nov 2002
13 Jul 1998 03 Dec 2004 Ratification 03 Mar 2005
01 Jan 1970 22 Aug 2005 Accession 20 Nov 2005
01 Jan 1970 28 Jul 2009 Accession 26 Oct 2009
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002
16 Dec 1998 15 Mar 2004 Ratification 13 Jun 2004
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002
01 Jan 1970 28 Jun 1999 Accession 26 Sep 1999
28 Apr 1998 04 Jun 2002 Acceptance 02 Sep 2002
01 Jan 1970 17 Jan 2003 Accession 17 Apr 2003
12 Mar 1999 19 Jun 2009 Ratification 17 Sep 2009
01 Jan 1970 25 Feb 2005 Accession 26 May 2005
01 Jan 1970 07 Sep 2000 Accession 06 Dec 2000
01 Jan 1970 11 Mar 2005 Accession 09 Jun 2005
01 Jan 1970 13 May 2003 Accession 11 Aug 2003
01 Jan 1970 06 Feb 2003 Accession 07 May 2003
14 Dec 1998 05 Jul 2002 Ratification 03 Oct 2002
01 Jan 1970 13 Nov 2006 Accession 11 Feb 2007
01 Jan 1970 06 Sep 2000 Accession 05 Dec 2000
01 Jan 1970 05 Nov 2002 Accession 03 Feb 2003
01 Jan 1970 24 Aug 2006 Accession 22 Nov 2006
29 Jun 1998 03 Dec 2004 Ratification 03 Mar 2005
21 Sep 1998 03 Jan 2003 Ratification 03 Apr 2003
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002
01 Jan 1970 24 Sep 2003 Accession 23 Dec 2003
01 Jan 1970 26 Oct 2001 Accession 24 Jan 2002
12 Mar 1999 04 Sep 2002 Ratification 03 Dec 2002
16 Mar 1998 30 Dec 1998 Ratification 30 Mar 1999
27 Jan 1999 28 Mar 2002 Ratification 26 Jun 2002
17 Apr 1998 11 Nov 2001 Ratification 09 Feb 2002
17 Mar 1998 11 Aug 2003 Ratification 09 Nov 2003
01 Jan 1970 22 Jul 2005 Accession 20 Oct 2005
01 Jan 1970 09 May 2001 Accession 07 Aug 2001
09 Jun 1998 07 Sep 2000 Ratification 06 Dec 2000
17 Mar 1998 21 Jun 1999 Ratification 19 Sep 1999
29 Apr 1998 27 Feb 2006 Ratification 28 May 2006
01 Jan 1970 15 Dec 1999 Accession 14 Mar 2000
01 Jan 1970 04 Jun 2007 Accession 02 Sep 2007
01 Jan 1970 25 Jan 2002 Accession 25 Apr 2002
01 Jan 1970 18 Jan 2005 Accession 18 Apr 2005
01 Jan 1970 13 Aug 2003 Accession 11 Nov 2003
01 Jan 1970 04 Sep 2003 Accession 03 Dec 2003
01 Jan 1970 16 Aug 2001 Accession 14 Nov 2001
01 Jan 1970 16 Sep 2005 Accession 15 Dec 2005
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Acceptance 29 Aug 2002 Declarations
End notes
22 May 1998 19 Dec 2002 Ratification 19 Mar 2003 Declarations
End notes
07 Jul 1998 18 Nov 1999 Ratification 16 Feb 2000
23 Oct 1998 30 Sep 2004 Ratification 29 Dec 2004
01 Jan 1970 10 Dec 2004 Accession 10 Mar 2005
08 Dec 1998 06 May 1999 Ratification 04 Aug 1999
29 Apr 1998 30 May 2002 Ratification 28 Aug 2002
01 Jan 1970 19 Jan 2005 Accession 19 Apr 2005
01 Jan 1970 11 Jan 2005 Accession 11 Apr 2005
01 Jan 1970 10 Dec 1999 Accession 09 Mar 2000
08 Jun 1998 05 Mar 1999 Ratification 03 Jun 1999
02 Mar 1999 28 Mar 2002 Ratification 26 Jun 2002
25 Aug 1998 27 Aug 1999 Ratification 25 Nov 1999
13 Nov 1998 12 Sep 2002 Ratification 11 Dec 2002
15 Apr 1998 20 Nov 2003 Ratification 18 Feb 2004
15 Jul 1998 13 Dec 2002 Ratification 13 Mar 2003
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Approval 29 Aug 2002
01 Jan 1970 11 Jan 2005 Accession 11 Apr 2005
25 Sep 1998 08 Nov 2002 Ratification 06 Feb 2003
01 Jan 1970 22 Apr 2003 Accession 21 Jul 2003
05 Jan 1999 19 Mar 2001 Ratification 17 Jun 2001
11 Mar 1999 18 Nov 2004 Ratification 16 Feb 2005
01 Jan 1970 22 Jul 2004 Accession 20 Oct 2004
01 Jan 1970 08 Apr 2008 Accession 07 Jul 2008
16 Mar 1998 20 Aug 2003 Ratification 18 Nov 2003
19 Mar 1998 31 Dec 2004 Ratification 31 Mar 2005
16 Mar 1998 27 Nov 2000 Ratification 25 Feb 2001
01 Jan 1970 28 Apr 2010 Accession 27 Jul 2010
01 Jan 1970 25 Apr 2008 Accession 24 Jul 2008
01 Jan 1970 31 Jan 2005 Accession 01 May 2005
01 Jan 1970 20 Jul 2001 Accession 18 Oct 2001
01 Jan 1970 19 Oct 2007 Accession 17 Jan 2008
20 Mar 1998 22 Jul 2002 Ratification 20 Oct 2002
01 Jan 1970 10 Nov 2006 Accession 08 Feb 2007
01 Jan 1970 12 Apr 2006 Accession 11 Jul 2006
26 Feb 1999 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002
21 Oct 1998 02 Aug 2002 Ratification 31 Oct 2002
29 Sep 1998 13 Mar 2003 Ratification 11 Jun 2003
01 Jan 1970 26 Jul 2010 Accession 24 Oct 2010
01 Jan 1970 31 Jul 2002 Accession 29 Oct 2002
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002
01 Jan 1970 03 Sep 2002 Accession 02 Dec 2002
01 Jan 1970 02 Nov 2004 Accession 31 Jan 2005
01 Jan 1970 25 Sep 2006 Accession 24 Dec 2006
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002
16 Mar 1998 09 Jul 2003 Ratification 07 Oct 2003
01 Jan 1970 27 Jan 2006 Accession 27 Apr 2006
01 Jan 1970 29 Dec 2008 Accession 29 Mar 2009
02 Feb 1999 28 Aug 2002 Ratification 26 Nov 2002
01 Jan 1970 01 Jun 2001 Accession 30 Aug 2001
01 Jan 1970 18 Nov 2004 Accession 16 Feb 2005
01 Jan 1970 14 Oct 2008 Accession 12 Jan 2009
01 Jan 1970 02 Jul 2004 Accession 30 Sep 2004
01 Jan 1970 14 Jan 2008 Accession 13 Apr 2008
07 Jan 1999 28 Jan 1999 Ratification 28 Apr 1999
01 Jan 1970 22 Jan 2003 Accession 22 Apr 2003
01 Jan 1970 28 May 2009 Accession 26 Aug 2009
28 Sep 1998 11 Jan 1999 Ratification 11 Apr 1999
16 Nov 1998 16 Nov 1998 Ratification 14 Feb 1999
01 Jan 1970 25 Mar 2002 Accession 23 Jun 2002
15 Mar 1999 12 Apr 2004 Ratification 11 Jul 2004
01 Jan 1970 26 Jan 2005 Accession 26 Apr 2005
29 Apr 1998 31 May 2002 Ratification 29 Aug 2002 Declarations
End notes
01 Jan 1970 26 Aug 2002 Accession 24 Nov 2002
01 Jan 1970 12 Nov 1998 Ratification 10 Feb 1999
29 Jul 1998 05 Feb 2001 Ratification 06 May 2001
20 Nov 1998 12 Oct 1999 Ratification 10 Jan 2000
01 Jan 1970 17 Jul 2001 Accession 15 Oct 2001
01 Jan 1970 18 Feb 2005 Accession 19 May 2005
03 Dec 1998 25 Sep 2002 Ratification 24 Dec 2002
01 Jan 1970 15 Sep 2004 Accession 14 Dec 2004
05 Aug 1998 07 Jul 2006 Ratification 05 Oct 2006
01 Jan 1970 30 Jun 2009 Accession 28 Sep 2009

Declarations

In accordance with article 27 (2) of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Government of Canada notified the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol as from the date indicated hereinafter:

In a communication received on 30 August 2002, the Government of the People’s Republic of China informed the Secretary-General of the following:

In accordance with article 153 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China of 1990 and article 138 of the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China of 1993, the Government of the People’s Republic of China decides that the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change shall provisionally not apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.

Further, in a communication received on 8 April 2003, the Government of the Government of the People’s Republic of China notified the Secretary-General of the following:

"In accordance with the provisions of Article 153 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China of 1990, the Government of the People's Republic of China decides that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change shall apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change continues to be implemented in the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change shall not apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China until the Government of China notifies otherwise."

In a communication received on 14 January 2008, the Government of the Government of the People’s Republic of China notified the Secretary-General of the following:

In accordance with Article 138 of the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, the Government of the People’s Republic of China decides that the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change shall apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.

With a territorial exclusion to the Faroe Islands.

For the Kingdom in Europe.

With the following declaration:

".....consistent with the constitutional status of Tokelau and taking into account the commitment of the Government of New Zealand to the development of self-government for Tokelau through an act of self-determination under the Charter of the United Nations, this ratification shall not extend to Tokelau unless and until a Declaration to this effect is lodged by the Government of New Zealand with the Depositary on the basis of appropriate consultation with that territory."

By a communication received on 27 March 2007, the Government of Argentina notified the Secretary-General of the following:

The Argentine Republic objects to the extension of the territorial application to the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change of 11 December 1997 with respect to the Malvinas Islands, which was notified by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the Depositary of the Convention on 7 March 2007.

The Argentine Republic reaffirms its sovereignty over the Malvinas Islands, the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime spaces, which are an integral part of its national territory, and recalls that the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted resolutions 2065 (XX), 3160 (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12, 39/6, 40/21, 41/40, 42/19 and 43/25, which recognize the existence of a dispute over sovereignty and request the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to initiate negotiations with a view to finding the means to resolve peacefully and definitively the pending problems between both countries, including all aspects on the future of the Malvinas Islands, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.

On 4 April 2006, the Government of the United Kingdom informed the Secretary-General that the Protocol shall apply to the Bailiwick of Guernsey and the Isle of Man. On 2 January 2007: in respect of Gibraltar. On 7 March 2007: in respect of Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands (Malvinas) and the Bailiwick of Jersey.

End Notes

In accordance with article 27 (2) of the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, the Government of Canada notified the Secretary-General that it had decided to withdraw from the Kyoto Protocol as from the date indicated hereinafter:

In a communication received on 30 August 2002, the Government of the People’s Republic of China informed the Secretary-General of the following:

In accordance with article 153 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China of 1990 and article 138 of the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China of 1993, the Government of the People’s Republic of China decides that the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change shall provisionally not apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.

Further, in a communication received on 8 April 2003, the Government of the Government of the People’s Republic of China notified the Secretary-General of the following:

"In accordance with the provisions of Article 153 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China of 1990, the Government of the People's Republic of China decides that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change shall apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China.

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change continues to be implemented in the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China. The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change shall not apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China until the Government of China notifies otherwise."

In a communication received on 14 January 2008, the Government of the Government of the People’s Republic of China notified the Secretary-General of the following:

In accordance with Article 138 of the Basic Law of the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, the Government of the People’s Republic of China decides that the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change shall apply to the Macao Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China.

With a territorial exclusion to the Faroe Islands.

For the Kingdom in Europe.

With the following declaration:

".....consistent with the constitutional status of Tokelau and taking into account the commitment of the Government of New Zealand to the development of self-government for Tokelau through an act of self-determination under the Charter of the United Nations, this ratification shall not extend to Tokelau unless and until a Declaration to this effect is lodged by the Government of New Zealand with the Depositary on the basis of appropriate consultation with that territory."

By a communication received on 27 March 2007, the Government of Argentina notified the Secretary-General of the following:

The Argentine Republic objects to the extension of the territorial application to the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change of 11 December 1997 with respect to the Malvinas Islands, which was notified by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to the Depositary of the Convention on 7 March 2007.

The Argentine Republic reaffirms its sovereignty over the Malvinas Islands, the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime spaces, which are an integral part of its national territory, and recalls that the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted resolutions 2065 (XX), 3160 (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12, 39/6, 40/21, 41/40, 42/19 and 43/25, which recognize the existence of a dispute over sovereignty and request the Governments of the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to initiate negotiations with a view to finding the means to resolve peacefully and definitively the pending problems between both countries, including all aspects on the future of the Malvinas Islands, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations.

On 4 April 2006, the Government of the United Kingdom informed the Secretary-General that the Protocol shall apply to the Bailiwick of Guernsey and the Isle of Man. On 2 January 2007: in respect of Gibraltar. On 7 March 2007: in respect of Bermuda, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands (Malvinas) and the Bailiwick of Jersey.