Noting further that ex-situ measures, preferably in the country of origin, also have an important role to play,
Use of Terms
"Ex-situ conservation" means the conservation of components of biological diversity outside their natural habitats.
(a) (a) Adopt measures for the ex-situ conservation of components of biological diversity, preferably in the country of origin of such components;
(b) (b) Establish and maintain facilities for ex-situ conservation of and research on plants, animals and micro- organisms, preferably in the country of origin of genetic resources;
(d) (d) Regulate and manage collection of biological resources from natural habitats for ex-situ conservation purposes so as not to threaten ecosystems and in-situ populations of species, except where special temporary ex-situ measures are required under subparagraph (c) above; and
(e) (e) Cooperate in providing financial and other support for ex-situ conservation outlined in subparagraphs (a) to (d) above and in the establishment and maintenance of ex- situ conservation facilities in developing countries.
Ex Situ Collections of Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture held by the International Agricultural Research Centres of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
(d) d) The scientific and technical facilities in which such ex situ collections are conserved shall remain under the authority of the IARCs, which undertake to manage and administer these ex situ collections in accordance with internationally accepted standards, in particular the Genebank Standards as endorsed by the FAO Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture.
Use of Terms
"Ex situ conservation" means the conservation of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture outside their natural habitat.
"Ex situ collection" means a collection of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture maintained outside their natural habitat.
Conservation, Exploration, Collection, Characterization, Evaluation and Documentation
(e) e) Cooperate to promote the development of an efficient and sustainable system of ex situ conservation, giving due attention to the need for adequate documentation, characterization, regeneration and evaluation, and promote the development and transfer of appropriate technologies for this purpose with a view to improving the sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture;
Sustainable Use of Plant Genetic Resources
(c) c) promoting, as appropriate, plant breeding efforts which, with the participation of farmers, particularly in developing countries, strengthen the capacity to develop varieties particularly adapted to social, economic and ecological conditions, including in marginal areas;
Exemptions and Other Special Provisions Relating to Trade
4. 4. Specimens of an animal species included in Appendix I bred in captivity for commercial purposes, or of a plant species included in Appendix I artificially propagated for commercial purposes, shall be deemed to be specimens of species included in Appendix II.
Convention on Migratory Species (CMS)
Endangered Migratory Species: Appendix I
b) b) the taking is for the purpose of enhancing the propagation or survival of the affected species;
Specially Protected Areas and Biodiversity Protocol
Article 11 National Measures for the Protection and Conservation of Species
6. The Parties shall formulate and adopt measures and plans with regard to ex situ reproduction, in particular captive breeding, of protected fauna and propagation of protected flora.
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