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Environmental Governance


The concept referst to provisions [in the convention text] for the settlement of disputes among Parties, based on standard wording used in other treaty contexts, with a process for compulsory, binding arbitration and conciliation. However, while the Parties are bound to follow the process, generally they are not bound to accept decision outcomes (Source: MEA Negotiator's Handbook, 2007)


Alternative labels:
dispute resolution

In other languages

règlement des différends
урегулирование споров
solución de controversias
تسوية المنازعات

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Follow up the links below to see InforMEA content related to dispute settlement coming up from several external sources.

Multilateral environment agreements tagged with dispute settlement

You can see below a list of multilateral environment agreements. Use the links on the right to view the content tagged with dispute settlement. This includes official treaty texts, decisions, recommendations, and other related informational documents such as publications, annuals, meetings, documents or reports.
Convention on Biological Diversity
Basel Convention
Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora
Convention on Migratory Species
Stockholm Convention
Vienna Convention
Nagoya Protocol
Agreement on the Conservation of African-Eurasian Migratory Waterbirds
International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
Kyoto Protocol
United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification
Rotterdam Convention
Barcelona Convention
Hazardous Wastes Protocol
Aarhus Convention
Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution
Espoo Convention
Abidjan Convention
Noumea Convention
Cartagena Convention
Jeddah Convention
Convention on the Transboundary Effects of Industrial Accidents


UN Watercourses Convention Online User´s Guide

Dispute Settlerment

Criminal Activities