Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Afghanistan 6 Mar 2013Accession4 Jun 2013
Albania 9 Aug 2010Accession7 Nov 2010
Antigua and Barbuda 23 Aug 2010Accession21 Nov 2010
Argentina11 Sep 199811 Jun 2004Ratification9 Sep 2004
Armenia11 Sep 199826 Nov 2003Ratification23 Feb 2004
Australia6 Jul 199920 May 2004Ratification18 Aug 2004
Austria11 Sep 199827 Aug 2002Ratification23 Feb 2004
Bahrain 16 Apr 2012Accession15 Jul 2012
Belgium11 Sep 199823 Oct 2002Ratification23 Feb 2004
Belize 20 Apr 2005Accession19 Jul 2005
Benin11 Sep 19985 Jan 2004Ratification23 Feb 2004
Bolivia (Plurinational State of) 18 Dec 2003Accession23 Feb 2004
Bosnia and Herzegovina 19 Mar 2007Accession17 Jun 2007
Botswana 5 Feb 2008Accession5 May 2008
Brazil11 Sep 199816 Jun 2004Ratification14 Sep 2004
Bulgaria 25 Jul 2000Accession23 Feb 2004
Burkina Faso11 Sep 199811 Nov 2002Ratification23 Feb 2004
Burundi 23 Sep 2004Accession22 Dec 2004
Cambodia 1 Mar 2013Accession30 May 2013
Cameroon11 Sep 199820 May 2002Ratification23 Feb 2004
Canada 26 Aug 2002Accession23 Feb 2004
Cabo Verde 1 Mar 2006Accession30 May 2006
Chad11 Sep 199810 Mar 2004Ratification8 Jun 2004
Chile11 Sep 199820 Jan 2005Ratification20 Apr 2005
China24 Aug 199922 Mar 2005Ratification20 Jun 2005
Colombia11 Sep 19983 Dec 2008Ratification3 Mar 2009
Congo (Brazzaville)11 Sep 199813 Jul 2006Ratification11 Oct 2006
Cook Islands  29 Jun 2004Accession27 Sep 2004
Costa Rica17 Aug 199913 Aug 2009Ratification11 Nov 2009
Côte D'Ivoire11 Sep 199820 Jan 2004Ratification23 Feb 2004
Croatia 16 Nov 2007Accession14 Feb 2008
Cuba11 Sep 199822 Feb 2008Ratification22 May 2008
Cyprus11 Sep 199817 Dec 2004Ratification17 Mar 2005
Czechia22 Jun 199912 Jun 2000Ratification23 Feb 2004
Democratic Republic of the Congo 23 Mar 2005Ratification21 Jun 2005
Denmark11 Sep 199815 Jan 2004Ratification23 Feb 2004
Djibouti 10 Nov 2004Accession8 Feb 2005
Dominica 30 Dec 2005Accession30 Mar 2006
Dominican Republic 24 Mar 2006Accession22 Jun 2006
Ecuador11 Sep 19984 May 2004Ratification2 Aug 2004
El Salvador16 Feb 19998 Sep 1999Ratification23 Feb 2004
Equatorial Guinea 7 Feb 2003Accession23 Feb 2004
Eritrea 10 Mar 2005Accession8 Jun 2005
Estonia 13 Jun 2006Accession11 Sep 2006
Ethiopia 9 Jan 2003Accession23 Feb 2004
European Union11 Sep 199820 Dec 2002Approval23 Feb 2004
Finland11 Sep 19984 Jun 2004Acceptance2 Sep 2004
France11 Sep 199817 Feb 2004Approval23 Feb 2004
Gabon 18 Dec 2003Accession23 Feb 2004
Georgia 27 Feb 2007Accession28 May 2007
Germany11 Sep 199811 Jan 2001Ratification23 Feb 2004
Ghana11 Sep 199830 May 2003Ratification23 Feb 2004
Greece11 Sep 199823 Dec 2003Ratification23 Feb 2004
Guatemala 19 Apr 2010Accession18 Jul 2010
Guinea 7 Sep 2000Accession23 Feb 2004
Guinea-Bissau10 Sep 199912 Jun 2008Ratification10 Sep 2008
Guyana 25 Jun 2007Accession23 Sep 2007
Honduras 26 Sep 2011Accession25 Dec 2011
Hungary10 Sep 199931 Oct 2000Ratification23 Feb 2004
India 24 May 2005Accession22 Aug 2005
Indonesia11 Sep 199824 Sep 2013Ratification23 Dec 2013
Iran (Islamic Republic of)17 Feb 199926 Aug 2004Ratification24 Nov 2004
Iraq 18 Apr 2017Accession17 Jul 2017
Ireland 10 Jun 2005Accession8 Sep 2005
Israel20 May 19993 Oct 2011Ratification1 Jan 2012
Italy11 Sep 199827 Aug 2002Ratification23 Feb 2004
Jamaica 20 Aug 2002Accession23 Feb 2004
Japan31 Aug 199915 Jun 2004Acceptance13 Sep 2004
Jordan 22 Jul 2002Accession23 Feb 2004
Kazakhstan 1 Nov 2007Accession30 Jan 2008
Kenya11 Sep 19983 Feb 2005Ratification4 May 2005
Kuwait11 Sep 199812 May 2006Ratification10 Aug 2006
Kyrgyzstan11 Aug 199925 May 2000Ratification23 Feb 2004
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 21 Sep 2010Accession20 Dec 2010
Latvia 23 Apr 2003Accession23 Feb 2004
Lebanon 13 Nov 2006Accession11 Feb 2007
Lesotho 30 May 2008Accession28 Aug 2008
Liberia 22 Sep 2004Accession21 Dec 2004
Libya 9 Jul 2002Accession23 Feb 2004
Liechtenstein 18 Jun 2004Accession16 Sep 2004
Lithuania 17 Mar 2004Accession15 Jun 2004
Luxembourg11 Sep 199828 Aug 2002Ratification23 Feb 2004
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 12 Aug 2010Accession10 Nov 2010
Madagascar8 Dec 199822 Sep 2004Ratification21 Dec 2004
Malawi 27 Feb 2009Accession28 May 2009
Malaysia 4 Sep 2002Accession23 Feb 2004
Maldives 17 Oct 2006Accession15 Jan 2007
Mali11 Sep 19985 Jun 2003Ratification23 Feb 2004
Malta 17 Jan 2017Accession17 Apr 2017
Marshall Islands 27 Jan 2003Accession23 Feb 2004
Mauritania1 Sep 199922 Jul 2005Acceptance20 Oct 2005
Mauritius 5 Aug 2005Accession3 Nov 2005
Mexico 4 May 2005Accession2 Aug 2005
Republic of Moldova 27 Jan 2005Accession27 Apr 2005
Mongolia11 Sep 19988 Mar 2001Ratification23 Feb 2004
Montenegro 30 Dec 2011Accession29 Mar 2012
Morocco 25 Apr 2011Accession24 Jul 2011
Mozambique 15 Apr 2010Accession14 Jul 2010
Namibia11 Sep 199824 Jun 2005Ratification22 Sep 2005
Nepal 9 Feb 2007Accession10 May 2007
Netherlands11 Sep 199820 Apr 2000Acceptance23 Feb 2004
New Zealand11 Sep 199823 Sep 2003Ratification23 Feb 2004
Nicaragua 19 Sep 2008Accession18 Dec 2008
Niger 16 Feb 2006Accession17 May 2006
Nigeria 28 Jun 2001Accession23 Feb 2004
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 6 Feb 2004Accession23 Feb 2004
Norway11 Sep 199825 Oct 2001Acceptance23 Feb 2004
Oman 31 Jan 2000Accession23 Feb 2004
Pakistan9 Sep 199914 Jul 2005Ratification12 Oct 2005
Panama11 Sep 199818 Aug 2000Ratification23 Feb 2004
Paraguay11 Sep 199818 Aug 2003Ratification23 Feb 2004
Peru11 Sep 199814 Sep 2005Ratification13 Dec 2005
Philippines11 Sep 199831 Jul 2006Ratification29 Oct 2006
Poland 14 Sep 2005Accession13 Dec 2005
Portugal11 Sep 199816 Feb 2005Approval17 May 2005
Qatar 10 Dec 2004Accession10 Mar 2005
Romania 2 Sep 2003Accession23 Feb 2004
Russian Federation 28 Apr 2011Accession27 Jul 2011
Rwanda 7 Jan 2004Accession23 Feb 2004
Saint Kitts and Nevis 14 Aug 2012Accession12 Nov 2012
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 29 Oct 2010Accession27 Jan 2011
Samoa 30 May 2002Accession23 Feb 2004
Sao Tome and Principe 23 May 2013Accession21 Aug 2013
Saudi Arabia 7 Sep 2000Accession23 Feb 2004
Senegal11 Sep 199820 Jul 2001Ratification23 Feb 2004
Serbia 31 Jul 2009Accession29 Oct 2009
Sierra Leone 1 Nov 2016Accession30 Jan 2017
Singapore 24 May 2005Accession22 Aug 2005
Slovakia 26 Jan 2007Accession26 Apr 2007
Slovenia11 Sep 199817 Nov 1999Ratification23 Feb 2004
Somalia 26 Jul 2010Accession24 Oct 2010
South Africa 4 Sep 2002Accession23 Feb 2004
Republic of Korea7 Sep 199911 Aug 2003Ratification23 Feb 2004
Spain11 Sep 19982 Mar 2004Ratification31 May 2004
Sri Lanka 19 Jan 2006Accession19 Apr 2006
State of Palestine 29 Dec 2017Accession29 Mar 2018
Sudan 17 Feb 2005Accession18 May 2005
Suriname 30 May 2000Accession23 Feb 2004
Eswatini, Kingdom of 24 Sep 2012Accession23 Dec 2012
Sweden11 Sep 199810 Oct 2003Ratification23 Feb 2004
Switzerland11 Sep 199810 Jan 2002Ratification23 Feb 2004
Syrian Arab Republic11 Sep 199824 Sep 2003Ratification23 Feb 2004
United Republic of Tanzania11 Sep 199826 Aug 2002Ratification23 Feb 2004
Thailand 19 Feb 2002Accession23 Feb 2004
The Gambia 26 Feb 2002Accession23 Feb 2004
Togo9 Sep 199923 Jun 2004Ratification21 Sep 2004
Tonga 31 Mar 2010Accession29 Jun 2010
Trinidad and Tobago 16 Dec 2009Accession16 Mar 2010
Tunisia11 Sep 19989 Feb 2016Ratification9 May 2016
Turkey11 Sep 199821 Sep 2017Ratification20 Dec 2017
Uganda 18 Aug 2008Accession16 Nov 2008
Ukraine 6 Dec 2002Accession23 Feb 2004
United Arab Emirates 10 Sep 2002Accession23 Feb 2004
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland11 Sep 199817 Jun 2004Ratification15 Sep 2004
Uruguay11 Sep 19984 Mar 2003Ratification23 Feb 2004
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 19 Apr 2005Accession18 Jul 2005
Viet Nam 7 May 2007Accession5 Aug 2007
Yemen 4 Feb 2006Accession5 May 2006
Zambia 28 Jan 2011Accession28 Apr 2011
Zimbabwe 1 Mar 2012Accession30 May 2012

Non-Parties

PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Angola11 Sep 1998 Signatory23 Feb 2004
Barbados11 Sep 1998 Signatory23 Feb 2004
Saint Lucia25 Jan 1999 Signatory23 Feb 2004
Seychelles11 Sep 1998 Signatory23 Feb 2004
Tajikistan28 Sep 1998 Signatory23 Feb 2004
United States of America11 Sep 1998 Signatory23 Feb 2004