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    General Information
    Region    Southern Asia
    Population (000, 2021)   39 835a
    Pop. density (per km2, 2021)   61a
    Capital city    Kabul
    Capital city pop. (000, 2021)   4 114.0b
    UN membership date    19-Nov-46
    Surface area (km2)   652 864b
    Sex ratio (m per 100 f)   105.3a
    National currency    Afghani (AFN)
    Exchange rate (per US$)   77.1c
    Economic indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    GDP: Gross domestic product (million current US$)14 69918 71317 877b
    GDP growth rate (annual %, const. 2015 prices)5.2-1.44b
    GDP per capita (current US$)503.6543.8469.9b
    Economy: Agriculture (% of Gross Value Added)33.227.326.9d,b
    Economy: Industry (% of Gross Value Added)1310.812.8e,f,b
    Economy: Services and other activity (% of GVA)53.861.960.4g,b
    Employment in agricultureh (% of employed)54.747.142.4c
    Employment in industryh (% of employed)14.41718.3c
    Employment in servicesh (% employed)30.935.839.4c
    Unemploymenth (% of labour force)11.511.411.2c
    Labour force participation rateh (female/male pop. %)14.9 / 78.418.8 / 76.221.8 / 74.6c
    CPI: Consumer Price Index (2010=100)100133150b
    Agricultural production index (2014-2016=100)9396111b
    International trade: exports (million current US$)3885711 022h,c
    International trade: imports (million current US$)5 1547 7239 683h,c
    International trade: balance (million current US$)- 4 766- 7 151- 8 661h,c
    Balance of payments, current account (million US$)-578- 4 193- 3 137c
    Social indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Population growth ratei (average annual %)2.63.32.5c
    Urban population (% of total population)23.724.825.8b
    Urban population growth ratei (average annual %)3.74...
    Fertility rate, totali (live births per woman)6.55.44.6c
    Life expectancy at birthi (females/males, years)61.0 / 58.363.8 / 60.965.8 / 62.8c
    Population age distribution (0-14/60+ years old, %)48.2 / 3.944.9 / 4.041.2 / 4.3a
    International migrant stockj (000/% of total pop.)102.3 / 0.4339.4 / 1.0144.1 / 0.4c
    Refugees and others of concern to UNHCR (000)1 200.0k1 421.42 802.9c
    Infant mortality ratei (per 1 000 live births)72.260.151.7c
    Health: Current expenditure (% of GDP)8.610.19.4l
    Health: Physicians (per 1 000 pop.)0.20.30.3m
    Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP)3.53.34.1h,n
    Education: Primary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)80.6 / 118.683.5 / 122.782.9 / 124.2l
    Education: Secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)33.3 / 66.936.8 / 65.940.0 / 70.1l
    Education: Upper secondary gross enrol. ratio (f/m per 100 pop.)17.8 / 42.727.1 / 52.628.5 / 52.4l
    Intentional homicide rate (per 100 000 pop.)3.49.86.7l
    Seats held by women in national parliaments (%)27.327.727o
    Environment and infrastructure indicators
    2010 2015 2021
    Individuals using the Interneth (per 100 inhabitants)48.311.4n
    Threatened species (number)343848
    Forested areah (% of land area)1.91.91.9l
    Energy production, primary (Petajoules)416189l
    Energy supply per capita (Gigajoules)544l
    Important sites for terrestrial biodiversity protected (%)5.75.75.7c
    Pop. using safely managed drinking water (urban/rural, %)28.2 / 16.332.4 / 20.436.4 / 24.5c
    Net Official Development Assist. received (% of GNI)39.2521.2821.34b
Data provided by UNdata