Access information on Multilateral Environmental Agreements

Disclaimer: The designations employed and the presentation of material on this map do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
PartySignatureRatificationStatusParty
Afghanistan12 Jun 199219 Sep 2002Ratification18 Dec 2002
Albania 3 Oct 1994Accession1 Jan 1995
Algeria13 Jun 19929 Jun 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Andorra 2 Mar 2011Accession31 May 2011
Angola14 Jun 199217 May 2000Ratification15 Aug 2000
Antigua and Barbuda4 Jun 19922 Feb 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Argentina12 Jun 199211 Mar 1994Ratification21 Mar 1994
Armenia13 Jun 199214 May 1993Acceptance21 Mar 1994
Australia4 Jun 199230 Dec 1992Ratification21 Mar 1994
Austria8 Jun 199228 Feb 1994Ratification21 Mar 1994
Azerbaijan12 Jun 199216 May 1995Ratification14 Aug 1995
Bahamas12 Jun 199229 Mar 1994Ratification27 Jun 1994
Bahrain8 Jun 199228 Dec 1994Ratification28 Mar 1995
Bangladesh9 Jun 199215 Apr 1994Ratification14 Jul 1994
Barbados12 Jun 199223 Mar 1994Ratification21 Jun 1994
Belarus11 Jun 199211 May 2000Approval9 Aug 2000
Belgium4 Jun 199216 Jan 1996Ratification15 Apr 1996
Belize13 Jun 199231 Oct 1994Ratification29 Jan 1995
Benin13 Jun 199230 Jun 1994Ratification28 Sep 1994
Bhutan11 Jun 199225 Aug 1995Ratification23 Nov 1995
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)10 Jun 19923 Oct 1994Ratification1 Jan 1995
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7 Sep 2000Accession6 Dec 2000
Botswana12 Jun 199227 Jan 1994Ratification21 Mar 1994
Brazil4 Jun 199228 Feb 1994Ratification21 Mar 1994
Brunei Darussalam 7 Aug 2007Accession5 Nov 2007
Bulgaria5 Jun 199212 May 1995Ratification10 Aug 1995
Burkina Faso12 Jun 19922 Sep 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Burundi11 Jun 19926 Jan 1997Ratification6 Apr 1997
Cambodia 18 Dec 1995Accession17 Mar 1996
Cameroon14 Jun 199219 Oct 1994Ratification17 Jan 1995
Canada12 Jun 19924 Dec 1992Ratification21 Mar 1994
Cabo Verde12 Jun 199229 Mar 1995Ratification27 Jun 1995
Central African Republic13 Jun 199210 Mar 1995Ratification8 Jun 1995
Chad12 Jun 19927 Jun 1994Ratification5 Sep 1994
Chile13 Jun 199222 Dec 1994Ratification22 Mar 1995
China11 Jun 19925 Jan 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Colombia13 Jun 199222 Mar 1995Ratification20 Jun 1995
Comoros11 Jun 199231 Oct 1994Ratification29 Jan 1995
Congo (Brazzaville)12 Jun 199214 Oct 1996Ratification12 Jan 1997
Cook Islands 12 Jun 199220 Apr 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Costa Rica13 Jun 199226 Aug 1994Ratification24 Nov 1994
Côte D'Ivoire10 Jun 199229 Nov 1994Ratification27 Feb 1995
Croatia11 Jun 19928 Apr 1996Acceptance7 Jul 1996
Cuba13 Jun 19925 Jan 1994Ratification21 Mar 1994
Cyprus12 Jun 199215 Oct 1997Ratification13 Jan 1998
Czechia18 Jun 19937 Oct 1993Approval21 Mar 1994
Democratic Republic of the Congo11 Jun 19929 Jan 1995Ratification9 Apr 1995
Denmark9 Jun 199221 Dec 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Djibouti12 Jun 199227 Aug 1995Ratification25 Nov 1995
Dominica 21 Jun 1993Accession21 Mar 1994
Dominican Republic12 Jun 19927 Oct 1998Ratification5 Jan 1999
Ecuador9 Jun 199223 Feb 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Egypt9 Jun 19925 Dec 1994Ratification5 Mar 1995
El Salvador13 Jun 19924 Dec 1995Ratification3 Mar 1996
Equatorial Guinea 16 Aug 2000Accession14 Nov 2000
Eritrea 24 Apr 1995Accession23 Jul 1995
Estonia12 Jun 199227 Jul 1994Ratification25 Oct 1994
Ethiopia10 Jun 19925 Apr 1994Ratification4 Jul 1994
European Union13 Jun 199221 Dec 1993Approval21 Mar 1994
Fiji9 Oct 199225 Feb 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Finland4 Jun 19923 May 1994Acceptance1 Aug 1994
France13 Jun 199225 Mar 1994Ratification23 Jun 1994
Gabon12 Jun 199221 Jan 1998Ratification21 Apr 1998
Georgia 29 Jul 1994Accession27 Oct 1994
Germany12 Jun 19929 Dec 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Ghana12 Jun 19926 Sep 1995Ratification5 Dec 1995
Greece12 Jun 19924 Aug 1994Ratification2 Nov 1994
Grenada3 Dec 199211 Aug 1994Ratification9 Nov 1994
Guatemala13 Jun 199215 Dec 1995Ratification14 Mar 1996
Guinea12 Jun 19927 May 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Guinea-Bissau12 Jun 199227 Oct 1995Ratification25 Jan 1996
Guyana13 Jun 199229 Aug 1994Ratification27 Nov 1994
Haiti13 Jun 199225 Sep 1996Ratification24 Dec 1996
Honduras13 Jun 199219 Oct 1995Ratification17 Jan 1996
Hungary13 Jun 199224 Feb 1994Ratification21 Mar 1994
Iceland4 Jun 199216 Jun 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
India10 Jun 19921 Nov 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Indonesia5 Jun 199223 Aug 1994Ratification21 Nov 1994
Iran (Islamic Republic of)14 Jun 199218 Jul 1996Ratification16 Oct 1996
Iraq 28 Jul 2009Accession26 Oct 2009
Ireland13 Jun 199220 Apr 1994Ratification19 Jul 1994
Israel4 Jun 19924 Jun 1996Ratification2 Sep 1996
Italy5 Jun 199215 Apr 1994Ratification14 Jul 1994
Jamaica12 Jun 19926 Jan 1995Ratification6 Apr 1995
Japan13 Jun 199228 May 1993Acceptance21 Mar 1994
Jordan11 Jun 199212 Nov 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Kazakhstan8 Jun 199217 May 1995Ratification15 Aug 1995
Kenya12 Jun 199230 Aug 1994Ratification28 Nov 1994
Kiribati13 Jun 19927 Feb 1995Ratification8 May 1995
Kuwait 28 Dec 1994Accession28 Mar 1995
Kyrgyzstan 25 May 2000Accession23 Aug 2000
Lao People’s Democratic Republic 4 Jan 1995Accession4 Apr 1995
Latvia11 Jun 199223 Mar 1995Ratification21 Jun 1995
Lebanon12 Jun 199215 Dec 1994Ratification15 Mar 1995
Lesotho11 Jun 19927 Feb 1995Ratification8 May 1995
Liberia12 Jun 19925 Nov 2002Ratification3 Feb 2003
Libya29 Jun 199214 Jun 1999Ratification12 Sep 1999
Liechtenstein4 Jun 199222 Jun 1994Ratification20 Sep 1994
Lithuania11 Jun 199224 Mar 1995Ratification22 Jun 1995
Luxembourg9 Jun 19929 May 1994Ratification7 Aug 1994
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia 28 Jan 1998Accession28 Apr 1998
Madagascar10 Jun 19922 Jun 1999Ratification31 Aug 1999
Malawi10 Jun 199221 Apr 1994Ratification20 Jul 1994
Malaysia9 Jun 199313 Jul 1994Ratification11 Oct 1994
Maldives12 Jun 19929 Nov 1992Ratification21 Mar 1994
Mali30 Sep 199228 Dec 1994Ratification28 Mar 1995
Malta12 Jun 199217 Mar 1994Ratification21 Mar 1994
Marshall Islands12 Jun 19928 Oct 1992Ratification21 Mar 1994
Mauritania12 Jun 199220 Jan 1994Ratification21 Mar 1994
Mauritius10 Jun 19924 Sep 1992Ratification21 Mar 1994
Mexico13 Jun 199211 Mar 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Micronesia (Federated States of)12 Jun 199218 Nov 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Republic of Moldova12 Jun 19929 Jun 1995Ratification7 Sep 1995
Monaco11 Jun 199220 Nov 1992Ratification21 Mar 1994
Mongolia12 Jun 199230 Sep 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Montenegro 23 Oct 2006Ratification21 Jan 2007
Morocco13 Jun 199228 Dec 1995Ratification27 Mar 1996
Mozambique12 Jun 199225 Aug 1995Ratification23 Nov 1995
Myanmar11 Jun 199225 Nov 1994Ratification23 Feb 1995
Namibia12 Jun 199216 May 1995Ratification14 Aug 1995
Nauru8 Jun 199211 Nov 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Nepal12 Jun 19922 May 1994Ratification31 Jul 1994
Netherlands4 Jun 199220 Dec 1993Acceptance21 Mar 1994
New Zealand4 Jun 199216 Sep 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Nicaragua13 Jun 199231 Oct 1995Ratification29 Jan 1996
Niger11 Jun 199225 Jul 1995Ratification23 Oct 1995
Nigeria13 Jun 199229 Aug 1994Ratification27 Nov 1994
Niue 28 Feb 1996Accession28 May 1996
Democratic People's Republic of Korea11 Jun 19925 Dec 1994Approval5 Mar 1995
Norway4 Jun 19929 Jul 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Oman11 Jun 19928 Feb 1995Ratification9 May 1995
Pakistan13 Jun 19921 Jun 1994Ratification30 Aug 1994
Palau 10 Dec 1999Accession9 Mar 2000
State of Palestine 18 Dec 2015Accession17 Mar 2016
Panama18 Mar 199323 May 1995Ratification21 Aug 1995
Papua New Guinea13 Jun 199216 Mar 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Paraguay12 Jun 199224 Feb 1994Ratification21 Mar 1994
Peru12 Jun 19927 Jun 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Philippines12 Jun 19922 Aug 1994Ratification31 Oct 1994
Poland5 Jun 199228 Jul 1994Ratification26 Oct 1994
Portugal13 Jun 199221 Dec 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Qatar 18 Apr 1996Accession17 Jul 1996
Romania5 Jun 19928 Jun 1994Ratification6 Sep 1994
Russian Federation13 Jun 199228 Dec 1994Ratification28 Mar 1995
Rwanda10 Jun 199218 Aug 1998Ratification16 Nov 1998
Saint Kitts and Nevis12 Jun 19927 Jan 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Saint Lucia14 Jun 199314 Jun 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2 Dec 1996Accession2 Mar 1997
Samoa12 Jun 199229 Nov 1994Ratification27 Feb 1995
San Marino10 Jun 199228 Oct 1994Ratification26 Jan 1995
Sao Tome and Principe12 Jun 199229 Sep 1999Ratification28 Dec 1999
Saudi Arabia 28 Dec 1994Accession28 Mar 1995
Senegal13 Jun 199217 Oct 1994Ratification15 Jan 1995
Serbia 12 Mar 2001Accession10 Jun 2001
Seychelles10 Jun 199222 Sep 1992Ratification21 Mar 1994
Sierra Leone11 Feb 199322 Jun 1995Ratification20 Sep 1995
Singapore13 Jun 199229 May 1997Ratification27 Aug 1997
Slovakia19 May 199325 Aug 1994Approval23 Nov 1994
Slovenia13 Jun 19921 Dec 1995Ratification29 Feb 1996
Solomon Islands13 Jun 199228 Dec 1994Ratification28 Mar 1995
Somalia 11 Sep 2009Accession10 Dec 2009
South Africa15 Jun 199329 Aug 1997Ratification27 Nov 1997
Republic of Korea13 Jun 199214 Dec 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
South Sudan 17 Feb 2014Accession18 May 2014
Spain13 Jun 199221 Dec 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Sri Lanka10 Jun 199223 Nov 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Sudan9 Jun 199219 Nov 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Suriname13 Jun 199214 Oct 1997Ratification12 Jan 1998
Swaziland12 Jun 19927 Oct 1996Ratification5 Jan 1997
Sweden8 Jun 199223 Jun 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Switzerland12 Jun 199210 Dec 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Syrian Arab Republic 4 Jan 1996Accession3 Apr 1996
Tajikistan 7 Jan 1998Accession7 Apr 1998
United Republic of Tanzania12 Jun 199217 Apr 1996Ratification16 Jul 1996
Thailand12 Jun 199228 Dec 1994Ratification28 Mar 1995
The Gambia12 Jun 199210 Jun 1994Ratification8 Sep 1994
Timor-Leste 10 Oct 2006Accession8 Jan 2007
Togo12 Jun 19928 Mar 1995Acceptance6 Jun 1995
Tonga 20 Jul 1998Accession18 Oct 1998
Trinidad and Tobago11 Jun 199224 Jun 1994Ratification22 Sep 1994
Tunisia13 Jun 199215 Jul 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Turkey 24 Feb 2004Accession24 May 2004
Turkmenistan 5 Jun 1995Accession3 Sep 1995
Tuvalu8 Jun 199226 Oct 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Uganda13 Jun 19928 Sep 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Ukraine11 Jun 199213 May 1997Ratification11 Aug 1997
United Arab Emirates 29 Dec 1995Accession28 Mar 1996
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland12 Jun 19928 Dec 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
United States of America12 Jun 199215 Oct 1992Ratification21 Mar 1994
Uruguay4 Jun 199218 Aug 1994Ratification16 Nov 1994
Uzbekistan 20 Jun 1993Accession21 Mar 1994
Vanuatu9 Jun 199225 Mar 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)12 Jun 199228 Dec 1994Ratification28 Mar 1995
Viet Nam11 Jun 199216 Nov 1994Ratification14 Feb 1995
Yemen12 Jun 199221 Feb 1996Ratification21 May 1996
Zambia11 Jun 199228 May 1993Ratification21 Mar 1994
Zimbabwe12 Jun 19923 Nov 1992Ratification21 Mar 1994