Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartyStatusEntry into force
AlbaniaAccession29 Feb 1996
AlgeriaAccession4 Mar 1984
AndorraRatification23 Nov 2012
Antigua and BarbudaAccession2 Oct 2005
ArgentinaRatification4 Sep 1992
ArmeniaAccession6 Nov 1993
AustraliaSignature without reservation as to ratification21 Dec 1975
AustriaAccession16 Apr 1983
AzerbaijanAccession21 Sep 2001
BahamasRatification7 Jun 1997
BahrainAccession27 Feb 1998
BangladeshAcceptance21 Sep 1992
BarbadosAccession12 Apr 2006
BelarusNotification of succession25 Aug 1991
BelgiumRatification4 Jul 1986
BelizeAccession22 Aug 1998
BeninAccession24 May 2000
BhutanAccession7 Sep 2012
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)Accession27 Oct 1990
Bosnia and HerzegovinaNotification of succession1 Mar 1992
BotswanaAccession9 Apr 1997
BrazilAccession24 Sep 1993
BulgariaSignature without reservation as to ratification24 Jan 1976
Burkina FasoAccession27 Oct 1990
BurundiAccession5 Oct 2002
Cabo VerdeAccession18 Nov 2005
CambodiaAccession23 Oct 1999
CameroonAccession20 Jul 2006
CanadaAccession15 May 1981
Central African RepublicAccession5 Apr 2006
ChadAccession13 Oct 1990
ChileAccession27 Nov 1981
ChinaAccession31 Jul 1992
ColombiaAccession18 Oct 1998
ComorosAccession9 Jun 1995
Congo (Brazzaville)Accession18 Oct 1998
Costa RicaRatification27 Apr 1992
Côte D'IvoireAccession27 Jun 1996
CroatiaNotification of succession25 Jun 1991
CubaRatification12 Aug 2001
CyprusAccession11 Nov 2001
CzechiaNotification of succession1 Jan 1993
Democratic People's Republic of KoreaAccession16 May 2018
Democratic Republic of the CongoAccession18 May 1996
DenmarkAccession2 Jan 1978
DjiboutiAccession22 Mar 2003
Dominican RepublicAccession15 Sep 2002
EcuadorAccession7 Jan 1991
EgyptRatification9 Sep 1988
El SalvadorRatification22 May 1999
Equatorial GuineaAccession2 Oct 2003
EstoniaRatification29 Jul 1994
FijiAccession11 Aug 2006
FinlandRatification21 Dec 1975
FranceRatification1 Dec 1986
GabonSignature without reservation as to ratification30 Apr 1987
GeorgiaAccession7 Jun 1997
GermanyRatification26 Jun 1976
GhanaAccession22 Jun 1988
GreeceAccession21 Dec 1975
GrenadaAccession22 Sep 2012
GuatemalaAccession26 Oct 1990
GuineaAccession18 Mar 1993
Guinea-BissauAccession14 May 1990
HondurasAccession23 Oct 1993
HungaryAccession11 Aug 1979
IcelandAccession2 Apr 1978
IndiaAccession1 Feb 1982
IndonesiaRatification8 Aug 1992
Iran (Islamic Republic of)Ratification21 Dec 1975
IraqAccession17 Feb 2008
IrelandRatification15 Mar 1985
IsraelRatification12 Mar 1997
ItalyRatification14 Apr 1977
JamaicaAccession7 Feb 1998
JapanAccession17 Oct 1980
JordanAccession10 May 1977
KazakhstanAccession2 May 2007
KenyaAccession5 Oct 1990
KiribatiAccession3 Aug 2013
KuwaitAccession5 Sep 2015
KyrgyzstanAccession12 Mar 2003
Lao People’s Democratic RepublicAccession28 Sep 2010
LatviaAccession25 Nov 1995
LebanonAccession16 Aug 1999
LesothoAccession1 Nov 2004
LiberiaAccession2 Nov 2003
LibyaAccession5 Aug 2000
LiechtensteinAccession6 Dec 1991
LithuaniaAccession20 Dec 1993
LuxembourgRatification15 Aug 1998
MadagascarAccession25 Jan 1999
MalawiAccession14 Mar 1997
MalaysiaRatification10 Mar 1995
MaliAccession25 Sep 1987
MaltaAccession30 Jan 1989
Marshall IslandsAccession13 Nov 2004
MauritaniaAccession22 Feb 1983
MauritiusRatification30 Sep 2001
MexicoAccession4 Nov 1986
MonacoAccession20 Dec 1997
MongoliaAccession8 Apr 1998
MontenegroNotification of succession3 Jun 2006
MoroccoSignature without reservation as to ratification20 Oct 1980
MozambiqueAccession3 Dec 2004
MyanmarAccession17 Mar 2005
NamibiaAccession23 Dec 1995
NepalAccession17 Apr 1988
NetherlandsAccession23 Sep 1980
New ZealandSignature without reservation as to ratification13 Dec 1976
NicaraguaAccession30 Nov 1997
NigerSignature without reservation as to ratification30 Aug 1987
NigeriaAccession2 Feb 2001
NorwaySignature without reservation as to ratification21 Dec 1975
OmanAccession19 Aug 2013
PakistanRatification23 Nov 1976
PalauAccession18 Feb 2003
PanamaAccession26 Nov 1990
Papua New GuineaAccession16 Jul 1993
ParaguayRatification7 Oct 1995
PeruRatification30 Mar 1992
PhilippinesAccession8 Nov 1994
PolandAccession22 Mar 1978
PortugalRatification24 Mar 1981
Republic of KoreaAccession28 Jul 1997
Republic of MoldovaAccession20 Oct 2000
RomaniaAccession21 Sep 1991
Russian FederationRatification11 Feb 1977
RwandaAccession1 Apr 2006
Saint LuciaAccession19 Jun 2002
SamoaAccession6 Feb 2005
Sao Tome and PrincipeAccession21 Dec 2006
SenegalAccession11 Nov 1977
SerbiaNotification of succession27 Apr 1992
SeychellesAccession22 Mar 2005
Sierra LeoneAccession13 Apr 2000
SlovakiaNotification of succession1 Jan 1993
SloveniaNotification of succession25 Jun 1991
South AfricaSignature without reservation as to ratification21 Dec 1975
South SudanAccession10 Oct 2013
SpainAccession4 Sep 1982
Sri LankaAccession15 Oct 1990
SudanAccession7 May 2005
SurinameAccession22 Nov 1985
Eswatini, Kingdom ofAccession15 Jun 2013
SwedenSignature without reservation as to ratification5 Apr 1975
SwitzerlandRatification16 May 1976
Syrian Arab RepublicRatification5 Jul 1998
TajikistanAccession18 Nov 2001
ThailandSignature without reservation as to ratification13 Sep 1998
The former Yugoslav Republic of MacedoniaNotification of succession8 Sep 1991
The GambiaRatification16 Jan 1997
TogoAccession4 Nov 1995
Trinidad and TobagoAccession21 Apr 1993
TunisiaAccession24 Mar 1981
TurkeyAccession13 Nov 1994
TurkmenistanAccession3 Jul 2009
UgandaRatification4 Jul 1988
UkraineNotification of succession1 Dec 1991
United Arab EmiratesAccession29 Dec 2007
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern IrelandRatification5 May 1976
United Republic of TanzaniaAccession13 Aug 2000
United States of AmericaRatification18 Dec 1986
UruguayAccession22 Sep 1984
UzbekistanAccession8 Feb 2002
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)Accession23 Nov 1988
Viet NamAccession20 Jan 1989
YemenAccession8 Feb 2008
ZambiaAccession28 Dec 1991
ZimbabweAccession3 May 2013