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Party Signature Ratification Status Party
17 Jun 2004 Accession 15 Sep 2004
08 Oct 1999 Accession 06 Jan 2000
20 Oct 1992 Accession 18 Jan 1993
26 Jan 2009 Accession 26 Apr 2009
17 May 2000 Accession 15 Aug 2000
03 Dec 1992 Accession 03 Mar 1993
29 Jun 1988 18 Sep 1990 Ratification 17 Dec 1990
01 Oct 1999 Accession 30 Dec 1999
08 Jun 1988 19 May 1989 Ratification 17 Aug 1989
29 Aug 1988 03 May 1989 Ratification 01 Aug 1989
12 Jun 1996 Accession 10 Sep 1996
04 May 1993 Accession 02 Aug 1993
27 Apr 1990 Accession 26 Jul 1990
02 Aug 1990 Accession 31 Oct 1990
16 Oct 1992 Accession 14 Jan 1993
22 Jan 1988 31 Oct 1988 Acceptance 01 Jan 1989
16 Sep 1987 30 Dec 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
09 Jan 1998 Accession 09 Apr 1998
01 Jul 1993 Accession 29 Sep 1993
23 Aug 2004 Accession 21 Nov 2004
03 Oct 1994 Accession 01 Jan 1995
01 Sep 1993 Ratification 30 Nov 1993 Declarations
End notes
04 Dec 1991 Accession 03 Mar 1992
19 Mar 1990 Accession 17 Jun 1990
27 May 1993 Accession 25 Aug 1993
20 Nov 1990 Accession 18 Feb 1991
14 Sep 1988 20 Jul 1989 Ratification 18 Oct 1989
06 Jan 1997 Accession 06 Apr 1997
31 Jul 2001 Accession 29 Oct 2001
27 Jun 2001 Accession 25 Sep 2001
30 Aug 1989 Accession 28 Nov 1989
16 Sep 1987 30 Jun 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
29 Mar 1993 Accession 27 Jun 1993
07 Jun 1994 Ratification 05 Sep 1994
14 Jun 1988 26 Mar 1990 Ratification 24 Jun 1990
14 Jun 1991 Accession 12 Sep 1991 Declarations
End notes
06 Dec 1993 Accession 06 Mar 1994
31 Oct 1994 Accession 29 Jan 1995
15 Sep 1988 16 Nov 1994 Ratification 14 Feb 1995
22 Dec 2003 Accession 21 Mar 2004
30 Jul 1991 Accession 28 Oct 1991
21 Sep 1992 Ratification 20 Dec 1992 Declarations
End notes
14 Jul 1992 Accession 12 Oct 1992
28 May 1992 Accession 26 Aug 1992
30 Sep 1993 Ratification 29 Dec 1993 Declarations
End notes
05 Apr 1993 Accession 04 Jul 1993
24 Jan 1995 Accession 24 Apr 1995
30 Nov 1994 Accession 28 Feb 1995
16 Sep 1987 16 Dec 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989 Declarations
End notes
30 Jul 1999 Accession 28 Oct 1999
31 Mar 1993 Accession 29 Jun 1993
18 May 1993 Accession 16 Aug 1993
30 Apr 1990 Accession 29 Jul 1990
16 Sep 1987 02 Aug 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
02 Oct 1992 Accession 31 Dec 1992
06 Sep 2006 Accession 05 Dec 2006
10 Mar 2005 Accession 08 Jun 2005
17 Oct 1996 Accession 15 Jan 1997
10 Nov 1992 Accession 08 Feb 1993
11 Oct 1994 Accession 09 Jan 1995
16 Sep 1987 16 Dec 1988 Approval 01 Jan 1989
23 Oct 1989 Accession 21 Jan 1990
16 Sep 1987 23 Dec 1988 Acceptance 01 Jan 1989
16 Sep 1987 28 Dec 1988 Approval 01 Jan 1989
09 Feb 1994 Accession 10 May 1994
21 Mar 1996 Accession 19 Jun 1996
16 Sep 1987 23 Mar 1989 Accession 21 Jun 1989 Declarations
End notes
16 Sep 1987 14 Jul 1992 Ratification 12 Oct 1992
29 Oct 1987 29 Dec 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
31 Mar 1993 Accession 29 Jun 1993
07 Nov 1989 Accession 05 Feb 1990
25 Jun 1992 Accession 23 Sep 1992
12 Nov 2002 Accession 10 Feb 2003
12 Aug 1993 Accession 10 Nov 1993
29 Mar 2000 Accession 27 Jun 2000
14 Oct 1993 Accession 12 Jan 1994
20 Apr 1989 Accession 19 Jul 1989
29 Aug 1989 Accession 27 Nov 1989
19 Jun 1992 Accession 17 Sep 1992
21 Jul 1988 26 Jun 1992 Ratification 24 Sep 1992
03 Oct 1990 Accession 01 Jan 1991
25 Jun 2008 Accession 23 Sep 2008
15 Sep 1988 16 Dec 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
14 Jan 1988 30 Jun 1992 Ratification 28 Sep 1992
16 Sep 1987 16 Dec 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
31 Mar 1993 Accession 29 Jun 1993
16 Sep 1987 30 Sep 1988 Acceptance 01 Jan 1989
31 May 1989 Accession 29 Aug 1989
26 Aug 1998 Accession 24 Nov 1998
16 Sep 1987 09 Nov 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
07 Jan 1993 Accession 07 Apr 1993
23 Nov 1992 Accession 21 Feb 1993
31 May 2000 Accession 29 Aug 2000
21 Aug 1998 Accession 19 Nov 1998
28 Apr 1995 Accession 27 Jul 1995
31 Mar 1993 Accession 29 Jun 1993
25 Mar 1994 Accession 23 Jun 1994
15 Jan 1996 Accession 14 Apr 1996
11 Jul 1990 Accession 09 Oct 1990
08 Feb 1989 Accession 09 May 1989
18 Jan 1995 Accession 18 Apr 1995
29 Jan 1988 17 Oct 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
07 Nov 1996 Accession 05 Feb 1997
09 Jan 1991 Accession 09 Apr 1991
29 Aug 1989 Accession 27 Nov 1989
12 Jul 1988 16 May 1989 Ratification 14 Aug 1989
28 Oct 1994 Accession 26 Jan 1995
15 Sep 1988 29 Dec 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
11 Mar 1993 Accession 09 Jun 1993
26 May 1994 Accession 24 Aug 1994
18 Aug 1992 Accession 16 Nov 1992 Declarations
End notes
16 Sep 1987 31 Mar 1988 Acceptance 01 Jan 1989
06 Sep 1995 Accession 05 Dec 1995
12 Mar 1993 Accession 10 Jun 1993
07 Mar 1996 Accession 05 Jun 1996
23 Oct 2006 Ratification 21 Jan 2007 Declarations
End notes
07 Jan 1988 28 Dec 1995 Ratification 27 Mar 1996
09 Sep 1994 Accession 08 Dec 1994
24 Nov 1993 Accession 22 Feb 1994
20 Sep 1993 Accession 19 Dec 1993
12 Nov 2001 Accession 10 Feb 2002
06 Jul 1994 Accession 04 Oct 1994
16 Sep 1987 16 Dec 1988 Acceptance 01 Jan 1989 Declarations
End notes
16 Sep 1987 21 Jul 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989 Declarations
End notes
05 Mar 1993 Accession 03 Jun 1993
09 Oct 1992 Accession 07 Jan 1993
31 Oct 1988 Accession 01 Jan 1989
22 Dec 2003 Accession 21 Mar 2004
16 Sep 1987 24 Jun 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
30 Jun 1999 Accession 28 Sep 1999
18 Dec 1992 Accession 18 Mar 1993
29 May 2001 Accession 27 Aug 2001
16 Sep 1987 03 Mar 1989 Ratification 01 Jun 1989
27 Oct 1992 Accession 25 Jan 1993
03 Dec 1992 Accession 03 Mar 1993
31 Mar 1993 Accession 29 Jun 1993
14 Sep 1988 17 Jul 1991 Ratification 15 Oct 1991
13 Jul 1990 Accession 11 Oct 1990
16 Sep 1987 17 Oct 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989 Declarations
End notes
22 Jan 1996 Accession 21 Apr 1996
27 Feb 1992 Accession 27 May 1992
24 Oct 1996 Accession 22 Jan 1997
27 Jan 1993 Accession 27 Apr 1993
29 Dec 1987 10 Nov 1988 Acceptance 01 Jan 1989
11 Oct 2001 Accession 09 Jan 2002
10 Aug 1992 Accession 08 Nov 1992
28 Jul 1993 Accession 26 Oct 1993
02 Dec 1996 Accession 02 Mar 1997
21 Dec 1992 Accession 21 Mar 1993
23 Apr 2009 Accession 22 Jul 2009
19 Nov 2001 Accession 17 Feb 2002
01 Mar 1993 Accession 30 May 1993
16 Sep 1987 06 May 1993 Ratification 04 Aug 1993
12 Mar 2001 Ratification 10 Jun 2001 Declarations
End notes
06 Jan 1993 Accession 06 Apr 1993
29 Aug 2001 Accession 27 Nov 2001
05 Jan 1989 Accession 05 Apr 1989
28 May 1993 Ratification 26 Aug 1993 Declarations
End notes
06 Jul 1992 Ratification 04 Oct 1992 Declarations
End notes
17 Jun 1993 Accession 15 Sep 1993
01 Aug 2001 Accession 30 Oct 2001
15 Jan 1990 Accession 15 Apr 1990
12 Jan 2012 Accession 11 Apr 2012
21 Jul 1988 16 Dec 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
15 Dec 1989 Accession 15 Mar 1990
18 Mar 2019 Accession 16 Jun 2019
29 Jan 1993 Accession 29 Apr 1993
14 Oct 1997 Accession 12 Jan 1998
16 Sep 1987 29 Jun 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
16 Sep 1987 28 Dec 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
12 Dec 1989 Accession 12 Mar 1990
07 Jan 1998 Accession 07 Apr 1998
15 Sep 1988 07 Jul 1989 Ratification 05 Oct 1989
25 Jul 1990 Accession 23 Oct 1990
10 Mar 1994 Ratification 08 Jun 1994 Declarations
End notes
16 Sep 2009 Accession 15 Dec 2009
16 Sep 1987 25 Feb 1991 Ratification 26 May 1991
29 Jul 1998 Accession 27 Oct 1998
28 Aug 1989 Accession 26 Nov 1989
25 Sep 1989 Accession 24 Dec 1989
20 Sep 1991 Accession 19 Dec 1991
18 Nov 1993 Accession 16 Feb 1994
15 Jul 1993 Accession 13 Oct 1993
15 Sep 1988 15 Sep 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
18 Feb 1988 20 Sep 1988 Acceptance 01 Jan 1989
22 Dec 1989 Accession 22 Mar 1990
16 Sep 1987 16 Dec 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989 Declarations
End notes
16 Apr 1993 Accession 15 Jul 1993
16 Sep 1987 21 Apr 1988 Ratification 01 Jan 1989
08 Jan 1991 Accession 08 Apr 1991
18 May 1993 Accession 16 Aug 1993
21 Nov 1994 Accession 19 Feb 1995
05 May 2008 Accession 03 Aug 2008
16 Sep 1987 06 Feb 1989 Ratification 07 May 1989
26 Jan 1994 Accession 26 Apr 1994
21 Feb 1996 Accession 21 May 1996
24 Jan 1990 Accession 24 Apr 1990
03 Nov 1992 Accession 01 Feb 1993

Declarations

The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Protocol on 3 January 1991. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

On 6 and 10 June 1997, the Secretary-General received communications concerning the status of Hong Kong from the Governments of the United Kingdom and China (see also note 2 under “China” and note 2 under “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland” regarding Hong Kong in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume). Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, China notified the Secretary-General that the Convention with the reservation made by China will also apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

In addition, the notification made by the Government of China contained the following declaration:

Provisions of article 5 of the [said Protocol] will not be applied to the Hong Kong Special Region.

On 19 October 1999, the Secretary-General received from the Government of China, the following communication:

In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the Question of Macau (hereinafter referred to as the Joint Declaration), the Government of the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999. Macau will, from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defense affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.

In this connection, [the Government of the People's Republic of China informs the Secretary-General of the following:]

The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, which the Government of the People's Republic of China deposited the instrument of accession on 11 September 1989, as well as the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 16 September 1987 and the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 29 June 1990 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention, the Protocol and the Amendment"), will apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region with effect from 20 December 1999. The Government of the People's Republic of China also wishes to make the following declaration:

Provisions of Article 5 of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 16 September 1987 will not be applied to the Macau Special Administrative Region, and provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 5 of the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 29 June 1990 will not be applied to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

The Government of the People's Republic of China will assume responsibility for the international rights, and oligations arising from the application of the Convention, the Protocol and the Amendment to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

In reference to the communication made on 19 October 1999, the Government of China furthermore informs the Secretary-General of the following:

The above-mentioned declaration is solely to make the provisions of the Protocol that had previously applied to Macau continue to so apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region. The declaration is not purported to modify the obligations previously undertaken by Macau under the Protocol and is fully consistent with the objectives and purposes of the Protocol. In fact, the Chinese Government had made a statement of the same nature in the note of 6 June 1997 to the Secretary-General of the United Nations concerning the continuing application of the Protocol to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The past two years and a half since Hong Kong's return to China saw a clear and full understanding on the part of the Parties to the Protocol of the approach adopted by the Chinese Government.

The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Protocol on 3 January 1991. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

Czechoslovakia had acceded to the Protocol on 1 October 1990. See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

The decision, made on 20 December 1991, to reserve the application to Greenland and the Faroe Islands, was lifted by a notification received on 12 February 1997.

The German Democratic Republic had acceded to the Protocol on 25 January 1989. See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

See note 1 under “Germany” regarding Berlin (West) in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

On 9 January 2020, the Secretary-General received a communication from the Government of Mauritius relating to the Chagos Archipelago.

See C.N.48.2020.TREATIES-XXVII.2.a of 31 January 2020 for the text of the above-mentioned communication.

See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.

For the Kingdom in Europe, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.

Upon ratification the Government of New Zealand specified that the Protocol shall not apply to the Cook Islands and Niue.

On 19 October 1999, the Secretary-General received from the Government of China, the following communication:

In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the Question of Macau (hereinafter referred to as the Joint Declaration), the Government of the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999. Macau will, from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defense affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.

In this connection, [the Government of the People's Republic of China informs the Secretary-General of the following:]

The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, which the Government of the People's Republic of China deposited the instrument of accession on 11 September 1989, as well as the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 16 September 1987 and the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 29 June 1990 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention, the Protocol and the Amendment"), will apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region with effect from 20 December 1999. The Government of the People's Republic of China also wishes to make the following declaration:

Provisions of Article 5 of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 16 September 1987 will not be applied to the Macau Special Administrative Region, and provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 5 of the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 29 June 1990 will not be applied to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

The Government of the People's Republic of China will assume responsibility for the international rights, and oligations arising from the application of the Convention, the Protocol and the Amendment to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

In reference to the communication made on 19 October 1999, the Government of China furthermore informs the Secretary-General of the following:

The above-mentioned declaration is solely to make the provisions of the Protocol that had previously applied to Macau continue to so apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region. The declaration is not purported to modify the obligations previously undertaken by Macau under the Protocol and is fully consistent with the objectives and purposes of the Protocol. In fact, the Chinese Government had made a statement of the same nature in the note of 6 June 1997 to the Secretary-General of the United Nations concerning the continuing application of the Protocol to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The past two years and a half since Hong Kong's return to China saw a clear and full understanding on the part of the Parties to the Protocol of the approach adopted by the Chinese Government.

On 15 February 1994, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Portugal a notification to the effect that it shall extend the Protocol to Macau.

Subsequently, the Secretary-General received, on 21 October 1999, from the Government of Portugal, the following communication:

“In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the Portuguese Republic and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Macau signed on 13 April 1987, the Portuguese Republic will continue to have international responsibility for Macau until 19 December 1999 and from that date onwards the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999.

From 20 December 1999 onwards the Portuguese Republic will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to Macau."

The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Protocol on 3 January 1991. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

Czechoslovakia had acceded to the Protocol on 1 October 1990. See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Protocol on 3 January 1991. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Protocol on 3 January 1991. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

On 6 and 10 June 1997, the Secretary-General received communications concerning the status of Hong Kong from the Governments of the United Kingdom and China (see also note 2 under “China” and note 2 under “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland” regarding Hong Kong in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume). Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, China notified the Secretary-General that the Convention with the reservation made by China will also apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

In addition, the notification made by the Government of China contained the following declaration:

Provisions of article 5 of the [said Protocol] will not be applied to the Hong Kong Special Region.

In respect of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Bailiwick of Jersey, the Isle of Man, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Gibraltar, Hong Kong (see also note 3 ) , Montserrat, Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands, Saint Helena, Saint Helena Dependencies, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands.

In this regard, the Secretary-General received, from the Government of Argentina the following objection:

The Argentine Republic rejects the ratification of the above-mentioned Convention by the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland with respect to the Malvinas, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands and reaffirms its sovereignty over those Islands, which form a part of its national territory.

The United Nations General Assembly has adopted resolutions 2065 (XX), 3160 (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12 and 39/6 in which it recognizes the existence of a sovereignty dispute concerning the question of the Malvinas and urges the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to resume negotiations in order to find as soon as possible a peaceful and definitive solution to the dispute and to their remaining differences relating to the question, through the good offices of the Secretary-General, who is to report to the General Assembly on the progress made. The United Nations General Assembly also adopted resolution 40/21 and 41/40, which again urge the two parties to resume the negotiations.

The Argentine Republic also rejects the ratification of the above-mentioned Convention by the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland with respect to what that country calls "British Antarctic Territory".

At the same time, it reaffirms its rights of sovereignty over the Argentine Antarctic Sector located between longitudes 25 o and 74 o W and latitude 60 o S and the South Pole, including its maritime spaces.

It is appropriate to recall, in this connection, the provisions concerning rights of or claims to territorial sovereignty in Antarctica contained in article IV of the Antarctic Treaty.

Further, upon ratification, the Government of Chile declared the following:

[Chile] rejects the declaration made by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland upon ratification, as it concerns the Chilean Antarctic Territory, including the corresponding maritime zones: [Chile] reaffirms once more its sovereignty over the said territory including its maritime areas, as defined by Supreme Decree No. 1747 of 6 November 1940.

In this connection, the Secretary-General received, on 2 August 1990, from the Government of the United Kingdom, the following objection:

"The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland have no doubt as to British sovereignty over the British Antarctic Territory. In this respect, the Government of the United Kingdom would draw attention to the provisions of Article IV of the Antarctic Treaty of 1 December 1959, to which both Chile and the United Kingdom are parties.

For the above reasons, the Government of the United Kingdom reject the Chilean declaration."

In a communication received on 30 August 1990, the Government of the United Kingdom notified the Secretary-General that the Protocol shall extend to the Bailiwick of Guernsey for whose international relations the Government of the United Kingdom is responsible.

The Government of Mauritius, upon acceding to the Convention, made the following declaration:

"The Republic of Mauritius rejects the ratification of [the Protocol] effected by the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on 16 December 1988 in respect of the British Indian Ocean Territory namely Chagos Archipelago and reaffirms its sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago, which form an integral part of its national territory."

Subsequently, on 27 January 1993, the Secretary-General received from the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland the following communication with respect to the declaration made by the Government of Mauritius:

"The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland have no doubt as to British sovereignty over the British Indian Ocean Territory and their consequent right to extend the application of the [said] Convention and Protocol to it. Accordingly, the Government of the United Kingdom do not accept or regard as having any legal effect the declarations made by the Government of the Republic of Mauritius.

On 17 April 2015, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Spain the following communication relating to the territorial application by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to Gibraltar:

1. Gibraltar is a Non-Self-Governing Territory for whose international relations the Government of the United Kingdom is responsible and which is subject to a process of decolonization in accordance with the relevant decisions and resolutions of the General Assembly.

2. The authorities of Gibraltar are local in character, and exercise competences exclusively overinternal affairs that originate in and are based on the powers allocated to and conferred on them by the United Kingdom, in accordance with its domestic legislation and in its capacity as the sovereign State upon which depends the said Non-Self-Governing Territory.

3. Consequently, any involvement by the Gibraltarian authorities in the implementation of this Protocol shall be understood to take place exclusively within the framework of the internal affairs of Gibraltar and shall not be considered to affect in any way the content of the two preceding paragraphs.

4. The procedure envisaged in the "Arrangements relating to Gibraltar authorities in the context of certain international treaties (2007)", which were agreed to by Spain and the United Kingdom on 19 December 2007 together with "Agreed Arrangements relating to Gibraltar authorities in the context of European Union and European Community Instruments and Related Treaties" of 19 April 2000 applies to the present Protocol.

5. The application to Gibraltar of the present Protocol cannot be interpreted as recognition of any rights or situations involving matters not included in Article 10 of the Treaty of Utrecht of 13 July 1713, signed by the crowns of Spain and Great Britain.

End Notes

The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Protocol on 3 January 1991. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

On 6 and 10 June 1997, the Secretary-General received communications concerning the status of Hong Kong from the Governments of the United Kingdom and China (see also note 2 under “China” and note 2 under “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland” regarding Hong Kong in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume). Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, China notified the Secretary-General that the Convention with the reservation made by China will also apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

In addition, the notification made by the Government of China contained the following declaration:

Provisions of article 5 of the [said Protocol] will not be applied to the Hong Kong Special Region.

On 19 October 1999, the Secretary-General received from the Government of China, the following communication:

In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the Question of Macau (hereinafter referred to as the Joint Declaration), the Government of the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999. Macau will, from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defense affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.

In this connection, [the Government of the People's Republic of China informs the Secretary-General of the following:]

The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, which the Government of the People's Republic of China deposited the instrument of accession on 11 September 1989, as well as the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 16 September 1987 and the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 29 June 1990 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention, the Protocol and the Amendment"), will apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region with effect from 20 December 1999. The Government of the People's Republic of China also wishes to make the following declaration:

Provisions of Article 5 of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 16 September 1987 will not be applied to the Macau Special Administrative Region, and provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 5 of the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 29 June 1990 will not be applied to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

The Government of the People's Republic of China will assume responsibility for the international rights, and oligations arising from the application of the Convention, the Protocol and the Amendment to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

In reference to the communication made on 19 October 1999, the Government of China furthermore informs the Secretary-General of the following:

The above-mentioned declaration is solely to make the provisions of the Protocol that had previously applied to Macau continue to so apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region. The declaration is not purported to modify the obligations previously undertaken by Macau under the Protocol and is fully consistent with the objectives and purposes of the Protocol. In fact, the Chinese Government had made a statement of the same nature in the note of 6 June 1997 to the Secretary-General of the United Nations concerning the continuing application of the Protocol to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The past two years and a half since Hong Kong's return to China saw a clear and full understanding on the part of the Parties to the Protocol of the approach adopted by the Chinese Government.

The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Protocol on 3 January 1991. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

Czechoslovakia had acceded to the Protocol on 1 October 1990. See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

The decision, made on 20 December 1991, to reserve the application to Greenland and the Faroe Islands, was lifted by a notification received on 12 February 1997.

The German Democratic Republic had acceded to the Protocol on 25 January 1989. See also note 2 under “Germany” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

See note 1 under “Germany” regarding Berlin (West) in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

On 9 January 2020, the Secretary-General received a communication from the Government of Mauritius relating to the Chagos Archipelago.

See C.N.48.2020.TREATIES-XXVII.2.a of 31 January 2020 for the text of the above-mentioned communication.

See note 1 under "Montenegro" in the "Historical Information" section in the front matter of this volume.

For the Kingdom in Europe, the Netherlands Antilles and Aruba.

Upon ratification the Government of New Zealand specified that the Protocol shall not apply to the Cook Islands and Niue.

On 19 October 1999, the Secretary-General received from the Government of China, the following communication:

In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of the Republic of Portugal on the Question of Macau (hereinafter referred to as the Joint Declaration), the Government of the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999. Macau will, from that date, become a Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China and will enjoy a high degree of autonomy, except in foreign and defense affairs which are the responsibilities of the Central People's Government of the People's Republic of China.

In this connection, [the Government of the People's Republic of China informs the Secretary-General of the following:]

The Vienna Convention for the Protection of the Ozone Layer, which the Government of the People's Republic of China deposited the instrument of accession on 11 September 1989, as well as the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 16 September 1987 and the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 29 June 1990 (hereinafter referred to as the "Convention, the Protocol and the Amendment"), will apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region with effect from 20 December 1999. The Government of the People's Republic of China also wishes to make the following declaration:

Provisions of Article 5 of the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 16 September 1987 will not be applied to the Macau Special Administrative Region, and provisions of paragraph 1 of Article 5 of the Amendment to the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer of 29 June 1990 will not be applied to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

The Government of the People's Republic of China will assume responsibility for the international rights, and oligations arising from the application of the Convention, the Protocol and the Amendment to the Macau Special Administrative Region.

In reference to the communication made on 19 October 1999, the Government of China furthermore informs the Secretary-General of the following:

The above-mentioned declaration is solely to make the provisions of the Protocol that had previously applied to Macau continue to so apply to the Macau Special Administrative Region. The declaration is not purported to modify the obligations previously undertaken by Macau under the Protocol and is fully consistent with the objectives and purposes of the Protocol. In fact, the Chinese Government had made a statement of the same nature in the note of 6 June 1997 to the Secretary-General of the United Nations concerning the continuing application of the Protocol to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The past two years and a half since Hong Kong's return to China saw a clear and full understanding on the part of the Parties to the Protocol of the approach adopted by the Chinese Government.

On 15 February 1994, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Portugal a notification to the effect that it shall extend the Protocol to Macau.

Subsequently, the Secretary-General received, on 21 October 1999, from the Government of Portugal, the following communication:

“In accordance with the Joint Declaration of the Government of the Portuguese Republic and the Government of the People's Republic of China on the Question of Macau signed on 13 April 1987, the Portuguese Republic will continue to have international responsibility for Macau until 19 December 1999 and from that date onwards the People's Republic of China will resume the exercise of sovereignty over Macau with effect from 20 December 1999.

From 20 December 1999 onwards the Portuguese Republic will cease to be responsible for the international rights and obligations arising from the application of the Convention to Macau."

The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Protocol on 3 January 1991. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

Czechoslovakia had acceded to the Protocol on 1 October 1990. See also note 1 under “Czech Republic” and note 1 under “Slovakia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Protocol on 3 January 1991. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

The former Yugoslavia had acceeded to the Protocol on 3 January 1991. See also note 1 under “Bosnia and Herzegovina”, “Croatia”, “former Yugoslavia”, “Slovenia”, “The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia” and “Yugoslavia” in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume.

On 6 and 10 June 1997, the Secretary-General received communications concerning the status of Hong Kong from the Governments of the United Kingdom and China (see also note 2 under “China” and note 2 under “United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland” regarding Hong Kong in the “Historical Information” section in the front matter of this volume). Upon resuming the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, China notified the Secretary-General that the Convention with the reservation made by China will also apply to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

In addition, the notification made by the Government of China contained the following declaration:

Provisions of article 5 of the [said Protocol] will not be applied to the Hong Kong Special Region.

In respect of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Bailiwick of Jersey, the Isle of Man, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Falkland Islands (Malvinas), Gibraltar, Hong Kong (see also note 3 ) , Montserrat, Pitcairn, Henderson, Ducie and Oeno Islands, Saint Helena, Saint Helena Dependencies, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Turks and Caicos Islands.

In this regard, the Secretary-General received, from the Government of Argentina the following objection:

The Argentine Republic rejects the ratification of the above-mentioned Convention by the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland with respect to the Malvinas, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands and reaffirms its sovereignty over those Islands, which form a part of its national territory.

The United Nations General Assembly has adopted resolutions 2065 (XX), 3160 (XXVIII), 31/49, 37/9, 38/12 and 39/6 in which it recognizes the existence of a sovereignty dispute concerning the question of the Malvinas and urges the Argentine Republic and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to resume negotiations in order to find as soon as possible a peaceful and definitive solution to the dispute and to their remaining differences relating to the question, through the good offices of the Secretary-General, who is to report to the General Assembly on the progress made. The United Nations General Assembly also adopted resolution 40/21 and 41/40, which again urge the two parties to resume the negotiations.

The Argentine Republic also rejects the ratification of the above-mentioned Convention by the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland with respect to what that country calls "British Antarctic Territory".

At the same time, it reaffirms its rights of sovereignty over the Argentine Antarctic Sector located between longitudes 25 o and 74 o W and latitude 60 o S and the South Pole, including its maritime spaces.

It is appropriate to recall, in this connection, the provisions concerning rights of or claims to territorial sovereignty in Antarctica contained in article IV of the Antarctic Treaty.

Further, upon ratification, the Government of Chile declared the following:

[Chile] rejects the declaration made by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland upon ratification, as it concerns the Chilean Antarctic Territory, including the corresponding maritime zones: [Chile] reaffirms once more its sovereignty over the said territory including its maritime areas, as defined by Supreme Decree No. 1747 of 6 November 1940.

In this connection, the Secretary-General received, on 2 August 1990, from the Government of the United Kingdom, the following objection:

"The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland have no doubt as to British sovereignty over the British Antarctic Territory. In this respect, the Government of the United Kingdom would draw attention to the provisions of Article IV of the Antarctic Treaty of 1 December 1959, to which both Chile and the United Kingdom are parties.

For the above reasons, the Government of the United Kingdom reject the Chilean declaration."

In a communication received on 30 August 1990, the Government of the United Kingdom notified the Secretary-General that the Protocol shall extend to the Bailiwick of Guernsey for whose international relations the Government of the United Kingdom is responsible.

The Government of Mauritius, upon acceding to the Convention, made the following declaration:

"The Republic of Mauritius rejects the ratification of [the Protocol] effected by the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland on 16 December 1988 in respect of the British Indian Ocean Territory namely Chagos Archipelago and reaffirms its sovereignty over the Chagos Archipelago, which form an integral part of its national territory."

Subsequently, on 27 January 1993, the Secretary-General received from the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland the following communication with respect to the declaration made by the Government of Mauritius:

"The Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland have no doubt as to British sovereignty over the British Indian Ocean Territory and their consequent right to extend the application of the [said] Convention and Protocol to it. Accordingly, the Government of the United Kingdom do not accept or regard as having any legal effect the declarations made by the Government of the Republic of Mauritius.

On 17 April 2015, the Secretary-General received from the Government of Spain the following communication relating to the territorial application by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland to Gibraltar:

1. Gibraltar is a Non-Self-Governing Territory for whose international relations the Government of the United Kingdom is responsible and which is subject to a process of decolonization in accordance with the relevant decisions and resolutions of the General Assembly.

2. The authorities of Gibraltar are local in character, and exercise competences exclusively overinternal affairs that originate in and are based on the powers allocated to and conferred on them by the United Kingdom, in accordance with its domestic legislation and in its capacity as the sovereign State upon which depends the said Non-Self-Governing Territory.

3. Consequently, any involvement by the Gibraltarian authorities in the implementation of this Protocol shall be understood to take place exclusively within the framework of the internal affairs of Gibraltar and shall not be considered to affect in any way the content of the two preceding paragraphs.

4. The procedure envisaged in the "Arrangements relating to Gibraltar authorities in the context of certain international treaties (2007)", which were agreed to by Spain and the United Kingdom on 19 December 2007 together with "Agreed Arrangements relating to Gibraltar authorities in the context of European Union and European Community Instruments and Related Treaties" of 19 April 2000 applies to the present Protocol.

5. The application to Gibraltar of the present Protocol cannot be interpreted as recognition of any rights or situations involving matters not included in Article 10 of the Treaty of Utrecht of 13 July 1713, signed by the crowns of Spain and Great Britain.