Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusPartyFocal points
Afghanistan 1 Nov 1995Accession26 Dec 1996 
Albania 27 Apr 2000Accession26 Jul 2000 
Algeria14 Oct 199422 May 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Andorra 15 Jul 2002Accession13 Oct 2002 
Angola14 Oct 199430 Jun 1997Ratification28 Sep 1997 
Antigua and Barbuda4 Apr 19956 Jun 1997Ratification4 Sep 1997 
Argentina15 Oct 19946 Jan 1997Ratification6 Apr 1997 
Armenia14 Oct 19942 Jul 1997Ratification30 Sep 1997 
Australia14 Oct 199415 May 2000Ratification13 Aug 2000 
Austria 2 Jun 1997Accession31 Aug 1997 
Azerbaijan 10 Aug 1998Accession8 Nov 1998 
Bahamas 10 Nov 2000Accession8 Feb 2001 
Bahrain 14 Jul 1997Accession12 Oct 1997 
Bangladesh14 Oct 199426 Jan 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Barbados 14 May 1997Accession12 Aug 1997 
Belarus 29 Aug 2001Accession27 Nov 2001 
Belgium 30 Jun 1997Accession28 Sep 1997 
Belize 23 Jul 1998Accession21 Oct 1998 
Benin14 Oct 199429 Aug 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Bhutan 20 Aug 2003Accession18 Nov 2003 
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)14 Oct 19941 Aug 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26 Aug 2002Accession24 Nov 2002 
Botswana12 Oct 199511 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Brazil14 Oct 199425 Jun 1997Ratification23 Sep 1997 
Brunei Darussalam 4 Dec 2002Accession4 Mar 2003 
Bulgaria 21 Feb 2001Accession22 May 2001 
Burkina Faso14 Oct 199426 Jan 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Burundi14 Oct 19946 Jan 1997Ratification6 Apr 1997 
Cambodia15 Oct 199418 Aug 1997Ratification16 Nov 1997 
Cameroon14 Oct 199429 May 1997Ratification27 Aug 1997 
Canada14 Oct 199421 Dec 2016Accession21 Mar 2017 
Cabo Verde14 Oct 19948 May 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Central African Republic14 Oct 19945 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Chad14 Oct 199427 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Chile3 Mar 199511 Nov 1997Ratification9 Feb 1998 
China14 Oct 199418 Feb 1997Ratification19 May 1997 
Colombia14 Oct 19948 Jun 1999Ratification6 Sep 1999 
Comoros14 Oct 19943 Mar 1998Ratification1 Jun 1998 
Congo (Brazzaville)15 Oct 199412 Jul 1999Ratification10 Oct 1999 
Cook Islands  21 Aug 1998Accession19 Nov 1998 
Costa Rica15 Oct 19945 Jan 1998Ratification5 Apr 1998 
Côte D'Ivoire15 Oct 19944 Mar 1997Ratification2 Jun 1997 
Croatia15 Oct 19946 Oct 2000Acceptance4 Jan 2001 
Cuba15 Oct 199413 Mar 1997Ratification11 Jun 1997 
Cyprus 29 Mar 2000Accession27 Jun 2000 
Czechia 25 Jan 2000Accession24 Apr 2000 
Democratic Republic of the Congo14 Oct 199412 Sep 1997Ratification11 Dec 1997 
Denmark15 Oct 199422 Dec 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Djibouti15 Oct 199412 Jun 1997Ratification10 Sep 1997 
Dominica 8 Dec 1997Accession8 Mar 1998 
Dominican Republic 26 Jun 1997Accession24 Sep 1997 
Ecuador19 Jan 19956 Sep 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Egypt14 Oct 19947 Jul 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
El Salvador 27 Jun 1997Accession25 Sep 1997 
Equatorial Guinea14 Oct 199427 Jun 1997Ratification25 Sep 1997 
Eritrea14 Oct 199414 Aug 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Estonia 8 Feb 2012Accession8 May 2012 
Ethiopia15 Oct 199427 Jun 1997Ratification25 Sep 1997 
European Union14 Oct 199426 Mar 1998Ratification24 Jun 1998 
Fiji 26 Aug 1998Accession24 Nov 1998 
Finland15 Oct 199420 Sep 1995Acceptance26 Dec 1996 
France14 Oct 199412 Jun 1997Ratification10 Sep 1997 
Gabon 6 Sep 1996Accession26 Dec 1996 
Georgia15 Oct 199423 Jul 1999Ratification21 Oct 1999 
Germany14 Oct 199410 Jul 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Ghana15 Oct 199427 Dec 1996Ratification27 Mar 1997 
Greece14 Oct 19945 May 1997Ratification3 Aug 1997 
Grenada 28 May 1997Accession26 Aug 1997 
Guatemala 10 Sep 1998Accession9 Dec 1998 
Guinea14 Oct 199423 Jun 1997Ratification21 Sep 1997 
Guinea-Bissau15 Oct 199427 Oct 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Guyana 26 Jun 1997Accession24 Sep 1997 
Haiti15 Oct 199425 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Honduras22 Feb 199525 Jun 1997Ratification23 Sep 1997 
Hungary 13 Jul 1999Accession11 Oct 1999 
Iceland 3 Jun 1997Accession1 Sep 1997 
India14 Oct 199417 Dec 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Indonesia15 Oct 199431 Aug 1998Ratification29 Nov 1998 
Iran (Islamic Republic of)14 Oct 199429 Apr 1997Ratification28 Jul 1997 
Iraq 28 May 2010Accession26 Aug 2010 
Ireland15 Oct 199431 Jul 1997Ratification29 Oct 1997 
Israel14 Oct 199426 Mar 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Italy14 Oct 199423 Jun 1997Ratification21 Sep 1997 
Jamaica 12 Nov 1997Accession10 Feb 1998 
Japan14 Oct 199411 Sep 1998Acceptance10 Dec 1998 
Jordan13 Apr 199521 Oct 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Kazakhstan14 Oct 19949 Jul 1997Ratification7 Oct 1997 
Kenya14 Oct 199424 Jun 1997Ratification22 Sep 1997
  • Kennedy I. Ondimu

    Position
    Director, Environmental Planning and Research Coordination
    Department
    Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources
    Institution
    National Environment Management Authority (NEMA)
    Address
    P.O. Box 67839-00200 Nairobi
    E-Mail
    kond…@nema.go.ke
    Telephone
    +(254-20) 6005555/223043
    Fax
    +(254-20) 6008997
Kiribati 8 Sep 1998Accession7 Dec 1998 
Kuwait22 Sep 199527 Jun 1997Ratification25 Sep 1997 
Kyrgyzstan 19 Sep 1997Accession18 Dec 1997 
Lao People’s Democratic Republic30 Aug 199520 Sep 1996Acceptance26 Dec 1996 
Latvia 21 Oct 2002Accession19 Jan 2003 
Lebanon14 Oct 199416 May 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Lesotho15 Oct 199412 Sep 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Liberia 2 Mar 1998Accession31 May 1998 
Libya15 Oct 199422 Jul 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Liechtenstein 29 Dec 1999Accession28 Mar 2000 
Lithuania 25 Jul 2003Accession23 Oct 2003 
Luxembourg14 Oct 19944 Feb 1997Ratification5 May 1997 
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 6 Mar 2002Accession4 Jun 2002 
Madagascar14 Oct 199425 Jun 1997Ratification23 Sep 1997 
Malawi17 Jan 199513 Jun 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Malaysia6 Oct 199525 Jun 1997Ratification23 Sep 1997 
Maldives 3 Sep 2002Accession2 Dec 2002 
Mali15 Oct 199431 Oct 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Malta15 Oct 199430 Jan 1998Ratification30 Apr 1998 
Marshall Islands 2 Jun 1998Accession31 Aug 1998 
Mauritania14 Oct 19947 Aug 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Mauritius17 Mar 199523 Jan 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Mexico15 Oct 19943 Apr 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Micronesia (Federated States of)12 Dec 199425 Mar 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Republic of Moldova 10 Mar 1999Accession8 Jun 1999 
Monaco 5 Mar 1999Accession3 Jun 1999 
Mongolia15 Oct 19943 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Montenegro 4 Jun 2007Accession2 Sep 2007 
Morocco15 Oct 19947 Nov 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Mozambique28 Sep 199513 Mar 1997Ratification11 Jun 1997 
Myanmar 2 Jan 1997Accession2 Apr 1997 
Namibia24 Oct 199416 May 1997Ratification14 Aug 1997 
Nauru 22 Sep 1998Accession21 Dec 1998 
Nepal12 Oct 199515 Oct 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Netherlands15 Oct 199427 Jun 1995Acceptance26 Dec 1996 
New Zealand 7 Sep 2000Accession6 Dec 2000 
Nicaragua21 Nov 199417 Feb 1998Ratification18 May 1998 
Niger14 Oct 199419 Jan 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Nigeria31 Oct 19948 Jul 1997Ratification6 Oct 1997 
Niue 14 Aug 1998Accession12 Nov 1998 
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 29 Dec 2003Accession28 Mar 2004 
Norway15 Oct 199430 Aug 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Oman 23 Jul 1996Accession26 Dec 1996 
Pakistan15 Oct 199424 Feb 1997Ratification25 May 1997 
Palau 15 Jun 1999Accession13 Sep 1999 
Panama22 Feb 19954 Apr 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Papua New Guinea 6 Dec 2000Accession6 Mar 2001 
Paraguay1 Dec 199415 Jan 1997Ratification15 Apr 1997 
Peru15 Oct 19949 Nov 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Philippines8 Dec 199410 Feb 2000Ratification10 May 2000 
Poland 14 Nov 2001Accession12 Feb 2002 
Portugal14 Oct 19941 Apr 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Qatar 15 Mar 1999Accession13 Jun 1999 
Romania 19 Aug 1998Accession17 Nov 1998 
Russian Federation 29 May 2003Accession27 Aug 2003 
Rwanda22 Jun 199522 Oct 1998Ratification20 Jan 1999 
Saint Kitts and Nevis 30 Jun 1997Accession28 Sep 1997 
Saint Lucia 2 Jul 1997Accession30 Sep 1997 
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines15 Oct 199416 Mar 1998Ratification14 Jun 1998 
Samoa 21 Aug 1998Accession19 Nov 1998 
San Marino 23 Jul 1999Accession21 Oct 1999 
Sao Tome and Principe4 Oct 19958 Jul 1998Ratification6 Oct 1998 
Saudi Arabia 25 Jun 1997Accession23 Sep 1997 
Senegal14 Oct 199426 Jul 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Serbia 18 Dec 2007Accession17 Mar 2008 
Seychelles14 Oct 199426 Jun 1997Ratification24 Sep 1997 
Sierra Leone11 Nov 199425 Sep 1997Ratification24 Dec 1997 
Singapore 26 Apr 1999Accession25 Jul 1999 
Slovakia 7 Jan 2002Accession7 Apr 2002 
Slovenia 28 Jun 2001Accession26 Sep 2001 
Solomon Islands 16 Apr 1999Accession15 Jul 1999 
Somalia 24 Jul 2002Accession22 Oct 2002 
South Africa9 Jan 199530 Sep 1997Ratification29 Dec 1997 
Republic of Korea14 Oct 199417 Aug 1999Ratification15 Nov 1999 
South Sudan 17 Feb 2014Accession18 May 2014 
Spain14 Oct 199430 Jan 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Sri Lanka 9 Dec 1998Accession9 Mar 1999 
Sudan15 Oct 199424 Nov 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Suriname 1 Jun 2000Accession30 Aug 2000 
Swaziland27 Jul 19957 Oct 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Sweden15 Oct 199412 Dec 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Switzerland14 Oct 199419 Jan 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Syrian Arab Republic15 Oct 199410 Jun 1997Ratification8 Sep 1997 
Tajikistan 16 Jul 1997Accession14 Oct 1997 
United Republic of Tanzania14 Oct 199419 Jun 1997Ratification17 Sep 1997 
Thailand 7 Mar 2001Accession5 Jun 2001 
The Gambia14 Oct 199411 Jun 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Timor-Leste 20 Aug 2003Accession18 Nov 2003 
Togo15 Oct 19944 Oct 1995Acceptance26 Dec 1996 
Tonga 25 Sep 1998Accession24 Dec 1998 
Trinidad and Tobago 8 Jun 2000Accession6 Sep 2000 
Tunisia14 Oct 199411 Oct 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Turkey14 Oct 199431 Mar 1998Ratification29 Jun 1998 
Turkmenistan27 Mar 199518 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Tuvalu 14 Sep 1998Accession13 Dec 1998 
Uganda21 Nov 199425 Jun 1997Ratification23 Sep 1997 
Ukraine 27 Aug 2002Accession25 Nov 2002 
United Arab Emirates 21 Oct 1998Accession19 Jan 1999 
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland14 Oct 199418 Oct 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
United States of America14 Oct 199417 Nov 2000Ratification15 Feb 2001 
Uruguay 17 Feb 1999Accession18 May 1999 
Uzbekistan7 Dec 199431 Oct 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Vanuatu28 Sep 199510 Aug 1999Ratification8 Nov 1999 
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 29 Jun 1998Accession27 Sep 1998 
Viet Nam 25 Aug 1998Accession23 Nov 1998 
Yemen 14 Jan 1997Accession14 Apr 1997 
Zambia15 Oct 199419 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996 
Zimbabwe15 Oct 199423 Sep 1997Ratification22 Dec 1997