Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Afghanistan 1 Nov 1995Accession26 Dec 1996
Albania 27 Apr 2000Accession26 Jul 2000
Algeria14 Oct 199422 May 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Andorra 15 Jul 2002Accession13 Oct 2002
Angola14 Oct 199430 Jun 1997Ratification28 Sep 1997
Antigua and Barbuda4 Apr 19956 Jun 1997Ratification4 Sep 1997
Argentina15 Oct 19946 Jan 1997Ratification6 Apr 1997
Armenia14 Oct 19942 Jul 1997Ratification30 Sep 1997
Australia14 Oct 199415 May 2000Ratification13 Aug 2000
Austria 2 Jun 1997Accession31 Aug 1997
Azerbaijan 10 Aug 1998Accession8 Nov 1998
Bahamas 10 Nov 2000Accession8 Feb 2001
Bahrain 14 Jul 1997Accession12 Oct 1997
Bangladesh14 Oct 199426 Jan 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Barbados 14 May 1997Accession12 Aug 1997
Belarus 29 Aug 2001Accession27 Nov 2001
Belgium 30 Jun 1997Accession28 Sep 1997
Belize 23 Jul 1998Accession21 Oct 1998
Benin14 Oct 199429 Aug 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Bhutan 20 Aug 2003Accession18 Nov 2003
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)14 Oct 19941 Aug 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Bosnia and Herzegovina 26 Aug 2002Accession24 Nov 2002
Botswana12 Oct 199511 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Brazil14 Oct 199425 Jun 1997Ratification23 Sep 1997
Brunei Darussalam 4 Dec 2002Accession4 Mar 2003
Bulgaria 21 Feb 2001Accession22 May 2001
Burkina Faso14 Oct 199426 Jan 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Burundi14 Oct 19946 Jan 1997Ratification6 Apr 1997
Cambodia15 Oct 199418 Aug 1997Ratification16 Nov 1997
Cameroon14 Oct 199429 May 1997Ratification27 Aug 1997
Canada14 Oct 199421 Dec 2016Accession21 Mar 2017
Cabo Verde14 Oct 19948 May 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Central African Republic14 Oct 19945 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Chad14 Oct 199427 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Chile3 Mar 199511 Nov 1997Ratification9 Feb 1998
China14 Oct 199418 Feb 1997Ratification19 May 1997
Colombia14 Oct 19948 Jun 1999Ratification6 Sep 1999
Comoros14 Oct 19943 Mar 1998Ratification1 Jun 1998
Congo (Brazzaville)15 Oct 199412 Jul 1999Ratification10 Oct 1999
Cook Islands  21 Aug 1998Accession19 Nov 1998
Costa Rica15 Oct 19945 Jan 1998Ratification5 Apr 1998
Côte D'Ivoire15 Oct 19944 Mar 1997Ratification2 Jun 1997
Croatia15 Oct 19946 Oct 2000Acceptance4 Jan 2001
Cuba15 Oct 199413 Mar 1997Ratification11 Jun 1997
Cyprus 29 Mar 2000Accession27 Jun 2000
Czechia 25 Jan 2000Accession24 Apr 2000
Democratic Republic of the Congo14 Oct 199412 Sep 1997Ratification11 Dec 1997
Denmark15 Oct 199422 Dec 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Djibouti15 Oct 199412 Jun 1997Ratification10 Sep 1997
Dominica 8 Dec 1997Accession8 Mar 1998
Dominican Republic 26 Jun 1997Accession24 Sep 1997
Ecuador19 Jan 19956 Sep 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Egypt14 Oct 19947 Jul 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
El Salvador 27 Jun 1997Accession25 Sep 1997
Equatorial Guinea14 Oct 199427 Jun 1997Ratification25 Sep 1997
Eritrea14 Oct 199414 Aug 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Estonia 8 Feb 2012Accession8 May 2012
Ethiopia15 Oct 199427 Jun 1997Ratification25 Sep 1997
European Union14 Oct 199426 Mar 1998Ratification24 Jun 1998
Fiji 26 Aug 1998Accession24 Nov 1998
Finland15 Oct 199420 Sep 1995Acceptance26 Dec 1996
France14 Oct 199412 Jun 1997Ratification10 Sep 1997
Gabon 6 Sep 1996Accession26 Dec 1996
Georgia15 Oct 199423 Jul 1999Ratification21 Oct 1999
Germany14 Oct 199410 Jul 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Ghana15 Oct 199427 Dec 1996Ratification27 Mar 1997
Greece14 Oct 19945 May 1997Ratification3 Aug 1997
Grenada 28 May 1997Accession26 Aug 1997
Guatemala 10 Sep 1998Accession9 Dec 1998
Guinea14 Oct 199423 Jun 1997Ratification21 Sep 1997
Guinea-Bissau15 Oct 199427 Oct 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Guyana 26 Jun 1997Accession24 Sep 1997
Haiti15 Oct 199425 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Honduras22 Feb 199525 Jun 1997Ratification23 Sep 1997
Hungary 13 Jul 1999Accession11 Oct 1999
Iceland 3 Jun 1997Accession1 Sep 1997
India14 Oct 199417 Dec 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Indonesia15 Oct 199431 Aug 1998Ratification29 Nov 1998
Iran (Islamic Republic of)14 Oct 199429 Apr 1997Ratification28 Jul 1997
Iraq 28 May 2010Accession26 Aug 2010
Ireland15 Oct 199431 Jul 1997Ratification29 Oct 1997
Israel14 Oct 199426 Mar 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Italy14 Oct 199423 Jun 1997Ratification21 Sep 1997
Jamaica 12 Nov 1997Accession10 Feb 1998
Japan14 Oct 199411 Sep 1998Acceptance10 Dec 1998
Jordan13 Apr 199521 Oct 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Kazakhstan14 Oct 19949 Jul 1997Ratification7 Oct 1997
Kenya14 Oct 199424 Jun 1997Ratification22 Sep 1997
Kiribati 8 Sep 1998Accession7 Dec 1998
Kuwait22 Sep 199527 Jun 1997Ratification25 Sep 1997
Kyrgyzstan 19 Sep 1997Accession18 Dec 1997
Lao People’s Democratic Republic30 Aug 199520 Sep 1996Acceptance26 Dec 1996
Latvia 21 Oct 2002Accession19 Jan 2003
Lebanon14 Oct 199416 May 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Lesotho15 Oct 199412 Sep 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Liberia 2 Mar 1998Accession31 May 1998
Libya15 Oct 199422 Jul 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Liechtenstein 29 Dec 1999Accession28 Mar 2000
Lithuania 25 Jul 2003Accession23 Oct 2003
Luxembourg14 Oct 19944 Feb 1997Ratification5 May 1997
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 6 Mar 2002Accession4 Jun 2002
Madagascar14 Oct 199425 Jun 1997Ratification23 Sep 1997
Malawi17 Jan 199513 Jun 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Malaysia6 Oct 199525 Jun 1997Ratification23 Sep 1997
Maldives 3 Sep 2002Accession2 Dec 2002
Mali15 Oct 199431 Oct 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Malta15 Oct 199430 Jan 1998Ratification30 Apr 1998
Marshall Islands 2 Jun 1998Accession31 Aug 1998
Mauritania14 Oct 19947 Aug 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Mauritius17 Mar 199523 Jan 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Mexico15 Oct 19943 Apr 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Micronesia (Federated States of)12 Dec 199425 Mar 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Republic of Moldova 10 Mar 1999Accession8 Jun 1999
Monaco 5 Mar 1999Accession3 Jun 1999
Mongolia15 Oct 19943 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Montenegro 4 Jun 2007Accession2 Sep 2007
Morocco15 Oct 19947 Nov 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Mozambique28 Sep 199513 Mar 1997Ratification11 Jun 1997
Myanmar 2 Jan 1997Accession2 Apr 1997
Namibia24 Oct 199416 May 1997Ratification14 Aug 1997
Nauru 22 Sep 1998Accession21 Dec 1998
Nepal12 Oct 199515 Oct 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Netherlands15 Oct 199427 Jun 1995Acceptance26 Dec 1996
New Zealand 7 Sep 2000Accession6 Dec 2000
Nicaragua21 Nov 199417 Feb 1998Ratification18 May 1998
Niger14 Oct 199419 Jan 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Nigeria31 Oct 19948 Jul 1997Ratification6 Oct 1997
Niue 14 Aug 1998Accession12 Nov 1998
Democratic People's Republic of Korea 29 Dec 2003Accession28 Mar 2004
Norway15 Oct 199430 Aug 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Oman 23 Jul 1996Accession26 Dec 1996
Pakistan15 Oct 199424 Feb 1997Ratification25 May 1997
Palau 15 Jun 1999Accession13 Sep 1999
State of Palestine 29 Dec 2017Accession29 Mar 2018
Panama22 Feb 19954 Apr 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Papua New Guinea 6 Dec 2000Accession6 Mar 2001
Paraguay1 Dec 199415 Jan 1997Ratification15 Apr 1997
Peru15 Oct 19949 Nov 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Philippines8 Dec 199410 Feb 2000Ratification10 May 2000
Poland 14 Nov 2001Accession12 Feb 2002
Portugal14 Oct 19941 Apr 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Qatar 15 Mar 1999Accession13 Jun 1999
Romania 19 Aug 1998Accession17 Nov 1998
Russian Federation 29 May 2003Accession27 Aug 2003
Rwanda22 Jun 199522 Oct 1998Ratification20 Jan 1999
Saint Kitts and Nevis 30 Jun 1997Accession28 Sep 1997
Saint Lucia 2 Jul 1997Accession30 Sep 1997
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines15 Oct 199416 Mar 1998Ratification14 Jun 1998
Samoa 21 Aug 1998Accession19 Nov 1998
San Marino 23 Jul 1999Accession21 Oct 1999
Sao Tome and Principe4 Oct 19958 Jul 1998Ratification6 Oct 1998
Saudi Arabia 25 Jun 1997Accession23 Sep 1997
Senegal14 Oct 199426 Jul 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Serbia 18 Dec 2007Accession17 Mar 2008
Seychelles14 Oct 199426 Jun 1997Ratification24 Sep 1997
Sierra Leone11 Nov 199425 Sep 1997Ratification24 Dec 1997
Singapore 26 Apr 1999Accession25 Jul 1999
Slovakia 7 Jan 2002Accession7 Apr 2002
Slovenia 28 Jun 2001Accession26 Sep 2001
Solomon Islands 16 Apr 1999Accession15 Jul 1999
Somalia 24 Jul 2002Accession22 Oct 2002
South Africa9 Jan 199530 Sep 1997Ratification29 Dec 1997
Republic of Korea14 Oct 199417 Aug 1999Ratification15 Nov 1999
South Sudan 17 Feb 2014Accession18 May 2014
Spain14 Oct 199430 Jan 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Sri Lanka 9 Dec 1998Accession9 Mar 1999
Sudan15 Oct 199424 Nov 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Suriname 1 Jun 2000Accession30 Aug 2000
Eswatini, Kingdom of27 Jul 19957 Oct 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Sweden15 Oct 199412 Dec 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Switzerland14 Oct 199419 Jan 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Syrian Arab Republic15 Oct 199410 Jun 1997Ratification8 Sep 1997
Tajikistan 16 Jul 1997Accession14 Oct 1997
United Republic of Tanzania14 Oct 199419 Jun 1997Ratification17 Sep 1997
Thailand 7 Mar 2001Accession5 Jun 2001
The Gambia14 Oct 199411 Jun 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Timor-Leste 20 Aug 2003Accession18 Nov 2003
Togo15 Oct 19944 Oct 1995Acceptance26 Dec 1996
Tonga 25 Sep 1998Accession24 Dec 1998
Trinidad and Tobago 8 Jun 2000Accession6 Sep 2000
Tunisia14 Oct 199411 Oct 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Turkey14 Oct 199431 Mar 1998Ratification29 Jun 1998
Turkmenistan27 Mar 199518 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Tuvalu 14 Sep 1998Accession13 Dec 1998
Uganda21 Nov 199425 Jun 1997Ratification23 Sep 1997
Ukraine 27 Aug 2002Accession25 Nov 2002
United Arab Emirates 21 Oct 1998Accession19 Jan 1999
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland14 Oct 199418 Oct 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
United States of America14 Oct 199417 Nov 2000Ratification15 Feb 2001
Uruguay 17 Feb 1999Accession18 May 1999
Uzbekistan7 Dec 199431 Oct 1995Ratification26 Dec 1996
Vanuatu28 Sep 199510 Aug 1999Ratification8 Nov 1999
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 29 Jun 1998Accession27 Sep 1998
Viet Nam 25 Aug 1998Accession23 Nov 1998
Yemen 14 Jan 1997Accession14 Apr 1997
Zambia15 Oct 199419 Sep 1996Ratification26 Dec 1996
Zimbabwe15 Oct 199423 Sep 1997Ratification22 Dec 1997