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Official name:
Arab Republic of Egypt
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    General Information
    Region    Northern Africa
    Population (000, 2020)   102 334
    Pop. density (per km2, 2020)   102.8
    Capital city    Cairo
    Capital city pop. (000, 2020)   20 485.0b,c
    UN membership date    24-Oct-45
    Surface area (km2)   1 002 000a
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   102.1
    National currency    Egyptian Pound (EGP)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   16c
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2020
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)214 630317 745249 751d
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)5.14.45.3d
    GDP per capita (current US$)2 593.43 437.22 537.5d
    Economy: Agriculturee (% of Gross Value Added)1411.311.5d
    Economy: Industrye (% of Gross Value Added)37.536.235.9d
    Economy: Services and other activitye (% of GVA)47.853.852.6d
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)28.325.823.3f
    Employment in industry (% of employed)25.425.128.2f
    Employment in services (% employed)46.349.148.6f
    Unemploymentf (% of labour force)8.81310.1
    Labour force participation ratef (female/male pop. %)22.6 / 75.622.4 / 73.322.1 / 70.9
    CPI: Consumer Price Indexg (2010=100)100157289h,c
    Agricultural production index (2004-2006=100)109121124i
    International trade: exportsj (million current US$)26 33221 85230 633c
    International trade: importsj (million current US$)53 00373 97578 658c
    International trade: balancej (million current US$)- 26 672- 52 123- 48 025c
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)- 4 504- 17 243- 10 222c
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2020
    Population growth ratek (average annual %)1.82.22
    Urban population (% of total population)4342.842.7c
    Urban population growth ratek (average annual %)1.82.1...
    Fertility rate, totalk (live births per woman)33.43.3
    Life expectancy at birthk (females/males, years)72.2 / 67.673.0 / 68.774.1 / 69.5
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)32.6 / 7.633.3 / 7.733.9 / 8.2
    International migrant stockl (000/% of total pop.)310.0 / 0.4353.6 / 0.4504.1 / 0.5c
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)109.9m256.4319.5c
    Infant mortality ratek (per 1 000 live births)23.518.915.6
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)4.25.35.3a
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)...0.80.5d
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)3.8n......
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)100.7 / 103.7103.7 / 104.0o106.5 / 106.1d
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)67.9 / 69.880.6 / 81.0o87.3 / 88.5d
    Education: Tertiary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)30.0 / 32.834.3 / 35.735.8 / 34.6a
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)2.22.6p...
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)......15.1q
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2020
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)21.6r37.8r46.9d
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)0.4s,t0.70.7d
    Threatened species (number)121141172
    Forested areaf (% of land area)0.10.10.1a
    CO2 emission estimatesu (million tons/tons per capita)176.4 / 2.1199.5 / 2.1209.2 / 2.1a
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)3 6923 0513 418a
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)393741a
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)14 0519 13911 196d
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)39.439.439.4c
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)67.0 / ...69.4 / ...70.7 / ...a
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)0.280.770.85d
Data provided by UNdata