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Official name:
Republic of Zambia
Region:

    General Information
    Region    Eastern Africa
    Population (000, 2021)   18 921a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   25.5a
    Capital city    Lusaka
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   2 646.6b
    UN membership date    01-Dec-64
    Surface area (km2)   752 612b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   98.1a
    National currency    Zambian Kwacha (ZMW)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   21.2c
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)20 26520 85923 085b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)10.32.91.4b
    GDP per capita (current US$)1 489.41 313.61 292.5b
    Economy: Agricultured (% of Gross Value Added)105.33.4b
    Economy: Industrye,f (% of Gross Value Added)34.135.336.8b
    Economy: Services and other activityg (% of GVA)55.959.459.8b
    Employment in agricultureh (% of employed)64.351.748.5c
    Employment in industryh (% of employed)8.810.710.8c
    Employment in servicesh (% employed)26.937.740.7c
    Unemploymenth (% of labour force)13.210.111.4c
    Labour force participation rateh (female/male pop. %)71.1 / 82.570.2 / 80.370.4 / 79.0c
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100i144246c
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)8994110b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)7 2006 6077 805c
    International trade: imports (million current US$)5 3217 9345 314c
    International trade: balance (million current US$)1 879- 1 3282 491c
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)1 525-7682 254c
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratej (average annual %)2.83.12.9c
    Urban population (% of total population)39.441.944.1b
    Urban population growth ratej (average annual %)4.14.3...
    Fertility rate, totalj (live births per woman)5.65.24.7c
    Life expectancy at birthj (females/males, years)54.0 / 49.661.5 / 57.066.2 / 60.3c
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)47.3 / 3.346.2 / 3.343.6 / 3.5a
    International migrant stockk (000/% of total pop.)150.0 / 1.1132.1 / 0.8188.0 / 1.0c
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)57.9l51.889c
    Infant mortality ratej (per 1 000 live births)64.753.345.6c
    Health: Current expenditurem (% of GDP)3.74.44.9n
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)0.1...0.1o
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)1.1p4.64.6h,n
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)107.3 / 106.6101.6 / 101.399.9 / 97.5q
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)65.4...
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)1412.716.8r
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Internet (per 100 inhabitants)1021h14.3n
    Research & Development expenditure (% of GDP)0.3i,p......
    Threatened species (number)6783121
    Forested areah (% of land area)62.861.560.8n
    CO2 emission estimates (million tons/tons per capita)2.2 / 0.24.3 / 0.36.7 / 0.4n
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)338411469n
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)283030n
    Tourist/visitor arrivals at national borders (000)8159321 072n
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)46.146.146.1c
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)49.6 / ...50.1 / ...50.5 / ...c
    Pop. using safely managed sanitation (urban/rural %)... / 15.7... / 19.6... / 23.8c
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)4.863.834.16b
Data provided by UNdata