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Official name:
Republic of Chad
Region:

    General Information
    Region    Middle Africa
    Population (000, 2021)   16 915a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   13.4a
    Capital city    N'Djamena
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   1 371.5b
    UN membership date    20-Sep-60
    Surface area (km2)   1 284 000b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   99.7a
    National currency    CFA Franc, BEAC (XAF)c
    Exchange rate (per US$)   534.6d
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)10 97111 69011 272b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)154.63b
    GDP per capita (current US$)917.9828.5706.8b
    Economy: Agriculture (% of Gross Value Added)35.929.528.5b
    Economy: Industry (% of Gross Value Added)36.731.718.7b
    Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)27.438.852.8b
    Employment in agriculturee (% of employed)78.57776.3d
    Employment in industrye (% of employed)2.42.42.1d
    Employment in servicese (% employed)19.120.721.6d
    Unemploymente (% of labour force)1.61.81.9d
    Labour force participation ratee (female/male pop. %)63.8 / 79.363.8 / 78.263.9 / 77.5d
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100e,f117e,f123g,d
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)8697118b
    International trade: exportse (million current US$)3 4102 900411d
    International trade: importse (million current US$)2 5072 200195d
    International trade: balancee (million current US$)904700217d
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth rateh (average annual %)3.43.33d
    Urban population (% of total population)2222.523.3b
    Urban population growth rateh (average annual %)3.53.8...
    Fertility rate, totalh (live births per woman)6.96.35.8d
    Life expectancy at birthh (females/males, years)50.7 / 48.353.7 / 50.955.2 / 52.4d
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)48.8 / 3.947.8 / 3.946.2 / 3.9a
    International migrant stocki (000/% of total pop.)417.0 / 3.5467.0 / 3.3547.5 / 3.3d
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)533j473.5820.6d
    Infant mortality rateh (per 1 000 live births)97.584.174.5d
    Health: Current expendituree (% of GDP)4.14.54.1k
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)~0.0l~0.00.1b
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)22.9m2.5e,n
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)69.1 / 94.679.4 / 103.778.0 / 100.3b
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)13.4 / 31.713.9 / 30.914.3 / 26.8b
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)8.7 / 24.29.0 / 25.310.2 / 23.5b
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)5.214.915.4o
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internete (per 100 inhabitants)1.73.56.5n
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)......0.3p,q,r
    Threatened species (number)303852
    Forested area (% of land area)4.43.9e3.6e,k
    Energy production, primarye (Petajoules)324375349k
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)766k
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borderss (000)7112087n
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)67.367.367.3d
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)16.2 / 2.616.8 / 2.317.4 / 2.0d
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)23.5 / 4.827.7 / 4.032.3 / 3.3d
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)4.755.715.76b
Data provided by UNdata