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Official name:
Republic of Malawi
Region:

    General Information
    Region    Eastern Africa
    Population (000, 2021)   19 648a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   208.4a
    Capital city    Lilongwe
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   1 074.7b
    UN membership date    01-Dec-64
    Surface area (km2)   117 726b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   97.3a
    National currency    Malawi Kwacha (MWK)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   773.1c
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)6 9606 4318 099b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)6.93.35.2b
    GDP per capita (current US$)478.7384.1434.8b
    Economy: Agricultured (% of Gross Value Added)31.932.430.8b
    Economy: Industrye,f (% of Gross Value Added)16.416.416b
    Economy: Services and other activityg (% of GVA)51.751.253.2b
    Employment in agricultureh (% of employed)48.145.643.2c
    Employment in industryh (% of employed)14.21413.8c
    Employment in servicesh (% employed)37.740.443c
    Unemploymenth (% of labour force)5.95.85.7c
    Labour force participation rateh (female/male pop. %)73.3 / 82.172.6 / 82.272.6 / 81.3c
    CPI: Consumer Price Indexh (2010=100)100251454c
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)7999129b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)1 0661 080632h,c
    International trade: imports (million current US$)2 1732 3122 406h,c
    International trade: balance (million current US$)- 1 107- 1 232- 1 775h,c
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)-969- 1 064- 1 837b
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratei (average annual %)2.82.82.7c
    Urban population (% of total population)15.516.317.2b
    Urban population growth ratei (average annual %)3.73.9...
    Fertility rate, totali (live births per woman)5.74.94.2c
    Life expectancy at birthi (females/males, years)54.0 / 48.762.5 / 56.666.6 / 60.3c
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)46.4 / 4.245.1 / 4.042.5 / 4.1a
    International migrant stockj (000/% of total pop.)217.7 / 1.5197.3 / 1.2191.4 / 1.0c
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)15.2k22.647.7c
    Infant mortality ratei (per 1 000 live births)68.452.641.3c
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)7.29.39.3l
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)~0.0m~0.0n~0.0l
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)3.55.64.7h,l
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)140.2 / 137.3147.9 / 144.9147.0 / 142.7b
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)31.9 / 36.138.9 / 42.6h33.6 / 40.5b
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)13.5 / 18.820.6 / 24.719.3 / 21.5b
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)3.61.8o...
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)20.816.722.9p
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)2.35.3h13.8h,q
    Threatened species (number)158171137
    Forested area (% of land area)28.226h24.7h,l
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)6468h70h,l
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)555l
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national bordersr (000)746805871h,l
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)70.870.870.8c
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)26.7 / 20.826.8 / 22.227.0 / 23.6c
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)14.8417.0515.6b
Data provided by UNdata