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    General Information
    Region    Southern Asia
    Population (000, 2021)   21 497a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   342.8a
    Capital city    Colomboc
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   606.2b
    UN membership date    14-Dec-55
    Surface area (km2)   65 610b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   92a
    National currency    Sri Lanka Rupee (LKR)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   186.4d
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)56 72680 60484 009b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)852.3b
    GDP per capita (current US$)2 799.63 855.23 939.7b
    Economy: Agriculturee (% of Gross Value Added)9.58.88b
    Economy: Industryf,g (% of Gross Value Added)29.729.329.4b
    Economy: Services and other activityh (% of GVA)60.961.962.6b
    Employment in agriculture (% of employed)31.828.723.7i,d
    Employment in industry (% of employed)25.525.830.4i,d
    Employment in services (% employed)42.645.645.9i,d
    Unemploymenti (% of labour force)4.84.54.2d
    Labour force participation ratei (female/male pop. %)34.4 / 76.535.7 / 75.835.3 / 74.3d
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100j,k110l138l,d
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)93105106b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)8 30410 44010 707d
    International trade: imports (million current US$)12 35418 96715 607d
    International trade: balance (million current US$)- 4 050- 8 528- 4 900d
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)- 1 075- 1 883- 1 808b
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratem (average annual %)0.70.60.5d
    Urban population (% of total population)18.218.318.6b
    Urban population growth ratem (average annual %)0.60.5...
    Fertility rate, totalm (live births per woman)2.32.22.2d
    Life expectancy at birthm (females/males, years)78.5 / 71.579.3 / 72.480.0 / 73.3d
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)25.4 / 11.924.8 / 14.023.4 / 16.9a
    International migrant stockn (000/% of total pop.)39.0 / 0.239.7 / 0.240.3 / 0.2d
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)435.3o51.826.6d
    Infant mortality ratem (per 1 000 live births)10.28.87.6d
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)3.93.93.8i,p
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)0.70.91.2b
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)1.72.22.1p
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)98.2 / 100.7100.6 / 102.799.6 / 100.7p
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)97.5 / 96.3101.8 / 97.2q102.6 / 98.0p
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)98.2 / 91.7103.9 / 94.0q105.3 / 95.2p
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)3.82.32.4p
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)5.85.85.4r
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)1212.1i,s,t34.1i,u
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)0.10.10.1u
    Threatened species (number)552580680
    Forested area (% of land area)33.534.434.3p
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)12.4 / 0.619.5 / 0.920.6 / 1.0p
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)184181175i,p
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)182121p
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national bordersv (000)6541 7981 914b
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)41.143.743.7d
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)88.4 / ...91.5 / ...93.3 / ...d
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)10.570.24b
Data provided by UNdata