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Official name:
People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
Region:

    General Information
    Region    Northern Africa
    Population (000, 2021)   44 617a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   18.7a
    Capital city    Algiers
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   2 729.3c,b
    UN membership date    08-Oct-62
    Surface area (km2)   2 381 741b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   102.1a
    National currency    Algerian Dinar (DZD)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   132.1d
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)161 207165 979171 158b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)3.63.70.8b
    GDP per capita (current US$)4 480.84 177.93 975.5b
    Economy: Agriculture (% of Gross Value Added)8.612.112.9b
    Economy: Industry (% of Gross Value Added)51.437.339b
    Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)4050.648.1b
    Employment in agriculturee (% of employed)11.910.39.7d
    Employment in industrye (% of employed)30.13130.7d
    Employment in servicese (% employed)5858.759.6d
    Unemploymente (% of labour force)1011.211.5d
    Labour force participation ratee (female/male pop. %)14.4 / 70.015.2 / 67.414.6 / 67.0d
    CPI: Consumer Price Indexf (2010=100)100127155g,d
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)76100112b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)57 05134 79628 986e,d
    International trade: imports (million current US$)41 00051 80341 678e,d
    International trade: balance (million current US$)16 051- 17 007- 12 692e,d
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)12 220- 27 038- 17 148b
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth rateh (average annual %)1.622d
    Urban population (% of total population)67.570.873.2b
    Urban population growth rateh (average annual %)2.82.9...
    Fertility rate, totalh (live births per woman)2.733d
    Life expectancy at birthh (females/males, years)75.4 / 73.076.7 / 74.477.8 / 75.4d
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)27.3 / 7.828.7 / 8.930.9 / 10.1a
    International migrant stocki (000/% of total pop.)217.3 / 0.6239.5 / 0.6250.4 / 0.6d
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)94.4j10099.2d
    Infant mortality rateh (per 1 000 live births)29.424.921.2d
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)5.176.2k
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)1.2l...1.7k
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)4.3m......
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)111.5 / 119.0113.0 / 118.7104.9 / 109.7b
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)98.7 / 95.2101.5 / 97.8n... / ...
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)69.7 / 49.272.8 / 52.6n... / ...
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)0.71.4...
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)7.731.626o
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)12.538.2e49k
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)0.1p,q...0.5r,s
    Threatened species (number)105114170
    Forested area (% of land area)0.80.80.8k
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)95.6 / 2.7130.5 / 3.3137.3 / 3.3k
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)6 2005 8836 254e,k
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)465658k
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borderst (000)2 0701 7102 371b
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)34.635.436.5d
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)81.7 / 61.179.5 / 65.973.7 / 68.7d
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)18.0 / 23.617.0 / 23.115.9 / 22.6d
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)0.130.040.1b
Data provided by UNdata