Skip to main content
Official name:
Republic of Azerbaijan
Region:

    General Information
    Region    Western Asia
    Population (000, 2021)   10 223a,b
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   123.7a,b
    Capital city    Baku
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   2 313.1d,c
    UN membership date    02-Mar-92
    Surface area (km2)   86 600c
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   99.9a,b
    National currency    Azerbaijan manat (AZN)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   1.7e
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)52 90653 07648 048c
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)4.812.2c
    GDP per capita (current US$)5 857.35 515.74 781.9c
    Economy: Agriculturef (% of Gross Value Added)5.96.76.2c
    Economy: Industryg,h (% of Gross Value Added)6448.953.1c
    Economy: Services and other activityi (% of GVA)30.144.340.7c
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)38.236.435.5j,e
    Employment in industry (% of employed)13.714.115j,e
    Employment in services (% employed)4849.649.5j,e
    Unemploymentj (% of labour force)5.656e
    Labour force participation ratej (female/male pop. %)60.2 / 67.562.5 / 68.763.1 / 69.2e
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100118161e
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)86101126c
    International trade: exports (million current US$)21 27812 64613 741e
    International trade: imports (million current US$)6 5979 21410 730e
    International trade: balance (million current US$)14 6823 4323 011e
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)15 040-222-228e
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratea,k (average annual %)1.11.31e
    Urban populationa (% of total population)53.454.756c
    Urban population growth ratea,k (average annual %)1.51.7...
    Fertility rate, totala,k (live births per woman)1.82.12.1e
    Life expectancy at birtha,k (females/males, years)73.4 / 66.974.6 / 68.675.3 / 70.3e
    Population age distributiona (0-14/60+ years old, %)22.8 / 8.122.9 / 9.323.4 / 12.3b
    International migrant stocka,l (000/% of total pop.)276.9 / 3.1264.4 / 2.7252.2 / 2.5e
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)596.9m628.1657.1e
    Infant mortality ratea,k (per 1 000 live births)40.731.420.8e
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)2.54.13.5n
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)3.73.4o...
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)2.832.5n
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratioj (f/m per 100 pop.)93.2 / 94.2105.6 / 107.499.5 / 96.6c
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)... / ...... / ...94.7 / 94.9j,c
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)... / ...... / ...82.1 / 81.2j,c
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)2.32.32.2n
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)11.415.618.2p
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)46q77q81.1c
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)0.20.20.2n
    Threatened species (number)4592100
    Forested area (% of land area)12.51313.4n
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)23.5 / 2.630.8 / 3.230.9 / 3.1n
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)2 7592 4742 349n
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)546361n
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)1 2801 9222 633n
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)36.136.136.6e
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)93.0 / 58.095.5 / 72.296.2 / 78.1e
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)13.5 / ...12.4 / ...8.9 / ...e
    Net Official Development Assist. disbursed (% of GNI)...0.020.05r
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)0.320.140.26c
Data provided by UNdata