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    General Information
    Region    South-eastern Asia
    Population (000, 2021)   16 946a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   96a
    Capital city    Phnom Penh
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   2 014.0c,b
    UN membership date    14-Dec-55
    Surface area (km2)   181 035b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   95.4a
    National currency    Riel (KHR)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   4 076.5d
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)11 24218 05027 098b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)676.8b
    GDP per capita (current US$)785.51 162.91 643.6b
    Economy: Agriculture (% of Gross Value Added)3628.222b
    Economy: Industry (% of Gross Value Added)23.329.436.4b
    Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)40.742.341.6b
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)57.3e42.531.2e,d
    Employment in industry (% of employed)16e24.929.6e,d
    Employment in services (% employed)26.7e32.639.2e,d
    Unemploymente (% of labour force)0.80.40.7d
    Labour force participation ratee (female/male pop. %)81.8 / 89.074.3 / 86.976.3 / 89.0d
    CPI: Consumer Price Indexf (2010=100)100117128g
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)7999121b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)5 5908 54217 543e,d
    International trade: imports (million current US$)4 90310 66918 696e,d
    International trade: balance (million current US$)688- 2 126- 1 153e,d
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)-981- 1 598- 3 076d
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth rateh (average annual %)1.51.61.5d
    Urban population (% of total population)20.322.223.8b
    Urban population growth rateh (average annual %)2.63.4...
    Fertility rate, totalh (live births per woman)3.12.72.5d
    Life expectancy at birthh (females/males, years)67.4 / 62.769.6 / 65.571.5 / 67.2d
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)33.3 / 5.931.6 / 6.830.7 / 7.8a
    International migrant stocki (000/% of total pop.)82.0 / 0.674.0 / 0.579.3 / 0.5d
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)0.2j0.257.5d
    Infant mortality rateh (per 1 000 live births)44.83023.7d
    Health: Current expenditurek (% of GDP)6.96.26g
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)0.20.2l...
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)1.51.9l2.2g
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)120.2 / 127.4116.7 / 117.5105.0 / 107.8b
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)41.6 / 48.7e,m... / ...... / ...
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)24.3 / 33.0e,m... / ...... / ...
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)2.31.8n...
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)21.120.321.6o
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)1.36.440.5g
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)...0.1p...
    Threatened species (number)204243306
    Forested areae (% of land area)6050.147.5g
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)4.6 / 0.38.0 / 0.510.5 / 0.6g
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)152184211g
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)161921g
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national bordersq (000)2 5084 7756 201g
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)24.725.854.5d
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)51.1 / 14.554.2 / 16.457.1 / 18.4d
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)6.354.013.9b
Data provided by UNdata