Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Afghanistan 25 Mar 2013Accession23 Jun 2013
Albania 1 Apr 2005Accession30 Jun 2005
Algeria 16 Feb 2005Accession16 Feb 2005
Angola 8 May 2007Accession6 Aug 2007
Antigua and Barbuda16 Mar 19983 Nov 1998Ratification16 Feb 2005
Argentina16 Mar 199828 Sep 2001Ratification16 Feb 2005
Armenia 25 Apr 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Australia29 Apr 199812 Dec 2007Ratification11 Mar 2008
Austria29 Apr 199831 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Azerbaijan 28 Sep 2000Accession16 Feb 2005
Bahamas 9 Apr 1999Accession16 Feb 2005
Bahrain 31 Jan 2006Accession1 May 2006
Bangladesh 22 Oct 2001Accession16 Feb 2005
Barbados 7 Aug 2000Accession16 Feb 2005
Belarus 26 Aug 2005Accession24 Nov 2005
Belgium29 Apr 199831 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Belize 26 Sep 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Benin 25 Feb 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Bhutan 26 Aug 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)9 Jul 199830 Nov 1999Ratification16 Feb 2005
Bosnia and Herzegovina 16 Apr 2007Accession15 Jul 2007
Botswana 8 Aug 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Brazil29 Apr 199823 Aug 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Brunei Darussalam 20 Aug 2009Accession18 Nov 2009
Bulgaria18 Sep 199815 Aug 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Burkina Faso 31 Mar 2005Accession29 Jun 2005
Burundi 18 Oct 2001Accession16 Feb 2005
Cambodia 22 Aug 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Cameroon 28 Aug 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Canada29 Apr 199817 Dec 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Cabo Verde 10 Feb 2006Accession11 May 2006
Central African Republic 18 Mar 2008Accession16 Jun 2008
Chad 18 Aug 2009Accession16 Nov 2009
Chile17 Jun 199826 Aug 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
China29 May 199830 Aug 2002Approval16 Feb 2005
Colombia 30 Nov 2001Accession16 Feb 2005
Comoros 10 Apr 2008Accession9 Jul 2008
Congo (Brazzaville) 12 Feb 2007Accession13 May 2007
Cook Islands 16 Sep 199827 Aug 2001Ratification16 Feb 2005
Costa Rica27 Apr 19989 Aug 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Côte D'Ivoire 23 Apr 2007Accession22 Jul 2007
Croatia11 Mar 199930 May 2007Ratification28 Aug 2007
Cuba15 Mar 199930 Apr 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Cyprus 16 Jul 1999Accession16 Feb 2005
Czechia23 Nov 199815 Nov 2001Approval16 Feb 2005
Democratic Republic of the Congo 23 Mar 2005Accession21 Jun 2005
Denmark29 Apr 199831 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Djibouti 12 Mar 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Dominica 25 Jan 2005Accession16 Feb 2005
Dominican Republic 12 Feb 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Ecuador15 Jan 199913 Jan 2000Ratification16 Feb 2005
Egypt15 Mar 199912 Jan 2005Ratification16 Feb 2005
El Salvador8 Jun 199830 Nov 1998Ratification16 Feb 2005
Equatorial Guinea 16 Aug 2000Accession16 Feb 2005
Eritrea 28 Jul 2005Accession26 Oct 2005
Estonia3 Dec 199814 Oct 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Ethiopia 14 Apr 2005Accession13 Jul 2005
European Union29 Apr 199831 May 2002Approval16 Feb 2005
Fiji17 Sep 199817 Sep 1998Ratification16 Feb 2005
Finland29 Apr 199831 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
France29 Apr 199831 May 2002Approval16 Feb 2005
Gabon 12 Dec 2006Accession12 Mar 2007
Georgia 16 Jun 1999Accession16 Feb 2005
Germany29 Apr 199831 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Ghana 30 May 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Greece29 Apr 199831 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Grenada 6 Aug 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Guatemala10 Jul 19985 Oct 1999Ratification16 Feb 2005
Guinea 7 Sep 2000Accession16 Feb 2005
Guinea-Bissau 18 Nov 2005Accession16 Feb 2006
Guyana 5 Aug 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Haiti 6 Jul 2005Accession4 Oct 2005
Honduras25 Feb 199919 Jul 2000Ratification16 Feb 2005
Hungary 21 Aug 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Iceland 23 May 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
India 26 Aug 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Indonesia13 Jul 19983 Dec 2004Ratification16 Feb 2005
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 22 Aug 2005Accession20 Nov 2005
Iraq 28 Jul 2009Accession26 Oct 2009
Ireland29 Apr 199831 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Israel16 Dec 199815 Mar 2004Ratification16 Feb 2005
Italy29 Apr 199831 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Jamaica 28 Jun 1999Accession16 Feb 2005
Japan28 Apr 19984 Jun 2002Acceptance16 Feb 2005
Jordan 17 Jan 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Kazakhstan12 Mar 199919 Jun 2009Ratification17 Sep 2009
Kenya 25 Feb 2005Accession26 May 2005
Kiribati 7 Sep 2000Accession16 Feb 2005
Kuwait 11 Mar 2005Accession9 Jun 2005
Kyrgyzstan 13 May 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 6 Feb 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Latvia14 Dec 19985 Jul 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Lebanon 13 Nov 2006Accession11 Feb 2007
Lesotho 6 Sep 2000Accession16 Feb 2005
Liberia 5 Nov 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Libya 24 Aug 2006Accession22 Nov 2006
Liechtenstein29 Jun 19983 Dec 2004Ratification16 Feb 2005
Lithuania21 Sep 19983 Jan 2003Ratification16 Feb 2005
Luxembourg29 Apr 199831 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 18 Nov 2004Accession16 Feb 2005
Madagascar 24 Sep 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Malawi 26 Oct 2001Accession16 Feb 2005
Malaysia12 Mar 19994 Sep 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Maldives16 Mar 199830 Dec 1998Ratification16 Feb 2005
Mali27 Jan 199928 Mar 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Malta17 Apr 199811 Nov 2001Ratification16 Feb 2005
Marshall Islands17 Mar 199811 Aug 2003Ratification16 Feb 2005
Mauritania 22 Jul 2005Accession20 Oct 2005
Mauritius 9 May 2001Accession16 Feb 2005
Mexico9 Jun 19987 Sep 2000Ratification16 Feb 2005
Micronesia (Federated States of)17 Mar 199821 Jun 1999Ratification16 Feb 2005
Republic of Moldova 22 Apr 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Monaco29 Apr 199827 Feb 2006Ratification28 May 2006
Mongolia 15 Dec 1999Accession16 Feb 2005
Montenegro 4 Jun 2007Accession2 Sep 2007
Morocco 25 Jan 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Mozambique 18 Jan 2005Accession16 Feb 2005
Myanmar 13 Aug 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Namibia 4 Sep 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Nauru 16 Aug 2001Accession16 Feb 2005
Nepal 16 Sep 2005Accession15 Dec 2005
Netherlands29 Apr 199831 May 2002Acceptance16 Feb 2005
New Zealand22 May 199819 Dec 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Nicaragua7 Jul 199818 Nov 1999Ratification16 Feb 2005
Niger23 Oct 199830 Sep 2004Ratification16 Feb 2005
Nigeria 10 Dec 2004Accession16 Feb 2005
Niue8 Dec 19986 May 1999Ratification16 Feb 2005
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 27 Apr 2005Accession26 Jul 2005
Norway29 Apr 199830 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Oman 19 Jan 2005Accession16 Feb 2005
Pakistan 11 Jan 2005Accession16 Feb 2005
Palau 10 Dec 1999Accession16 Feb 2005
Panama8 Jun 19985 Mar 1999Ratification16 Feb 2005
Papua New Guinea2 Mar 199928 Mar 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Paraguay25 Aug 199827 Aug 1999Ratification16 Feb 2005
Peru13 Nov 199812 Sep 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Philippines15 Apr 199820 Nov 2003Ratification16 Feb 2005
Poland15 Jul 199813 Dec 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Portugal29 Apr 199831 May 2002Approval16 Feb 2005
Qatar 11 Jan 2005Accession16 Feb 2005
Romania5 Jan 199919 Mar 2001Ratification16 Feb 2005
Russian Federation11 Mar 199918 Nov 2004Ratification16 Feb 2005
Rwanda 22 Jul 2004Accession16 Feb 2005
Saint Kitts and Nevis 8 Apr 2008Accession7 Jul 2008
Saint Lucia16 Mar 199820 Aug 2003Ratification16 Feb 2005
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines19 Mar 199831 Dec 2004Ratification16 Feb 2005
Samoa16 Mar 199827 Nov 2000Ratification16 Feb 2005
San Marino 28 Apr 2010Accession27 Jul 2010
Sao Tome and Principe 25 Apr 2008Accession24 Jul 2008
Saudi Arabia 31 Jan 2005Accession16 Feb 2005
Senegal 20 Jul 2001Accession16 Feb 2005
Serbia 19 Oct 2007Accession17 Jan 2008
Seychelles20 Mar 199822 Jul 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Sierra Leone 10 Nov 2006Accession8 Feb 2007
Singapore 12 Apr 2006Accession11 Jul 2006
Slovakia26 Feb 199931 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Slovenia21 Oct 19982 Aug 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Solomon Islands29 Sep 199813 Mar 2003Ratification16 Feb 2005
Somalia 26 Jul 2010Accession24 Oct 2010
South Africa 31 Jul 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Republic of Korea25 Sep 19988 Nov 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Spain29 Apr 199831 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Sri Lanka 3 Sep 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Sudan 2 Nov 2004Accession16 Feb 2005
Suriname 25 Sep 2006Accession24 Dec 2006
Eswatini, Kingdom of 13 Jan 2006Accession13 Apr 2006
Sweden29 Apr 199831 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Switzerland16 Mar 19989 Jul 2003Ratification16 Feb 2005
Syrian Arab Republic 27 Jan 2006Accession27 Apr 2006
Tajikistan 29 Dec 2008Accession29 Mar 2009
United Republic of Tanzania 26 Aug 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Thailand2 Feb 199928 Aug 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
The Gambia 1 Jun 2001Accession16 Feb 2005
Timor-Leste 14 Oct 2008Accession12 Jan 2009
Togo 2 Jul 2004Accession16 Feb 2005
Tonga 14 Jan 2008Accession13 Apr 2008
Trinidad and Tobago7 Jan 199928 Jan 1999Ratification16 Feb 2005
Tunisia 22 Jan 2003Accession16 Feb 2005
Turkey 28 May 2009Accession26 Aug 2009
Turkmenistan28 Sep 199811 Jan 1999Ratification16 Feb 2005
Tuvalu16 Nov 199816 Nov 1998Ratification16 Feb 2005
Uganda 25 Mar 2002Accession16 Feb 2005
Ukraine15 Mar 199912 Apr 2004Ratification16 Feb 2005
United Arab Emirates 26 Jan 2005Accession16 Feb 2005
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland29 Apr 199831 May 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Uruguay29 Jul 19985 Feb 2001Ratification16 Feb 2005
Uzbekistan20 Nov 199812 Oct 1999Ratification16 Feb 2005
Vanuatu 17 Jul 2001Accession16 Feb 2005
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 18 Feb 2005Accession19 May 2005
Viet Nam3 Dec 199825 Sep 2002Ratification16 Feb 2005
Yemen 15 Sep 2004Accession16 Feb 2005
Zambia5 Aug 19987 Jul 2006Ratification5 Oct 2006
Zimbabwe 30 Jun 2009Accession28 Sep 2009

Non-Parties

PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
United States of America12 Nov 1998 Signatory16 Feb 2005