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    General Information
    Region    Eastern Asia
    Population (000, 2021)   25 887a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   215a
    Capital city    Pyongyang
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   3 060.9b
    UN membership date    17-Sep-91
    Surface area (km2)   120 538b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   95.7a
    National currency    North Korean Won (KPW)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   103c,d
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)13 94516 28316 331b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)-0.5-1.10.4b
    GDP per capita (current US$)571649.9639.6b
    Economy: Agriculture (% of Gross Value Added)20.821.621.2b
    Economy: Industry (% of Gross Value Added)48.246.244.7b
    Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)3132.234.1b
    Employment in agriculturee (% of employed)53.55251.1d
    Employment in industrye (% of employed)15.414.513.2d
    Employment in servicese (% employed)31.133.535.7d
    Unemploymente (% of labour force)2.92.92.8d
    Labour force participation ratee (female/male pop. %)74.2 / 88.073.7 / 87.773.3 / 87.7d
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)9999102b
    International trade: exportse (million current US$)8829871 104d
    International trade: importse (million current US$)1 9572 6043 466d
    International trade: balancee (million current US$)- 1 075- 1 617- 2 362d
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratef (average annual %)0.50.50.5d
    Urban population (% of total population)60.461.362.1b
    Urban population growth ratef (average annual %)0.80.8...
    Fertility rate, totalf (live births per woman)21.91.9d
    Life expectancy at birthf (females/males, years)71.8 / 64.874.1 / 67.275.4 / 68.3d
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)22.6 / 12.920.9 / 12.719.8 / 15.4a
    International migrant stocke (000/% of total pop.)44.0 / 0.248.5 / 0.249.5 / 0.2d
    Infant mortality ratef (per 1 000 live births)27.318.513.9d
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)3.3g3.5h3.7i
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)99.4 / 99.4j... / ...89.3 / 89.3k
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)... / ...92.9 / 91.7... / ...
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)... / ...94.9 / 93.195.4 / 93.4k
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)15.616.317.6l
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internete (per 100 inhabitants)00m...
    Threatened species (number)5264109
    Forested areae (% of land area)51.85150.4k
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)49.3 / 2.022.5 / 0.915.3 / 0.6k
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)699789558k
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)251310k
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)000d
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)78.0 / 52.477.4 / 50.477.0 / 48.8d
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)... / 18.4... / 9.0... / 1.2d
Data provided by UNdata