Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Afghanistan 17 Jun 2004Accession15 Sep 2004
Albania 8 Oct 1999Accession6 Jan 2000
Algeria 20 Oct 1992Accession18 Jan 1993
Andorra 26 Jan 2009Accession26 Apr 2009
Angola 17 May 2000Accession15 Aug 2000
Antigua and Barbuda 3 Dec 1992Accession3 Mar 1993
Argentina29 Jun 198818 Sep 1990Ratification17 Dec 1990
Armenia 1 Oct 1999Accession30 Dec 1999
Australia8 Jun 198819 May 1989Ratification17 Aug 1989
Austria29 Aug 19883 May 1989Ratification1 Aug 1989
Azerbaijan 12 Jun 1996Accession10 Sep 1996
Bahamas 4 May 1993Accession2 Aug 1993
Bahrain 27 Apr 1990Accession26 Jul 1990
Bangladesh 2 Aug 1990Accession31 Oct 1990
Barbados 16 Oct 1992Accession14 Jan 1993
Belarus22 Jan 198831 Oct 1988Acceptance1 Jan 1989
Belgium16 Sep 198730 Dec 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Belize 9 Jan 1998Accession9 Apr 1998
Benin 1 Jul 1993Accession29 Sep 1993
Bhutan 23 Aug 2004Accession21 Nov 2004
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 3 Oct 1994Accession1 Jan 1995
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 Sep 1993Ratification30 Nov 1993
Botswana 4 Dec 1991Accession3 Mar 1992
Brazil 19 Mar 1990Accession17 Jun 1990
Brunei Darussalam 27 May 1993Accession25 Aug 1993
Bulgaria 20 Nov 1990Accession18 Feb 1991
Burkina Faso14 Sep 198820 Jul 1989Ratification18 Oct 1989
Burundi 6 Jan 1997Accession6 Apr 1997
Cambodia 27 Jun 2001Accession25 Sep 2001
Cameroon 30 Aug 1989Accession28 Nov 1989
Canada16 Sep 198730 Jun 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Cabo Verde 31 Jul 2001Accession29 Oct 2001
Central African Republic 29 Mar 1993Accession27 Jun 1993
Chad 7 Jun 1994Ratification5 Sep 1994
Chile14 Jun 198826 Mar 1990Ratification24 Jun 1990
China 14 Jun 1991Accession12 Sep 1991
Colombia 6 Dec 1993Accession6 Mar 1994
Comoros 31 Oct 1994Accession29 Jan 1995
Congo (Brazzaville)15 Sep 198816 Nov 1994Ratification14 Feb 1995
Cook Islands  22 Dec 2003Accession21 Mar 2004
Costa Rica 30 Jul 1991Accession28 Oct 1991
Côte D'Ivoire 5 Apr 1993Accession4 Jul 1993
Croatia 21 Sep 1992Ratification20 Dec 1992
Cuba 14 Jul 1992Accession12 Oct 1992
Cyprus 28 May 1992Accession26 Aug 1992
Czechia 30 Sep 1993Ratification29 Dec 1993
Democratic Republic of the Congo 30 Nov 1994Accession28 Feb 1995
Denmark16 Sep 198716 Dec 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Djibouti 30 Jul 1999Accession28 Oct 1999
Dominica 31 Mar 1993Accession29 Jun 1993
Dominican Republic 18 May 1993Accession16 Aug 1993
Ecuador 30 Apr 1990Accession29 Jul 1990
Egypt16 Sep 19872 Aug 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
El Salvador 2 Oct 1992Accession31 Dec 1992
Equatorial Guinea 6 Sep 2006Accession5 Dec 2006
Eritrea 10 Mar 2005Accession8 Jun 2005
Estonia 17 Oct 1996Accession15 Jan 1997
Ethiopia 11 Oct 1994Accession9 Jan 1995
European Union16 Sep 198716 Dec 1988Approval1 Jan 1989
Fiji 23 Oct 1989Accession21 Jan 1990
Finland16 Sep 198723 Dec 1988Acceptance1 Jan 1989
France16 Sep 198728 Dec 1988Approval1 Jan 1989
Gabon 9 Feb 1994Accession10 May 1994
Georgia 21 Mar 1996Accession19 Jun 1996
Germany16 Sep 198716 Dec 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Ghana16 Sep 198714 Jul 1992Ratification12 Oct 1992
Greece29 Oct 198729 Dec 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Grenada 31 Mar 1993Accession29 Jun 1993
Guatemala 7 Nov 1989Accession5 Feb 1990
Guinea 25 Jun 1992Accession23 Sep 1992
Guinea-Bissau 12 Nov 2002Accession10 Feb 2003
Guyana 12 Aug 1993Accession10 Nov 1993
Haiti 29 Mar 2000Accession27 Jun 2000
Honduras 14 Oct 1993Accession12 Jan 1994
Hungary 20 Apr 1989Accession19 Jul 1989
Iceland 29 Aug 1989Accession27 Nov 1989
India 19 Jun 1992Accession17 Sep 1992
Indonesia21 Jul 198826 Jun 1992Ratification24 Sep 1992
Iran (Islamic Republic of) 3 Oct 1990Accession1 Jan 1991
Iraq 25 Jun 2008Accession23 Sep 2008
Ireland15 Sep 198816 Dec 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Israel14 Jan 198830 Jun 1992Ratification28 Sep 1992
Italy16 Sep 198716 Dec 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Jamaica 31 Mar 1993Accession29 Jun 1993
Japan16 Sep 198730 Sep 1988Acceptance1 Jan 1989
Jordan 31 May 1989Accession29 Aug 1989
Kazakhstan 26 Aug 1998Accession24 Nov 1998
Kenya16 Sep 19879 Nov 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Kiribati 7 Jan 1993Accession7 Apr 1993
Kuwait 23 Nov 1992Accession21 Feb 1993
Kyrgyzstan 31 May 2000Accession29 Aug 2000
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 21 Aug 1998Accession19 Nov 1998
Latvia 28 Apr 1995Accession27 Jul 1995
Lebanon 31 Mar 1993Accession29 Jun 1993
Lesotho 25 Mar 1994Accession23 Jun 1994
Liberia 15 Jan 1996Accession14 Apr 1996
Libya 11 Jul 1990Accession9 Oct 1990
Liechtenstein 8 Feb 1989Accession9 May 1989
Lithuania 18 Jan 1995Accession18 Apr 1995
Luxembourg29 Jan 198817 Oct 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 10 Mar 1994Ratification8 Jun 1994
Madagascar 7 Nov 1996Accession5 Feb 1997
Malawi 9 Jan 1991Accession9 Apr 1991
Malaysia 29 Aug 1989Accession27 Nov 1989
Maldives12 Jul 198816 May 1989Ratification14 Aug 1989
Mali 28 Oct 1994Accession26 Jan 1995
Malta15 Sep 198829 Dec 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Marshall Islands 11 Mar 1993Accession9 Jun 1993
Mauritania 26 May 1994Accession24 Aug 1994
Mauritius 18 Aug 1992Accession16 Nov 1992
Mexico16 Sep 198731 Mar 1988Acceptance1 Jan 1989
Micronesia (Federated States of) 6 Sep 1995Accession5 Dec 1995
Republic of Moldova 24 Oct 1996Accession22 Jan 1997
Monaco 12 Mar 1993Accession10 Jun 1993
Mongolia 7 Mar 1996Accession5 Jun 1996
Montenegro 23 Oct 2006Ratification21 Jan 2007
Morocco7 Jan 198828 Dec 1995Ratification27 Mar 1996
Mozambique 9 Sep 1994Accession8 Dec 1994
Myanmar 24 Nov 1993Accession22 Feb 1994
Namibia 20 Sep 1993Accession19 Dec 1993
Nauru 12 Nov 2001Accession10 Feb 2002
Nepal 6 Jul 1994Accession4 Oct 1994
Netherlands16 Sep 198716 Dec 1988Acceptance1 Jan 1989
New Zealand16 Sep 198721 Jul 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Nicaragua 5 Mar 1993Accession3 Jun 1993
Niger 9 Oct 1992Accession7 Jan 1993
Nigeria 31 Oct 1988Accession1 Jan 1989
Niue 22 Dec 2003Accession21 Mar 2004
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 24 Jan 1995Accession24 Apr 1995
Norway16 Sep 198724 Jun 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Oman 30 Jun 1999Accession28 Sep 1999
Pakistan 18 Dec 1992Accession18 Mar 1993
Palau 29 May 2001Accession27 Aug 2001
Panama16 Sep 19873 Mar 1989Ratification1 Jun 1989
Papua New Guinea 27 Oct 1992Accession25 Jan 1993
Paraguay 3 Dec 1992Accession3 Mar 1993
Peru 31 Mar 1993Accession29 Jun 1993
Philippines14 Sep 198817 Jul 1991Ratification15 Oct 1991
Poland 13 Jul 1990Accession11 Oct 1990
Portugal16 Sep 198717 Oct 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Qatar 22 Jan 1996Accession21 Apr 1996
Romania 27 Jan 1993Accession27 Apr 1993
Russian Federation29 Dec 198710 Nov 1988Acceptance1 Jan 1989
Rwanda 11 Oct 2001Accession9 Jan 2002
Saint Kitts and Nevis 10 Aug 1992Accession8 Nov 1992
Saint Lucia 28 Jul 1993Accession26 Oct 1993
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2 Dec 1996Accession2 Mar 1997
Samoa 21 Dec 1992Accession21 Mar 1993
San Marino 23 Apr 2009Accession22 Jul 2009
Sao Tome and Principe 19 Nov 2001Accession17 Feb 2002
Saudi Arabia 1 Mar 1993Accession30 May 1993
Senegal16 Sep 19876 May 1993Ratification4 Aug 1993
Serbia 12 Mar 2001Ratification10 Jun 2001
Seychelles 6 Jan 1993Accession6 Apr 1993
Sierra Leone 29 Aug 2001Accession27 Nov 2001
Singapore 5 Jan 1989Accession5 Apr 1989
Slovakia 28 May 1993Ratification26 Aug 1993
Slovenia 6 Jul 1992Ratification4 Oct 1992
Solomon Islands 17 Jun 1993Accession15 Sep 1993
Somalia 1 Aug 2001Accession30 Oct 2001
South Africa 15 Jan 1990Accession15 Apr 1990
Republic of Korea 27 Feb 1992Accession27 May 1992
South Sudan 12 Jan 2012Accession11 Apr 2012
Spain21 Jul 198816 Dec 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Sri Lanka 15 Dec 1989Accession15 Mar 1990
Sudan 29 Jan 1993Accession29 Apr 1993
Suriname 14 Oct 1997Accession12 Jan 1998
Swaziland 10 Nov 1992Accession8 Feb 1993
Sweden16 Sep 198729 Jun 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Switzerland16 Sep 198728 Dec 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Syrian Arab Republic 12 Dec 1989Accession12 Mar 1990
Tajikistan 7 Jan 1998Accession7 Apr 1998
United Republic of Tanzania 16 Apr 1993Accession15 Jul 1993
Thailand15 Sep 19887 Jul 1989Ratification5 Oct 1989
The Gambia 25 Jul 1990Accession23 Oct 1990
Timor-Leste 16 Sep 2009Accession15 Dec 2009
Togo16 Sep 198725 Feb 1991Ratification26 May 1991
Tonga 29 Jul 1998Accession27 Oct 1998
Trinidad and Tobago 28 Aug 1989Accession26 Nov 1989
Tunisia 25 Sep 1989Accession24 Dec 1989
Turkey 20 Sep 1991Accession19 Dec 1991
Turkmenistan 18 Nov 1993Accession16 Feb 1994
Tuvalu 15 Jul 1993Accession13 Oct 1993
Uganda15 Sep 198815 Sep 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Ukraine18 Feb 198820 Sep 1988Acceptance1 Jan 1989
United Arab Emirates 22 Dec 1989Accession22 Mar 1990
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland16 Sep 198716 Dec 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
United States of America16 Sep 198721 Apr 1988Ratification1 Jan 1989
Uruguay 8 Jan 1991Accession8 Apr 1991
Uzbekistan 18 May 1993Accession16 Aug 1993
Vanuatu 21 Nov 1994Accession19 Feb 1995
Vatican City State 5 May 2008Accession3 Aug 2008
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)16 Sep 19876 Feb 1989Ratification7 May 1989
Viet Nam 26 Jan 1994Accession26 Apr 1994
Yemen 21 Feb 1996Accession21 May 1996
Zambia 24 Jan 1990Accession24 Apr 1990
Zimbabwe 3 Nov 1992Accession1 Feb 1993