The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity is an international agreement which aims to ensure the safe handling, transport and use of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology that may have adverse effects on biological diversity, taking also into account risks to human health. It was adopted on 29 January 2000 and entered into force on 11 September 2003. 

agrobiodiversity, biosafety, biotechnology, clearing-house mechanism, genetic resource, genetically modified organism, illegal trade, living modified organism, prior informed consent
11 9月 2003