Перейти к основному содержанию
Official name:
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Область:

    General Information
    Region    Northern Europe
    Population (000, 2021)   68 207a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   281.9a
    Capital city    London
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   9 176.5d,c
    UN membership date    24-Oct-45
    Surface area (km2)   242 495b,c
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   97.8a
    National currency    Pound Sterling (GBP)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   0.8e
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)2 481 5802 932 7852 826 442c
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)2.12.41.3c
    GDP per capita (current US$)39 104.744 530.541 854.5c
    Economy: Agriculturef (% of Gross Value Added)0.70.70.7c
    Economy: Industryg,h (% of Gross Value Added)21.120.720c
    Economy: Services and other activityi (% of GVA)78.278.679.4c
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)1.21.11j,e
    Employment in industry (% of employed)19.218.717.7j,e
    Employment in services (% employed)79.680.281.3j,e
    Unemploymentj (% of labour force)7.85.34.1e
    Labour force participation ratej (female/male pop. %)55.5 / 68.656.7 / 68.357.7 / 68.0e
    CPI: Consumer Price Indexk (2010=100)100112122e
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)94101104c
    International trade: exports (million current US$)422 014466 296399 622e
    International trade: imports (million current US$)627 618630 251631 221e
    International trade: balance (million current US$)- 205 603- 163 955- 231 600e
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)- 77 464- 147 252- 95 421e
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratel (average annual %)10.70.6e
    Urban population (% of total population)81.382.683.7c
    Urban population growth ratel (average annual %)1.31...
    Fertility rate, totall (live births per woman)1.91.91.8e
    Life expectancy at birthl (females/males, years)81.8 / 77.582.7 / 78.982.9 / 79.4e
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)17.5 / 22.617.6 / 23.317.6 / 24.7a
    International migrant stock (000/% of total pop.)7 119.7 / 11.28 407.0 / 12.89 359.6 / 13.8e
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)253.3m155.1191.6e
    Infant mortality ratel (per 1 000 live births)4.84.13.8e
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)109.910n
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)5.25.55.8c
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)5.75.65.4o
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)104.3 / 104.8101.9 / 102.0100.8 / 101.1n
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)103.1 / 102.7126.4 / 122.8122.4 / 119.3n
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)99.6 / 96.0138.5 / 130.2126.3 / 118.8n
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)1.211.2n
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)19.522.833.9p
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)85q92r92.5c
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)1.6j1.61.7s,n
    Threatened species (number)7387181
    Forested area (% of land area)12.61313.1n
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)476.6 / 7.6394.0 / 6.1339.2 / 5.1c
    Energy production, primaryt (Petajoules)6 2174 9345 119n
    Energy supply per capitat (Gigajoules)134115109n
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)28 91135 14939 418c
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)85.885.986.4e
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)98.9 / 93.699.0 / 93.699.0 / 93.6e
    Net Official Development Assist. disbursedu (% of GNI)0.570.70.7o
Data provided by UNdata