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    General Information
    Region    Northern Europe
    Population (000, 2021)   5 466a,b
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   15a,b
    Capital city    Oslo
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   1 026.8c
    UN membership date    27-Nov-45
    Surface area (km2)   323 772c
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   102.3a,b
    National currency    Norwegian Krone (NOK)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   8.5d
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)428 757385 802403 336c
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)0.721.2c
    GDP per capita (current US$)87 754.374 194.974 985.5c
    Economy: Agriculturee (% of Gross Value Added)1.81.72.2c
    Economy: Industryf,g (% of Gross Value Added)3934.832.8c
    Economy: Services and other activityh (% of GVA)59.263.465c
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)2.522i,d
    Employment in industry (% of employed)19.720.119.1i,d
    Employment in services (% employed)77.877.978.9i,d
    Unemploymenti (% of labour force)3.54.33.3d
    Labour force participation ratei (female/male pop. %)61.8 / 69.661.3 / 68.460.3 / 67.0d
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100109122d
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)97100102c
    International trade: exports (million current US$)130 657103 78582 665d
    International trade: imports (million current US$)77 33076 39981 304d
    International trade: balance (million current US$)53 32727 3861 361d
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)50 25831 1067 185d
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth rateb,j (average annual %)1.11.20.8d
    Urban populationb (% of total population)79.181.182.6c
    Urban population growth rateb,j (average annual %)1.41.7...
    Fertility rate, totalb,j (live births per woman)1.91.81.7d
    Life expectancy at birthb,j (females/males, years)82.8 / 78.383.6 / 79.584.2 / 80.2d
    Population age distributionb (0-14/60+ years old, %)18.8 / 21.018.0 / 21.817.1 / 23.5a
    International migrant stockb (000/% of total pop.)524.6 / 10.7746.4 / 14.4852.2 / 15.7d
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)55.9k54.955d
    Infant mortality rateb,j (per 1 000 live births)32.42.1d
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)8.910.110l
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)4.14.44.9c
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)6.77.67.9m
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)99.2 / 98.999.8 / 100.0100.1 / 100.1l
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)111.7 / 113.5113.2 / 116.0114.7 / 120.1l
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)124.1 / 127.8122.1 / 129.4125.2 / 133.7l
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)0.60.50.5l
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)39.639.644.4n
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)93.4o96.8p98c
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)1.61.92.1q,l
    Threatened species (number)3644118
    Forested area (% of land area)33.133.233.3l
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)40.0 / 8.237.2 / 7.226.0 / 4.9c
    Energy production, primaryb (Petajoules)8 6728 6898 664l
    Energy supply per capitab (Gigajoules)277234220l
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)4 767r5 361s5 879s,c
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)51.853.956.5d
    Net Official Development Assist. disbursedt (% of GNI)1.051.050.99m
Data provided by UNdata