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The Convention was opened for signature on 10 December 1982 in Montego Bay, Jamaica. This marked the culmination of more than 14 years of work involving participation by more than 150 countries representing all regions of the world, all legal and political systems and the spectrum of socio/economic development. At the time of its adoption, the Convention embodied in one instrument traditional rules for the uses of the oceans and at the same time introduced new legal concepts and regimes and addressed new concerns. The Convention also provided the framework for further development of specific areas of the law of the sea.

Ключевые слова:
загрязнение морской среды с судов, инвазивные виды, морская рыбная ловля, морской мусор, оценка воздействия на окружающую среду, экологическая экспертиза, право доступа
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