The Protocol Concerning Pollution from Land-Based Sources and Activities (LBS Protocol) to the Cartagena Convention was adopted in Oranjestad, Aruba, on 6 October 1999. The Protocol, as adopted, is the most significant agreement of its kind with the inclusion of regional effluent limitations for domestic wastewater (sewage) and requiring specific plans to address agricultural non-point sources. Specific schedules for implementation have also been included in the Protocol. In addition, the LBS Protocol sets the stage for the development and adoption of future annexes to address other priority sources and activities of pollution.
Entry into force:
Parent treaty (first level):
Latin America and the Caribbean
Number of parties: