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Official name:
Kingdom of Lesotho
Region:

    General Information
    Region    Southern Africa
    Population (000, 2021)   2 159a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   71.1a
    Capital city    Maseru
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   201.9c
    UN membership date    17-Oct-66
    Surface area (km2)   30 355b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   97.5a
    National currency    Loti (LSL)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   14.6d
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)2 2692 3722 460b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)6.72.71.5b
    GDP per capita (current US$)1 137.11 152.11 157.5b
    Economy: Agriculturee (% of Gross Value Added)5.34.25b
    Economy: Industryf,g (% of Gross Value Added)34.337.734.8b
    Economy: Services and other activityh (% of GVA)60.458.160.3b
    Employment in agriculturei (% of employed)11.39.48.4d
    Employment in industryi (% of employed)42.442.941.9d
    Employment in servicesi (% employed)46.347.749.6d
    Unemploymenti (% of labour force)26.824.422.8d
    Labour force participation ratei (female/male pop. %)60.6 / 76.559.8 / 76.060.1 / 76.1d
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100127164d
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)10410096b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)5036042 250i,d
    International trade: imports (million current US$)1 2771 4101 500i,d
    International trade: balance (million current US$)-773-806750i,d
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)-158-78-52d
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratej (average annual %)-~0.00.60.8d
    Urban population (% of total population)24.826.928.6b
    Urban population growth ratej (average annual %)3.12.9...
    Fertility rate, totalj (live births per woman)3.43.33.2d
    Life expectancy at birthj (females/males, years)45.8 / 40.651.3 / 45.256.8 / 50.4d
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)34.9 / 7.033.4 / 7.232.1 / 7.6a
    International migrant stockk,l (000/% of total pop.)6.4 / 0.39.2 / 0.412.1 / 0.6d
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)...~0.00.3d
    Infant mortality ratej (per 1 000 live births)74.965.462.3d
    Health: Current expenditurei (% of GDP)7.68.59.3c
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)0.1......
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)12.1m...7c
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)122.1 / 127.4113.7 / 119.6117.8 / 124.1n
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)65.4 / 47.169.7 / 51.871.3 / 52.8n
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)39.5 / 29.253.6 / 39.951.1 / 35.7n
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)38.343.6...
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)24.226.723.3o
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Interneti (per 100 inhabitants)3.92529.8n
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)~0.0p,q0.1r,s...
    Threatened species (number)161721
    Forested area (% of land area)1.1i1.11.1c
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)2720i17i,c
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)2622i22i,c
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)4261 0821 142b
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)16.516.516.5d
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)59.1 / 4.968.5 / 6.977.7 / 8.9d
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)28.4 / 28.634.0 / 40.039.4 / 51.0d
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)8.543.245b
Data provided by UNdata