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Official name:
United Republic of Tanzania
المنطقة:

    General Information
    Region    Eastern Africa
    Population (000, 2021)   61 498a,b
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   69.4a,b
    Capital city    Dodoma
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   261.6d
    UN membership date    14-Dec-61
    Surface area (km2)   947 303c
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   99.9a,b
    National currency    Tanzanian Shilling (TZS)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   2 298.5e
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic productf (million current US$)31 55347 37960 037c
    GDP growth ratef (annual %, const. 2015 prices)6.46.27c
    GDP per capitaf (current US$)732.2946.81 084.4c
    Employment in agricultureg (% of employed)70.467.564.9e
    Employment in industryg (% of employed)5.86.46.8e
    Employment in servicesg (% employed)23.826.128.3e
    Unemploymentg (% of labour force)32.12e
    Labour force participation rateg (female/male pop. %)84.2 / 89.279.8 / 87.979.4 / 87.2e
    CPI: Consumer Price Indexh (2010=100)100158i194e
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)73105107c
    International trade: exports (million current US$)4 0515 8542 793g,e
    International trade: imports (million current US$)8 01314 70610 168g,e
    International trade: balance (million current US$)- 3 962- 8 852- 7 375g,e
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)- 2 211- 4 477- 1 301c
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratea,j (average annual %)2.933e
    Urban populationa (% of total population)28.131.634.5c
    Urban population growth ratea,j (average annual %)5.65.5...
    Fertility rate, totala,j (live births per woman)5.65.24.9e
    Life expectancy at birtha,j (females/males, years)57.7 / 54.863.1 / 58.866.6 / 63.0e
    Population age distributiona (0-14/60+ years old, %)44.9 / 4.044.7 / 4.043.3 / 4.3b
    International migrant stocka,k (000/% of total pop.)309.8 / 0.7384.6 / 0.7426.0 / 0.7e
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)273.8l328.2293.2e
    Infant mortality ratea,j (per 1 000 live births)55.546.941.2e
    Health: Current expendituref,m (% of GDP)5.23.63.6d
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)...0.1n...
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)4.53.4n3.7g,d
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)103.8 / 101.987.0 / 82.599.9 / 97.7c
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)28.5 / 34.827.0 / 27.333.3 / 30.8c
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)7.4 / 9.85.0 / 7.45.9 / 7.8c
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)8.87.36.5o
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)30.73636.7p
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)2.9g20g,q16q,r
    Research & Development expenditures (% of GDP)0.4t0.5u...
    Threatened species (number)6911 0771 422
    Forested areag (% of land area)56.454.352.7d
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)6.0 / 0.110.5 / 0.210.3 / 0.2d
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)655723774d
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)161616d
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)7541 1041 378d
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)56.856.863e
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)24.1 / 14.229.9 / 18.434.8 / 21.7e
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)9.425.563.45c
Data provided by UNdata