Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Afghanistan 20 Feb 2013Accession21 May 2013
Albania5 Dec 20014 Oct 2004Ratification2 Jan 2005
Algeria5 Sep 200122 Sep 2006Ratification21 Dec 2006
Angola 23 Oct 2006Accession21 Jan 2007
Antigua and Barbuda23 May 200110 Sep 2003Ratification17 May 2004
Argentina23 May 200125 Jan 2005Ratification25 Apr 2005
Armenia23 May 200126 Nov 2003Ratification17 May 2004
Australia23 May 200120 May 2004Ratification18 Aug 2004
Austria23 May 200127 Aug 2002Ratification17 May 2004
Azerbaijan 13 Jan 2004Accession17 May 2004
Bahamas20 Mar 20023 Oct 2005Ratification1 Jan 2006
Bahrain22 May 200231 Jan 2006Ratification1 May 2006
Bangladesh23 May 200112 Mar 2007Ratification10 Jun 2007
Barbados 7 Jun 2004Accession5 Sep 2004
Belarus 3 Feb 2004Accession17 May 2004
Belgium23 May 200125 May 2006Ratification23 Aug 2006
Belize14 May 200225 Jan 2010Ratification25 Apr 2010
Benin23 May 20015 Jan 2004Ratification17 May 2004
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)23 May 20013 Jun 2003Ratification17 May 2004
Bosnia and Herzegovina23 May 200130 Mar 2010Ratification28 Jun 2010
Botswana 28 Oct 2002Accession17 May 2004
Brazil23 May 200116 Jun 2004Ratification14 Sep 2004
Bulgaria23 May 200120 Dec 2004Ratification20 Mar 2005
Burkina Faso23 May 200131 Dec 2004Ratification31 Mar 2005
Burundi2 Apr 20022 Aug 2005Ratification31 Oct 2005
Cambodia23 May 200125 Aug 2006Ratification23 Nov 2006
Cameroon5 Oct 200119 May 2009Ratification17 Aug 2009
Canada23 May 200123 May 2001Ratification17 May 2004
Cabo Verde 1 Mar 2006Accession30 May 2006
Central African Republic9 May 200212 Feb 2008Ratification12 May 2008
Chad16 May 200210 Mar 2004Ratification17 May 2004
Chile23 May 200120 Jan 2005Ratification20 Apr 2005
China23 May 200113 Aug 2004Ratification11 Nov 2004
Colombia23 May 200122 Oct 2008Ratification20 Jan 2009
Comoros23 May 200123 Feb 2007Ratification24 May 2007
Congo (Brazzaville)4 Dec 200112 Feb 2007Ratification13 May 2007
Cook Islands  29 Jun 2004Accession27 Sep 2004
Costa Rica16 Apr 20026 Feb 2007Ratification7 May 2007
Côte D'Ivoire23 May 200120 Jan 2004Ratification17 May 2004
Croatia23 May 200130 Jan 2007Ratification30 Apr 2007
Cuba23 May 200121 Dec 2007Ratification20 Mar 2008
Cyprus 7 Mar 2005Accession5 Jun 2005
Czechia23 May 20016 Aug 2002Ratification17 May 2004
Democratic Republic of the Congo 23 Mar 2005Accession21 Jun 2005
Denmark23 May 200117 Dec 2003Ratification17 May 2004
Djibouti15 Nov 200111 Mar 2004Ratification17 May 2004
Dominica 8 Aug 2003Accession17 May 2004
Dominican Republic23 May 20014 May 2007Ratification2 Aug 2007
Ecuador28 Aug 20017 Jun 2004Ratification5 Sep 2004
Egypt17 May 20022 May 2003Ratification17 May 2004
El Salvador30 Jul 200127 May 2008Ratification25 Aug 2008
Eritrea 10 Mar 2005Accession8 Jun 2005
Estonia 7 Nov 2008Accession5 Feb 2009
Ethiopia17 May 20029 Jan 2003Ratification17 May 2004
European Union23 May 200116 Nov 2004Approval14 Feb 2005
Fiji14 Jun 200120 Jun 2001Ratification17 May 2004
Finland23 May 20013 Sep 2002Acceptance17 May 2004
France23 May 200117 Feb 2004Approval17 May 2004
Gabon21 May 20027 May 2007Ratification5 Aug 2007
Georgia23 May 20014 Oct 2006Ratification2 Jan 2007
Germany23 May 200125 Apr 2002Ratification17 May 2004
Ghana23 May 200130 May 2003Ratification17 May 2004
Greece23 May 20013 May 2006Ratification1 Aug 2006
Guatemala29 Jan 200230 Jul 2008Ratification28 Oct 2008
Guinea23 May 200111 Dec 2007Ratification10 Mar 2008
Guinea-Bissau24 Apr 20026 Aug 2008Ratification4 Nov 2008
Guyana 12 Sep 2007Accession11 Dec 2007
Honduras17 May 200223 May 2005Ratification21 Aug 2005
Hungary23 May 200114 Mar 2008Ratification12 Jun 2008
Iceland23 May 200129 May 2002Ratification17 May 2004
India14 May 200213 Jan 2006Ratification13 Apr 2006
Indonesia23 May 200128 Sep 2009Ratification27 Dec 2009
Iran (Islamic Republic of)23 May 20016 Feb 2006Ratification7 May 2006
Iraq 8 Mar 2016Accession6 Jun 2016
Ireland23 May 20015 Aug 2010Ratification3 Nov 2010
Jamaica23 May 20011 Jun 2007Ratification30 Aug 2007
Japan 30 Aug 2002Accession17 May 2004
Jordan18 Jan 20028 Nov 2004Ratification6 Feb 2005
Kazakhstan23 May 20019 Nov 2007Ratification7 Feb 2008
Kenya23 May 200124 Sep 2004Ratification23 Dec 2004
Kiribati4 Apr 20027 Sep 2004Ratification6 Dec 2004
Kuwait23 May 200112 Jun 2006Ratification10 Sep 2006
Kyrgyzstan16 May 200212 Dec 2006Ratification12 Mar 2007
Lao People’s Democratic Republic5 Mar 200228 Jun 2006Ratification26 Sep 2006
Latvia23 May 200128 Oct 2004Ratification26 Jan 2005
Lebanon23 May 20013 Jan 2003Ratification17 May 2004
Lesotho23 Jan 200223 Jan 2002Ratification17 May 2004
Liberia 23 May 2002Accession17 May 2004
Libya 14 Jun 2005Accession12 Sep 2005
Liechtenstein23 May 20013 Dec 2004Ratification3 Mar 2005
Lithuania17 May 20025 Dec 2006Ratification5 Mar 2007
Luxembourg23 May 20017 Feb 2003Ratification17 May 2004
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia23 May 200127 May 2004Ratification25 Aug 2004
Madagascar24 Sep 200118 Nov 2005Ratification16 Feb 2006
Malawi22 May 200227 Feb 2009Ratification28 May 2009
Maldives 17 Oct 2006Accession15 Jan 2007
Mali23 May 20015 Sep 2003Ratification17 May 2004
Malta23 May 200117 Jan 2017Ratification17 Apr 2017
Marshall Islands 27 Jan 2003Accession17 May 2004
Mauritania8 Aug 200122 Jul 2005Ratification20 Oct 2005
Mauritius23 May 200113 Jul 2004Ratification11 Oct 2004
Mexico23 May 200110 Feb 2003Ratification17 May 2004
Micronesia (Federated States of)31 Jul 200115 Jul 2005Ratification13 Oct 2005
Republic of Moldova23 May 20017 Apr 2004Ratification17 May 2004
Monaco23 May 200120 Oct 2004Ratification18 Jan 2005
Mongolia17 May 200230 Apr 2004Ratification17 May 2004
Montenegro23 Oct 200631 Mar 2011Ratification29 Jun 2011
Morocco23 May 200115 Jun 2004Ratification13 Sep 2004
Mozambique23 May 200131 Oct 2005Ratification29 Jan 2006
Myanmar 19 Apr 2004Accession17 May 2004
Namibia 24 Jun 2005Accession22 Sep 2005
Nauru9 May 20029 May 2002Ratification17 May 2004
Nepal5 Apr 20026 Mar 2007Ratification4 Jun 2007
Netherlands23 May 200128 Jan 2002Acceptance17 May 2004
New Zealand23 May 200124 Sep 2004Ratification23 Dec 2004
Nicaragua23 May 20011 Dec 2005Ratification1 Mar 2006
Niger12 Oct 200112 Apr 2006Ratification11 Jul 2006
Nigeria23 May 200124 May 2004Ratification22 Aug 2004
Niue12 Mar 20022 Sep 2005Ratification1 Dec 2005
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 26 Aug 2002Accession17 May 2004
Norway23 May 200111 Jul 2002Ratification17 May 2004
Oman4 Mar 200219 Jan 2005Ratification19 Apr 2005
Pakistan6 Dec 200117 Apr 2008Ratification16 Jul 2008
Palau28 Mar 20028 Sep 2011Ratification7 Dec 2011
Panama23 May 20015 Mar 2003Ratification17 May 2004
Papua New Guinea23 May 20017 Oct 2003Ratification17 May 2004
Paraguay12 Oct 20011 Apr 2004Ratification17 May 2004
Peru23 May 200114 Sep 2005Ratification13 Dec 2005
Philippines23 May 200127 Feb 2004Ratification17 May 2004
Poland23 May 200123 Oct 2008Ratification21 Jan 2009
Portugal23 May 200115 Jul 2004Acceptance13 Oct 2004
Qatar 10 Dec 2004Accession10 Mar 2005
Romania23 May 200128 Oct 2004Ratification26 Jan 2005
Russian Federation22 May 200217 Aug 2011Ratification15 Nov 2011
Rwanda 5 Jun 2002Accession17 May 2004
Saint Kitts and Nevis 21 May 2004Accession19 Aug 2004
Saint Lucia 4 Oct 2002Accession17 May 2004
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 15 Sep 2005Accession14 Dec 2005
Samoa23 May 20014 Feb 2002Ratification17 May 2004
Sao Tome and Principe3 Apr 200212 Apr 2006Ratification11 Jul 2006
Saudi Arabia14 Mar 200225 Jul 2012Ratification23 Oct 2012
Senegal23 May 20018 Oct 2003Ratification17 May 2004
Serbia2 May 200231 Jul 2009Ratification29 Oct 2009
Seychelles25 Mar 20023 Jun 2008Ratification1 Sep 2008
Sierra Leone 26 Sep 2003Accession17 May 2004
Singapore23 May 200124 May 2005Ratification22 Aug 2005
Slovakia23 May 20015 Aug 2002Ratification17 May 2004
Slovenia23 May 20014 May 2004Ratification17 May 2004
Solomon Islands 28 Jul 2004Accession26 Oct 2004
Somalia 26 Jul 2010Accession24 Oct 2010
South Africa23 May 20014 Sep 2002Ratification17 May 2004
Republic of Korea4 Oct 200125 Jan 2007Ratification25 Apr 2007
Spain23 May 200128 May 2004Ratification26 Aug 2004
Sri Lanka5 Sep 200122 Dec 2005Ratification22 Mar 2006
State of Palestine 29 Dec 2017Accession29 Mar 2018
Sudan23 May 200129 Aug 2006Ratification27 Nov 2006
Suriname22 May 200220 Sep 2011Ratification19 Dec 2011
Swaziland 13 Jan 2006Accession13 Apr 2006
Sweden23 May 20018 May 2002Ratification17 May 2004
Switzerland23 May 200130 Jul 2003Ratification17 May 2004
Syrian Arab Republic15 Feb 20025 Aug 2005Ratification3 Nov 2005
Tajikistan21 May 20028 Feb 2007Ratification9 May 2007
United Republic of Tanzania23 May 200130 Apr 2004Ratification17 May 2004
Thailand22 May 200231 Jan 2005Ratification1 May 2005
The Gambia23 May 200128 Apr 2006Ratification27 Jul 2006
Togo23 May 200122 Jul 2004Ratification20 Oct 2004
Tonga21 May 200223 Oct 2009Ratification21 Jan 2010
Trinidad and Tobago 13 Dec 2002Accession17 May 2004
Tunisia23 May 200117 Jun 2004Ratification15 Sep 2004
Turkey23 May 200114 Oct 2009Ratification12 Jan 2010
Tuvalu 19 Jan 2004Accession17 May 2004
Uganda 20 Jul 2004Accession18 Oct 2004
Ukraine23 May 200125 Sep 2007Ratification24 Dec 2007
United Arab Emirates23 May 200111 Jul 2002Ratification17 May 2004
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland11 Dec 200117 Jan 2005Ratification17 Apr 2005
Uruguay23 May 20019 Feb 2004Ratification17 May 2004
Vanuatu21 May 200216 Sep 2005Ratification15 Dec 2005
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)23 May 200119 Apr 2005Ratification18 Jul 2005
Viet Nam23 May 200122 Jul 2002Ratification17 May 2004
Yemen5 Dec 20019 Jan 2004Ratification17 May 2004
Zambia23 May 20017 Jul 2006Ratification5 Oct 2006
Zimbabwe23 May 20011 Mar 2012Ratification30 May 2012

Non-Parties

PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Brunei Darussalam21 May 2002 Signatory17 May 2004
Haiti23 May 2001 Signatory17 May 2004
Israel30 Jul 2001 Signatory17 May 2004
Italy23 May 2001 Signatory17 May 2004
Malaysia16 May 2002 Signatory17 May 2004
United States of America23 May 2001 Signatory17 May 2004