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    General Information
    Region    South-eastern Asia
    Population (000, 2021)   32 776a,b
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   99.8a,b
    Capital city    Kuala Lumpurd
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   7 780.3e,c
    UN membership date    17-Sep-57
    Surface area (km2)   330 621c
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   105.6a,b
    National currency    Malaysian Ringgit (MYR)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   4f
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)255 018301 355364 684c
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)7.45.14.3c
    GDP per capita (current US$)9 040.69 955.211 414.3c
    Economy: Agricultureg (% of Gross Value Added)10.28.47.3c
    Economy: Industryg (% of Gross Value Added)40.938.937.8c
    Economy: Services and other activityg (% of GVA)48.952.754.8c
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)14.212.510.1h,f
    Employment in industry (% of employed)27.727.526.8h,f
    Employment in services (% employed)586063.1h,f
    Unemploymenth (% of labour force)3.23.13.4f
    Labour force participation rateh (female/male pop. %)43.5 / 76.250.5 / 77.650.9 / 77.2f
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100113120f
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)89104105c
    International trade: exports (million current US$)198 791200 211234 042h,f
    International trade: imports (million current US$)164 586176 175189 804h,f
    International trade: balance (million current US$)34 20424 03644 238h,f
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)25 6449 06814 848f
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth rateb,i (average annual %)1.91.41.3f
    Urban populationb (% of total population)70.974.276.6c
    Urban population growth rateb,i (average annual %)3.12.7...
    Fertility rate, totalb,i (live births per woman)2.22.12f
    Life expectancy at birthb,i (females/males, years)76.3 / 72.077.2 / 73.078.1 / 74.0f
    Population age distributionb (0-14/60+ years old, %)28.0 / 7.925.1 / 9.323.3 / 11.3a
    International migrant stockb,j,k (000/% of total pop.)2 417.4 / 8.63 280.7 / 10.83 476.6 / 10.7f
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)212.9l272188.1f
    Infant mortality rateb,i (per 1 000 live births)76.45.9f
    Health: Current expenditurem (% of GDP)3.23.83.8n
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)1.21.5...
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)54.94.2c
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)100.2 / 99.3104.1 / 103.5106.0 / 104.6o
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)80.2 / 74.588.7 / 81.487.0 / 80.7c
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)70.0 / 60.286.9 / 76.283.8 / 73.4c
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)1.92.1p...
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)9.910.414.9q
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)56.3r71.184.2c
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)11.31n
    Threatened species (number)1 1801 2521 928
    Forested areah (% of land area)57.759.258.5n
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)189.9 / 6.7220.2 / 7.3228.0 / 7.2n
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)3 4503 7483 952n
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)105113122n
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borderss (000)24 57725 72126 101c
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)28.528.528.5f
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)000c
Data provided by UNdata